|province||Reggio Emilia (RE)|
|Residents||14,944 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||285 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||San Francesco, Madonna della Porta|
Founded by the Lombards in the 7th century , was Guastalla, which later under the rule of the Dukes of the 15th century an independent county Mantua from the house of Gonzaga fell. In 1621 Guastalla became an independent duchy of a branch line of the Mantuan Gonzaga, who ruled there until it died out in 1746. During the War of the Polish Succession , the battle of Guastalla between France / Piedmont and Austria / HRR took place on September 19, 1734 .
As a settled fiefdom occupied by Austria , Guastalla was ceded as a subsidiary state to the Bourbon dukes of Parma and Piacenza in 1748 . Occupied by France in 1801, Guastalla was handed over to his sister Pauline Bonaparte († 1825) by decree of March 30, 1806 as the Duchy of Napoleon Bonaparte . However, he withdrew it after 8 weeks and incorporated it into the Kingdom of Italy by decree. His sister received six million francs in compensation for the purchase of goods in France.
After the fall of Napoleon, Emperor Franz I of Austria acted similarly by handing Guastalla - along with the more important Parma and Piacenza - to his daughter Marie Louise († 1847) in order to ensure that the wife of the overthrown French emperor received adequate supplies. After their death in December 1847, the new Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Karl Ludwig von Bourbon-Parma († 1883), also assumed power in Guastalla for a short time , before Duke Francis V of Modena from the House of Austria between 1848 and 1859 . Este ran the government. In 1859 the small state joined the revolutionary Modena and became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 .
There is a partnership with the French municipality of Forcalquier .
Famous structures in Guastalla are
- Cathedral (16th - 18th centuries)
- Palazzo Gonzaga (16th century).
The city's culinary specialty is gnocchi . Every three years in May the festival of La Gnoccata is held. Gnocchi are distributed to the entire population on the market square at Dom. There is also a parade, the participants of which wear historical costumes.
On November 25th, the feast of St. Catherine of Alexandria is celebrated, which reminds of old handicraft traditions.
Sons and daughters
- Alberto Ceradelli (1856–?), Violinist and music teacher
- In-Grid (* 1973 as Ingrid Alberini ), singer