Alliance 90 / The Greens Berlin

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Alliance 90 / The Greens Berlin
Grueneberlin logo 4c 300dpi.jpg
Chairperson Nina Stahr , Werner Graf
Treasurer Henning Bublitz
executive Director Lea Belsner
Establishment date October 5, 1978 as an alternative list for democracy and environmental protection
Place of foundation Berlin
Headquarters Kommandantenstrasse 80
10117 Berlin
Landtag mandates
Number of members 10,000 (as of August 04, 2020)

Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Berlin is the regional association of the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party in Berlin . It was founded on May 14, 1993 with the merger of the Alternative List for Democracy and Environmental Protection (AL) and Alliance 90 . The Alternative List was founded on October 5, 1978 in West Berlin . It was an independent party that from 1980 performed the tasks of a regional association of the Greens.


The founding phase of the Green Party took place at the end of the 1970s, initially in independent groups before the Federal Association was founded in 1980. The AL was founded in West Berlin on October 5, 1978, and its program was very similar to the ideals of the Greens. The founding members included Wolfgang Wieland , Michael Wendt and Hans-Christian Ströbele .

In contrast to the regional association of the Greens, which was founded a little later, the AL recorded membership increases and electoral successes very quickly. The AL achieved its first success in the 1979 election when it immediately received 3.7 percent of the vote. Thus, although it failed to enter parliament at the state level, it did move into four district councils (Kreuzberg, Schöneberg, Tiergarten and Wilmersdorf).

After the founding of the Federal Association of the Greens, the AL concluded an agreement with the Greens to assume the role of the State Association of the Greens while retaining the name Alternative List for Democracy and Environmental Protection .

Entry into the House of Representatives

In the new elections in 1981 , the AL moved into the Berlin House of Representatives for the first time with 7.2 percent of the vote and nine members and also jumped the five percent hurdle in all twelve districts . With this result it became the third strongest force even before the FDP . The previously ruling social-liberal coalition under Hans-Jochen Vogel ( SPD ) lost its majority and the CDU under Richard von Weizsäcker missed an absolute majority . Von Weizsäcker then formed a minority senate that ruled against the SPD and AL, but also parts of the FDP and was able to rely on some deviants from the FDP. In 1983 the FDP entered a coalition with the CDU, so that the AL and the SPD formed the opposition.

In 1985 there were disputes in the AL about the pagan Germanic members and functionaries Géza von Neményi , member of the board of the Berlin State Association of the Greens, his brother Andor and Michael Pflanz, chairman of the Berlin Arbitration Court of the Greens. Other similarly problematic AL members, such as Irmgard Kohlhepp, at the time a youth social worker who was active in the peace movement, from 1981 to 1983 member of the Berlin House of Representatives for the AL, were only "excluded from the 'Green' party" much later.

In the 1985 election , the AL was able to increase its share of the vote to 10.6 percent and maintain its position as the third strongest force. Nevertheless, it remained with the SPD in the opposition, as it slumped to 32.4 percent of the vote. The CDU-FDP coalition under Eberhard Diepgen remained in government.

Red-Green coalition

In the 1989 election it was enough for a red-green majority, when the AL was able to increase to 11.8 percent and the SPD under Walter Momper to 37.3 percent of the vote, while the ruling party FDP reached the five percent hurdle failed. However, the coalition only came about after the AL agreed to some of the political principles formulated by Walter Momper, namely the recognition of the state's monopoly on force , the rights and presence of the Allies in Berlin and Berlin's ties to the federal government (Federal Republic of Germany ). The AL, however, was able to prevail in the coalition agreement , particularly in the area of ecological urban renewal . With Michaele Schreyer , Sybille Volkholz and Anne Klein it provided three female senators, the SPD the remaining ten, whereby half were women, so that Momper's Senate was the first state government with a “majority of women”. The coalition was marked by recurring internal conflicts.

Shortly before the new election on December 2, 1990 , which became necessary due to the reunification of Berlin, the AL terminated the coalition after Interior Senator Erich Pätzold (SPD) had the police evacuated a row of occupied houses on Mainzer Strasse in Friedrichshain.

Between reunification and renaming

In the new election, the AL concentrated on the western part of Berlin and received 4.994 percent of the votes nationwide, while the list association Bündnis 90 / Greens / UFV, which focuses on the east, received 4.4 percent of the votes. Due to the special regulation that the five percent hurdle only had to be jumped in one of the two parts of Berlin in this election, both the AL and the East Berlin list association moved into parliament. Together they formed a community of factions.

After the unification party convention of Bündnis 90 and the Greens, the AL also adopted the name “Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen” and is therefore now also the regional association of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. The Spandau district association is still called "Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Alternative Liste Spandau". Two opposition groups formed there between 2011 and 2016, the "Green Perspective Spandau", a working group that was not accepted by the district association at the time, but which was recognized by the regional association as an AG, and the group "Green Spring Spandau". At the beginning of 2016, the Green Perspective Spandau dissolved.

After the House of Representatives election on September 18, 2011, Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen again had the option of a coalition with the SPD thanks to the best result in Berlin with 17.6 percent. However, the Social Democrats formed a coalition with the CDU after the red-green coalition negotiations failed.

Election results at state level

Election results in West Berlin
House of Representatives March 18, 1979 3.7%
House of Representatives May 10, 1981 7.2%
House of Representatives March 10, 1985 10.6%
House of Representatives January 29, 1989 11.8%
Election results in East Berlin
People's Chamber March 18, 1990 B'90 6.3%
Gr. / UFV 2.7%
City council meeting May 6, 1990 B'90 9.9%
Green List 2.7%
Election results in Berlin
House of Representatives December 2, 1990 AL 5.0%
B'90 / Gr. / UFV 4.4%
Bundestag December 2, 1990 AL 3.9%
B'90 / Gr. / UFV 3.3%
European Parliament June 12, 1994 14.3%
Bundestag October 16, 1994 10.2%
House of Representatives October 22, 1995 13.2%
Bundestag September 27, 1998 11.3%
European Parliament June 13, 1999 12.5%
House of Representatives October 10, 1999 9.9%
House of Representatives October 21, 2001 9.1%
Bundestag September 22, 2002 14.6%
European Parliament June 13, 2004 22.8%
Bundestag September 18, 2005 13.7%
House of Representatives September 17, 2006 13.1%
European Parliament June 7, 2009 23.6%
Bundestag September 27, 2009 17.4%
House of Representatives September 18, 2011 17.6%
Bundestag September 22, 2013 12.3%
European Parliament May 25, 2014 19.1%
House of Representatives September 18, 2016 15.4%

Parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Berlin in the House of Representatives

Members of the Bündnis90 / Die Grünen Berlin party in the 18th electoral term of the Berlin House of Representatives are (as of October 27, 2016):

Deputy Moving in over Functions / memberships
Turgut Altuğ Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg constituency 3
Sabine Bangert List place
Canan Bayram Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg constituency 5
Marianne Burkert-Eulitz Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg constituency 2
Silke Gebel List place
Stefan yellow hair Pankow constituency 8
Bettina Jarasch List place
Susanna Kahlefeld Constituency Neukölln 2
Antje Kapek List place
Georg Koessler List place
Anja Kofbinger Constituency Neukölln 1
Benedict Lux List place
Harald Moritz List place
Andreas Otto Pankow constituency 6
Catherina Pieroth-Manelli Constituency Tempelhof-Schöneberg 2
Ramona Pop Constituency center 1
Stefanie Remlinger List place
Anja Schillhaneck List place
Katrin Schmidberger Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg constituency 1
Notker Schweikhardt Constituency Tempelhof-Schöneberg 1
Stefan Taschner List place
June Tomiak List place
Fadime Topaç List place
Marc Urbatsch Constituency center 4
Sebastian Walter List place
Daniel Wesener List place
Stefan Ziller List place

See also


  • Michael Bühnemann, Michael Wendt , Jürgen Wituschek (Eds.): AL. The Alternative List Berlin. Origin, development, positions . LitPol Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin 1984, ISBN 3-88279-038-5
  • Gudrun Heinrich: Red-Green in Berlin. The alternative list under government responsibility 1989–1990. Schüren, Marburg 1993, ISBN 3-89472-079-4
  • Gudrun Heinrich: Red – Green in Berlin 1989–1990 . In: Joachim Raschke: The Greens. How they became what they are. Bund, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7663-2474-8 , pp. 809-822
  • Jakob Lempp : Alliance 90 / The Greens in Berlin. In: Christian Junge, Jakob Lempp (ed.): Parties in Berlin. be.bra Wissenschaft verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-937233-34-5 , pp. 123-139.
  • Joachim Raschke : The Greens. How they became what they are. Bund, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7663-2474-8 , pp. 274-284

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Berliner Grüne for the first time with five digits. In: Green Berlin. August 4, 2020, accessed August 5, 2020 .
  2. Green - Myth of the Edda . In: Der Spiegel . No. 2 , 1985 ( online ).
  4. (PDF)
  5. CDU documentation , 8/1989 (PDF) Konrad Adenauer Foundation
  6. ^ Berlin - The short march . Der Tagesspiegel , June 1, 2006
  7. Sabine Beikler: change of government in Berlin: Squatters in pinstripes . Der Tagesspiegel , June 10, 2001
  8. ^ Right anti-fascists . ( Memento of the original from December 13, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Jungle World , April 25, 2001 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. Helmut Höge : The word as a weapon ., October 30, 2010
  10. In the west the fissure mushroom is around . At , accessed on October 8, 2013
  11. ^ The State Returning Officer for Berlin - Berlin elections 2011 - results by region - second votes - table of results. In: Retrieved September 19, 2011 .
  12. ^ Berlin: SPD and CDU agree on a coalition agreement . Spiegel Online ; Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  13. ^ Negotiations in Berlin: Wowereit leaves coalition talks with the Green Squares . Spiegel Online ; Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  14. a b c Results of all elections in Berlin on the website of the regional returning officer.