Alliance 90 / The Green Bavaria

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Alliance 90 / The Green Bavaria
Eike Hallitzky
Eike Hallitzky
Eva Lettenbauer
Eva Lettenbauer
Alliance 90 - The Greens Logo.svg
Chairperson Eike Hallitzky
Eva Lettenbauer
Treasurer Sascha Müller
executive Director Marc Decker
Establishment date October 7, 1979
Headquarters Sendlinger Strasse 47
80331 Munich
Landtag mandates
Number of members 17,000 (as of July 2020)

Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Bayern is the Bavarian regional association of the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party . The party is represented by MPs in the Bavarian state parliament.


Prehistory (1977-79)

From the spring of 1977 green and colorful lists were established in the Federal Republic. For the Bavarian state election on October 15, 1978 , various green and alternative groups with a common list under the name The Greens ran for the first time. A total of 1.84% of the voters voted for the 204 candidates running on election day. Bavaria was the first regional association to demand a nationwide union of green forces. On October 7, 1979 the state association Die Grünen was officially founded. The first equal state chairmen were Halo Saibold and Klaus Resch .

The first years (1980-83)

On June 1, 1980, a state assembly approved the participation of the Bavarian Greens in the federal election on October 5, 1980 . Petra Kelly , Eberhard Bueb and Jörg Westerhoff headed the Bavarian state list for the federal election. The Greens failed nationwide with 1.5% of the vote at the five percent hurdle . In Bavaria the result was 1.3%. In 1981 the Greens decided to take part in the 1982 state elections. The stated goals were overcoming the five percent hurdle, breaking the absolute CSU majority and preventing a nuclear state of Bavaria. After the collapse of the social-liberal coalition at the federal level, the Greens registered a wave of accession. With almost 4,000 members, the Bavarians were now the strongest state association of the federal greens. In the state election, the Greens missed the five percent hurdle with 4.6% of the vote. The Greens were able to move into five of the seven district days of the district elections, which took place at the same time. In the Bundestag election on March 6, 1983 , the Greens entered the Bundestag for the first time with 5.6% nationwide, in Bavaria 4.7% voted for the party. The Bavarian Greens provided four of 28 Green Members of the Bundestag, including Petra Kelly and Eberhard Bueb. With 10.7% Munich-Mitte was the third most successful constituency of the Greens nationwide.

Entry into the state parliament (1984-89)

The number of members rose to 6,000 in 1984 and the number of local associations rose from 30 to 130 in one year. In the local elections, the Greens stabilized as the third strongest political force in Bavaria. 300 Greens sat in the district assemblies as well as city and local councils. The Greens prepared for the state elections on October 12, 1986 . At the state assembly they decided on a realpolitical program with which they wanted to be prepared for the three challenges of mass unemployment , poverty and environmental degradation . With 7.5% of the vote, the Greens finally made it into the Bavarian state parliament for the first time. Members of the first 15-member parliamentary group included Christine Scheel , Christian Magerl , Edith Memmel , August Haußleiter , Eleonore Romberg , Armin Weiß , Ruth Paulig and Raimund Kamm . At the national assembly in 1987, the Greens passed a statute for women . Heidi Meinzolt Depner and Eberhard Bueb were elected as state board spokesmen. The establishment of a foundation close to green was approved. The state office of the Greens was searched by the police and 13 leaflets and six magazines were confiscated. The reason was the call for a census boycott contained therein . Together with the young press, Bavaria's Greens distributed 50,000 Hessian AIDS brochures in front of schools in order to make up for the lack of school-based AIDS education. Minister of Education Zehetmair spoke of "intellectual pollution". At the state committee in 1988, the Greens demanded that the waiver of nuclear weapons be anchored in the Bavarian constitution. In March 1988, the green city councilor Georg Welsch was elected municipal officer with the votes of the CSU and the Greens. In 1989, four MPs were invited to the traditional New Year's reception for the first time.

Inconsistent Times (1990-94)

In the 1990 state elections , the Greens lost 1.1 percentage points, gained 6.4% of the vote and only had 12 members. New in the parliamentary group came u. a. Sepp Daxenberger , Tessi Lödermann and Manfred Fleischer . In November 1993 the Bavarian Greens decided on a new program for the state election campaign in 1994. Ecological approaches in all political areas were the focus. Among other things, the introduction of an ecological tax reform and more social standards in economic policy were planned. In the 1994 state elections , the Greens again lost votes and achieved 6.1%.

The red-green option (1995-98)

In the local elections in 1996, the Greens achieved a significant increase to 6.9% and thus increased the number of mandates from 700 to 1000 nationwide. Sepp Daxenberger was elected mayor of Waging am See with 58% of the vote and thus the first green mayor of Bavaria. The election caused a sensation beyond the Free State. His successor in the state parliament was Martin Runge . After persistent personal quarrels in the parliamentary group as well as in the state executive, parliamentary group leader Manfred Fleischer left the party and parliamentary group in September 1997. The external reason was a pyramid scheme that was conveyed to Manfred Fleischer by the then head of the state parliament office , Hanns Nöth (CSU), and in which he allowed himself to be cheated of 40,000 marks. He later joined the CSU. Even Christian Magerl did not occur in 1998 to more and Raimund comb resigned in 1997 from his position, so Adi Sprinkart nachrückte for him. In the 1998 election campaign, the Bavarian Greens waived their highly controversial demand for a petrol price of five marks per liter. The fuel price increase is correct in terms of content, but cannot be communicated to the voter in this form. "Beckstein would also deport Jesus" posted the Greens in the state parliament and federal election campaign in 1998, thereby provoking the CSU.

Government period and opposition in the state parliament (1999-2004)

The Kosovo conflict with the participation of the Bundeswehr in 1999 led to fierce clashes within the party. After several hours of debate, the vast majority of the Bavarian Greens supported Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer's Kosovo peace plan . The regional association started a Bavaria-wide mentoring program in 2000, which is intended to make it easier for young women to get into politics. Under the motto “Green the future”, the Greens announced that they would make politics for technology and innovation a focus of their work and in 2001 they started a campaign for can deposit . After lengthy negotiations, the federal government pushed through the introduction of the can deposit in 2002. In the local elections, the Greens had to accept a drop in votes of 1.9 percentage points across Bavaria. In the 2002 Bundestag election , the Greens won 7.6%, making it the second-best result in their history in Bavaria. In Munich, as many as 16.1% voted for the eco-party, which means an above-average increase in votes of almost 50% compared to the previous election. At the state delegate conference, Sepp Daxenberger became the new state chairman alongside Margarete Bause . In the state elections in 2003 , the Greens achieved the best result in their history to date and entered parliament with a 7.7% share of the vote with 15 members. Theresa Schopper was elected state chairwoman with a record result of 94%. In the 2004 European elections , the Greens in Bavaria won 11.7% of the vote, overtaking the SPD in several cities and districts and even becoming the strongest force in some parts of the city.

Increase in local and state elections (2004–2008)

On March 2, 2008, the Greens achieved an increase from 5.7% to 8.2% of all votes in the local elections . On March 16, 2008, Benedikt Bisping became the new green mayor of Lauf an der Pegnitz , ending a nearly 30-year reign of the CSU. A green mayor was also elected in the municipality of Utting am Ammersee . In the runoff election, the GAL candidate Josef Lutzenberger prevailed with 55.7% against the previous incumbent from the CSU. On June 6th, the state delegate conference in Augsburg adopted its state election program, which included the following goals and priorities: sustainability (including 100 percent of the energy supply in Bavaria from renewable energies), social justice, self-determination and diversity, democracy and the rule of law. On September 28, 2008, the Greens achieved 9.4% of the votes in the state elections with an increase of 1.7 percentage points and moved into the state parliament with 19 members, four more than in the previous election. In the same year Dieter Janecek became the new state chairman with 51.7%.

Changes in Optional Years (2008-2012)

At the end of November 2009 the state assembly took place in Bamberg. After two election campaign years (municipal, district and state elections, European elections and federal elections), the focus was on the coming campaign-free years (until 2013) as well as the determination of the position after the federal elections. For this purpose, the extensive hands-on campaign “My Bavaria” was launched. Theresa Schopper was re-elected as state chairman in 2009 with 57%.

Sepp Daxenberger resigned as parliamentary group chairman in June 2010 due to illness, his successor in office was the Lower Franconian state parliament member Thomas Mütze . Daxenberger died a short time later. The artist Anne Franke moved up for Daxenberger . On February 9, 2011, Martin Runge was elected to succeed Thomas Mütze as parliamentary group leader alongside Margarete Bause.

Mixed results in the elections (2013-2014)

In September 2013 there were state elections in Bavaria and the federal elections at the federal level . The Greens in Bavaria suffered losses in both elections. In the state elections on September 15, the Greens lost 0.8% to 8.6% and since then have held 18 seats in the Bavarian state parliament. Ludwig Hartmann replaced Martin Runge as parliamentary group leader in the state parliament. The result of the Bavarian Greens in the 2013 federal election shows more significant losses from 10.8% to 8.4%. In the local elections in March 2014, however, the Greens were able to gain 2% and received 10.2% of the votes cast in the election of the city councils in the independent cities and districts. Sigi Hagl succeeded Theresa Schopper as state chairwoman in November 2013. At the state delegates conference in October 2014, Eike Hallitzky was elected as the successor to Dieter Janecek as the state chairman of the Bavarian Greens. He prevailed in the first ballot with 51 percent of the votes against his opponent Markus Büchler.


In 2016, the Bavarian Greens celebrated "30 years in the Bavarian state parliament" In February 2017 , Katharina Schulze was elected as chairman alongside Hartmann in the state parliamentary group , replacing Margarete Bause, who had held the office since 2003 (and previously from 1986–1990), from. In the aftermath, Claudia Stamm resigned from the parliamentary group - it was said that she had also aspired to the office of parliamentary group leader. In the 2017 Bundestag election , the Greens in Bavaria were able to increase their result by 1.4% to 9.8% and, also due to the enlargement of the Bundestag through overhang and compensatory mandates, have 11 members. In 2017 the Greens, together with the ÖDP and several environmental organizations, initiated the popular initiative "Curb the concrete flood".

As of 2018

Greens for the Bavarian state election in October 2018. “Heart. Don't rush. "

For the state election in Bavaria in 2018 , the Greens chose their top team in a primary election. In addition to the parliamentary group chairmen Schulze and Hartmann, Thomas Gehring also stood , but Hartmann was defeated. In contrast to previous elections, there were statements within the Greens that no longer categorically rule out a coalition with the CSU . The Greens achieved 17.6% of the vote in the state elections and became the second largest party in Bavaria. In Munich they were even the strongest force with 31.1% of the total vote and won five of the nine direct mandates. The CSU lost an absolute majority, but after brief exploratory talks and almost three weeks of negotiations, it decided to form a government coalition with the Free Voters.

State election results

State elections in Bavaria
year Share of votes Seats Total seats % of seats
1982 4.6% - 204 -
1986 7.6% 15th 204 7.3
1990 6.5% 12 204 5.9
1994 5.9% 14th 204 6.9
1998 5.9% 14th 204 6.9
2003 7.7% 15th 180 8.3
2008 9.4% 19th 187 10.2
2013 8.6% 18th 180 10
2018 17.6% 38 205 18.5


At the head of the state association is the five-member state executive; this is made up of: chairperson, chairperson, treasurer, spokesperson for women's affairs and spokesperson for local politics. The state board is controlled by the 23-member state committee. The state board is usually re-elected every two years at a state delegate conference, with a chairperson being elected alternately every year.

There are seven district associations in the party structure of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Bayern. All districts in Bavaria are covered by the 89 Green district associations. The Munich-Stadt district association is the largest district association in Germany with over 3000 members. There are currently nine Green MPs in the Upper Bavaria District Assembly. In the Middle Franconia District Assembly, Lower Franconia District Assembly and Swabia District Assembly, there are currently two representatives from Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. Since the state elections in Bavaria in 2018, the Greens of Bavaria have had 38 members of the state parliament (Upper Bavaria 17, Swabia 6, Lower Franconia 3, Middle Franconia 6, Lower Bavaria 2, Upper Franconia 2, Upper Palatinate 2), 11 of the 67 Green Members of the Bundestag and one MEP.

The Green Youth Bavaria is the youth organization of the regional association and an official sub-organization of the party. Members of the party under the age of 28 automatically become members of the Bavarian Green Youth, unless they expressly object to membership or resign.


Period Spokesperson or chairperson
1979 Klaus Resch , Halo Saibold
1980 Jörg Westerhoff , Eberhard Bueb , Manfred Quickert
1982 Jutta Damm , Horst Schmidt , Rolf Gajewski
1983 Elisabeth Sellmann , Eckehard Rotter
1985 Ulrike Windsperger , Claudia Solana
1986 Heinz Gruber , Martin Kaltenhauser
1987 Heidi Meinzolt-Depner , Eberhard Bueb
1989 Heidi Meinzolt-Depner , Mike Pfeffer
1991 Margarete Bause , Gerald Häfner
1993 Barbara Hoffmann , Gerald Häfner
1995-1997 Barbara Hofmann , Kurt Haymann
1997 Ruth Paulig , Bernd Schreyer
1998-2002 Margarete Bause , Jerzy Monday
2002 Margarete Bause , Sepp Daxenberger
November 2003 – October 2008 Theresa Schopper , Sepp Daxenberger
October 2008 – November 2013 Theresa Schopper , Dieter Janecek
November 2013 – October 2014 Sigi Hagl , Dieter Janecek
October 2014-October 2019 Sigi Hagl , Eike Hallitzky
since October 2019 Eike Hallitzky , Eva Lettenbauer

Membership numbers

year Number of members
1980 1,880
1995 6,090
2000 6,067
2005 6,100
2010 7,226
2018 11,500
2019 15,000
2020 17,000


Web links

References and comments

  1. Green Bavaria: [1] , accessed on July 15, 2020.
  2. ^ A b c Alliance 90 / The Greens in Bavaria - Historical Lexicon of Bavaria.
  3. ^ Tears at Sepp Daxenberger's farewell ( Memento from June 12, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  4. Bavaria: Green politician Sepp Daxenberger is dead. In: Die Zeit . August 18, 2010 .;
  5. ^ Anne Franke for Daxenberger in the state parliament. Münchner Merkur , August 19, 2010 .;
  6. Martin Runge new parliamentary group leader ( Memento from June 5, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  7. Martin Runge elected leader of the Greens. , February 11, 2011 .;
  8. Eike Hallitzky is the new state chairman. 19th October 2014 .;
  9. 30 years of the Greens in the Bavarian State Parliament. October 12, 2016 .;
  10. Generation change in the Greens - This is Katharina Schulze. Augsburger Allgemeine , February 14, 2017 .;
  11. Spectacular party exit from the Greens. Die Welt , March 22, 2017 .;
  12. Contain the concrete flood - The popular initiative against surface corrosion. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on February 3, 2018 . ; Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  13. ^ Dietrich Mittler, Lisa Schnell, Ulrike Schuster: Spectacular exit from the party among the Greens. State election in Bavaria. Süddeutsche Zeitung , January 12, 2018 .;
  14. Hofreiter does not rule out black-green in Bavaria. Coalition in the Free State? Münchner Merkur , January 11, 2018 .;
  15. { election result on
  16. ↑ The Greens win five direct mandates in Munich . In: . 2018, ISSN  0174-4917 ( [accessed on October 26, 2018]).
  17. Söder and Aiwanger sign contract - the Greens speak of “voter fraud” . In: . November 5, 2018 ( [accessed November 5, 2018]).
  18. State election - distribution of seats according to constituencies. Retrieved October 26, 2018 .
  19. Our Bavarian MPs in the Bundestag. Retrieved October 26, 2018 .