Alliance 90 / The Greens Saarland
|Alliance 90 / The Greens Saarland|
|Honorary Chairwoman||Claudia Willger|
|Establishment date||October 6, 1979|
|Place of establishment||Dillingen / Saar|
|head office||Eisenbahnstrasse 39
|Number of members||1,728 (as of end of 2019)|
Alliance 90 / The Greens Saarland are the national association of the party Alliance 90 / The Greens in Saarland . From 1994 to 1999 and from 2004 to 2017 the Greens were represented in the state parliament of Saarland . From November 2009 to January 2012 the Greens were also represented in the Saarland state government.
On October 6, 1979 the party Die Grünen-Saar was founded in Dillingen / Saar. At this inaugural meeting in the conference room of the Hotel Waldeck, 36 people signed up as members. Wilfried Osterkampf from Saarbrücken was elected as first chairman, Herbert Gantner from Dillingen was his deputy. In order to raise public awareness of nature and environmental protection as a special political goal of the party Die Grünen, these founding members, Dieter Ulrich from Merzig, elected for the first time in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany a so-called 'ecologist', a position that soon became the current Minister of the Environment led. The newly elected leadership of the regional association from 1979 was immediately under enormous time pressure, as the first task was not only to build up the party structure nationwide by the spring of the following year 1980, but also to coordinate the lists for the upcoming elections and this against the then CDU-dominated zeitgeist. The from the federal party Die Grünen in Saarbrücken from 21. – 23. March 1980 held federal party congress was intended as a positive election contribution for the Saarlanders, but this party congress went through the media of the FRG as a "moral-political shock party congress". This federal party congress of the still young party Die Grünen led to the first resignations within the Saarland, even party withdrawals, and played a decisive role in the poor results in the upcoming state elections . On April 27, 1980, Die Grünen-Saar failed comparatively clearly with only 2.9% of the vote at the five percent hurdle .
In the Bundestag election in 1980 , the federal party failed to enter the Bundestag. In 1983 the party provided a parliamentary group , but the Saarland regional association was not represented by any member. It was not until 1987 that the regional association sent Erika Trenz , the first member of the German Bundestag, to Bonn . Since the federal party in West Germany missed entry into the first all-German Bundestag in 1990 , the Saarland state association also did not have any members .
It was not until 1994 that the now united party Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen managed to unite 5.5% of the votes and to form the first green parliamentary group in Saarland with Gabriele Bozok , Andreas Pollak and Hubert Ulrich . The parliamentary group chairman was the chairman of the regional association, Hubert Ulrich. Since the SPD in the election, the absolute majority was able to win the parliamentary mandates for himself, one was government participation of the Saarland countryside is not possible. In the Bundestag elections in 1994 and 1998 , the now unified Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party was successful, but the Saarland regional association was again not represented with mandates.
In 2002 the regional association succeeded in reassigning a Bundestag mandate with Hubert Ulrich and in 2004 with the successor Jutta Krüger-Jacob , which was only possible again in 2009 with Markus Tressel.
In 2004 he was returned to the Saarland state parliament, with Hubert Ulrich, Claudia Willger and Barbara Spaniol again being able to achieve three mandates. Spaniol resigned from the party on August 7, 2007 and became a member of Die Linke , so that the Greens only had two state parliament mandates. However, Spaniol remained for the remainder of the legislative period as a non-attached member of the state parliament.
In the state elections on August 30, 2009 , the Greens also succeeded in attracting three members to the Saarland state parliament. Since the previously sole ruling Saarland CDU had lost its absolute majority in the election and neither a black-yellow nor a red-red or red-green majority had surrendered, the Greens faced the decision of either a red-red-green coalition to enter into a potential Prime Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) or a black-yellow-green coalition under the previous Prime Minister Peter Müller (CDU). At the state party conference of the Greens on October 11, 2009, the delegates voted with 117 of 150 votes (78%) for the so-called Jamaica alliance with the CDU and FDP / DPS , following the recommendation of the party and parliamentary group leader of the Saarland Greens, Hubert Ulrich followed, although Ulrich had declared before the election "I say that I want Heiko Maas as Prime Minister". Ulrich justified the decision, among other things, with his personal aversion to Oskar Lafontaine and the party Die Linke : "I have no confidence in this man or this party". Lafontaine's intention to take over the chairmanship of the left parliamentary group in the Saarland state parliament was cited as the main reason for the failure of the red-red-green exploratory talks. Ulrich also stated that he did not believe that a coalition of his party with the SPD and the Left would show stability and that he saw the coalition with Christian Democrats and Liberals as an opportunity for the Greens to “break away from their ties to the SPD”. As a result, the party's office received several threatening and insulting calls. After the threat of murder , Ulrich was finally placed under personal protection. The decision in favor of the Jamaica coalition was also spicy because a donation of € 47,500 from a company run by an FDP politician went to the Greens before the state elections. In this context, the media also criticized the fact that Ulrich was employed as a part-time job in addition to his political activities as marketing manager at the IT service provider think & solve, a company under the influence of the influential FDP functionary Hartmut Ostermann . The party congress followed this line and voted for a Jamaica coalition with 115 out of 130 votes. Various delegates then claimed that Ulrich had put pressure on them to vote for the Jamaica coalition before the vote. Other well-known Jamaica critics were deprived of their delegate office at short notice.
In the cabinet formed thereupon , the Greens were granted two ministries: Klaus Kessler headed the Ministry of Education, Simone Peter the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Transport. Ulrich's former professional connection to the FDP politician Hartmut Ostermann was also seen as a possible further background for the formation of the Jamaica coalition . The black traffic light was also viewed critically by the left wing of the Greens. In 2012 the Jamaica coalition broke. In the following state elections , the Greens, led by Simone Peter, again entered the Saarland state parliament with two members and a result of 5.04%. In the state elections in March 2017 , the party failed with 4.0 percent of the vote at the five percent hurdle and is therefore not represented in the current 16th state parliament of Saarland .
Already on the occasion of the list of candidates for the 2017 federal election there was a dispute over the party's women's statute , as the first place on the list was occupied by a man. Markus Tressel had prevailed against Andrea Schrickel with 89 to 11 percent. The Federal Women's Statute of the Greens stipulates that in lists at the municipal, state or federal level, the top position and all subsequent odd positions must be filled by women. A man can only become a top candidate if no woman runs or a woman fails. However, the statutes of the Saar Greens contained a different regulation. But Andrea Schrickel and the local associations Halberg, Blieskastel and Friedrichsthal complained against it. In the legal dispute, the regional association argued that the direct application of the women's statute would lead to unconstitutional unequal treatment of male candidates, since the Greens in Saarland had won at most one mandate in all federal elections and, if the women's statute was strictly applied, men would in fact have little chance of becoming one To win a parliamentary mandate. The regional party's arbitration tribunal followed this line of argument. After two years of litigation, the federal arbitration court ruled that the federal party's women's statute must also be followed in the Saarland regional association. The Federal Arbitration Court did not see an unconstitutional unequal treatment of men; in view of the voting behavior at the 2017 party congress, Markus Tressel would probably have been voted first even if the women's statute had been observed. Tressel's nomination was confirmed despite the lack of the electoral process.
Since the Greens Saarland have never received more than one mandate from the Bundestag, place one on the list is traditionally very competitive.
There was massive tension in the area around the state party conference in 2021, where the agenda for the federal election in 2021 was not only for the election of the new board of directors, but also for drawing up the state list. Various functionaries had already announced their resignation in advance. The reason for this was in particular the Hubert Ulrich personality. He was accused of having too much influence over the selection of delegates for the meeting; This influence, it is feared, should serve to ensure Ulrich's comeback within the party.
At the party conference on June 20, 2021, Barbara Meyer-Gluche and Ralph Rouget were elected as new co-party chairmen. After the candidacy of the state chairman Tina Schöpfer, who was in office up to this day, failed in three ballots at the party congress (she received only 38 of 146 votes), the majority of the party congress delegates voted for the first position on the list, which according to the statutes was one Reserved for women, male candidates are also admitted. In a fight vote , Ulrich finally prevailed against Jeanne Dillschneider , the state chairwoman of the Green Youth . Ulrich received 95 votes, Dillschneider 47 votes, two delegates abstained.
Ulrich's election to the first place on the state list was partially assessed within the party as a violation of the party's women's statute, for example by the state association of Green Youth, the outgoing Saarland member of the Bundestag Markus Tressel and the chairwoman of the federal party, Annalena Baerbock . Several local Green groups in Saarland, the regional board of the Green Youth and the regional association of the Green University Group announced that they would be contesting the result of the party congress and not campaigning for Ulrich. The federal managing director of the Greens, Michael Kellner , advised the Saarland state executive to review the list election and, if necessary, to repeat what Ulrich described as a “massive interference with the autonomy of the state association”. In addition to the criticism regarding the failure to observe the status of women, other formal criticisms of the election were also expressed. Members who were not eligible to vote would also have taken part in the vote. In addition, doubts were raised about the membership numbers of individual district associations, which might have led to higher numbers of delegates.
In the course of the controversy surrounding the state party conference, the newly elected state chairman Ralph Rouget announced his resignation after only five days in office.
On June 28, 2021, the remaining state chairwoman Barbara Meyer-Gluche confirmed that the state list with Hubert Ulrich as the top candidate on the first list position was being contested by several district and local associations. The legality of the associated assembly meeting on June 20, 2021 for the Saarland state list was subjected to a legal review by the state arbitration court. According to the expert opinion obtained, there was no obvious violation of the statutes with regard to the women's statute. There are legal doubts regarding the participation of the delegates of the Green Youth and the Green Seniors in the election of the list. This could be a violation of the federal electoral law. As a result of the ongoing quarrels, Meyer-Gluche announced that she would give up her position as state chairman at a special party conference on July 17th.
Since the Saarland regional arbitration court had finally declared itself biased and was therefore unable to clarify the legality of the list, this task was assigned to the regional arbitration court of the neighboring regional association of Rhineland-Palatinate. This decided on July 13, 2021 that the state list elected on June 20 may not be submitted to the state returning officer. This was justified with a violation of the women's statute as well as the participation of members of the Green Youth and the Green Seniors in the votes on the list, although they were not entitled to do so. On the same day Ulrich failed before the Saarbrücken regional court, where he wanted to legally enforce that the remaining regional executive had to submit the election list with him as the top candidate to the regional returning officer. He then declared that he was not going to run for the top spot. At a special party conference on July 17, 2021, a new list of candidates should now be decided. After the state executive rejected an initially planned new election of the party leadership due to lack of urgency, Barbara Meyer-Gluche resigned from her office on July 15, 2021 with immediate effect. In addition to her, one of her deputies and the general secretary also announced their retirement from their state executive offices.
After the regional arbitration court recommended that the special party conference planned for July 17th be postponed due to the risk of contestation, it was canceled. The list for the Bundestag election, which was scheduled for the same day, was carried out, however, whereby the Federal Arbitration Court had excluded the 49 delegates from Hubert Ulrich's local association Saarlouis, which made up around one third of the voting Green members in Saarland, due to irregularities in the delegate list. Jeanne Dillschneider was elected to number 1 on the list with 56 yes and 27 no votes with 3 abstentions. If delegates from Saarlouis had been entitled to vote, it would not have been enough for them.
The state election committee, however, did not accept this approach and did not allow the party's state list to participate in the federal election due to a violation of the principle of democracy in the election process. State Returning Officer Zöllner believes that the Saarlouis delegates were deliberately excluded from the election and that a third of the state Greens were not represented. Without the exclusion, the country list would have looked significantly different. The federal electoral committee confirmed this decision on August 5th. It fell with six votes in favor, two against, with two abstentions. The votes against came from the assessor of the SPD, Johannes Risse, and that of the Left Party, Jörg Schindler. The Green representative Hartmut Geil (chairman of the federal arbitration court of the party) did not take part because of bias. Federal Returning Officer Georg Thiel justified the decision as follows: "The exclusion of delegates, namely the delegates of an entire local association, from participating in the drawing up of the state list in a representative assembly constitutes a violation of the core of procedural principles, without which an election proposal according to the jurisprudence of the Federal Constitutional Court absolutely cannot be the basis of a democratic election. ”For the first time in their history, the Saarland Greens cannot be elected with a second vote.
The inner-party group “Green Alliance Saarland” with Jeanne Dillschneider, who was elected head of the list, announced that it would lodge an election review complaint against the decision , although this will only be possible after the federal election. If this were rejected, however, the Federal Constitutional Court could still be appealed. The party law expert Sophie Schönberger described the decisions of the state and federal electoral committees as "legally extremely dubious". Although there are voices who consider the duty to position a woman at the top of the Saar to be contrary to voting law, this has never been objected to by electoral committees. The Federal Arbitration Court canceled the election of some of the delegates for violating the statutes, which was legally correct. The political scientist Uwe Jun, on the other hand, sees the action taken by the national leadership of the Greens as an undermining of the inner-party democracy of the Saar-Greens.
There are six district associations of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen in Saarland: Saarbrücken, Saarlouis, Saar-Palatinate, Merzig-Wadern, Neunkirchen and St. Wendel.
1994 to 1999 and the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party was represented in parliamentary groups in the Saarland state parliament. Before 1994 and 1999 to 2004, the party had no members of the state parliament. From 2004 to 2017, the Greens were re-elected to the state parliament in parliamentary groups. The Greens are no longer represented in the current 16th state parliament.
|1999-2004||no parliamentary group|
|since 2017||no parliamentary group|
In the 11th Saarland Landtag (1994–1999), the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party was represented by three members:
- Hubert Ulrich , chairman of the parliamentary group
- Gabriele Bozok , deputy group leader
- Andreas Pollak
In the 13th Saarland state parliament , the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party was represented by three members:
- Hubert Ulrich , chairman of the parliamentary group
- Claudia Willger , deputy group leader
- Barbara Spaniol (moved to Die Linke in August 2007 )
In the 14th Saarland Landtag (2009–2012), the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party was represented by three members:
- Hubert Ulrich , chairman of the parliamentary group
- Claudia Willger , deputy group leader
- Markus Schmitt
In the 15th Saarland Landtag (2012-2017), the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen party was represented by two members:
- Hubert Ulrich , chairman of the parliamentary group
- Simone Peter , deputy group leader (until November 2013)
- Klaus Kessler , Deputy Group Chairman (from November 2013)
- Michael Neyses (moved from the Pirate Party in January 2015 )
|State election results|
|2017||4.0%||0||Barbara Meyer-Gluche and Hubert Ulrich|
The Saarland regional association of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen is currently represented by one member in the German Bundestag .
|Bundestag election results|
|year||Number of votes||Share of votes in Saarland||Seats||MPs|
|2002||48,602||7.6%||1||2002–2004: Hubert Ulrich
2004–2005: Jutta Krüger-Jacob
Saarland member of the Greens in the European Parliament
- 1989–2009: Hiltrud Breyer
|Early 1980s||Hiltrud Breyer|
|May 2002 – June 2016||Hubert Ulrich and Claudia Willger|
|June 2016 – May 2017||Hubert Ulrich and Tina Schöpfer|
|May 2017 – June 2021||Markus Tressel and Tina Schöpfer|
|June 2021 – July 2021||Barbara Meyer-Gluche (resigned July 15, 2021) and Ralph Rouget (resigned June 25, 2021)|
- Website of the regional association
- Parliamentary group of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen in the Saarland state parliament
- Literature on Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Saarland in the Saarland Bibliography
- Oskar Niedermayer at the Federal Agency for Civic Education (August 26, 2020)
- Nikolaus Götz: 40 years Die Grünen-Saar: an anniversary for Petra Kelly and Greta Thunberg. In: sharp-links.de (October 6, 2019).
- Viola Neu: State elections in Saarland on September 5, 2004, Berlin, September 2004 - Key determinants of the voting decision and the election result (online publication, published by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung) (PDF)
- Greens in need of explanation, article on stern.de
- Jamaica on the Saar
- Article on tagesspiegel.de Jamaica is getting closer to the Saar
- Jamaica coalition triggers a dispute in the left-wing camp, article on nachrichten.t-online.de
- Police protect Greens boss Ulrich, article on saarbruecker-zeitung.de
- threats against the head of the Saar Greens, article on derwesten.de
- Saarland's head of the Green Party, Ulrich, gets personal protection, article on SpiegelOnline
- http://www.abendblatt.de/politik/deutschland/article1409967/Lafontaine- Saarland.html
- Saarland's Greens leader Ulrich was in close professional contact with FDP man Hartmut Ostermann , Spiegel advance notification of October 24, 2009
- Jamaica is sinking into the green swamp , Telepolis, October 28, 2009
- Green leader Ulrich under pressure ( Memento from December 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), November 5, 2009
- ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: Nachrichten Saarländischer Rundfunk ) (Link offline)
- "Mobbing in the Saar Greens" (Link offline) ( Memento from November 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Stuttgarter Zeitung, currently on Sunday October 31, 2009
- Jamaica rules the Saarland, article on fr-online.de
- Saarland: Big Spender Ostermann ( Memento from October 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Frankfurter Rundschau, March 23, 2010
- Stern: The Saarland Connection , October 24, 2009
- www.stern.de Kramp-Karrenbauer sees new elections as the last option
- State election on March 25, 2012 in Saarland , wahlrecht.de
- SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg Germany: State election in Saarland: CDU clearly ahead, red-red without a majority - SPIEGEL ONLINE - politics. Retrieved March 26, 2017 .
- Saarbrücker Zeitung, Greens must keep 1st place free for women , January 20, 2020, accessed on August 8, 2021
- SR.de, male candidate despite women's status - how it came about , June 22, 2021
- Green boss von Bous resigns from the state board because of Hubert Ulrich , Saarbrücker Zeitung, accessed on June 21, 2021
- Internal party dispute among the Greens is coming to a head , SR.de, accessed on June 21, 2021
- Ulrich Spitzenkandidat der Saar-Grünen , SR.de , June 20, 2021, accessed on June 20, 2021
- Baerbock criticizes the Saar Greens' list , Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , accessed on June 21, 2021
- Boos and challenges - Greens in Saarland dismantle themselves , WELT Online, accessed on June 21, 2021
- Male candidate despite women's status - how it came about , SR.de, accessed on June 25, 2021
- New state board of the Saar-Greens: Hardly elected, already in dissolution , SR.de, accessed on June 25, 2021
- Meyer-Gluche calls for quick arbitration , SR.de, accessed on June 28, 2021
- Why the Greens boss Meyer-Gluche is withdrawing , Saarbrücker Zeitung, accessed on July 6, 2021
- https://www.saarbruecker-zeitung.de/saarland/landespolitik/gruene-hubert-ulrich-akzeptiert-neuwahl-der-bundstagliste_aid-61219569 saarbruecker-zeitung.de from July 13, 2021, accessed on July 13, 2021
- The Saar-Greens quake continues - two more resignations , Saarbrücker Zeitung from July 15, 2021, accessed on July 16, 2021
- Saar state list of the Greens remains excluded , Tagesschau August 5, 2021
- TAZ, Looked away for too long , August 6, 2021, accessed on August 8, 2021
- list of the Saar Greens not approved Saarbrücker Zeitung, accessed on July 30, 2021
- SpiegelOnline, Greens in Saarland remain excluded from federal elections , August 5, 2021, accessed on August 8, 2021
- Greens in Saarland are excluded from the federal election. Der Spiegel , August 5, 2021, accessed on the same day.
- Die Welt, Green State List in Saarland finally rejected , August 5, 2021
- Daniel Kirch: Greens in Saarland push black peter for electoral list disaster , Saarbrücker Zeitung from July 31, 2021, accessed on August 5, 2021
- Cicero, “The Greens must now grudgingly accept that” , August 6, 2021
- associations of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Saarland
- Results of the state elections in Saarland
- tagesspiegel.de September 3, 1999: Green top candidate confident, but without a coalition statement
- spiegel.de August 26, 1999: Christian Molitor: The model cleaner
- Simone Peter, top candidate of the Greens in the state elections in Saarland , article in Focus Online
- Mission of a Rubble Woman
- Results of the Bundestag elections ( Memento from July 9, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Article on Mein Saarland Online
- Members of the State of Saarland (PDF)
- Albanian conditions, article on SpiegelOnline
- Christian Molitor (Greens): The model cleaner, article on SpiegelOnline
- Meyer-Gluche wants to give up as Saar-Grünen boss , sr.de from July 4, 2021, accessed on July 6, 2021
- Head of the Saar Greens resigns five days after his election , Saarbrücker Zeitung, June 25, 2021, accessed on June 20, 2021