Calendar overview 1374
|Francesco Petrarca dies.|
|1374 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||822/823 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||11th house - Matlactli ozce Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 10th Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1917/18 (southern Buddhism); 1916/17 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||736/737 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||775/776 (turn of the year 11/12 June)|
|Jewish calendar||5134/35 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1684/85 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1685/86 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1430/31|
Politics and world events
- September 17 : The by Louis the Great of Hungary and Croatia since 1370 by King and Poland issued Kaschauer privilege grants the Polish nobility first political privileges one. The privilege brings relief in taxes and military service. In return, the nobility confirmed the female succession to the throne for one of Ludwig's daughters (Katharina, Maria or Hedwig ). This will accelerate the weakening of the Polish monarchy.
- Destruction of the castle complex of the manor of Wohldorf by troops from Hamburg
- The big shift begins in Braunschweig .
- Robert de Juliac becomes the 31st Grand Master of the Order of St. John . He succeeds the late Raymond Berenger in this position .
- November 25 : Jacques des Baux follows his uncle Philip II after his death as Prince of Taranto and Titular Emperor of Constantinople . The Principality of Achaia has Philipp last year to his sister Joanna I of Naples transferred, which Jacques not accepted. He takes up the fight against Johanna, who also shortly before banished his father François des Baux from Naples .
- The Giudicato Arborea won under judge Mariano IV. All Sardinia except the two cities Cagliari and Alghero .
- Street fighting between Venetians and Genoese broke out in Famagusta , the capital of the Kingdom of Cyprus . Both maritime republics have trading establishments on the island, which are more or less extraterritorial areas. As a result, a Genoese squadron occupies the city and demands high reparations from King Peter II and an annual tribute. For almost a century, Cyprus remained a Genoese protectorate.
- October 27 : Gongmin Wang , 31st king of the Korean kingdom of Goryeo from the Goryeo dynasty , is murdered by influential family clans who fear for their power through extensive reform plans after he liberated the country from the rule of the Mongols.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Bridges , Gschwend , Hubersdorf , Kammersrohr , Schwanden bei Brienz and Waldstatt are first mentioned in a document .
- Solingen receives city rights .
- January 17 : Emperor Karl IV grants Count Eberhard II of Württemberg the right to mint coins . Stuttgart becomes the main mint in Württemberg.
- June 24th : One of the greatest waves of dance rage of the Middle Ages begins in Aachen , possibly triggered by the Antonius fire.
- After the death of William Whittlesey on June 5, the Cathedral Chapter first elects Cardinal Simon Langham as the new Archbishop of Canterbury , but this election was rejected by the Pope. After his preferred candidate, Simon Sudbury, was elected as the new archbishop, Gregory XI hesitates . nevertheless the confirmation came out in order to obtain the approval of the English government for a new high taxation of the English clergy by the Pope.
- Johannes Walteri von Sinten becomes Archbishop of Riga after his predecessor Siegfried von Blomberg died on June 30th . His pontificate is marked by violent disputes with the Livonian Teutonic Order . He tries to refute Johann's claims to the Riga monastery and its possessions with forged documents, and he succeeds in winning over the bishop's feudal men, whereupon Johannes has to flee to Lübeck.
- Vladimir the Brave, cousin of Moscow's Grand Duke Dmitri Donskoy , founds the Vysotsky Monastery on the high left bank of the Nara near the central Russian city of Serpukhov . For a long time it also served as a border fortress against the raids of the Tatars of the Golden Horde .
- October 9th : The first Dionysius flood causes severe destruction between Flanders and the Weser . In Flanders, several villages are destroyed, in East Frisia there are devastating dykes.
- December 3 : Wismar is hit by a storm flood.
- Erfurt is hit by a 300 to 500 year flood of the Gera .
- There are also severe floods on the Rhine . In Cologne the 10 meter mark is exceeded several times, with a maximum of 10.35 m. This event is only exceeded there by the record flood in February 1784 . In Zons the Rhine changes its course due to the flood.
Date of birth saved
- April 11 : Roger Mortimer , English nobleman († 1398 )
- September 29 : Heinrich II. , Count of Nassau-Beilstein († 1412 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Jean Cadard , French court master, court doctor and royal adviser († 1449 )
- Dietrich II. Von der Mark , Vogt over Werden and Essen, and Count von der Mark († 1398 )
- Eleonore Urraca of Castile , titular queen of Aragón, Sicily and Sardinia († 1435 )
- Guarino da Verona , Italian scholar and humanist († 1460 )
- Johann III. , Prince Elect of Liège and Duke of Straubing-Holland († 1425 )
- Stefano da Verona , Italian painter († around 1450 )
- Elisabetta Visconti , Duchess of Bavaria-Munich († 1432 )
Date of death secured
- January 6 : Andrew Corsini , Bishop of Fiesole (* 1301 / 02 )
- March 12 : Go-Kōgon , Japanese pretender to the throne (* 1336 )
- April 14 : Konrad von Megenberg , German author and scientist (* 1309 )
- April 19 : Tile von Damm , Brunswick councilor (* around 1310 )
- April 28 : Guillaume de La Jugie , French cardinal (* 1317 )
- June 5 : William Whittlesey , Bishop of Rochester, Bishop of Worcester and Archbishop of Canterbury
- June 15 : Johannes Klenkok , German theologian and fighter against the Sachsenspiegel (* around 1310 )
- June 29 : Johannes Milicius , Bohemian reform preacher (* around 1320 - 1325 )
- June 30th : Siegfried von Blomberg , Archbishop of Riga
- July 13 : John Charlton , Welsh Marcher Lord (* around 1336 )
- July 19 : Francesco Petrarca , Italian humanist, poet and historian (* 1304 )
- August 6th : Johann Ribi von Lenzburg , Bishop of Gurk, Bishop of Brixen, Chancellor and Governor of Carinthia (* around 1315 )
- September 13 : Walther III. , Abbot of Münsterschwarzach
- October 27 : Gongmin Wang , 31st King of the Korean Goryeo Empire (* 1330 )
- November 25th : Philip II of Taranto , Prince of Taranto and titular emperor of Constantinople (* 1329 )
- December 1 : Magnus II , King of Sweden and Norway (* 1316 )
Exact date of death unknown
- after March 12th: Johann IV. , Herr zu Werle
- Albert III , Count of Gorizia
- Ambrosio Boccanegra , Castilian sailor
- Elisabeth of Opole , Margravine of Moravia (* 1360 )
- Johanna von Flanders , Duchess of Brittany (* 1295 )
- Ni Zan , Chinese monk painter (* 1301 or 1306 )
- Otto III. , Count of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
- Peter Losha , Albanian prince
- Raymond Berenger , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- Li Thai or Phra Mahathammaracha I, King of the Sukhothai Empire of Thailand