State capital Munich
|Area :||3.94 km²|
|Residents :||41,256 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||10,475 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1877|
|Postcodes :||80336, 80337, 80469, 81369, 81371, 81373, 81379|
|Area code :||089|
Location of the city district 6 Sendling in Munich
Old Parish Church of St. Margaret
Historic districts of Sendling are Untersendling and Mittersendling. Obersendling was assigned to Thalkirchen when the community was formed in 1818 and today forms part of the Thalkirchen-Obersendling-Forstenried-Fürstenried-Solln district .
Sendling is located south to south-west of downtown Munich . The district of Sendling borders on the district of Schwanthalerhöhe to the north, to the northeast on the district of Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt , in the east of Sendling is bounded by the Isar , and across the river is the district of Untergiesing-Harlaching . The district of Thalkirchen-Obersendling-Forstenried-Fürstenried-Solln connects to the south and the district of Sendling-Westpark to the west .
Geographically , the area is divided into a narrow strip of the Sendlinger Oberfeld in the west above a slope edge shaped by the former course of the Isar, in whose northern area the historic center of the former village of Untersendling is located, while the southern end of this higher strip includes the historic core of the Mittersendling settlement , as well as a larger area below this slope edge to the Isar in the east, the so-called Sendlinger Feld or Unterfeld , which was often flooded area until the regulation of the Isar and the construction of the Isar works canal in the 19th century and was therefore settled late.
The oldest human bone finds in the Sendlinger area are around 4000 years old and date from the early Bronze Age . The first inhabitants belonged to the bell-cup culture , they settled on the Oberfeld near the edge of the slope, practiced agriculture and buried their dead in stool graves . In other areas of southern Bavaria there have been settled farmers since the Neolithic Age , but the soil conditions on the Munich gravel plain were not very suitable for arable farming. From the 16th century BC The time of the tumulus culture followed , around the 12th century BC. Was replaced by the urn field culture . The climate at that time was relatively warm. The area was also populated in the Iron Age. Celtic farmers left behind pottery and wrought iron products that they either made themselves or purchased locally. A few hours' walk away were Celtic ramparts .
No Roman settlements, farms or other facilities have been found on Sendlinger Terrain, but there are in the immediate vicinity, such as the late Roman fortifications near Grünwald or the Roman settlement in Gauting (Bratananium) . A Roman main road ran two hours to the south from Salzburg ( Iuvavum ) to Augsburg (Augusta Vindelicorum) , now called Via Julia . A good way north there was a second Roman road.
Early middle ages
Probably in the 6th century AD, a Germanic clan chief named "Sendilo" (not handed down in writing, reconstruction from the Latinized place name "Sentilinga") founded or took over the settlement, which was named after him from then on. The ending -ing (a) indicates a relatively early foundation period.
Some row graves in the Sendlinger Oberfeld and Unterfeld date from the 7th century as evidence of a Bavarian settlement, some of them even seem to date from before 600.
The first written references under the name Sentilinga can be found in connection with land and farm transfers and the like. a. to the Schäftlarn monastery , two documents being dated to the year 782.
High Middle Ages
Until around 950 the area was repeatedly ravaged by Hungarian raids . It is not known whether Sendling was directly affected. From around 980 several land transfers have been handed down in writing under the noble landlords who exploited the Sendlinger farms and their serfs who worked there . The Bishop of Freising and the Schäftlarn monastery increased their property on the site until the 11th century. The first reliable mention of Sendling as a village (villa) comes from the time around 1050 (exact date unsecured ) . The earlier mentions as in loco could also have meant an estate.
In 1158 Heinrich the Lion founded Munich. Village life probably changed due to the founding of the city and its rapid development. The city offered a larger market, the Peterskirche became the parish church responsible for Sendling. Around the same time, the nobilis vir (nobleman, nobleman) named Norpert Sentlinger was mentioned, so it is possible that there was a manor in Sendling in the 12th century, after which the family was named. The family was seal - and tournament capable , her arms pointed to a black rotbewehrtes golden Unicorn . In 1239, for the first time, there was evidence of a Sentlinger in the administration of Munich, members of the family sat for a long time on the city's inner council , the highest civic body. Sendling probably belonged to the Andechser county until they were inherited by the Wittelsbachers in 1248 .
In 1258 and 1284 Sighart bequeathed the Sendlinger Höfe in Obersendling and Sendling to the Munich Poor Clares and the Frauenkirche . In 1268 he bought a farm in Obersendling. The Sentlingers came to riches as toads ( salt wholesalers) and changers (bankers) in Munich.
From 1314 to 1322 Konrad Sendlinger was Bishop of Freising. Around 1320 the second city wall of Munich was built and received a south gate, which was called Sendlinger Tor . From there a path, today's Lindwurmstrasse , led to Sendling. Not only the church, but also Munich citizens acquired property in Sendling.
In 1397 there was a civil uprising in Munich. Heinrich the Sentlinger granted the mayor Kazmair , who had fled, admission, the Sentlinger family stood on the side of the Munich dukes Ernst and Wilhelm against the rebellious citizens of the city of Munich. A list from 1449 shows the property in Sendling at that time. Around 1500, the Sentlinger family died out.
The Thirty Years War was a difficult time for rural residents. Sendling, too, was plundered several times by its own and foreign troops, afflicted by hardship, poverty and diseases such as the plague . The number of inhabitants is likely to have decreased during this time, and whoever could fled to the protection of the city walls. In 1632 Swedish troops were in the Munich area. The city surrendered to King Gustav Adolf and paid a large sum of money, but it was not looted and destroyed. The soldiers captured all the more in the surrounding countryside, and the goods stolen there could be converted into money in the city. Westenrieder wrote around 150 years later: “The Swedes brought a lot of things from their warehouse in front of Neuhauser Tor to the city for sale: tables, boards, benches, lots of horses, cattle, pigs, canvas, pewter bowls and candelabras, whole farm wagons, locks , Door hinges, coats, women's skirts, beds and more like that. ”In 1638 the abbot of Benediktbeuern sold Sendling goods that had been affected by the war and noted on this occasion in his diary “ that several of the aforementioned courtyards and goods belonging to our church had been through different years Passed, extremely annoying warfare, corrupted by both friendly and enemy people and ruined to the extreme and in some cases even burned down. ” From the middle of the 17th century, the village of Sendling will have recovered relatively quickly.
In 1705, the Sendlinger Murder Christmas ended the Oberland peasant uprising , which can be seen in connection with the War of the Spanish Succession . In the course of the events, almost 1,100 of the roughly 2,700 rebellious rural residents were brutally slaughtered, and another 700 were captured and some were later executed. The battle cry of the rebels: “Better to die in Bavaria than to spoil the emperor's mischief!” Has become proverbial.
Sendling developed a suburban character as early as the 18th century, as evidenced by old buildings, for example in Lindwurmstrasse (see list of architectural monuments in Sendling ).
The Jewish cemetery on Thalkirchner Strasse was opened in 1816 and was in use until 1907.
When political communities were set up by the second community edict of 1818, Altsendling , Mittersendling , Neuhofen and the Sendlinger Haide (today Theresienwiese and Schwanthalerhöhe ) were combined to form the community of Untersendling . Obersendling , however, was assigned to the municipality of Thalkirchen .
In the second half of the 19th century, with the onset of industrialization in the west of the city of Munich, the urban area expanded over the Harras and Mittersendling to Obersendling. In the beginning of the industrial age, factories and company branches were built along the road to Wolfratshausen and west of it, which to this day help shape Sendling's image, the most important of which today was Siemens AG. In 1872 the foundation stone for the Sendling branch of Krauss & Comp. , the later Krauss-Maffei , which existed until 1937. In addition to these two major corporations, there were many other machine factories, such as the Munich-Sendling engine factory, which is also important, and several tobacco factories. At the same time, the residential quarters also expanded, on the one hand in the form of blocks of floors for the workers, on the other hand as stately homes, which herald the transition to the villa suburbs of Solln and Großhesselohe .
On January 1, 1877 Unter- and Mittersendling as well as the former Sendlinger Haide, which had developed in a similar way and had become the workers' and industrial district Westend , were incorporated into Munich.
From 1908 the construction of the wholesale market halls opened in 1912 in Unterfeld, which gave additional economic impetus. The economic upturn was lost in the First World War and the subsequent economic crisis with inflation and high unemployment.
Sendling in the time of National Socialism
In the traditionally “red” working-class district of Sendling, relatively few sympathized with the rise of National Socialism . After Hitler came to power , the persecution that began throughout Germany also hit the Sendlinger Jews . The Jewish businessman Joachim Both was shot in his apartment at Lindwurmstrasse 185 in the course of the pogroms of the “Reichskristallnacht” in 1938, after a troop of ten SA men had previously ravaged the men's clothing store below. Other Jewish citizens were expelled or deported, and their companies and businesses were “ Aryanized ”. But other sections of the population, such as Jehovah's Witnesses , were also spied on and persecuted, as were Christians, provided they were too openly faithful to their faith or even criticized the regime. Police spies monitored the sermons of Pastor Paul Schattenmann of the Protestant Ascension Church, he himself was interrogated by the public prosecutor.
From 1939 onwards, many Sendlinger industrial companies such as the Deckel company and the armaments company Robel in Thalkirchnerstrasse used deported foreigners as forced laborers, and even smaller craft businesses employed such workers, euphemistically known as “ foreign workers ”. The Dachau concentration camp had two satellite camps in Sendling , from which prisoners had to do hard forced labor for “ re-education ” , for example in road construction and later also in the repair of war damage.
From 1943 onwards, hundreds of high explosive bombs , air mines and incendiary bombs fell on the district in the air raids on Munich by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) and the British Royal Air Force (RAF) . Compared to Munich city center, the destruction in Sendling was not quite as devastating, relatively few buildings were so badly destroyed that reconstruction had to be dispensed with. The area around the wholesale market halls was hit hard by the RAF air raid on the night of September 6th to 7th, 1943, almost all halls were so badly damaged that the market had to be held in the open until it was rebuilt. In the same attack, around 80 residential buildings, mainly in Mittersendling and in the Brudermühlviertel, were totally destroyed.
During the first daytime attack by the 8th Air Force on March 18, 1944, the Church of the Assumption was hit for the first time in Sendling next to several residential buildings, but apart from the completely destroyed front building, the church was restored after the war. The heaviest attack on Munich, also by the 8th Air Force, took place on July 12, 1944. There were around 700 deaths across the city that day. The exact number of victims in Sendling is not known. St. Korbinian , the new Margaretenkirche, the roof structure of which burned out completely, and the Gotzinger school were hit on buildings during this wave of attack ; a total of around 50 buildings in Sendling were reported as totally destroyed after this attack. In further attacks, the Südbahnhof was hit several times and the railway line to the wholesale market was interrupted. For this reason and because of the general supply bottlenecks, the volume of trade decreased sharply towards the end of the war and only slowly recovered after the war. The number of civilian deaths in Sendling was comparatively low. Towards the end of the war, resistance groups such as the Bavarian Freedom Campaign were also active in Sendling to prevent the National Socialists from carrying out further acts of destruction such as blowing up bridges and buildings and to enable the city to be handed over to the Allied troops in an orderly manner.
post war period
In the post-war period, around 1,000 people who had become homeless due to war and displacement lived in Sendlinger barracks camps, which were located on Brudermühlstrasse, Marbachstrasse and Bavariastrasse, including almost the entire population of a German-populated village from the Batschka . During the time of the economic miracle , there was a renewed wave of companies and industries in Sendling. For example, from 1945 to 1975 Reemtsma and from 1975 to 2011 Philipp Morris, Munich's largest trade tax payer, produced cigarettes in Mittersendling.
The Großmarkthalle Munich, which opened in the district in 1912, has been of great importance for economic life in Sendling for about a century .
The area with an area of 310,000 square meters is the third largest transshipment point for fruit and vegetables in Europe after Paris and Milan . In 2005, 270 import and wholesalers beat 140 types of goods from 83 countries with a value of over 750 million. Euros to. In total, almost 400 companies with over 3000 employees generate an annual turnover of an estimated 1.5 billion euros on the wholesale market, including the flower wholesale market and gardener's hall. The wholesale market hall supplies a region with around five million people every day and sells goods throughout Europe.
Accordingly, of the 15,000 or so jobs in the quarter, around 20 percent are in trading companies, the majority of which are active in wholesale .
In addition to trade, the manufacturing industry is still well represented in Sendling and the craft sector is still of some importance here. The greatest growth potential, however, lies more and more in the service sector.
In keeping with the original functional mix of living and working, the image of the densely populated area is shaped by apartment buildings and housing cooperative buildings, around a third of which were built before 1945. More and more of these old houses have been renovated since around 1990. In addition, new living space is created on existing areas through redensification . One example of this is the low-energy house on Ganghoferstrasse . Large open and recreational areas on the edge of the district, such as the Neuhofener and Flaucher facilities and allotments along the railway lines, compensate for the concentrated development .
In the center of Untersendling is the so-called Stemmerwiese , the farmer's meadow of the Stemmer farm that existed until the 1960s, now it is used as an additional leisure area for the residents. Various businesses are located in the former farmhouse and cultural events are sometimes held.
Almost every second of the almost 36,500 inhabitants is gainfully employed. In the meantime, white-collar workers make up the largest segment of the workforce, the share of blue-collar workers is only around a third. Residents with lower and middle educational levels still dominate the social stratification, but the increased immigration of younger households with higher educational qualifications is changing the social and age composition of the resident population, with a clear focus on the 20 to 40 year olds. The proportion of foreigners among the population is just under 28 percent, slightly below the urban average (around 28.3 percent), the number of single-person households is relatively high.
Mosque in Sendling
Since 1989 there has been a mosque affiliated to the DİTİB umbrella organization in Sendling on Schanzenbachstrasse. The new building of a Sendlinger mosque has been controversial since the spring of 2005: With the support of the red / green majority factions in the Munich city council, a new mosque was to be built on Gotzinger Platz opposite the Sankt Korbinian church. The project met with resistance, especially from the CSU and a citizens' initiative founded for this purpose. Notwithstanding this resistance, the city administration pushed the project forward until it was finally put on file by the Islamic umbrella organization for financial reasons at the end of February 2010.
Significant buildings and places
Old Parish Church of St. Margaret
The old parish church of St. Margaret (Plinganserstraße 1, corner of Lindwurmstraße) was built from 1711 to 1712 according to plans by Wolfgang Zwerger . It is the successor to a Gothic church that was destroyed during the Murder Christmas of Sendling in 1705. Remnants of the medieval building fabric have only been preserved in the tower. A glass window from 1493 was inserted in the left apse window . On the northern outer wall above the main portal, a large fresco by Wilhelm Lindenschmit from 1830 depicts the peasant battle. The fresco and the church building were restored from 2003 to 2005 for the 300th anniversary of the uprising (Christmas 2005).
Opposite the church on the other side of Lindwurmstrasse is a memorial for the blacksmith von Kochel , (allegedly Balthasar Riesenberger , but other names have also been passed down), a legendary hero of the uprising who, according to myth , holed up in the churchyard from St. Margaret to last should have bravely resisted. The monument with fountain was initiated in 1904 by the archivist Ernst von Destouches, and the foundation stone was laid in 1905 at the 200-year commemoration ceremony. Carl Ebbinghaus designed the sculpture, Carl Sattler the architecture . The completed monument was inaugurated in 1911.
The Stemmerhof was first mentioned in 1381 as a donation to the Heiliggeistspital in Munich and was the last dairy farm in the inner city of Munich until 1992. It is located on Plinganserstraße directly opposite the old parish church and today houses a number of shops with a focus on ecology, as well as a café. Adjacent to the west is the large Stemmerhofwiese, which is still reminiscent of the former rural character of the district.
New Parish Church of St. Margaret
The New Parish Church of St. Margaret ( Margaretenkirche , Margaretenplatz 1) designed by Michael Dosch with its impressive barrel vault, which spans the 21 meter wide and 75.50 meter long interior with a clear height of 26.60 meters, is one of the largest churches in the City. The facade was designed very vividly, with the main accent on the west elevation with the 85.50 meter high tower offset to the north. The sacred building, modeled on the Italian high baroque, brings Mediterranean flair to the quarter.
In 1891, the farmer Alois Stemmer from the neighboring Stemmerhof, together with two other Sendling farmers, Kaffler and Berger, founded a church building association for the project and donated the building site. Each of the three farmers paid 100,000 gold marks into the club's coffers, which would be one million euros in today's currency. Construction work began in 1902. It soon became clear that the cost planning of the architects and construction companies would not be adhered to. In 1910 Dosch was replaced by Franz Xaver Boemmel ; when it was completed in 1913, the construction costs had exceeded the budget by 80 percent and the donors had to bring in additional personal assets. It was only thanks to Pastor Alois Gilg (1909–1922) that the difficulties of the project could be overcome and the building completed. In the interior, the rococo altarpiece and two wooden sculptures from around 1500, which depict St. George and St. Margaret , are particularly noteworthy.
The organ was built in 1955 by Anton Schwenk with 42 stops on three manuals and a pedal. In 2002 it was expanded to 56 registers and renovated by the organ building company Münchner Orgelbau Johannes Führer.
St. Korbinian Church
The St. Korbinian Church on Gotzing erplatz at the corner of Valley Strasse is a baroque building that was built from 1924 to 1926 based on plans by Hermann Buchert . It was consecrated on October 17, 1926 by Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber . The church was almost completely destroyed by high explosive bombs and fire in the USAAF air raid on Munich on July 12, 1944. The reconstruction was completed around 1951, and the church received four new bells in 1959 after the two larger of the original three bells had been confiscated for the war economy in January 1944. The largest of the current bells in the church, named after the church patron Korbinian bell, weighs five and a half tons. Particularly worth seeing are the stately east facade, framed by two towers and crowned by a crucifixion group, which dominates Gotzinger Platz, and the ceiling fresco by Robert Holzer .
In the immediate vicinity of St. Korbinian is the site of the Großmarkthalle Munich , which is not only of economic importance, but also features some buildings of historical and architectural interest: the urban architect Richard Schachner planned, among other things, Halls 1 to at the beginning of the 20th century 4 of the largest reinforced concrete construction project at the time. After the war destruction, Halls 2 to 4 were rebuilt with flat roofs, Hall 1 is still in its old condition and still gives an idea of the formerly impressive overall view of the complex. Also worth seeing is the light-flooded hall of the flower wholesale market , which opened in 2000 . Good Bavarian cuisine made from always fresh ingredients is served in the historic rooms of the Großmarkthalle restaurant .
Church of St. Achaz
Around the church of St. Achaz (Fallstraße 7) lies the old town center of the Mittersendling district with the associated Neuhofen . The origin of Neuhofen lies in the former Distelhof of Mittersendling. The farm was sold in 1697 to the secret councilor Matheus von Joner, who had a country castle built outside the village. According to the decision of the secret council of October 9, 1698, the castle with the Distelhof was raised to a noble siz by Elector Max Emanuel under the name of Neuhofen . When the old church became too small, a larger new building was built in 1927 according to plans by Richard Steidle .
The Evangelical Lutheran Ascension Church (Kidlerstrasse 15) was built in 1919/1920 through the renovation of the legendary Sendling entertainment establishment "Elysium". The pastor in charge was the later Bavarian regional bishop Hans Meiser . In 1944, badly damaged by the war, the church was rebuilt using rubble bricks by 1950/1953. The slender bell tower on the street side carries a five-part bell in the strike tone sequence f 1 –as 1 –b 1 –c 2 –es 2 and was only created in 1963/1964. Since 1993, the congregation no longer meets linearly towards the choir, but centered around the font, altar and lectern.
The organ was built in 1994 by Hermann Eule Orgelbau Bautzen . It has 33 stops on two manuals and a pedal.
The Harras is an important traffic junction in the quarter, here the underground of the line U6 crosses with the S-Bahn of the lines S7 and S20 (no stop), the Bavarian Oberlandbahn (BOB), the Meridian and several bus lines. The square is named after the coffee house owner Robert Harras, who ran the café of the same name here at the fork in the country roads to Wolfratshausen and Weilheim in the second half of the 19th century. The surface features several architecturally interesting buildings: On the north side of the triangular area, there are several Art Nouveau residential buildings from around 1900, some with large-format stucco ornaments.
The south side is bordered by a post office, which is one of the classics of modern architecture in Munich. In 1932 the architects Robert Vorhoelzer and Robert Schnetzer designed and built a front white office building with a rotunda for the post office administration of the Weimar Republic , behind which there are high apartment blocks that give the plaza wall depth. The ensemble , which, as a typical representative of New Building, manages without any adornment and lives mainly through its volumes and proportions, has been in private hands since 2001, was carefully renovated in 2002 and was awarded the Facade Prize of the City of Munich in 2006.
The department store, which has occupied the place at the exit on the east side since 1978, and the design of the island in the middle of the square, formerly a tram turnaround loop, now a bus station, has been partially criticized by the public because it does not fit into the ensemble. At Harras there is also the city center south of the Munich adult education center , which is located in the same building as the branch of the Munich city library (Albert-Roßhaupter-Straße 8).
In 2002, the district committee decided to plan a fundamental renovation, including a change in traffic management. While maintaining the capacity for traffic, more space should be given to pedestrians and the space should be redesigned. The renovation was completed by 2013.
The Flaucher is a large green corridor with woods and meadows, playgrounds and a popular beer garden . It is named after the innkeeper Johann Flaucher, who opened the restaurant Zum Flaucher in 1873 in a forester's house built around 1800 on the Isar . The park is located on the western bank of the river and extends from the thermal power station on the Brudermühlbrücke (Mittlerer Ring) out of town to the district border with Thalkirchen . Popular swimming and barbecue areas are here by the renatured river with its islands and gravel banks. At a barrage, which is more or less impressive depending on the water level, at a bend in the river below the Thalkirchner Bridge , the long wooden Flauchersteg leads to the eastern side of the river to Hellabrunn Zoo .
The first burial on the 2.2 hectare cemetery in Untersendling south of Albert-Roßhaupter-Strasse (then Forstenrieder Strasse), between Karwendelstrasse and the railway line, took place in 1877 when it was incorporated into Munich. The victims of the Sendlinger Murder Christmas (1705) were not buried here, as sometimes falsely claimed, but in the abandoned cemetery of the old church of St. Margaret and in the old southern cemetery . The cemetery, surrounded by walls and high hedges, is elevated and somewhat hidden on the tracks of the Munich-Holzkirchen railway line near the Harras. The Sendling cemetery is registered as Munich's urban biotope No. 490 , it is not designated as a protected area, only a single tree is protected as a natural monument .
Description of the terrain and vegetation: The roughly rectangular cemetery area, which extends in a north-south direction, is accessed by a right-angled network of paths. The 2.5-meter-wide main paths are largely without vegetation, while the approximately 1.5-meter-wide cross paths are mostly overgrown with gappy turf. All paths are water-bound. Due to the approximately 130 years of uniform use of the area, some types of lichen typical of near-natural forests have survived the urbanization of Munich to this day, including the beard lichen and the leaf lichen found nowhere else in Munich . The areas between the strictly geometrical tombs are almost completely taken up by monotonous shear lawns. Individual trees of different ages can be found irregularly over the site. The most common tree species is the Norway maple , there are also numerous locusts and some conifers as well as cultivated forms with partly hanging growth. Some trunks are overgrown with ivy , the largest trunk diameter of around 100 cm is a Norway maple, which has been designated as a natural monument, approximately in the middle of the cemetery. The camp, located in the northwest next to the railroad tracks, is separated from the cemetery by a 1.8 meter high, almost 80 meter long thuja hedge. This continues to the south as a freely growing ornamental hedge with bayed edges and a high proportion of non-native shrubs under a row of plane trees . The hems on both the west and south sides are almost completely mowed up to 1.5 meters behind the row of graves on the edge, almost up to the boundary wall. Gap , rather poorly species-poor garlic mustard seams are only rudimentarily formed under the wood eaves on the south and east sides. The crowns of a row of trees, consisting mainly of thick-stemmed pointed maples, ash , hornbeam and other deciduous trees just outside the wooden fence on the east side, protrude up to ten meters into the cemetery. Underneath are a few niches made of low, strictly cut dogwood hedges with benches and rubbish collection areas. About 80 percent of the grave sites are well-kept and largely free of wild herbs, on 15 percent weed species cover at least 5 percent. 5 percent of the grave sites have been abandoned and show spontaneous vegetation , unless they have been sown with shear grass. Invasive neophytes such as slim teasel , upright wood sorrel and black locust are considered problem plants . You currently have around 3% coverage.
- Georg Krauss (1826–1906) founded a branch of his locomotive factory here, which later became Krauss-Maffei
- Johannes Freumbichler (1881–1949) lived in Sendling for a few years
- Karl Kraft (1903–1978), organist and composer, born in Sendling
- Siegfried Sommer (1914–1996), writer and journalist, was a student at the Sendlinger elementary school on Gotzinger Platz
- Uschi Obermaier (* 1946), photo model, spent her childhood and youth in Sendling
- Rudolf Voderholzer (* 1959), Bishop of Regensburg, grew up in Sendling
- Patrick Lindner (* 1960), pop singer, was born in Sendling
- Christoph Süß (* 1967), presenter of the television magazine quer of Bayerischer Rundfunk , was born in Sendling
Sendlinger street names
The street names in the district 6 Sendling of the Bavarian state capital Munich were largely given in the late 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. At this time after the incorporation of Untersendling in 1877, with the increasing industrialization of the west of Munich, brisk construction activity began on the previously agricultural corridors in the Sendlinger Oberfeld and Unterfeld to create living space for the masses of migrant workers. Mainly large blocks of rental apartments were created, either privately or financed by housing associations .
In 1905, the 200th anniversary of Sendling's murderous Christmas was commemorated , and the Prince Regent Luitpold and his entourage even appeared at the service in the still unfinished New Parish Church of St. Margaret with subsequent Libera in the old Sendlinger cemetery . Since the settlement area on the Sendlinger Unterfeld was developing rapidly at that time, it made sense to name the new streets after the heroes of the freedom struggle or after the towns from which the participants came, in order to guarantee them an honorable memory. For this reason, many older streets in the Sendling district have names associated with the uprising.
In 2005 a start was made on adding additional panels with historical explanations to some Sendlinger street signs.
- The initiative for historical learning locations Sendling 1933–1945 was founded in 2004 as a project group to research the history of the Sendling district between 1933 and 1945.
- The Sendlinger Kulturschmiede e. V. in Daiserstraße has been promoting art and culture since 1978, with the aim of ... promoting the awareness of Sendling's citizens to live in a district rich in tradition that demands active participation in conservation and for its design and development Development pays off. (Statutes 1978).
- Concerts and exhibitions take place regularly in the Evangelical Lutheran Ascension Church at Kidlerstrasse 15. The community offers an extensive program for all ages, with particular emphasis on youth work. The Diakoniestation or the Neighborhood Bridge provide care for those in need of care and help in various everyday situations. Parent-child groups (care groups) are connected to the community.
- As a branch of the Munich City Library, the Sendling am Harras city library offers a reading room (daily newspapers and reference library free of charge), changing art exhibitions with free admission and, for a small annual fee, members can borrow all media available in the library network, in addition to books, audio books, videos and DVDs, CDs and MCs, games, software, etc. a.
- The play and meeting center Sendling (SBZ) , supported by the Kreisjugendring München-Stadt (KJR) in Danklstraße 34, offers the areas for children and young people with diverse opportunities for play and meaningful activities for children and young people between the ages of six and 20. The SBZ is open every day except on weekends.
- The youth club Pullacher Platz in Dietramszeller Str. 9 is also sponsored by the KJR . Everyone between the ages of six and sixteen can spend their free time in the youth club with many play options. From the age of 16 there is the possibility to become a volunteer.
- At Harras there is the city center south of the Munich Adult Education Center (MVHS) with eight classrooms, a lecture hall, kitchen, work room, wood workshop, computer room and gymnastics room. The adult education center offers thousands of courses in a wide variety of disciplines and organizes lectures and guided tours.
In Sendling there are several elementary schools and two secondary schools as secondary schools (including the Maria Probst Realschule), the Dante and Klenze Gymnasium , the Neuhof schools (Gymnasium, Realschule, Fachoberschule) and the Therese-von -Bayern-Schule (Staatl. FOS / BOS for economy, administration and justice). In addition, the Japanese International School, the French kindergarten, elementary school and high school Jean Renoir and a Montessori school of the non-profit school GmbH of Aktion Sonnenschein are located in Sendling .
Sports facilities and clubs
- The Südbad in Valleystraße is a municipal indoor swimming pool . It was opened in 1960 as the first urban pool in Munich and offers two pools and a large sunbathing lawn in summer. In the first phase of the renovation and expansion, which was carried out from 1999 to 2000 on behalf of Stadtwerke München by the Munich architects Guggenbichler + Netzer, the bathroom was completely gutted and rebuilt. The ground floor and basement were combined into a large, connected changing area and equipped with new shower and sanitary facilities. An extension on the north side has improved the internal access with separate barefoot and boot stairs. A spacious sauna area with two saunas and a steam bath was created on the upper floor . The relaxation room and the fresh air area are to be expanded in a second construction phase. The materials used, such as color-mixed mosaic tiles and the artificial stone, strong colored surfaces and clear forms take up the architecture and design language of the existing building and create a cheerful and spacious atmosphere. The renovation is a successful example of new architecture in Munich.
- The women's swimming club Munich e. V. has existed since 1903. The association offers groups for popular sports, adult swimming, anniversary ladies / Isarnixen, sports teams, water aerobics and aquaball, training is carried out in the swimming pools of various schools in the district and in other pools throughout the city.
- The HC Wacker Munich e. V. with the hockey and tennis departments was founded in 1911. The game is played on its own facility next to the Demleitnerstrasse district sports facility. In addition to an artificial field and a natural grass field for hockey, there are six tennis sand courts and a tennis hall with three courts available. The first teams of the men's and women's hockey teams each play in the 2nd field hockey Bundesliga. With almost 300 active players, the youth hockey team is one of the largest youth departments in Germany.
- The Untersendling district sports facility in Demleitnerstrasse is not only used by schools in the area, but also by various clubs.
- The FFC Wacker Munich 99 e. V. emerged from the women's football department of FC Wacker and has existed as an independent club since 1999; the club's first team has played in the second women's division since the 2004 season. The venue is the Untersendling district sports facility.
- The FC Wacker München e. V. is a traditional football club (founded in 1903 as FC Isaria , after several renaming since 1920, FC Wacker, German runner-up in 1922).
- The Freie Turnerschaft München-Süd e. V. has offered an extensive program of sport, culture and leisure activities for all ages since 1893. In addition to various sports, the association also offers a theater group that has been operating as the Sendlinger Bauernbühne since 1987 . Training and rehearsals take place in the club's own facilities, in the Südbad and in various sports facilities in the district and the rest of the city.
- The groups of the Sportgemeinschaft München 2000 (since December 1999) train indoor sports (general fitness training, badminton , basketball , soccer , table tennis and volleyball ) all year round: for children and pupils in the Carl von Linde secondary school (in the neighboring district of Schwanthalerhöhe ), for youth and adults in the Maria-Probst-Realschule at Gotzinger Platz. From spring to autumn the association offers a varied outdoor program ( mountaineering , kayaking , mountain biking , windsurfing , swimming and tennis), in winter there are groups for skiing , snowboarding and cross-country skiing .
- The Sendling department of the Sudetendeutschen Turnerschaft München e. V. offers training groups for health-oriented leisure sports for all ages in various schools in the district near Harras. The focus areas are: children, volleyball, gymnastics , gymnastics , aerobics , seniors, leisure time ( hiking , bowling ) and Qigong .
- The Rot-Weiß Munich Hockey Club was founded in Sendling in 1932 and today has around 500 members, including 250 children and young people.
- The Lacrosse Club München e. V. is one of the first two clubs in Germany to bring the originally Indian team sport lacrosse to Germany. The club has now joined the HC Rot-Weiß München as a department .
- HuVTV "Schmied von Kochel" Munich-Sendling. In 1905 the mountain costume preservation association Schmied von Kochel was founded in Munich-Sendling. The aim and purpose of the association is to maintain the mountain costume, the folk music, the folk dances and Schuhplattler, as well as the old customs. Furthermore, the association has set itself the task of holding the annual commemoration with the laying of a wreath at the old Sendlinger church in order to commemorate the fallen Oberlandler farmers of the Sendlinger Murder Christmas of 1705. The association wears the Miesbach mountain costume and the association's own historical group, representing the Oberlandler farmers and the “blacksmith von Kochel”, accompanies it during parades.
As the busiest road with a daily traffic load of up to 143,000 vehicles in 2005, the part of the Brudermühlstrasse of the Middle Ring with two junctions cuts from the Brudermühlbrücke on the Isar to behind the western exit of the Brudermühl tunnel in an east-west direction through the district and divides it into one larger northern and a smaller southern part.
Beginning at Sendlinger Tor in the city center of Munich and extending from the north-northwest over Goetheplatz in the neighboring Isarvorstadt into the district, Lindwurmstrasse is an important traffic axis from the railway underpass at KVR in Ruppertstrasse to its confluence with Plinganser- / Pfeuferstrasse on Sendlinger Berg Sendlings. Implerstraße branches off from Lindwurmstraße directly behind the underpass at KVR as a cross connection through the Unterfeld towards the Isar River to Brudermühlstraße. Crossing these, it continues south as Thalkirchner Straße to Pullacher Platz and from there as Pognerstraße towards the Thalkirchner Bridge.
Close to the western district border and partly also overlapping with it, Pfeuferstraße runs from the neighboring district of Schwanthalerhöhe to the north, above the edge of the terrace and following this, Sendling to the old parish church of St. Margaret . From there it continues as Plinganserstraße along the edge of the slope over the Harras to Mittersendling. After the intersection with the Mittlerer Ring , this axis runs relatively parallel to the Isar as federal road 11 further to Obersendling, which already belongs to the southern neighboring district 19 , and via Solln further south towards Innsbruck .
At Harras, Albert-Roßhaupter-Strasse branches off to the west from this north-south axis (belonging to the district up to the railway underpass at Harras), which then runs in the neighboring district of Sendling-Westpark to the west via Partnachplatz to Luise-Kiesselbach-Platz , there crosses the middle ring and continues under changing names to the west via Hadern to Graefelfing and into the Würmtal .
The volume of traffic on the main axes mentioned is medium to high and the direct residents are affected by the unpleasant side effects such as noise , fine dust and exhaust emissions . The relocation of this section of the ring to the Brudermühl tunnel, which was completed in 1988 and which was renovated in 2005 for a good five million euros and upgraded to meet contemporary safety standards, provided a certain relief for the residents of the Unterfeld region, who were confronted with high-rise steel bridges on the Brudermühlstrasse section of the Middle Ring from 1971 onwards. The parking situation in the residential areas of the district is generally rather difficult.
With the Harras train station, the district has an important junction in the public transport network. It is served by the Bavarian Oberlandbahn and the Munich S-Bahn with the S7 line. The railway body of the Munich – Holzkirchen railway line, which runs above ground along the western district boundary, is linked to the underground section of the U6 underground line . South of this is the Mittersendling S-Bahn station, which is served by the S7 and S20. Other subway stations relevant to the district are Poccistraße ( U3 / U6) on the border to the northeastern neighboring district of Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt , Implerstraße (U3 / U6), Brudermühlstraße (U3) and Thalkirchen (U3) just behind the district border with Thalkirchen . In addition, several bus lines run by the Munich transport company stop at numerous stops in the district.
The district committee of Sendling was last elected on March 15, 2020. The distribution of seats is as follows: Greens 9, SPD 6, CSU 4, FW 1 and FDP 1. Of the 30,524 residents of Sendling who are entitled to vote, 16,140 exercised their right to vote, bringing the turnout to 52.9 percent.
(As of December 31, residents with main residence)
Source with further data
General development, historical events
- Alt-Sendling and Munich. Edited from the chronicle by Hans Lanzhammer by Wolfgang J. Clemens. Munich 1980.
- Franz Schiermeier: Sendling . Franz Schiermeier Verlag, 2019, ISBN 978-3-943866-80-3 .
- Elsbeth Bösl, Sabine Schalm (eds.): Sendling 1933–1945. Contributions to the history of the district under National Socialism. Initiative for historical learning locations Sendling, Munich 2005.
- Stefan Caspari, Annette Jäger: People in Sendling. Buchendorfer, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-927984-53-1 .
- Wolfgang Peschel, Hannes Sieber (eds.): Sendling. 111 reasons why a Munich district is the center of Bavaria. Frisinga, Freising 1992, ISBN 3-88841-048-7 .
- Christine Rädlinger , Eva Graf: Sendling - time travel to old Munich . Ed .: City Archives Munich . Volk Verlag , Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-937200-75-0 .
- City of Munich / Building Department (Ed.): Urban planning framework for the planning area on Sendlinger Berg in the 19th district of Sendling and 34th district of the Waldfriedhofviertel . Munich 1978.
- City map for families with small children in Sendling and the surrounding area . Munich 2000.
- Wolfgang J. Clemens: Looking for a hostel in the big city. From the history of the Protestant community in Sendling. Munich Science Publ. (MWP), Munich 1987, ISBN 3-924615-10-1 .
- Christian Haumayr: 125 years of volunteer fire brigade in Sendling. Munich 1994.
- Wolf Weber: 1200 years of church history Sendling. Weber, Munich 1998.
Memories, (auto) biographies
- Fritz Koehle: The Saubuam. Stories from Sendling. Munich 1959.
- Karl Wieninger: Rascal years in Sendling. Munich around 1983.
- Leo Erhard-Rabenau: I think of Sendling… fragments of memories and stories from an old Sendlinger. Munich 1990.
- Bernhard Setzwein : Root system (novel). Friedl-Brehm- Verlag, Feldafing 1984, ISBN 3-921763-86-X . (The book is about the destruction of Sendling by rigorous building measures.)
- Bernhard Setzwein: Oberländer EckDaiser. A poem . A 1 Verlag, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-927743-11-9 . (Review ( Bayerischer Rundfunk ): Setzwein can't get away from Sendling. Now he has presented a volume with thought poetry, a neo-baroque composition, a compendious sentilingianum so to speak, a poetic-moral didactic poem at the end of classical modernism, a first postmodern Bavaricum. [...] It plays and plays around and then sometimes gets seriously serious, with the Turkish eater Abraham a Sancta Clara and with the Miesbacher Ludwig Thoma , and the setting wine knows no mercy. [...] According to the great draft of a 'Gegenmünchen' by Paul Wühr 'OberländerEckeDaiser' is now the poetic evidence for the district of Sendling. )
- Bernhard Setzwein: Hirnweltler's return. That is: the fall of the provincial Jean Paul Richter in the big city, his arduous walk through history and Sendling, his meeting with the privy councilor at Goetheplatz and the final view from the head of Bavaria on the Oktoberfest machine / on this way accompanied by Bernhard Setzwein (story ). Peter Kirchheim Verlag, Munich 1986, ISBN 3-87410-022-7 .
- Sendling district - state capital Munich
- City district and district committee 6 Sendling - City of Munich
- Statistical Pocket Book 2020 (PDF). Statistical Office of the State Capital Munich. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Digitized from fol. 171r
- Alpolt and his son Huasuni donate property to Schwabing and Sendling to the Schäftlarn monastery. In: Theodor Bitterauf: The Traditions of the Hochstift Freising, Vol. 1, 744–926. Munich 1905, p. 122 f.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
- Peter Issig: A lot of money comes from Mittersendling . In: Welt Online . December 15, 2002 ( welt.de [accessed on May 2, 2016]).
- Christof Seiffert ( memento of April 29, 2008 in the Internet Archive ): Post building at Harras
- Almut Ringleben: Event in Sendling: Harras opening. Evening newspaper, June 19, 2013, accessed September 7, 2016 .
- Lioba Betten , Thomas Multhaup: Die Münchner Friedhöfe - Guide to Places of Remembrance , section “Right in the middle: Another world”, pp. 98-101.
- LH Munich, building department : Candidstrasse and Brudermühltunnel - bridge, tunnel and road construction work
- Election of the District Committee - District 6 - Sendling . State capital Munich. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
- Archive district . State capital Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2019.