Calendar overview 1450
French decisively defeat the English
in the Battle of Formigny in the Hundred Years War .
von Bayern-Landshut dies.
becomes Margrave of Ferrara .
|1450 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||898/899 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 8th Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1993/94 (southern Buddhism); 1992/93 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||812/813 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||853/54 (turn of the year February 13/14)|
|Jewish calendar||5210/11 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1760/61 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1761/62 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1506/07 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / France
- Spring: In England , a rebellion against King Henry VI breaks out under the leadership of Jack Cade . out. The rebel army can only be defeated at London Bridge on July 3rd .
- In the Battle of Formigny on April 15, the French defeat an English army in the final phase of the Hundred Years War .
Holy Roman Empire
- March 25 : Francesco I Sforza draws as Duke in Milan one. He ends the short-lived Ambrosian Republic and takes over the legacy of the Visconti, which died out three years ago .
- June 22nd : The First Margrave War ends after the battle at Pillenreuther Weiher with a peace treaty in Bamberg . The Free Imperial City of Nuremberg receives back all the territories conquered by Margrave Albrecht Achilles of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
- July 15 : The Münster collegiate feud about the occupation of the bishop's chair in Münster and thus also the rule in the monastery of Münster begins. Initially, Walram von Moers and Erich von Hoya face each other as candidates. They are supported by their families headed by Count Johann von Hoya and Archbishop Dietrich II von Moers .
- July 30th : Duke Heinrich XVI. von Bayern-Landshut dies. His successor is his son Ludwig IX. who receives the tribute of the estates on September 8th .
- August 3 : The Bohemian King Georg von Podiebrad is accused of poisoning his adversary Menhart von Neuhaus in the previous year at the regional assembly of aristocrats from the Strakonice Alliance . However, this allegation cannot be proven.
- September 23rd : The minor Ludwig II succeeds his late father Ludwig I as Count von Mömpelgard and Württemberg-Urach .
- October 1 : Borso d'Este following his late brother Leonello d'Este as Marquis of Ferrara , Modena and Reggio by
- October 5th : Duke Ludwig IX. von Bayern-Landshut has all Jews arrested in its territory . The mortgage notes of the ducal councilors and servants are returned to the exhibitors, and the other debtors only need to pay the capital after deducting the interest already paid. Those arrested have to leave the country with their belongings after a week, unless they are baptized .
- The Aachen Gaffelbrief is the first constitution of the Free Imperial City of Aachen . She plays an important role in the democratization process for the common citizens and the guilds of the city.
- Beginning of the year: The Ottoman Pasha of Gjirokastra conquers the fortress of Berat by attacking at night .
- May 14 : Some 100,000 Ottoman soldiers led by Sultan . Murad II attack the city Kruja on from where Skanderbeg since 1443 the Albanian resistance against the Ottoman suzerainty organized . The first siege of Kruja lasts until November 23rd . After that, the Ottomans withdrew without success.
- around 1450: The area around Greater Zimbabwe is abandoned.
- around 1450: On the orders of the Inca Pachacútec Yupanqui , the city of Machu Picchu is built between the peaks of Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu in today's Peru .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Langballig
science and technology
- around 1450: The Llyfr Gwyn Hergest , a collection of prose works and poetry in the Welsh language , is put together.
- around 1450: Hermann von Sachsenheim writes the Minner speech Von der Grasmetzen .
- around 1450: The ballad Robin Hood and the Monk is created.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- May 15 : Cimburga von Baden , Countess of Nassau-Dillenburg († 1501 )
- July 27 : Jakob Wimpfeling , German writer († 1528 )
- August 18 : Marko Marulić , Croatian poet and humanist, called the father of Croatian literature in Croatia († 1524 )
- November 12th : Jacob of Savoy , tenth son of Duke Ludwig I of Savoy and Anna of Lusignan († 1486 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Pedro Berruguete , Spanish painter († 1504 )
- Matthäus Böblinger , late Gothic German builder († 1505 )
- Bernardino de Conti , Italian Renaissance painter († 1525 )
- Colijn de Coter , Flemish painter († 1539 or 1540 )
- Pêro da Covilhã , Portuguese diplomat and researcher († 1530 )
- Guidoccio Cozzarelli , Italian painter and illuminator († 1517 )
- Jurij Drohobytsch , Red Ruthenian philosopher, astronomer, astrologer and the first Ruthenian doctor of medicine († 1494 )
- Ludwig von Eyb the Younger , German nobleman, court official, military leader and writer († 1521 )
- Hermann von Hessen , Archbishop of Cologne and Prince-Bishop of Paderborn († 1508 )
- William Warham , Archbishop of Canterbury († 1532 )
Born around 1450
- Francisco de Almeida , Portuguese navigator and military man († 1510 )
- Hermann Bote , Middle Low German customs clerk, chronicler, writer and author of political pamphlets († around 1520 )
- Bartolomeu Dias , Portuguese navigator and explorer († 1500 )
- Johann I , Count of Rietberg († 1516 )
- Wolter von Plettenberg , Landmeister in Livonia of the Teutonic Order († 1535 )
- Luca Signorelli , Italian painter († 1523 )
- Jakob Schurtanner , Swiss Catholic priest, Protestant reformed pastor in Teufen and reformer in Appenzellerland († 1526 )
First half of the year
- January 13 : Henry Gray, Count of Tancarville , English nobleman (* 1420 )
- January 28 : Manfred von Riva , Milanese nobleman, priest and hermit on Lake Lugano (* end of the 14th century)
- 9 / 11 February : Agnès Sorel , French aristocrats, mistress of King Charles VII of France (* around. 1411 / 1422 )
- February 14th : Johann II , Count of Ziegenhain and Nidda
- February 28 : Friedrich II. Von Parsberg , Bishop of Regensburg and Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Regensburg
- May 2nd : Paul von Miličin and Talmberg , Bishop of Olomouc
- May 2 : William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk , English nobleman and military leader in the Hundred Years War (* 1396 )
- after June 12th: Heinzmann von Silenen , governor of Valais (* before 1390)
- June 29 : William Ayscough , Bishop of Salisbury
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Enrico Rampini , Archbishop of Milan (* around 1390 )
- 4 / 5 July : Mathew Gough , Welsh mercenary leader who fought for England in the Hundred Years War (* 1386 / 1390 )
- July 12th : Jack Cade , English rebel leader
- July 18 : Francis I , Duke of Brittany (* 1414 )
- July 30th : Henry XVI. , Duke of Bavaria-Landshut (* 1386 )
- August 22nd : Andreas von Oberstein , canon, provost and archdeacon in the prince-bishopric of Speyer and the prince-bishopric of Worms (* around 1400 )
- September 22nd : Katharina von Sachsen-Lauenburg , Duchess of Mecklenburg (* around 1400 )
- September 23 : Ludwig I , Count of Württemberg (* 1412 )
- October 1 : Leonello d'Este , Margrave of Ferrara (* 1407 )
- November 5 : Jean IV. , Count of Armagnac, Fézensac and Rodez (* 1396 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Giovanni d'Alemagna , German painter in the Italian region
- Ahmad ibn Arabschah , Syrian historian and translator (* 1389 )
- Wilhelm de Lacu , abbot of the Auhausen monastery
- Heinrich II. Von Moers , Bishop of Münster and administrator of the Diocese of Osnabrück (* around 1391 )
- Bengt Jönsson Oxenstierna , Swedish nobleman and imperial administrator (* between 1390 and 1393)
- Fritz von Waldenfels , Brandenburg bailiff von Hohenberg
Died around 1450
- 1450/1451: Nils Jönsson Oxenstierna , Swedish nobleman and imperial administrator (* between 1390 and 1394)