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coat of arms
Guastalla (Italy)
Country Italy
region Emilia-Romagna
province Reggio Emilia  (RE)
Local name Guastâla
Coordinates 44 ° 55 ′  N , 10 ° 40 ′  E Coordinates: 44 ° 55 ′ 0 ″  N , 10 ° 40 ′ 0 ″  E
height 24  m slm
surface 52.5 km²
Residents 14,944 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 285 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 42016
prefix 0522
ISTAT number 035024
Popular name Guastallesi
Patron saint San Francesco, Madonna della Porta
Website Guastalla
Piazza Mazzini
Piazza Mazzini

Guastalla is a northern Italian city in the province of Reggio Emilia with 14,944 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) and a bishopric .


Founded by the Lombards in the 7th century , was Guastalla, which later under the rule of the Dukes of the 15th century an independent county Mantua from the house of Gonzaga fell. In 1621 Guastalla became an independent duchy of a branch line of the Mantuan Gonzaga, who ruled there until it died out in 1746. During the War of the Polish Succession , the battle of Guastalla between France / Piedmont and Austria / HRR took place on September 19, 1734 .

As a settled fiefdom occupied by Austria , Guastalla was ceded as a subsidiary state to the Bourbon dukes of Parma and Piacenza in 1748 . Occupied by France in 1801, Guastalla was handed over to his sister Pauline Bonaparte († 1825) by decree of March 30, 1806 as the Duchy of Napoleon Bonaparte . However, he withdrew it after 8 weeks and incorporated it into the Kingdom of Italy by decree. His sister received six million francs in compensation for the purchase of goods in France.

After the fall of Napoleon, Emperor Franz I of Austria acted similarly by handing Guastalla - along with the more important Parma and Piacenza - to his daughter Marie Louise († 1847) in order to ensure that the wife of the overthrown French emperor received adequate supplies. After their death in December 1847, the new Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Karl Ludwig von Bourbon-Parma († 1883), also assumed power in Guastalla for a short time , before Duke Francis V of Modena from the House of Austria between 1848 and 1859 . Este ran the government. In 1859 the small state joined the revolutionary Modena and became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 .


Guastalla is located on Italy's longest river, the Po , in the Emilia-Romagna region between Parma and Reggio nell'Emilia .


The cathedral is co- cathedral of the diocese of Reggio Emilia-Guastalla ( church province Modena-Nonantola , church region Emilia-Romagna ).

Town twinning

There is a partnership with the French municipality of Forcalquier .


Famous structures in Guastalla are

  • Cathedral (16th - 18th centuries)
  • Palazzo Gonzaga (16th century).


The city's culinary specialty is gnocchi . Every three years in May the festival of La Gnoccata is held. Gnocchi are distributed to the entire population on the market square at Dom. There is also a parade, the participants of which wear historical costumes.

On November 25th, the feast of St. Catherine of Alexandria is celebrated, which reminds of old handicraft traditions.

Sons and daughters

Web links

Commons : Guastalla  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.