Reggio nell'Emilia

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Reggio nell'Emilia
coat of arms
Reggio nell'Emilia (Italy)
Reggio nell'Emilia
Country Italy
region Emilia-Romagna
province Reggio Emilia  (RE)
Local name Rèz
Coordinates 44 ° 42 '  N , 10 ° 38'  E Coordinates: 44 ° 42 '0 "  N , 10 ° 38' 0"  E
height 58  m slm
surface 231 km²
Residents 172,124 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 745 inhabitants / km²
Factions Vedi elenco
Post Code 42100
prefix 0522
ISTAT number 035033
Popular name Reggiani
Patron saint San Prospero (November 24th)
Website Reggio nell'Emilia
Reggio Emilia from the air

Audio file / audio sample Reggio nell'Emilia ? / i (alsoReggio Emilia, [ ˈrɛdːʒo ] or [ ˈredːʒo ]), until 1861Reggio di Lombardia(Latin Regium Lepidi,Celtic Rigion / Region), is a northern Italian provincial capital on the southern edge of thePo Valleywith 172,124 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019 ).


It is a modern industrial city with a historic city center (Centro Storico), is located in the Emilia-Romagna region and is the capital of the province of Reggio Emilia of the same name .


The Roman name of the city Regium Lepidi goes back to the Roman consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus , the builder of the Via Aemilia . However, it is believed that the name and the foundation of the place were already in pre-Roman times by the Celtic Boier who lived there and who died in 189 BC. Were subjugated and romanized by the Romans. In the Celtic language, Rigion was a neutral place where the tribal chiefs met for meetings and negotiations. In 489 the rule of the city passed to the Germanic Goths and in 569 the advancing Lombards established the Duchy of Reggio. Eventually, the Franks subjugated Reggio in 773 and Charlemagne gave the bishop power over the city and in 781 set the boundaries of the diocese . In 888 Reggio was given to the kings of Italy. In 899 the invading Magyars wreaked havoc and killed Bishop Azzo II. In 1170, Reggio joined the Lombard League , which defeated an army of Emperor Barbarossa in the Battle of Legnano . In 1409 rule of the city passed to the d'Este family, who ruled over the duchy of Modena and Reggio with brief interruptions until 1861 .


After 900 Reggio came under the rule of the Canossa family , a Lombard noble family whose ancestral seat Canossa was a few kilometers southwest of Reggio.

Selva Litana

The holy forest of the Gauls, the Selva Litana, is said to have been located very close to Reggio Emilia , where a Boier army slaughtered several Roman legions (25,000 men) under the command of Lucius Postumius Albinus down to the last man in 218 BC .


The cathedral is the cathedral of the diocese of Reggio Emilia-Guastalla ( church province Modena-Nonantola , church region Emilia-Romagna ).

City of the national flag

The Italian national flag is thanks to Reggio Emilia, because the green-white-red flag, called tricolor in Italian , has its origin there. The idea came from the engineer Ludovico Bolognini, whose design was accepted by representatives from Reggio Emilia, Modena, Ferrara and Bologna in 1797 as a symbol of the Repubblica Cisalpina .

It was later adopted as the national flag of the Kingdom of Italy. The original is on display in the town hall building. The adjacent Tricolore Museum documents the historical and political origins of the flag.


Sala del Tricolore
  • Cathedral ( Duomo di Reggio Emilia; Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta ), built in the 13th century, renovated in the 15th and 16th centuries. Century, on the east side of the Piazza Prampolini with unfinished Renaissance facade, behind the Romanesque building. On the facade and inside there are sculptures by Prospero Spani († 1584), called il Clemente , a pupil of Michelangelo , and by Bartolomeo Spani, both of whom came from Reggio.
  • Church of San Prospero ( Basilica di San Prospero ), 1514–1527, southeast of the cathedral. Six of the marble lions remain on the facade, which was renewed in 1748. Inside there are frescoes by Camillo Procaccini (1585–1589). An octagonal campanile belongs to the church .
  • Palazzo Comunale, started in 1414
  • Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo, 1281
  • Psychiatry Museum, 1875
  • Church of Madonna della Ghiara ( Basilica della Beata Vergine della Ghiara ), 1597–1619 (temple for the votive painting by Lelio Orsi ; ceiling painting by Alessandro Tiarini )
  • Synagogue , built in 1856
  • Museo Civico, with natural history collection from the 18th century
  • Maurizianum, Ludovico Ariostos estate , 16th century
  • Sala del Tricolore in the Reggio Town Hall, adjacent to the Tricolore Museum
  • Teatro Municipale (Municipal Theater), 1857
  • Galleria Parmeggiani
  • Istoreco Institute
  • High speed train station and modern bridges over the highway designed by Santiago Calatrava

Economy and Infrastructure

The province of Reggio Emilia was characterized by agriculture for a long time; typical products to this day are Parmesan cheese and Lambrusco . Less known is the production of a traditional balsamic vinegar since the early Middle Ages, which is protected by trademark law like its well-known counterpart from Modena .

In the 20th century, industry developed, particularly agricultural technology, but also mechatronics and ceramic tiles . Reggio Emilia is the headquarters of Max Mara and RCF Audio.

The city is well integrated into the long-distance transport network via the Via Emilia , the A1 motorway , the Milan – Bologna railway line and the Milan – Bologna high-speed line. Two kilometers east of the city center is the small Reggio Emilia airport , which is mainly used for general aviation. The nearest major commercial airport is in Bologna .

science and education

The practice of the municipal day care centers in Reggio Emilia was redesigned in 1970 under the leadership of the educator Loris Malaguzzi and entered the literature under the term Reggio pedagogy .

Town twinning


Personalities born in Reggio nell'Emilia

See also

See also

Web links

Commons : Reggio nell'Emilia  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
  2. Andrea Viani: Tricolor Flag Museum. Retrieved November 17, 2019 (American English).
  3. Timo Dorsch: 75 Years of Italy's Liberation from Fascism: Paths of the Just . In: The daily newspaper: taz . April 20, 2020, ISSN  0931-9085 ( [accessed April 22, 2020]).
  4. German Archivi. In: Istoreco. Retrieved April 22, 2020 (it-IT).
  5. Traditional balsamic vinegar from Reggio Emilia - Emilia Romagna Tourism. Retrieved December 8, 2019 .
  6. ^ Website of the city