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Charles Meynier: Entry of Napoleon at the head of his troops through the Brandenburg Gate, after the victorious battle of Jena and Auerstedt.  Berlin
After the victorious battle of Jena and Auerstedt, Napoleon Bonaparte enters Berlin at the head of his troops .
Imperial document of the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
Emperor Franz II abdicates and dissolves the Holy Roman Empire .
The Rhine Confederation 1806
The Rheinbund is founded.
1806 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1254/55 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1798/99 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1211/12 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2349/50 (southern Buddhism); 2348/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the fire tiger丙寅 ( at the beginning of the year wood buffalo乙丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1168/69 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4139/40 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1184/85
Islamic calendar 1220/21 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Jewish calendar 5566/67 (September 12-13)
Coptic Calendar 1522/23 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 981/982
Seleucid era Babylon: 2116/17 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2117/18 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1862/63 (April)


Politics and world events


A German "epoch year"

The German-language historiography classifies the year 1806 in part as an "epoch year". The reason for this is the end of the Holy Roman Empire : On August 6, 1806, Emperor Franz II announced the laying down of the imperial crown . This turning point is or has been viewed by historians as a possible end date for early modern history . Accordingly, in 2006 - in the 200th anniversary year of the event - numerous publications and exhibitions were devoted to the fall of the empire, for example the exhibition Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in the Magdeburg Cultural History Museum and the German Historical Museum in Berlin. In southern Germany, the founding of the kingdoms of Württemberg and Bavaria was remembered above all . In 1806 they - as well as Baden, Hessen-Darmstadt, Nassau and Berg - achieved political sovereignty and were able to enlarge their territories into largely closed units. On this basis, the governments of the states mentioned carried out a series of reforms and modernizations. There was also a change in northern Germany: in 1806 the region was first affected by the great territorial changes of the Napoleonic period. As a result of the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt on October 14, 1806, the Prussian state collapsed. The historian Bettina Braun considers this development to be no less relevant turning point than the resignation of the imperial crown by Franz II.

Political turning points

Battle of Jena and Auerstedt

Local events

Execution of Palms by French troops (contemporary illustration)
Great Britain
Northern Italy 1806
Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (Portrait of Charles Howard Hodges)



Other events around the world


science and technology



Vol. I title page (engraved) of the first print from 1806

Music and theater

Notice of the world premiere in the Theater an der Wien



The Jakobskirche in Weimar
  • The Englishwoman Anne Lister begins - initially only on individual scraps of paper - with the writing of her diaries.


  • July 30th: With royal approval, the first Protestant parish in the Bavarian capital may be established in Catholic Munich .


Goldau 1806 before the catastrophe


January February

Augustus Bradford

March April

May June

Carl August Dohrn

July August

September October

November December

Exact date of birth unknown


January to March

April to June

July to September

Charles Augustin de Coulomb

October to December

Exact date of death unknown

Mongoose Park


  • Burgdorf, Wolfgang : A world view loses its world. The fall of the old empire and the generation 1806, Munich 2006.
  • Fesser, Gerd: 1806. The double battle near Jena and Auerstedt, Jena / Quedlinburg 2006.
  • Hartmann, Peter C .; Schuller, Florian (ed.): The Holy Roman Empire and its end in 1806. Caesura in German and European history, Regensburg 2006.
  • Kraus, Hans-Christof: The end of old Germany. Crisis and dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, Berlin 2006.
  • Mazohl-Wallnig, Brigitte, Turn of the Times 1806: The Holy Roman Empire and the Birth of Modern Europe, Vienna 2006.
  • Schmettger, Matthias / Rolle, Christine (eds.): Epoch year 1806? The end of the Old Kingdom in contemporary perspectives and interpretations , Zabern, Mainz 2008.
  • Taddey, Gerhard (Ed.): 1806 - Sovereignty for Baden and Württemberg, Stuttgart 2007.

Individual evidence

  1. Katharina Weigand: Review by: Christine Roll / Matthias Schnettger (eds.): Epoch year 1806? The end of the Old Kingdom in contemporary perspectives and interpretations , Mainz: Philipp von Zabern 2008, in: sehepunkte 9 (2009), No. 9 of September 15, 2009.
  2. Conference report: Historikertag 2006: Epoch year 1806? The end of the Old Kingdom in contemporary perspectives and interpretations , September 19, 2006 to September 22, 2006 Konstanz, in: H-Soz-Kult, October 18, 2006.
  3. ^ Walter Demel: Reich, reforms and social change 1763-1806 , Stuttgart 2005 (Gebhardt. Handbuch der deutschen Geschichte, Vol. 12), p. 77.
  4. Bettina Braun: The empire did not remain silent and cold. The fall of the Old Kingdom from the perspective of contemporaries , in: Christine Roll, Matthias Schnettger (ed.): Epoch year 1806? The end of the Old Kingdom in contemporary perspectives and interpretations , Mainz 2008, pp. 7–30, here p. 29.

Web links

Commons : 1806  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files