|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|County :||Bad Toelz-Wolfratshausen|
|Height :||576 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.13 km 2|
|Residents:||19,033 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2084 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||82515|
|Area code :||08171|
|License plate :||TÖL, WOR|
|Community key :||09 1 73 147|
|LOCODE :||EN WOH|
|City structure:||4 parts of the community|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Klaus Heilinglechner (BV Wolfratshausen)|
|Location of the city of Wolfratshausen in the Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen district|
Wolfratshausen belongs to the Bavarian Oberland region and lies in the river valleys of Loisach and Isar . The Loisach flows into the Isar (so-called Isarspitz) immediately north of the city in the Pupplinger Au area . The state capital Munich is about 30 kilometers north.
The urban area borders directly on the neighboring town of Geretsried to the south . This results in a common economic area with over 40,000 inhabitants or a common medium-sized center in the Oberland planning region .
There is also the Farchet settlement , which is not an officially named part of the municipality.
Wolfratshausen was first mentioned as "Wolueradeshusun" in a document from King Heinrich II dated June 30, 1003 at the court of Regensburg in connection with the delimitation of a hunting area. The Wolfratshauser castle was built in 1116 by the Earl of Wolfratshausen , a branch of the Dießen-Andechs counts built. Wolfratshausen was first referred to as a market in 1280 . From the 12th century rafts from Wolfratshausen set off for Munich. Mainly building materials were transported. Wolfratshausen has been the seat of a regional court since the 13th century . The castle had meanwhile become an important residence for the Wittelsbach family. Duke Rudolf in particular was often in Wolfratshausen until 1315, his three sons, the later Count Palatine and Electors of the Palatinate, were born here. Duke Ernst also resided here for years during the unrest in Munich around 1400, so that his son Albrecht III. was born in Wolfratshausen.
Early modern age
In 1632 - during the Thirty Years' War - the Swedes broke into Wolfratshausen, set many buildings (including the church) on fire and killed numerous residents. In 1634, Spanish soldiers brought the plague to Wolfratshausen, which again killed numerous residents. In the baroque period there was a productive sculpture school in the market, which was overshadowed by the Weilheimers; their best-known representative was Lukas Herle , who also worked as an altar carpenter. On April 7, 1734, the explosion of more than 17 tons of powder destroyed the castle after a lightning strike in the powder tower. The stones from the ruin were used to build the Munich Residence and many Wolfratshausen houses.
The raft trip reached its peak in 1848 with about 5800 rafts annually. In 1853 Wolfratshausen experienced the greatest flood in its history. The TSV Wolfratshausen, the oldest sports club in Altlandkreis, was founded in 1864, the Wolfratshausen volunteer fire brigade in 1865. In 1870/71, five Wolfratshausen members died in the Franco-German War. In 1874 the Obermarkt burned down. Numerous buildings between the "Peterbäck" and the Gasthaus zur Post were destroyed by flames. On July 27, 1891, the Isar Valley Railway started operating and transported people and freight to and from Munich. In 1894 electricity was introduced when the old box mill was converted into a hydroelectric power station .
In 1901 the Pupplinger Au was placed under nature protection. In 1902 Wolfratshausen got its district office (old name for district office) back after it had been administered from Munich from 1862 onwards. In 1911 the expansion of the state road on Wolfratshauser Berg began. A moderate earthquake caused damage. During the First World War, which broke out in 1914, 85 Wolfratshausers lost their lives at the front. Due to the increasing motorization and the associated increase in traffic, the municipal council decided to waive the paving duty from January 1, 1920 . The Loisach-Isar Canal was completed in 1924. In 1928, the time of the floods was finally over. The Loisach has been straightened and the new upper Loisach Bridge opened to traffic.
In 1933 the National Socialists took over the Wolfratshausen town hall. At least until the November pogroms of 1938, a purely Jewish housekeeping women’s technical school could continue to exist in a Wilhelminian style villa. But then the pupils had to leave the site within two hours, the school was cleared and demolished after the war. In 1937 the construction of an explosives factory and accommodation for German workers and foreign forced laborers began in the Wolfratshausen state forest. After the war, one of these camps, the former Föhrenwald camp , became a camp for so-called displaced persons , and in 1957 the Waldram district . Over the years, the town of Geretsried (Gerolzried) was built on the extensive grounds in the state forest . Except for the demolition of the upper Loisach Bridge in 1945, Wolfratshausen was spared serious damage in both world wars. The market was handed over to the Americans without a fight. However, 160 Wolfratshausers lost their lives in the Second World War. Shortly before the end of the war, concentration camp prisoners were driven through Wolfratshausen. Many monuments along the route remind of the misery train.
On January 25, 1946, a local government was democratically elected in the first local elections after the Nazi dictatorship. In 1961 the previous market was elevated to a town. In 1962, the new Waldram elementary and secondary school was built. The new district hospital was inaugurated in 1966. On July 1, 1972, in the course of the regional reform , the former Bad Tölz and Wolfratshausen districts became the new Bad Tölz district, which was renamed the Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen district on May 1, 1973. In 1972 the S-Bahn went to Loisachstadt for the first time. On May 1, 1978, the previously independent community Weidach was incorporated.
The Loisachhalle cultural center was inaugurated in 1980. 20 years later it was closed due to construction defects and insufficient fire protection. In 1989, the then Bavarian Minister of the Interior, Edmund Stoiber, laid the foundation stone for the new, 142-meter-long Marienbrücke bridge, which cost approx . A major financial scandal hit Wolfratshausen in 1994. Officials from the Oberfinanzdirektion and the public prosecutor's office searched the Wolfratshausen tax office after an anonymous report. Four officers were arrested.
On January 11, 2002, Edmund Stoiber and Angela Merkel met for the “ Wolfratshauser Breakfast ”, during which the so-called K question was decided. In 2003, on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary of the city, the citizens of the city of Iruma gave her the Japanese garden "Yūkō Nihon Teien", which means "Japanese garden of friendship", for a permanent and long-lasting friendship. . In August 2005 the market became a one-way street. After lengthy financing negotiations , the Loisachhalle was modernized and put back into operation in July 2009.
On December 31, 2014, 19,659 people lived in Wolfratshausen, 18,520 of whom had their main residence. Among the age groups, the 19 to 65 year olds make up the largest proportion (62.3%) and the 15 to 18 year olds the smallest proportion (16.1%). The proportion of foreigners was 14.88%.
- 2009: 170
- 2010: 171
- 2011: 158
- 2012: 174
- 2013: 208
- 2014: 230
- 2009: 263
- 2010: 286
- 2011: 310
- 2012: 302
- 2013: 288
- 2014: 296
(Source: Wolfratshausen aktuell , edition 1/2015)
Between 1988 and 2018, the city grew from 15,286 to 18,836 by 3,550 inhabitants or 23.2%.
¹ census result
The city council election on March 15, 2020 led to the following distribution of seats based on the result shown on the right:
Mayor since May 6, 2020
In the European elections , the turnout is significantly lower, similar to the national average: In the election on June 13, 2004 , it was 44.1%. Here, too, the strongest party was the CSU with 57.5%.
In the federal election on September 27, 2009 , 9,787 Wolfratshausers cast their votes, which corresponds to a voter turnout of 76.16%. The strongest party was the CSU with 50.95%.
The turnout in the last mayoral election on March 16, 2014 was 53.46% (2008 = 60.85%). In the runoff election held on March 30, 2014, this dropped to 49.02%. The representative of the Wolfratshausen Citizens' Association, Klaus Heilinglechner, emerged as the winner with 55.90%.
|Political party||Election 1996||Election 2002||2008 election||Election 2014||2020 election|
Debt development in EUR (since 2009):
- 2009: 16,113,743 ( 907 per capita )
- 2010: 18,876,336 (per capita 1054)
- 2011: 18,153,582 (per capita 1012)
- 2012: 17,347,347 (per capita 966)
- 2013: 16,568,447 ( 923 per capita )
- 2014: 15,184,123 ( 860 per capita )
coat of arms
The wolf in the city's coat of arms has been Wolfratshausen's heraldic animal since the beginning of the 15th century . Over the centuries he is said to have been depicted as a fox every now and then . The name of the city is probably derived from the name "Wolfrat". Initially the name was Wolveradeshusun .
The largest employer in Wolfratshausen is EagleBurgmann Germany GmbH & Co. KG with more than 5000 employees, more than 1000 of them in the Wolfratshausen and Eurasburg plants. It was founded by Feodor Burgmann in Dresden in 1884 under the name “Feodor Burgmann Handelsgesellschaft in Technische Artikel”. In 1951 the company headquarters was relocated to Wolfratshausen. The pillar of the business is the manufacture and sale of mechanical seals . Since March 2004, Burgmann has been one of ten operationally independent Freudenberg Business Groups and, together with Eagle Industry, Japan, forms a global alliance (EagleBurgmann) for sealing technology.
Haupt Pharma Wolfratshausen GmbH, an Aenova Group company , employs around 360 people at its Wolfratshausen location.
Wolfratshausen is the headquarters of the chemical company TUNAP .
In Wolfratshausen there was also a furniture store of the Möbel Mahler trading company with almost 40,000 m² of sales area. Since October 2018, the previously empty sales areas have been operated as a furniture store again by the Austrian furniture giants XXXLutz and Mömax.
Partners, friends and sponsorships
The following city partnerships exist:
The following city friendships exist:
The following sponsorships exist:
- since 1961 Bad Tölz . The city of Bad Tölz took on a sponsorship for the then young city of Wolfratshausen.
- since 2003 A52 Oste fleet service boat
Culture, sights and leisure
- Parish Church of St. Andreas (built in 1484, renovated in 1626 after a fire)
- Town hall , built in 1805
- The Humplbräu (first mentioned in 1619)
- Old town (since August 2005 traffic-calmed one-way traffic)
- The Schwankl-Eck
- At the top dyer
- Local history museum (expanded and renovated for the 1000th anniversary in 2003)
Leisure and excursion destinations
- Märchenwald amusement park in the Isar Valley (opened in 1968). Many attractions await young and old here, for example the “Oachkatzl” roller coaster and many climbing playgrounds.
- Isar raft trips (start of the raft trips and morning assembly of the rafts)
- Wolfratshausen Castle : Even if only a memorial stone and a few remains of tuff remind you of the castle, you can still guess the dimensions. In 1734 the castle was destroyed by an explosion of the powder tower caused by a lightning strike.
- A hike through the mountain forest opens up picturesque views of the entire city area and the peaks of the Karwendel and Wetterstein mountains from Wendelstein in the east to the Zugspitze in the south.
- Bike tours or inline skating through the Isarauen / Pupplinger Au nature reserve
- The Yuko Nihon Teien Japanese garden , a gift from the Japanese sister city of Iruma .
- Bike tour to Lake Starnberg (distance about twelve kilometers)
- The Via Bavarica Tyrolensis , a 225 km long cycle path from Munich through the Tyrolean mountains into the Inn Valley , leads through the Pupplinger Au.
- Skiing, especially for children, at the lifts in Peretshofen and Beuerberg . The major ski areas can be reached within one to two hours.
- Cross-country skiers will find around 200 km of trails in the area.
- The Walk of Fame right in front of the Loisachhalle.
Schools and educational institutions
- St. Matthias Waldram : A school of the second educational path to obtain the general higher education entrance qualification ( Abitur )
- Elementary and middle school Wolfratshausen
- Weidach primary school
- Waldram elementary and middle school
- State secondary school Wolfratshausen
- State vocational school Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen
- Volkshochschule Wolfratshausen eV
- Hammerschmiedweg City Library
- City Library Kardinal-Wendel-Strasse
- Municipal music school
- Free School Wolfratshausen (based on Waldorf education )
- Medical Rescue College GmbH ( vocational school for paramedics )
- 1926–1938 became an economic women's school (later an agricultural women's school) of the Munich branch of the Jewish women's association . operated in Munich in Wolfratshausen.
- Klecks, School of Fantasy e. V .: The association founded in 1999 is one of the largest free art schools for children, young people and adults in Bavaria. The task of the art school is to promote artistic personality development through creative self-awareness and awareness-raising. Similar institutions have existed in Bavaria since 1980, when Rudolf Seitz from the Munich Art Academy and art students founded the first school of fantasy at primary schools in Munich. In Bavaria there are only a few free art schools, as the labor-intensive voluntary association activity and declining public funding hardly allow this special form of an art school. Many of the former art schools have ceased operations or have been transferred to public institutions.
- BCF Wolfratshausen e. V. , Landesliga Bayern-Südwest - 2018/2019 - 15th place
- TSV Wolfratshausen v. 1864 e. V.
- Citizens for Citizens, Neighborhood Aid Wolfratshausen e. V.
- Mountain Rifle Company Wolfratshausen e. V.
- Castle Association Wolfratshausen e. V. (dedicates himself to the maintenance of the memory of Wolfratshausen Castle)
- Wolfratshausen Volunteer Fire Brigade V.
- 1. FC Weidach e. V.
- Weidach Volunteer Fire Brigade V.
- Burschenverein Weidach e. V.
- Mountain costume preservation association D'Loisachtaler Wolfratshausen e. V.
- City Chapel Wolfratshausen e. V. and youth band: concert and Bavarian-Bohemian brass music
- Schachclub Wolfratshausen 1948 eV
- Photo club Wolfratshausen eV
- Youth center "La Vida"
- Isar Loisach Stadium
The federal road 11 runs through Wolfratshausen and particularly pollutes the old town with a high volume of traffic. Since August 13, 2005, in the course of a test phase, the old town has only been allowed to be driven south in order to equalize traffic and support the old town retail trade. Northern traffic will be diverted via Bahnhofstrasse.
The federal motorway 95 (Munich - Garmisch-Partenkirchen ) passes close to the city; Wolfratshausen has a motorway connection. Munich can thus be reached in about 20 minutes. The federal autobahn 8 (Munich – Salzburg ) can be reached via Sauerlach in about 20 minutes.
The Wolfratshausen railway station is the terminus of line S7, the Munich S-Bahn that a section of the former Isartalbahn that from Munich to Bichl used led. The Munich Central Station is reached in about 40 minutes, the Munich Airport in about 90 minutes. The station is also used for freight traffic, in particular by Tyczka, a Geretsried-based company for liquefied gas production and energy supply. Wolfratshauser Bahnhof is also a central bus station for the surrounding area. In addition to regional bus routes from Upper Bavaria , which provide connections to the individual districts and the surrounding communities, city bus routes also operate from here. Car sharing vehicles are available at the train station .
The S7 is to be extended to Geretsried . A cost-benefit analysis yielded a factor of 1.09, although this is based on a barrier solution on Sauerlacher Strasse that Wolfratshausen did not want. Instead, a railway crossing under this state road is required. For reasons of cost, the S-Bahn route will probably run via Geretsried-Gelting. After submitting the plan approval documents in December 2011 by DB Projektbau to the Federal Railway Authority, construction is expected to start around 2024 and not to be completed before the end of 2028.
In 2003 there were 99 road traffic accidents without personal injury and 75 with personal injury in Wolfratshausen, 94 people were injured (no fatalities).
The daily newspaper Bad Tölz - Wolfratshauser SZ (local edition of the Süddeutsche Zeitung ) and the Isar-Loisachbote (local edition of Münchner Merkur ) appear in Wolfratshausen . The free Wolfratshausen Citizen Information , which is published by the City of Wolfratshausen, is published quarterly .
The television series Hubert und Staller is about the Wolfratshausen police station and the episodes are shot in the Wolfratshausen area. The police station is an empty office building at Sauerlacher Straße 25.
- Nantovinus († around 1286), Catholic saint, pilgrim and martyr
- Rudolf II the Blind (1306–1353) Count Palatine near the Rhine
- Ruprecht I of the Palatinate (1309–1390), Count Palatine of the Rhine and Elector of the Palatinate ; Founder of Heidelberg University named after him .
- Hans Urmiller , judge and caretaker of the Wolfratshausen Regional Court from January 16, 1529 to April 20, 1535
- Felix Bockhorni (1801–1878), draftsman, lithographer and painter
- Friedrich von Pechmann (1862-1919), Bavarian baron and major general
- Hermann Neuhaus (1863–1941), painter, his frescoes adorn the Protestant church
- Richard Wagner (1878–1947), portraitist and painter
- Ernst Wiechert (1887–1950), writer and poet, acquired the Gabor farm in Wolfratshausen in 1936
- Hans Stuck (1900–1978), automobile racing driver
- Willy Thieme (1912–1979), District Administrator, Mayor, Member of the Landtag and Bundestag
- Heinrich Lutz (1922–1986), historian and university professor
- Hans-Joachim Streicher (1924–1990), surgeon
- Fritz Hopmeier (1930–2014), lawyer and politician (CDU), President of the State Parliament of Baden-Württemberg 1992–1996
- Edmund Stoiber (* 1941), lawyer and politician (CSU), Prime Minister of the Free State of Bavaria 1993–2007
- Towje Kleiner (1948–2012), actor and screenwriter
- Saul Rubinek (* 1948), Hollywood actor, director and film producer
- Hans Dieter Klein (* 1951), photographer and science fiction author
- Sigi Heinrich (* 1953), editor and sports reporter
- Oliver Simon (1957-2013), singer
- Michael Wenninger (* 1969), actor
- Claudia Klischat (* 1970), writer
- Johanna Hagn (* 1973), judoka
- Matthias Kiefersauer (* 1973), director and screenwriter
- Florian Wanner (* 1978), judoka
- Murat Bosporus (* 1979), wrestling athlete
- Peter Huber-Saffer (* 1980), basketball player
- Markus Janka (* 1980), ice hockey goalkeeper
- Stephanie Lottermoser (* 1983), jazz musician
- Claudia Lichtenberg (* 1985), cyclist
- Michael Baindl (* 1986), ice hockey player
- The Wolfratshausener lake was a former glacial lake that disappeared thousands of years ago.
- Quirin Beer: Chronicle of the City of Wolfratshausen: History of Wolfratshausen Castle and the market of the same name up to the city elevation. Dachau 1986, ISBN 3-922394-76-0 .
- Cornelia Baumann-Oelwein: The Haderbräu in Wolfratshausen: inn and brewery through four centuries. ed. from the Messerschmitt Foundation, Munich / Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-486-56040-9 .
- Constantion Gantner: Wolfratshausen, churches and chapels of the parish. Munich 1984, ISBN 3-7954-4334-2 .
- Gisela Schinzel-Penth : Legends and legends from Wolfratshausen and the surrounding area. Andechs 1992, ISBN 3-921445-19-1 .
- City of Wolfratshausen: Heimatbuch. Published for the 1000th anniversary in 2003. Wolfratshausen 2002, .
- Official website of the city of Wolfratshausen
- Wolfratshausen local history museum
- The Nazi era in Wolfratshausen
- Entry on the Wolfratshausen coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Landratsamt Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen: Results of the mayoral elections 2014. In: http://www.lra-toelz.de/ . March 2014, accessed October 21, 2014 .
- Community Wolfratshausen in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 6, 2019.
- Wolfratshausen yesterday & today. (No longer available online.) City of Wolfratshausen, archived from the original on December 9, 2018 ; accessed on December 8, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 568 .
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from February 18, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- http://www.wolfratshausen.de/fileadmin/WOR/WAHLEN/Buergermeister/2014/173147_000071/index.html ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- http://www.wolfratshausen.de/fileadmin/WOR/WAHLEN/Buergermeister/2014/STW14/173147_000077/index.html ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from January 17, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Ortrud Wörner-Heil: Women's schools in the country - Reifensteiner Verband (1897–1997), series of publications by the Archives of the German Women's Movement, Volume 11, Archives of the Women's Movement, 1997
- https://fotoclub-wolfratshausen.com/. Retrieved November 11, 2019 (German).
- Fire in the police station of "Hubert & Staller" . In: https://www.merkur.de . March 5, 2015 ( merkur.de [accessed December 18, 2017]).