Wilhelm Lindenschmit the Elder

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“The artist with his family”; Self-portrait, oil on canvas in the Landesmuseum Mainz
The Sendlinger Bauernschlacht 1705 , fresco by Lindenschmidt on the old parish church of St. Margaret in Sendling
Christoph von Langenmantel brings Luther to Hohenschwangau. Fresco by Wilhelm Lindenschmit the Elder, Hohenschwangau Castle , 1st floor, Schwangau room

Wilhelm Lindenschmit (the elder) (born March 9, 1806 in Mainz , † March 12, 1848 in Munich ) was a German history painter .


Lindenschmit was the son of a medalist . Lindenschmit received his first artistic training in 1823 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He spent the years 1824 and 1825 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna . When Peter von Cornelius moved from Düsseldorf to Munich, Lindenschmidt also returned there at the end of 1825 in order to support Cornelius as his pupil and colleague in the execution of large fresco commissions until 1828 . Lindenschmit then settled down at home in Munich. In 1848 he was appointed court painter in Meiningen , but he died that same year.


In Munich Lindenschmit first painted the victory of Ludwig the Rich over Albrecht Achilles of Brandenburg in the Bavarian War in the Battle of Giengen ( Giengen an der Brenz ) for the arcades of the Hofgarten . In 1830 he finished work on the fresco Die Bauernschlacht von Sendling 1705 on the northern outer wall of the old parish church of St. Margaret in Sendling , which to this day can certainly be considered his best-known work. The picture was removed in 1895 and replaced by his better-known son Wilhelm Lindenschmit the Elder. J. repainted and completed in 1896 by his grandson Karl Heinrich Hermann (also referred to as H. Lindenschmit in other sources ), although slightly modified and thus falsified. The picture was refreshed several times in the following years, for example in 1964 and most recently in 2004, whereby attempts were also made to reconstruct the original condition.

Other works by Lindenschmit are the majority of the pictures from Schiller's poems in the “Queen's Writing Room” in the Königsbau and two depictions from the life of Leonardo da Vinci for the loggia of the Alte Pinakothek based on designs by Cornelius.

Other monumental frescoes by his hand can be seen in Hohenschwangau Castle , where he decorated four rooms with depictions from the history of Bavaria. After completing this work, he painted in oil the fight of the Cimbrian women against the Romans and the unfortunate battle of Arminius . His later works include the Luitpold Battle from the time of Ludwig the Child and Otto the Great's entry into the liberated Augsburg on the evening after the victory on the Lechfeld .


Lindenschmit's art combines realistic approaches with the tradition of classicism and the Nazarenes , especially in his early portraits . The painter was particularly distinguished by a thorough study of history and costume. His figures are full of character and expression. The late Classicist attitude of the Cornelius School can be clearly felt in his later history painting.

Works (selection)


Web links

Commons : Wilhelm Lindenschmit the Elder  - Collection of images, videos and audio files