Dillingen / Saar
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 21 ' N , 6 ° 43' E
|Height :||183 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||22.07 km 2|
|Residents:||19,885 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||901 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||66763|
|Area code :||06831|
|License plate :||SLS|
|Community key :||10 0 44 111|
|City structure:||3 districts (Dillingen, Lachten , Diefflen )|
City administration address :
|Merziger Str. 51
66763 Dillingen / Saar
|Mayor :||Franz-Josef Berg ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Dillingen / Saar in the Saarlouis district|
Dillingen / Saar is a town in the Saarlouis district , Saarland . It has around 20,000 inhabitants and is divided into the three districts of Dillingen-Innenstadt, Lachten and Diefflen . The urban area is situated on the edge of the Saar-Hunsrück at the mouth of the Prims in the Saar , about 10 km from the French border. Historically, Dillingen belonged to the Duchy of Lorraine , which is also indicated by its current coat of arms. Since the French King Louis XIV approved the construction of an ironworks in Dillingen in 1685 , it has been economically strongly influenced by iron smelting ( Dillinger Hütte ) and metal processing. In terms of population, it is the second largest municipality in the Saarlouis district, and it is directly adjacent to the district town of which it is located.
Dillingen is located to the right of the Saar in the northern part of the Saarlouis basin and thus in the Saar-Nahe basin . The Saarlouis basin is bounded in the northwest, north and northeast by the heights of the red sandstone. The red sandstone heights belong to the easternmost edge of the Paris basin and lead over into the Primsmulde. The Prims, which rises in the Black Forest high forest, flows into the Saar above the district of Lachten . A few kilometers north of Pachtener spell the Saar joins the from Lorraine coming Nied . The alluvial embankments in the valley basin enable good agricultural use.
Geology - Large-scale overview
The rock layers of the Saarbrücker Steinkohlesattels ( Carboniferous ) descend to the northwest and there is an overlay of younger rocks of the Rotliegend and the Triassic . Dillingen lies on a clod of the Middle Buntsandstein . The rectangular floe is stretched in a southeast-northwest direction and is bordered in the south by the Karbon in a line Ensdorf - Hülzweiler - Schwarzenholz . In the south-west and north-west of this red sandstone block lie the ridges of the Upper Buntsandstein ( red formation ) and the shell limestone between Berus , Siersburg and the Haustadter valley. The rocks of the Unter-Rotliegend and the Carboniferous form the northeastern edge area.
Geology - Narrow Space
The extended valley location of the Dillingen and Saarlouis area lies in the area of the Middle Buntsandstein , in which the Saar and Prims valleys have dug themselves. The left flank of the Saar near Dillingen, the Limberg, is formed by a steep Voltziensandstone step , while a right flank is completely missing. The development area of Dillingen and Leases spreads out on this bas-relief with overlying younger gravel covers.
In the middle red sandstone, mainly friable, easily erodible sandstone formations have developed. Above it lies the Upper Buntsandstein ( red formation ), which is made up of firmer sandstones that are partly clay or carbonate . In earlier times these were extracted as building material in numerous stone quarries. Above this there are layers of shell limestone : The lowest shell limestone layer is formed by sandy-clayey-calcareous rocks. The middle shell limestone layer contains marl with gypsum and anhydrite . The upper shell limestone layer is made up of massive limestone and platy limestone with layers of marl.
Extensive sedimentary terraces of the Saar and Prims rivers are deposited over these solid underground rocks . The different altitudes of these terraces bear witness to the various stages in the deepening of the two rivers and the deposition of carried gravel . The most recent deposits form the floodplain of the two river valleys.
The intersection of the two river valleys of Saar and Prims lies in the urban area of Dillingen. The Prims finished their 91 kilometer run here. The height of the terrain at the mouth is 177 m above sea level. NN . To the east of the Saar, the Prims Mittlerer Buntsandstein can be found on both banks . It has been eroded over a wide area and forms a landscape with flat waves. The areas are covered by wide gravel and clay terrace fields.
Almost all rocks occurring in the Dillingen area can be used economically. The crumbly rocks of the Middle Buntsandstein were mined as sand in pits or slopes. The firmer sandstones of the Upper Buntsandstein ( red formation ) provided cut and quarry stones. Gravel was extracted from the terraces . Loam was made usable as brickwork material.
The climate in Dillingen is temperate oceanic , but warm. There is significant rainfall throughout the year. Even the driest month still shows high rainfall. The annual average temperature is 9.7 ° C. The precipitation falls on average within a year 724 mm. The lowest precipitation with 48 mm falls in April. In contrast, August is the wettest month of the year with 71 mm of precipitation. In terms of temperature, July is the warmest month with an average temperature of 18.2 ° C. With an average of 0.9 ° C, January is the coldest month of the whole year. The precipitation varies 23 mm between the driest month and the wettest month. With regard to temperature, the average values fluctuate around 17.3 ° C over the course of the year.
Climate table Dillingen
Source: Klima: Dillingen / Saar , climate-data.org, accessed on January 10, 2016
Use of space
The urban area of 22.07 km² is divided as follows:
- Housing: 2.28 km²
- Industry and commerce: 2.3 km²
- Traffic: 1.88 km²
- Forest: 6.41 km²
- Recovery: 0.26 km²
- Water: 0.12 km²
- Agriculture: 4.98 km²
The city has six neighboring communes. Clockwise these are Beckingen , Nalbach with the districts Bierbach and Nalbach, Saarwellingen , Saarlouis (with the district Roden (Saar) ), Wallerfangen and Rehlingen-Siersburg . Dillingen is about 60 km from Luxembourg (city) and Trier , 50 km from Metz and 30 km from Saarbrücken and borders directly on the urban area of Saarlouis.
Dillingen consists of three districts: Dillingen, the 1936 eingemeindeten leases and the 1,969-added Diefflen .
The total population of around 21,000 people is distributed among the individual city districts as follows:
- Dillingen (city center): 7,095 inhabitants
- Dillingen (North): 2,167 inhabitants
- Above the mountain: 2,661 inhabitants
- Leases: 4,377 inhabitants
- Diefflen: 4,672 inhabitants
A Stone Age hand ax find , rich bronze depots from the late Urnfield Age (9th century BC), a multi-staggered section fortification from the Hallstatt period (8th – 6th centuries BC) on the approximately 359 m high on the Saar , peninsula-like mountain range of the Limberg as well as a burial ground with a "princess grave" distinguished by gold neck and arm rings from the latest Hallstatt period (around 500 BC) prove a central function of the Dillingen-Wallerfanger area on both banks of the central Saar in prehistoric and early history Time.
The Gallo-Roman settlement Contiomagus existed at the intersection of the highways Metz - Mainz and Trier - Strasbourg , in what is now the district of Pachten. Around 275/276 Contiomagus was destroyed and rebuilt in the course of the great migration .
The oldest written message received from "Dillingen" and "lease" is found in a document of Trier Bishop Albero de Montreuil (1131-1152), was which stated that the population of the two places year to the grave of St. Lutwinus the monastery Mettlach at the Saar had to go on pilgrimage. Since the early Middle Ages, Dillingen has belonged to the Duchy of Lorraine , which came under the sovereignty of the East Franconian Empire in 925 . Dillingen and leases were subordinate to the ducal Lorraine office of Siersberg on the other side of the Saar. The medieval Dillingen moated castle on the Prims, which was first mentioned in a document in 1357 , also belonged to this office .
Diefflen was first mentioned in a document in 1324 . Since its foundation in the High Middle Ages , Diefflen has been historically connected to the Nalbach valley communities and, as part of the high court Nalbach valley, belonged to the territories and estates not circled in the Holy Roman Empire .
Between 1618 and 1648 there was devastation in the Thirty Years' War and in the years 1672–1678 / 79 in the Dutch War . With the death of the Lorraine Duke Stanislaus I. Leszczyński in 1766, France took over the rule of Lorraine and thus also of Dillingen and leases. The state border between France and the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation thus ran between Dillingen / Pachten and Diefflen. In 1685, the Dillinger feudal rule received permission from King Ludwig XIV to build an ironworks ( Dillinger Hütte ). Prince Ludwig von Nassau-Saarbrücken reached the French King Louis XVI. by "lettres patentes" of April 1789 from Versailles the elevation of the previous barony of Dillingen to a duchy within the French state association.
The French Revolution ended the local Dillinger aristocracy. On October 17, 1797 also Diefflen, as part of the Nalbacher Tales, like all left-bank territories in a secret additional articles of the Treaty of Campo Formio , between France, represented by Napoleon Bonaparte , and the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II. Was closed, France slammed. After the conquest of the German territories on the left bank of the Rhine by the French revolutionary armies in 1794, Dillingen, Pachten and Diefflen became part of the newly created French Département de la Sarre (German Saardepartement ) from 1798 onwards .
By the provisions of the First Paris Peace of May 31, 1814, Dillingen and leases were again assigned to France. Due to the First Peace of Paris, Diefflen was no longer part of France. It was subordinate to an Austrian-Bavarian regional administration commission. On site, this meant that the eastern ban border of Dillingen and Lenten and the western ban border of Diefflen were the state border for more than a year. In 1815, Dillingen and leases were incorporated into the State of Prussia in the Second Peace of Paris . In 1816 the Emperor of Austria, Franz I , ceded Diefflen to Prussia in the Worms territorial equalization patent.
With the fall of the Hohenzollern dynasty in 1918, Dillingen, Lachten and Diefflen became part of the Free State of Prussia . Between 1920 and the referendum of 1935, the three places were part of the Saar area under the administration of the League of Nations through the provisions of the Versailles Treaty . After the Saar referendum in 1935, Dillingen returned to the German Reich with leases and Diefflen without becoming part of Prussia again. In 1936, leasing was incorporated into Dillingen. During the Second World War , especially during the fierce fighting in the war winter of 1944/1945 between the German Wehrmacht and the US Army, there was severe destruction. In 1947 Dillingen became part of the Saar state , which in 1957 joined the Federal Republic of Germany politically and on July 5, 1959 also economically. In 1949 Dillingen received by the government of Saarland under Prime Minister Johannes Hoffmann , the town charter . In 1969 Diefflen was incorporated into Dillingen. In 1990 Dillingen and Lachten celebrated the 2000th anniversary of the Contiomagus settlement.
The city council with 39 seats sits down after the local election on May 28, 2019
- 15,761 eligible voters,
- 9,204 voters,
- 163 invalid votes and
- 9,041 valid votes
|Political party||be right||in %||Seats|
|Ecological citizens' list Dillingen||323||3.6%||1|
Mayor of the municipality or the city of Dillingen
- April 1, 1897 (year of the spin-off from the Fraulautern mayor on April 1, 1897) to March 31, 1904: Julius Schuh
- May 11, 1904 to November 13, 1909: Matthias Schmitt
- December 28, 1909 to August 18, 1920: Karl Wagner
- October 22, 1920 to June 14, 1922: Camille David
- June 15, 1922 to July 31, 1923: Managed by District Secretary Noll from Saarlouis, the position of Mayor.
- August 1, 1923 to January 11, 1936: Otto Nicola
- January 11, 1936 to March 30, 1945: Albert Kronenberger
- April 1, 1945 to May 7, 1945: Benedikt Hoffmann
- May 8, 1945 to September 5, 1945: Heinrich Scherer
- November 1, 1945 to September 30, 1946: Theodor Okon
- October 1, 1946 to May 28, 1956: Peter Lamar
- October 16, 1956 to February 14, 1974: Eduard Jakobs , CDU
- March 20, 1974 to March 19, 1994: Gerhard Leonardy, CDU
- March 20, 1994 to March 19, 2004: Erwin Planta, SPD
- since March 20, 2004: Franz-Josef Berg , CDU
The mayors of the former municipalities of Pachten and Diefflen up to the incorporation into Dillingen are named in the local articles.
coat of arms
Blazon : “In blue a growing silver, tinned and black grooved wall, surmounted by a silver, gold-crowned and armored and red-tongued Lorraine eagle , in the wall a high, red-lined golden gate, topped with a red zigzag bar, with a three- hole blue Tournament collar towers above. "
The design of the coat of arms is based on the coat of arms of the nobles von Siersberg, Herren zu Dillingen (red zigzag bar and blue tournament collar on a gold background) and the official coat of arms of the former Prévôté ( Bailiwick ) Siersberg (silver tower with eagle on a blue background). Tournament collars are very often used in Rhenish heraldry to distinguish between younger branch lines of noble families. Both coats of arms are combined with each other. The coat of arms of the noble lords is reinterpreted in the Dillingen coat of arms for the gate in a city wall.
In 1908 the historian Alwin Ziehme was commissioned by the administration in Saarbrücken to carry out the preparatory work for the continuation of the coat of arms of the Lords of Dillingen (red zigzag bar and blue tournament collar on a gold background) in the seal of the community of Dillingen. The centuries-long close connection between Dillingen and the Siersberg rulership was the basis that, according to Ziehme's proposal, the presumed local coat of arms of Dillingen was combined with the presumed coat of arms of the Siersburg. The local coat of arms of Dillingen was to be incorporated into the castle gate of the Siersburg coat of arms. After the completion of the coat of arms by Ziehme, the Dillingen municipal council approved to accept this combined coat of arms or to continue it in the seal. The Prussian Minister of the Interior, Friedrich von Moltke , did not want to agree to this request, as proof had not been provided that the coat of arms had also been used as a seal by Dillingen in the past. The newly designed coat of arms of Dillingen could therefore not be used as a community seal and was only used for decorative purposes. In the subsequent historical research, however, it was proven that the Burgtor coat of arms part of the Dillingen city coat of arms designed by Ziehme (red zigzag bar and blue tournament collar on a gold background) was actually the coat of arms of the noble lords of Siersberg and not the local coat of arms of Dillingen. Dillingen has belonged to the Lorraine Office de Castellainie Siersburg since 1590, from which the Prévoté Siersburg later emerged. The official coat of arms of this Prévoté, but not the “castle coat of arms” of the Siersburg, which historically never existed, is a silver tinned tower with black grooves in blue, surmounted by a golden eagle. The coat of arms designed by Ziehme in 1908 is therefore a combination of the coat of arms of the Lords of Siersberg and Dillingen as well as the coat of arms of the Siersburg prefecture.
Award of the coat of arms and the city colors
In the document for the city elevation of September 1, 1949, Dillingen was granted the right to use this coat of arms by the Saarland state government under Prime Minister Johannes Hoffmann .
With a decree of October 16, 1952, the Saarland Interior Minister Edgar Hector granted the city of Dillingen the right to use the coat of arms colors "red-gold", which are both the colors of the castle gate coat of arms of the Dillingen city arms and those of the old Duchy of Lorraine , as city colors to lead.
- Creutzwald ( Lorraine , France ) since 1967
- Hoyerswerda ( Upper Lusatia , Germany ) since 1988
- Sutera ( Sicily , Italy ) since 2002
- Sponsorship for the mine hunting boat class 332 M 1065 “Dillingen”.
The New Town Hall was built by the Dillingen architect Kurt Faber (* 1929) in the years 1974–1978 in honeycomb-like shapes; He also designed the ceiling and walls in the conference room. The building is connected by a bridge to the old town hall, which the architect Wilhelm Franz designed in the historicist style at the beginning of the 20th century .
The following Saarland artists designed the administrative building:
- the object artist Werner Bauer the reference sculpture made of colored steel in the Merziger Straße and the wooden conference room doors
- the sculptor Eberhardt Killguss from Beckingen created the landscape sculptures in the outdoor area (basalt steles, moraines - pebbles , granite cube pavement ) as well as the entrance door of the town hall made of enamel and ceramics and several sculptures in the city library
- the painter and sculptor Karl Unverzagt designed the wall design from overglazed andesite panels in the foyer and stairwell
- the sculptor Heinz Oliberius the bronze meeting room crucifix (1 m × 0.95 m × 0.10 m)
- The Wadgasser sculptor Lothar Messner designed the wall design on the 2nd floor from Formica vacuum
- the graphic artist and painter Max Mertz created the relief on the 3rd floor
- the Dillinger painter and graphic artist Karl Michaely created the oil painting “Human-Family-Industry” on the 4th floor
The mayor's room was furnished by Max Mertz and the textile artist Dorothea Zech .
Economy and Infrastructure
In antiquity , today's urban area of Dillingen and the Gallo-Roman settlement Contiomagus formed the intersection of the highways Metz - Mainz and Trier - Strasbourg . Immediately downstream of the Contiomagus fort there was a saar ford until the beginning of the 20th century. At this point, the US troops made the crossing over the Saar during the war winter of 1944/45.
Middle Ages and early modern times
In the Middle Ages, probably around 1100, the Siersburg was built to control the intersection of the trunk roads . In the early modern period, a long-distance trade route led from Italy to Flanders through what is now Dillingen's urban area along the Limberg. The route led from Milan via Strasbourg to Saarbrücken , left the Saar valley at the foot of the Siersburg, crossed the Niedbrücke near Siersdorf, ran via Sierck on the Moselle to Luxembourg and from there via Brussels to the Lower Scheldt .
On the right side of the Saar, the medieval road ran through Dillingen, which connected Saarbrücken to Trier via Fraulautern .
In addition, a road led from the valley of the Lorraine Seille via Wallerfangen to Dillingen. Wood from the Upper and Middle Saar, salt from Château-Salins and Dieuze and coal from the Saarbrücken area were transported on this road .
The Dillingen (Saar) station is a railway junction on the Saar line of the Deutsche Bahn (Saarbrücken-Trier-Koblenz) with the branch of the Niedtalbahn to Thionville in France and the Primstalbahn .
History of the Dillingen railway connection On December 16, 1858, the single-track Saarbrücken-Merzig line was put into operation by the Royal Prussian State Railway. The line from Merzig to Trier was operational on May 26, 1860. The Saarbrücken-Trier line was expanded to two tracks in 1880. With the construction of the Palatinate Ludwig Railway by the Palatinate Ludwig Railway Company in the period from 1847 to 1849 and its extension in the years 1850 to 1852 to Neunkirchen , Sulzbach and Saarbrücken in the then Prussian coal district , the technical connection between Dillingen and the Rhine to Mannheim was achieved.
With the construction of the railway line from Koblenz to Trier between 1874 and 1879, Dillingen could be connected to the Middle Rhine region by rail. The route was related to the construction of the strategic " cannon railway " from Berlin to Metz in what is now France . By resolution of the Dillingen municipal council on May 23, 1857, a branch of the route from the Dillinger train station to the Dillinger iron and steel works was approved. With financial support from the municipality of Dillingen, construction of the double-track line from Busendorf in Lorraine to Dillingen began in autumn 1897 . This meant that the city of Merzig could be displaced as the planned connection point for the new line. The construction of the line was completed on July 1, 1901. In addition, a branch track to France was built, which only served military purposes and should be used in a possible war against France. When the First World War broke out , all troop movements from Trier ran on this track towards France.
The Dillingen-Primsweiler line began in 1898 and was completed by 1901. At the same time, the Dillingen station was expanded, provided with a railway underpass and promoted from class II to class I, as Dillingen was now the most important junction on the Saarbrücken-Trier line.
There is a marina on the banks of the Saar in Dillingen. The port offers 85 berths.
The Saarlouis / Dillingen port, which is partly within the Dillinger district, has a cargo turnover of more than three million tonnes per year. It opened in 1988.
Until the end of the 19th century, there was a bend in the Saar river, which was located downstream when leased, as a landing stage for Saar boaters. After 1685 this landing stage was expanded by the Dillinger Hütte . She built a loading ramp in the Saar from heavy oak trunks where the ships could dock. This ship jetty was called "Päther Bock" by the population. From here the products of the Dillinger Hütte were transported downriver over the Moselle and Rhine to Holland . From the 17th century, wood ("Dutch wood") was also rafted down the Saar, over the Moselle and Rhine, to the North Sea.
With the construction of the Saar Canal through a state treaty between the Kingdom of Prussia and the Empire of France in 1861, a navigable connection between Dillingen and the Rhine-Marne Canal , completed in 1853, was established for the first time . Dillinger products could be transported through the Saar Canal to the Rhine and the interior of France. In addition, the import of iron ore from Lorraine to the Dillinger ironworks has now also been made easier. The state treaty of 1861 was implemented in the years 1862 to 1866. Dillinger products could now also be shipped to southern France .
In order to improve transport to and from Dillingen via the Saar, the lower reaches of the Saar, starting from the mouth, were expanded for large shipping in 1974: the Konz – Dillingen section was opened in 1987, and the Dillingen – Lisdorf section in 1994. In 2001, the entire line expansion Konz – Saarbrücken with a length of 87.2 km with a height difference of 55 m and a channel depth of 3 m was completed. The Saar lock between Dillingen and Rehlingen overcomes a height difference of 8 m. The large lock is 190 m long and 12 m wide. The small lock is 40 m long and 6.75 m wide.
Dillingen is connected to the national and international trunk road network via several motorway junctions: The junctions Dillingen-Mitte (No. 8) and Dillingen-Süd (No. 10) are on the A 8 . The city is also connected to the A 620 via the Saarlouis motorway triangle (No. 9) in between .
In 1913, seven electrically operated tram lines were built in the Saarlouis district . One of these tram lines ran from Saarlouis to Dillingen and a second from Dillingen via Diefflen to Nalbach . From 1928 there is a bus route from Diefflen to Düppenweiler . In the period from 1953 to 1963 the company switched from tram to bus operation, with buses from French manufacturers being replaced by German buses from 1960.
The municipality is well networked and connected to the surrounding area by eight bus routes operated by the Saarlouis roundabout company, which was founded in 1913 . There are also five rail bus routes.
Airports in the vicinity
There are several airports within a radius of 100 km, of which are particularly worth mentioning:
- Saarbrücken Airport
- Luxembourg-Findel Airport
- Hahn Airport in Hunsrück
- Saarlouis-Düren as a traffic landing pad for private planes
- Glider airfield and airfield for powered flight in the Diefflen district
At the time of the Old Kingdom , Dillingen was on the old postal route Saarbrücken - Trier . In Dillingen, the post route for mail and passenger transport led via Trierer Strasse through the Dillinger, Pachtener and Beckinger Wald to Haustadt.
In 1813, on the orders of Emperor Napoleon, the first optical state telegraph line in Germany (route Metz-Mainz, line length 225 km) was built according to the Claude Chappe system and put into operation in May 1813. A telegraphic connection from Paris to Mainz was thus possible. The signal line ran over what is now Dillingen's urban area. The signal stations that surrounded Dillingen were the Siersberg and the Litermont .
With the Prussian conquest of the area on the left bank of the Rhine under Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , the signal line was interrupted and a short time later telegraph operations were completely stopped. With the assignment of Dillingen to the Kingdom of Prussia by the Congress of Vienna , the complex fell into disrepair.
Royal Prussian period
On August 3, 1816, the provisional district administrator of the newly founded district of Saarlouis Jakob Christian Schmeltzer reorganized the postal system for Dillingen and sent mail carriers with administrative mail twice a week through the district area. Private mail was also sent, but due to high illiteracy rates and a lack of demand, this remained within narrow limits. On April 30, 1838, the riding post on the Saarlouis-Trier route was discontinued. In 1846 the Landbrief ordering institute was launched. The postmen were active on certain days of the week, from 1865 on all weekdays except Sundays. The mail route Saarbrücken-Trier ensured that the post office carried passengers from Dillingen.
After the opening of the railway in Dillingen, the "Postexpedition Dillingen" (2nd class) was opened on January 20, 1858. Now a country post coach drove every day as a single horse-drawn cart with box body from Dillingen via Diefflen to all places in the Nalbach Valley to carry mail and people.
On October 16, 1877, the Dillingen post office was combined with a telegraph company. In 1897 Dillingen received the first telephone connection. In the same year, 11 telephone connections were registered. On September 1, 1907, the post office moved into a new building (1906–1907) in neo-Renaissance forms near the train station . In a reduced form, the building corresponded to the post office building erected at the same time in Diedenhofen in the neighboring realm of Alsace-Lorraine and the post office building designed by post construction officer Hermann Struve in the then independent town of Rixdorf near Berlin . As in Diedenhofen and Rixdorf, the Imperial Post Office in Dillingen was designed as an axially symmetrical two-wing system. The main entrance was oriented towards the corner of the property and was drawn in behind a semicircular porch. The side fronts had gable ends decorated with volutes and faced both streets. In addition, there were half-timbered elements that corresponded to the half-timbered building parts of the Dillinger train station . The post office was seriously damaged by the explosion of an ammunition train on August 27, 1944 in the Dillingen station area. After the war, almost all the decorative elements on the building were knocked down and the facades simply plastered. At this point is a modern post office building from the 1970s. Remaining ornamental stones from the previous building were inserted into the surrounding wall of the post office.
Since July 1, 1891, when a post office opened in Nalbach , mail was transported from Dillingen by stagecoach to Nalbach, from where it was delivered daily in Diefflen and in the Nalbacher Tal. Due to the growth of the Dieffler population (1875: 982 inhabitants; 1900: 1,958 inhabitants), a postal agency with telegraph operation was opened in Diefflen on May 16, 1903, which was also responsible for the Bierbach residences and the Dieffler brickworks between Diefflen and Düppenweiler . This agency was assigned to the post office in Dillingen and housed in the inn and general store of the Dieffler community leader Johann Scherer-Schamper at Dorfstraße 98 (about the location of the Dieffler village fountain on the village square).
Since 1901, the entire post of the Nalbach Valley has been transported from Dillingen by train to the Nalbach - Saarwellingen train station and from there by stagecoach until 1923. From 1923 onwards they were transported by postmen with bicycles, from 1928 by trams. Landkraftpostlinie 1, which ran the Dillingen-Diefflen-Nalbach-Piesbach-Körprich route twice a day, was opened on May 1, 1937. Associated with this was the transport of the Diefflen postal agency to post office I.
Second World War
Due to the evacuation of Dillingen at the beginning of the Second World War , the Dillingen post office had to be evacuated on September 3, 1939. It was moved to Erfurt and could not be reopened in Dillingen until July 1, 1940. On October 1, 1942, the Diefflen post office was converted into a branch of the Dillingen post office. On December 1, 1944, the Dillingen post office was cleared for the second time and relocated to Deidesheim in der Pfalz (Bavaria) .
post war period
After the Second World War, the postal service in Saarland was separated from the postal organization in the rest of the French zone on July 28, 1945 by order of the Saar Regional Council. Under the supervision of the "Oberpostdirektion Saar" the postal traffic gradually got going again. On November 17, 1947, the post office in Dillingen was subordinated to the "Post, Telegraph and Telephone Administration of the Saarland". On January 1, 1957, with the annexation of the Saar state to the Federal Republic of Germany , the post office in Dillingen was subordinated to the Oberpostdirektion Saarbrücken of the Deutsche Bundespost .
In 1960 the first public telephone booth was set up in Dillingen. On October 1, 2005, the Diefflen post office was closed. The German post office operates in Dillinger city several stores, package stores and so-called points of sale.
As an industrial and commercial city, Dillingen is historically shaped by the steel industry and metal processing companies. Examples are the Dillinger Hütte , the Bartz-Werke, the Dillinger factory Perforated Bleche and the aluminum foundry Nemak .
The unemployment rate in the district was 4.8% in November 2017. In May 2018 the unemployment rate in the district was 4.6%.
In Dillingen there are two all-day markets a week on the square in front of the Saardom . Market days are Wednesday and Saturday. There are also several seasonal markets.
On the initiative of Dillinger Hütte , the first surgeon settled in Dillingen in 1828. In 1855 the Dillinger Hütte set up its first infirmary, which was used to treat workers injured in industrial accidents.
In 1888 the Dillinger Hütte built a hospital with 21 beds on today's Dr.-Deilmann-Platz, which it handed over to the “Knappschaftsverein der Dillinger Hütte” founded in 1862. Since 1889, care in the hospital has been carried out by the Sisters of Mercy of the Order of St. Charles Borromeo . The order was established in Nancy in Lorraine in 1652 as the “Sisters of Love of St. Karl Borromeo ”was founded in response to the Thirty Years War . Due to a lack of staff, the Borromean Sisters were replaced by Schoenstatt Sisters of Mary in 1953 .
In 1898 the capacity of the hospital was increased to 33 beds, but this measure could no longer meet the need for medical care. In 1907, planning began for a new hospital with 114 beds, which could be moved into in 1911 in the “Im Präkert” district. The new neo-baroque building was connected to the old hospital by an underground passage. The isolation ward, the sewing room and the cloister of the nuns remained in the old hospital , while the surgical and internal departments moved to the new building.
During the First World War , the attic storey of the new building was expanded into a ward for women and children. With the evacuation of Dillingen at the beginning of the Second World War , the Dillingen hospital was evacuated to Giessen and its vicinity. The hospital was only reopened in July 1940.
During air raids during World War II, the old hospital was hit by incendiary bombs in the winter of 1944/1945 and burned down completely. It was then removed and not rebuilt. The second evacuation of the hospital began on November 29, 1944. The seriously ill were distributed to what is now Baden-Württemberg .
The new building of the Dillingen hospital had been badly damaged by artillery fire, but was able to resume operations in April 1945.
In 1957 a new staff house was built west of the neo-baroque hospital in the modern forms of the 1950s. In the 1990s it was demolished as part of the construction of a relief road to Hüttenwerkstraße and replaced by a new building in the form of postmodernism . From 1967 a modern ward block was added to the hospital. In the 1980s, the old hospital building was completely renovated.
On June 1, 2013, the St. Elisabeth Clinic Saarlouis and the Caritas Hospital Dillingen merged to form the Marienhaus Clinic Saarlouis-Dillingen. The Dillingen hospital has specialized in the departments of internal medicine and neurology with a certified stroke unit . In August 2017, the Marienhaus Group announced that it would close the Dillingen Hospital at the beginning of 2019. Until June 2019, the Dillingen hospital only housed two departments with a good 80 beds. Internal medicine and neurology both moved to the Marienhaus Klinikum Saarlouis by mid-June. The ward block will then be demolished. The old neo-baroque building of the Dillinger Clinic is to continue to be used. There are already medical practices and office space there.
In Diefflen, a “voluntary medical column” was set up for the first time in 1925 after a steam engine exploded at the Dieffler fair and injured numerous visitors. A first doctor settled in Diefflen in 1927. In 1960 the first pharmacy was set up in Diefflen .
Dillingen got its first pharmacy in 1897. Until then, there were only four pharmacies in the Saarlouis district , which at that time had over 40,000 inhabitants: two in Saarlouis, one in Fraulautern and one in Lebach.
Numerous doctors, therapists, pharmacies, the German Red Cross, several retirement and nursing homes have their branch in Dillingen in addition to the hospital.
Social charitable foundations
Until 1878 there were only groundwater wells (dialect: "Pütz") and one spring well (dialect: "Burren") in leases in today's Dillingen urban area. Simpler water extraction devices were the so-called “Burkeschen” or “Borrenkeschden”, which collected trickle water at a depth of approx. 3–4 m, which, however, often contained a lot of sediment. Rainwater or river water was therefore mostly used for washing. In Diefflen this happened on the Prims, which the old field name "Bei der Weschen" still indicates. Dung sites and lavatory pits were often in the immediate vicinity and contaminated the groundwater. The result was repeated outbreaks of epidemics, especially in 1589 and during the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648 and in the years 1813–1814. For a long time, not only in the common population, but also in medical science, there was ignorance about the connection between faecal-contaminated drinking water and serious illnesses. It was not until Filippo Pacini and John Snow realized in 1854 that the prevailing cholera was not spread by steaming ( miasms ) as previously assumed . But even decades later, the need for action with regard to clean water was vehemently denied in science.
After a devastating cholera epidemic caused by drinking water contaminated with faeces in 1866 and the frequent occurrence of typhus , the municipality of Dillingen installed the first handle pumps in public places in 1878/79 . These pumps worked as a piston pump with a piston and a leather sleeve. They sucked in water from a depth of up to 8 meters. The performance was, depending on the depth, strength and endurance of the operator, between 10 and 40 liters per minute.
The Dillinger Cholera Cross in the north of the Dillinger Stadtpark (corner of Merziger Strasse and Pachtener Strasse) is a reminder of the severe cholera epidemic of 1866. Here was the quarantine line between Dillingen and Lachten. The lower cross bar contains the Latin inscription "Crux Ave Spes Unica" (German translation: "Greetings, oh cross, you only hope"). The plinth panel, lined with curtains and held by two small putti , shows the inscription “In memory of cholera 1866”. The inscription on the right side of the base reads: “Jesus, Maria and Joseph want to save us from plague and evil.” The inscription on the left side reads: “Erected by gentle gifts from the community of Dillingen”. The cross was so badly damaged during the evacuation of Dillingen at the beginning of the Second World War, in the explosion of an ammunition train in the Dillingen railway station and in the artillery bombardment of the war winter of 1944/1945 that a copy had to be made in 1953 and it was rebuilt in the same place, on what the inscription "Renewed 1953" reminds us.
Central water supply
A central water supply for Dillingen was only introduced in 1902 and 1904.
In 1894, the Dillinger Hütte attempted to drill for water on the Dieffler Bann. In order to make use of the natural water pressure, the drilling took place near the Litermont . The drilling was not very successful. It was not until 1895 that a worthwhile water source was found on Dieffler Babelsberg. The found water was used by the ironworks, but a connection was also laid for the population and in 1899 the community of Diefflen received four public cast-iron valve wells ("pusher") in the center of the village in return for the use of the community water by the hut Kirchenweg (Nalbacher Straße), on the Scheif and on the Schnurr. Later also a “pusher” at the old school in Wiesenstrasse. House lines were laid from 1923. The community of Diefflen bought the pipelines laid by Dillinger Hütte from 1895 onwards.
Leases received a water pipe in 1926. A sewerage system was laid in leases in 1937.
The city of Dillingen has three waterworks:
The waterworks in the forest above the Pachten Heide has two pure water chambers with a capacity of 1500 m³ each. This supplies the city center of Dillingen. The feed line runs under natural pressure from the north waterworks in the direction of Merziger Straße. To supply the high-lying area of the Pachtener Heide, there is the Dillingen water tower at the waterworks north, also with two chambers. These chambers hold 300 m³ of water each. The tower height is approx. 50 m (upper edge of the water level approx. 43–44 m). The total amount of pure water supplied by the north waterworks is between 1000 and 1400 m³ per day.
The planning for the northern waterworks began in 1969, the commissioning took place in the summer of 1975. In 1993/94 and 2010/11 extensive renovation and refurbishment work was carried out.
There are two separate pure water chambers in the underground tank of the Heiligenberg waterworks. Each of these chambers holds 1000 m³ of drinking water. In the Heiligenberg waterworks, the raw water (groundwater) is only deacidified. The Heiligenberg waterworks supplies the city center as well as the Überm Berg and Lenten districts through a natural gradient. Here, the drinking water from the northern waterworks and the Heiligenberg waterworks is partially mixed. The delivery rate is around 1400–2000 m³ / day.
The Diefflen district is supplied via a raised tank using a natural gradient. The elevated tank on Babelsberg has two separate chambers with a capacity of 750 m³ of drinking water each. The delivery rate here is around 500–600 m³ / day.
The drinking water for the city of Dillingen is obtained in the Haienbachtal, Diefflen and Kondeler-Bachtal areas and fed into the city network.
In 1923 Diefflen was connected to the power grid of the "Saarland-Lothringen-Elektrizitäts-AG" (SLE), the VSE AG (United Saarland Electricity Works ), founded in 1912 as the Electricitäts- und Gas-Vertriebsgesellschaft Saarbrücken (SVG) . In Dillingen, the construction of an electrical supply network had already started in 1902. Leases received electric lighting in 1912.
The "Stadtwerke Dillingen / Saar GmbH" supplies the municipality with energy. The company is a local energy supply company for electricity and natural gas as well as a water supplier with around 70 employees. A commercial and a technical manager represent the company. The supervisory board consists of 14 members. The mayor of the city of Dillingen / Saar is the chairman of the supervisory board.
The Verkehrs- und Energiebeteiligungsgesellschaft der Stadt Dillingen / Saar mbH has a stake in Stadtwerke Dillingen / Saar GmbH with 46 percent, the city of Dillingen / Saar with 5 percent and energis GmbH with 49 percent. The conversion from the own operation of the city of Dillingen / Saar to a GmbH took place on January 1st, 1971. In 2010 the Stadtwerke Dillingen / Saar Netzgesellschaft mbH was founded.
The upstream high-voltage network operator is VSE distribution network GmbH. At the "Schlachthof" transfer station, 35 kV are taken over, and 110 kV at the "Leases" transfer station. From there, the electricity is fed into the 10 kV or 0.4 kV network via 114 network stations.
The upstream gas network operator is Creos Deutschland GmbH. The gas supply takes place via four gas transfer stations in the approx. 115 km long low pressure network. Since December 1977 the entire supply area has been supplied with H-quality natural gas.
Waste disposal in the city of Dillingens is done by the Saar Disposal Association (EVS).
The volunteer fire department Dillingen maintains in the city and in Diefflen Fire stations
As early as the 18th century, Dillingen already had organized fire protection, which was under the supervision of the Dillinger rule in the old castle .
After the 1st fire extinguishing company was founded in Saarlouis in 1811 , the 2nd fire extinguishing company was set up in Dillingen in 1818. In 1848, the Dillingen municipal council decided to build a storage building to house the fire extinguishers. Today's Dillingen volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1864. The company had around 50 members in 1870. From 1870 the fire extinguishers were housed on the premises of the Dillinger Hütte until 1901 . The Dillinger Hütte also carried the maintenance costs for the extinguishing equipment, since the volunteer fire brigade was also the Dillinger Hüttenwerke plant fire brigade until 1901 .
Any extinguishing work was complicated before the turn of the century, as Dillingen had no central water supply at that time. With the construction of four wells (Marktplatz, Hintergasse, Trierer Weg, Paulinenstraße) possible fire extinguishing could be made easier. A central water supply was set up in Dillingen in 1902. 36 hydrants were installed for extinguishing purposes .
In Diefflen, the volunteer fire brigade was organized after the great village fire of 1876. Before a fire station could be built below the church in 1907/08, the device was stored in the old school on Wiesenstrasse until a fire broke out. The building was demolished when the area in front of the church was enlarged and a new fire station with a tower was built on the site of the old school in Wiesenstrasse.
After the Saar area was reintegrated into the German Reich, the Dillinger and Pachten fire brigades and the Dillinger Hütte plant fire brigade were forcibly merged. Due to the conscription to the Wehrmacht in World War II , the number of crews in the Dillingen fire department fell sharply. There were service obligations from older men who were no longer fully operational. In 1942 a male youth group for the fire brigade was therefore formed. In 1944, a female youth group was also set up in order to be able to continue the extinguishing activity. The Dillingen fire brigade was also used to fight fires during the major bombing raids on the cities of Saarbrücken , Kaiserslautern , Ludwigshafen am Rhein , Mannheim and Frankenthal (Palatinate) . But soon the Dillingen fire brigade also had to put out fires caused by the attack in their own town: during the air raid on Dillingen in the night of September 1st to 2nd, 1942, during which incendiary and high explosive bombs were dropped, several major fires occurred. The year 1944 saw the heaviest fire fighting: numerous vehicles of the Dillingen fire brigade were destroyed in an air raid on Dillingen on August 27, 1944. As a result, fire fighting was only possible to a limited extent at Dillingen train station, where a terrible explosion was caused by a bomb being dropped on an ammunition train.
At the end of the Second World War , the fire station in Saarstrasse was completely destroyed. Operational devices and equipment were no longer available. In 1952, the newly built fire station in Saarstrasse was ready to move into. It had been built in the same place as the previous building. In 1976 the organizational merging of the inner city and leasing districts was completed. In the years 1979–1981 a new fire station was built on the premises of the sports hall in Merziger Straße.
Schools and education
The Dillingen pastor Philipp Schmitt dated the earliest written evidence of a publicly organized school system in Dillingen to the year 1615. A first modest schoolhouse was built by the parish in 1742 in the old parish garden of the parish of St. Johann .
Under the influence of the French revolutionary government , the parish school became a parish school from 1790.
In the vicinity of Dillingen, the Protestant Duchy of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, under the influence of the excellent school system of the imperial city of Strasbourg in Alsace , was the first territory in the world (and thus also Germany) to introduce compulsory schooling for girls and boys in 1592 .
In the parts of Germany that remained Catholic, the enforcement of compulsory schooling , which has been increasingly demanded by advocates of education since the time of the Enlightenment, was extremely tough. With the annexation of Dillingen to the Kingdom of Prussia through the provisions of the Congress of Vienna , compulsory schooling was also introduced here and lessons, which had previously only taken place in winter, were extended to summer. In the Kingdom of Prussia, compulsory schooling was already established by the Principia regulativa of King Friedrich Wilhelm I of September 28, 1717 and confirmed for all of Prussia by the General School Regulations of Frederick the Great of 1763.
The teachers in Dillingen had to attend the teachers' seminar in the 1802 secularized Benedictine Abbey of St. Matthias in Trier , which the Trier cathedral capitular, cathedral pastor and city dean Viktor Josef Devora had set up in 1810.
In 1826 a new, larger school was built in Hinterstraße, in 1860 a school building in today's Merziger Straße, and in 1864 one next to the St. Johann church. In 1899 a school building was built on Stummstrasse.
During the time of the League of Nations administration in Dillingen, the French Domanial School was built in 1921 in De-Lénoncourtstrasse (today's vhs building). It existed until the Saar vote in 1935 and then became the seat of the Dillingen tax office. In 1930 the former Méguin office building "Überm Berg" was converted into a school building by the municipality of Dillingen.
In the years 1959–1961 the Odilienschule with gym and teaching pool was built in the city center.
The first actual schoolhouse was built in leases in 1858. Before that, they had taught in a house on Mittelstrasse. Today's Pachten Roman School was built from 1951 to 1959 after the previous building built in 1910 was destroyed in the Second World War.
A school was founded for Protestant students in 1908 and a separate building was erected in 1913 on Karcherstrasse. In 1965 a large class wing was built next to the Protestant school and a gymnasium was to be built in a second construction phase instead of the old building, but the project was discontinued. The old building is the seat of the Catholic adult education (KEB), while the class wing of the 1960s was added to the new building of a branch of the grammar school in Karcherstraße, which was built in the late 1970s to the early 1980s.
In Diefflen, school lessons were given in the old Wendelinus chapel in Kirchenweg (Nalbacher Strasse) until a new schoolhouse was built in Wiesenstrasse (location of the Diefflen fire station) in 1863/63. The school was single-class until 1858, when it had 176 students. In 1899, more than 300 pupils were admitted to the school building on Wiesenstrasse, so that lessons even had to be given in converted stables.
In 1902, construction of a school building on Babelsberg began. In 1912 it was expanded by six classes.
In 1962/63 a large new school building with two classroom wings, an administration building, a gym with outdoor sports facilities and a small arboretum was built on Richard-Wagner-Straße. The school was given the name "Primsschule". A second, larger sports hall was added to the building by 1983.
In 1902 a secondary school was set up . Up until now, the high school students from Dillingen had to attend high school in Saarlouis. From 1904, girls could also attend the grammar school. In 1907 a girls' high school was founded. A new Art Nouveau school building was moved into in 1908 in Merziger Strasse. After the building was destroyed in the war by the explosion of an ammunition train in Dillingen train station on August 27, 1944, a new high school with a large auditorium was built behind the Saardom from 1951 to 1955, which also served as a municipal event hall until the Dillingen town hall was built. Between 1956 and 1958 the building was expanded to include a wing for high school students. A state evening grammar school was established in 1965 and closed in 1997. Originally under the sponsorship of the municipality or city of Dillingen, the grammar school passed into the sponsorship of the Saarland after the Second World War and finally moved to the Saarlouis district in 1992. After the great "educational explosion" of the 1960s, the Dillinger Gymnasium reached its maximum size in 1973 with 2,400 students. At that time it was one of the largest grammar schools in Germany. In 1996 the grammar school took the name of the Alsatian theologian, musician, doctor and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Albert Schweitzer . More important students of the high school were the historian Edith Ennen , the writer and journalist Gustav Regulator and the American literary scholar at Central Connecticut State University , Lothar Kahn (1922-1990).
The Dillingen Middle School (Kreisrealschule since 1965) was founded in 1958. From the 1920s, vocational and commercial schools and from 1954 the district special school for people with learning disabilities were set up.
The elementary school of the Arbeiterwohlfahrt, which was a voluntary all-day school, was closed in the 1990s. The building is used exclusively by the AWO special school for intellectual development.
While the Kreisrealschule was reformed to become an Extended Realschule in the 1990s and it was possible to obtain either the secondary school leaving certificate or the secondary school leaving certificate, the Hauptschule Odilienschule initially remained in its form and was phased out in the early 2000s. The building is now used for the Odilienschule elementary school.
7000 pupils attend schools in Dillingen every week. 4500 of them are commuters from the direct catchment area, but also beyond. Users of adult education and advanced training and trainees in Dillingen companies and institutions are not included in this number. Almost 400 teachers are employed at schools in Dillingen.
The city's expenditures for the city-owned primary schools and the youth traffic school amount to approximately two million euros in the 2007 budget for investments, maintenance and management. Many schools have their own development associations that are particularly involved in the social field. The schools maintain contacts with partner schools across Europe.
The adult education center in Dillingen was founded in 1964. The first director was Brunhilde Peter . The Katholische Bildungswerk (Catholic Adult Education (KEB)) has existed since 1959. The founders were the Dillingen pastor Arthur Nikolas and the Dillingen teacher Bruno Jost.
- Elementary school I Roman school
- Elementary School II "Philipp-Schmitt"
- School kindergarten "Philipp Schmitt School"
- Elementary School III Odile School
- Primary School IV Primsschule Diefflen
- Extended secondary school
- Evening middle school
- Albert Schweitzer High School
- Comprehensive school
- Technical and scientific high school in Dillingen
- Technical and commercial vocational training center Dillingen
- Commercial vocational training center
- School for the mentally handicapped
- Adult Education Center Dillingen
- Dillingen City Library
- Catholic Adult Education (KEB)
- District Music School Dillingen
Day care centers
- "Kinderinsel Diefflen" (kindergarten, day care center and crèche)
- "The little hut bears" (day care center and crèche)
- Protestant day care center (kindergarten, day care center and after-school care center)
- Waldorf kindergarten "Feengarten" (kindergarten, day care center and crèche)
- Learning and crawling meadow "Rainbow" (day nursery)
- Catholic Kindergarten St. Maximin (kindergarten, day care center and crèche)
- Catholic Kindergarten St. Josef (kindergarten and day care center)
- Catholic Kindergarten Maria Trost (Kindergarten with extended opening hours and day care center)
- Catholic kindergarten Holy Sacrament (kindergarten, day care center and crèche)
- Catholic Kindergarten St. Johann (Kindergarten with extended opening hours)
The Metz Baron Charles Francouis Dieudonné de Tailfumyr, Seigneur de Cussigny received in 1755 from King Stanislaus of Poland and Duke of Lorraine permission to build a paper mill in Dillingen. Tailfumyr established the paper mill in 1757. He expanded the mill, which was made up of three handmade paper from 1757 to 1759 , to include a printer. The sale took place as far as the distant Königsberg and Cracow . Successful exhibitions and medals earned the mill recognition.
The war years after 1790 affected the mill operations. Austrian troops destroyed parts of the mill in 1792.
In the 19th century, the mill and printing shop flourished under Jean Louis Piette , who took over the mill in 1811, and his sons Louis Piette and Prosper Joseph Maria Piette . Wrapping, printing and writing paper as well as cardboard were produced . Prosper further developed the production process, for example by replacing the expensive rags with other raw materials. 160 different types of straw paper were developed in a separate test department. In 1837 a patent was granted for a machine for making cardboard. Sales to Cologne took place with three of its own ships. The commemorative coin received in 1838 by the Association for the Promotion of Industry in Prussia and the gold medal presented at the Mainz trade exhibition in 1842, as well as the fourth class eagle order awarded by the King of Prussia, documented the success of the Dillingen paper mill.
After the company had been enlarged several times, the transition to machine production took place around 1838. This was followed by the purchase of two machines for the production of “paper without end” and the conversion to a stock corporation with 27 shareholders and 85 capital shares. The capital consisted of 170,000 Reichstalers. The steam power came with a machine of 106 hp. 300 workers and ten civil servants were employed. A patent for a knot cleaning machine was granted by the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Public Works in 1848. A decline began in the middle of the 19th century, which led to the sale of the mill to J. Weidner & Co. The Piettes migrated.
The water from the Prims , which was needed by both the Dillinger Hütte and the paper mill, gave rise to a dispute between the two companies over water rights in 1860. The mill owners accused the hut of spoiling the water that is essential for a paper mill. In 1864 the smelter bought the mill, which was being liquidated, and ceased operations.
The Dillinger printing tradition has been carried on by Krüger Druck + Verlag GmbH & Co. KG since 1937. With almost 100 employees, the family company has developed into one of the largest printing service providers in southwest Germany. The company operates a branch in Merzig .
The city library was created in 1925 from the holdings of the Méguin AG works library and the Dillinger Hütte works library in the former mayor's office on the old market square (today's “Red Square” between Johannesstrasse and Hüttenwerkstrasse). The library was opened on September 22, 1927. On February 11, 1930, the facility was given rooms in a community-owned building on Johannesstrasse (then Kaiser-Wilhelm-Strasse). Due to a decree of February 11, 1935, by order of the new Nazi rulers in Saarland, all books “un-German spirit” had to be sorted out and destroyed. When the Second World War broke out, the city gave away almost all of the Wehrmacht's books . The remaining stocks fell victim to the fighting in Dillingen. After the war, on November 20, 1948, a modest library with 1500 volumes was set up again in the old mayor's office. With the demolition of the old mayor's office on the market square in 1957, the book collections came to the town hall (today's Old Town Hall). 1958–1960 a new city library was built next to the sports hall in Merziger Straße (building of the war-torn high school). Since the New Town Hall was built, the Dillingen City Library has been housed on the ground floor of the town hall as a public cultural institution serving the general public. The inventory comprises 22,000 media.
The first regional newspaper distributed in Dillingen was the "Intelligence Journal of the Saarlouis District" published by the Saarlouis district since September 2, 1816 (since 1844: "Weekly newspaper for the Saarlouis, Merzig and Saarburg districts"; since 1848: "Anzeiger für die Saarlouis districts, Merzig, Saarburg and for German Lorraine ”, since 1850:“ Saarlouiser Journal ”; during the First World War the paper had to be renamed“ Saarlouiser Tageblatt ”). It was published weekly "with Franz Stein and Sister, on the golden Bible" in Saarlouis. Employees were the Dillingen pastor Philipp Schmitt , the Lisdorf pastor and left-wing politician in the revolution of 1848, as well as regional historian Johann Anton Joseph Hansen and the Niedaltdorf mayor Johannes Guittienne (1809-1889, member of the Prussian National Assembly in 1848). Since the newspaper had campaigned for the “status quo” and against annexation to Hitler's Germany before the Saar referendum in 1935, it was forcibly liquidated by the Nazi regime.
From 1872 the "Saar-Zeitung" appeared as an organ of the Center Party in Saarlouis . Their appearance had been interrupted again and again during the Second World War. It only appeared again in 1956. From 1904 the "Prims- und Niedtal-Zeitung, Dillinger Zeitung" was printed in Völklingen. It was brought into being with the support of Pastor Johann Peter Hillen from Dillingen. In 1943 both newspapers were merged. During the Second World War the newspaper went under.
With the support of Dillinger Hütte under its director Otto Friedrich Weinlig , the “Dillinger Anzeiger” was published in 1905 by the Dillinger printing company Emmerich in Stummstrasse. In the same year, the pure advertisement and news bulletin was converted to the twice-weekly "Dillinger daily newspaper, official organ of the mayor's office in Dillingen" with an editorial section. Nikolaus Fox (1899–1946), the well-known folklorist from Saarland, has worked here as an editor since the 1920s. The newspaper has appeared daily since 1924. Local newspapers were published in Lebach , Bous (Saar) and Busendorf in Lorraine .
After the Saar referendum in 1935, the newspaper was renamed “Saar-Grenzwacht”. Printing ceased during World War II. After the war in 1956, the paper was incorporated into the “Saar-Zeitung” in Saarlouis with the subtitle “Dillinger Anzeiger”.
Since 1923 the central newspaper "Saarländische Tageszeitung - Dillinger Tageblatt" appeared. In 1924 the newspaper was merged with the "Saar-Zeitung" from Saarlouis and appeared until 1944 with its own local section in Dillingen.
From 1946 to 1958, the Christian People's Party of the Saarland under Johannes Hoffmann brought out the " Saarländische Volkszeitung - Kreiszeitung Saarlouis". Since 1958 the newspaper was continued under the title "Saarbrücker Landeszeitung - Saarlouis Edition".
The Saarbrücker Zeitung , founded in 1761 , has been publishing a district edition since 1948 under the title “Anzeiger für Saarlouis und Dillingen”. The Saarbrücker Zeitung runs its own local edition in Dillingen.
Culture, architectural monuments
The urban area of Dillingen belongs to the Catholic Diocese of Trier and the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland .
On the basis of the Ursus stone with a Christ monogram ☧ found when the old Pachten church was demolished in 1891, it can be proven that people of Christian faith lived in today's urban area as early as the 3rd and 4th century AD.
However, one can only speak of a functioning parish system in Dillingen in the early Middle Ages . As the first pastor known in writing in Dillingen, Philipp Schmitt mentions a clergyman named Gerardus who died in 1317. Among the patrons and tithe lords in Dillingen, the gentlemen von Siersberg appear first. Knight Arnold von Siersberg donated his rights to the Mettlach Abbey on July 21, 1262 , which still presented a pastor for Dillingen in 1389. In 1427 the abbot of Wadgassen Abbey in Dillingen was Kollator and presumably occupied the parish of Dillingen with Wadgasser monks as pastors. But when, after 1554, the Barons von Braubach followed the Lords of Siersberg in the rule of Dillingen, they acquired the right of collation of the Wadgassen Abbey in 1595. From this point on it was the respective Lords of Dillingen who appointed the pastors.
Catholic deanery Dillingen
Today's Catholic deanery in Dillingen looks after around 60,000 Catholics in a total of 21 localities. It extends from Dillingen to Lebach (approx. 30 km long) and from Landsweiler to Schmelz (approx. 15 km wide). The deanery comprises 19 parish churches and 12 chapels. Since 2011 the 19 parishes have been combined in four parish communities: Dillingen, Nalbach, Schmelz and Lebach. The Dillingen dean's office was created in 1923. The first dean (from 1923 to 1957) was Pastor Michael Held from Itzbach.
Roman Catholic churches in Dillingen
- Holy Sacrament ( Saardom ): The neo-Romanesque church was built in the years 1910–1913 by the Trier architect Peter Marx.
- St. Johann (Baptist) :: The current building from 1843–1845 is roughly on the site of its medieval predecessors.
Roman Catholic churches in leases:
- Maria Trost : The church by Dillinger architect Konny Schmitz was built between 1960–1961.
- St. Maximin and the 14 emergency helpers : Instead of a Romanesque church building, a new neo-Gothic building by the Roden architect Wilhelm Hector was built between 1891 and 1894.
Roman Catholic Church in Diefflen:
- St. Josef and St. Wendelin : The initially neo-Gothic church building by the Roden architect Wilhelm Hector was built between 1899–1900. After severe war damage, the building was extensively expanded in the years 1948–1950 according to the plans of the Saarlouis architect Hawner and Saarbrücken architect Güthler andredesignedin traditionalforms borrowedfrom the Romanesque .
Evangelical Church in Dillingen
- Evangelical Church (Dillingen / Saar) : The neo-Romanesque hall church built from 1902 with aisle-like side aisles and a corner tower with a high pointed helmet designed by Baden-Baden architect Karl Heinrich Brugger (1858–1931) was damaged in World War II and rebuilt by 1948. This historic church building was torn down in 1967 and replaced in the years 1968-1969 by a new building by the Saarbrücken architects Wandel, Hoefer and Lorch in exposed concrete. The "Luther oaks" in front of the church building come from acorns of the Wittenberg Luther oaks .
Other Christian communities
- Pentecostal Church: The Church of God Dillingen is an evangelical free church that belongs to the Church of God Germany .
- New Apostolic Church: The congregation was founded in 1928. The church was built in 1963 on Friedrich-Ebert-Straße. The community belongs to the Saar-Palatinate church district of the Hesse / Rhineland-Palatinate / Saarland district church.
History of the Jewish community in Dillingen and leases
An official Jewish religious community existed in Dillingen between 1903 and 1935. Its origins go back to the 19th century. In 1721 only one Jewish family was granted right of residence, later it became a second family. Since the beginning of the 19th century and the emancipation of the Jews in the Kingdom of Prussia , to which Dillingen belonged from 1815, further Jewish people moved in. In the Prussian Jewish edict of 1812 of March 11, 1812, the Jews living in Prussia had become natives and Prussian citizens. This edict is considered to be the first legal equality for Jews in Prussia. Thus the Jews living in Prussia were no longer viewed as foreigners and no longer differed from the other subjects in terms of constitutional law . The edict contained sensitive restrictions and was not valid in all parts of Prussia, so that no equal and uniform law was created. In 1824 there were a total of 17 people who initially belonged to the Jewish community in Nalbach .
In 1895 there were 37 and in 1900 there were 46 Jewish residents in Dillingen. Due to the strong economic boom in Dillingen at the beginning of the 20th century, the number of Jewish residents also increased: In 1925 the number of Jewish citizens of Dillingen had grown to 140 people. This corresponded to 1.5% of the city's population of around 9,500 at that time.
During the First World War, Adolf Maier (born March 9, 1894 in Müllheim, lived in Dillingen before 1914, found September 22, 1915) and Eugen Samuel (born June 5, 1893 in Brotdorf, before 1914 in Dillingen) fell from the Jewish community resident, found October 16, 1916).
Around 1925 Cerf Alkan, Adolf Hoffmann and Gottfried Levy formed the board of directors of the Jewish community. The community belonged to the rabbinical district in Trier . The dead of the Jewish community were buried in the Jewish cemetery on the border of Diefflen. The 12 Jewish children of school age in 1925 received religious instruction from the religion teacher Josef Heß in Saarwellingen . At Jewish charities there was a "Chewra Gemilut Hesed" (Jewish relief fund), a "Chewra of women" (women's association) and a "Chewra Zdoko".
The Jewish residents living on leases also belonged to the Jewish community in Dillingen. In 1932 the heads of the community were Adolf Hoffmann, Rudolf Richard and Nathan Posamentier. The representative office had nine members under the heads Moritz Mühlstein, Eugen Levy and Adolf Lipper. Israel Brandler worked as a teacher and cantor. In the school year 1932/33, Brandler gave 27 Jewish children religious instruction. In addition to the leased Jewish residents, those from the former mother community of Nalbach now also belonged to the Dillingen community (in 1932, 3 Jewish citizens lived on leases and 11 Jewish people in Nalbach.)
In March 1935, 113 Jewish people lived in Dillingen. After the annexation of the Saar area by the National Socialist German Reich in 1935, the number fell very quickly due to forced emigration and emigration. There were barbaric actions by fanatical National Socialists in the pogrom night on 9/10. November 1938 in Dillingen, although at that time only 14 Jews lived in the city. During the night, NSDAP members broke into the apartment of the Alexander family, tore the woman out of bed and abused her in the presence of her children. After that, the children were chased out of the apartment naked. An old Jewish man, who had been given castor oil, was being herded down the Stummstrasse with a yell. A Jewish woman who was hiding there was taken out of the old people's home in Lenten and dragged away. Her fate has so far remained unexplained. The Jewish cemetery in Diefflen was desecrated.
The Dillingen musician and composer Siegfried Alkan should be mentioned in a more prominent position . He was largely related to Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy , Fanny Hensel and Giacomo Meyerbeer . On the night of November 10th, Alkan was attacked and mistreated at his home in Dillingen. His piano was thrown out of the window into the street and, like the other instruments in his music shop, vandalized. Siegfried Alkan died on December 24, 1941, persecuted and lonely in Mainz .
Dillinger fellow citizens of Jewish faith killed during the Nazi era
Of the Jewish people who were born in Dillingen and / or who lived there for a long time, died violently or as a result of persecution during the Nazi era:
Emanuel Albert (1889), Adolf Alkan (1877), Siegfried Alkan (1858), Kurt Baldauf (1911), Mathilde Birnbaum (1916), Max (imilian) Birnbaum (1916), Moritz Birnbaum (1908), Alice Cahn b. Gans (1909), Paul Cahn (1897), Albert Emanuel (1889), Gertrude Hanau (1921), Irma Hanau (1906), Josef Hanau (1883), Laura Hanau (1925), Leo Hanau (1907), Marga Hanau ( 1926), Martin Hanau (1878), Hildegard Hoffmann b. Löw (1879), Ludwig Hoffmann (1903), Siegmund Kahn (1894), Auguste Levy b. Alkan (1878), Auguste Levy b. Samuel (1881), Belly Levy b. Samuel (1881), Benjamin Levy (1871), Elfriede Levy (1921), Flora Levy b. Levy (1912), Helga Levy (1924), Isaak Levy (1867), Lion Levy (1865), Max Levy (1888), Samuel Levy (1866), Simon Levy (1877), Friedel Maurer geb. Levy (1897), Cäcilia Mühlstein b. Berl (1876), Moses Mühlstein (1877), Liselotte Posamentier (1914), Gerda Salomon b. Koblenzer (1887), Carla Samson b. Hoffmann (1906), Jacob Werner (1923).
Places of worship and synagogue
Until 1854, the Jews living in Dillingen visited the prayer room in the house of Herz Kahn in neighboring Diefflen. Then one of the Jewish families in Dillingen set up a private prayer room in their house. In 1904, the Dillingen Jewish community asked the authorities for permission to carry out a collection for the benefit of a synagogue. According to plans by the architects Sommer and Schleich, a synagogue was finally set up in 1923/24 by converting an already existing older residential building at Schlossstrasse 5. Financing has been a difficult problem for the community due to inflation and its aftermath. The sermon at the inauguration ceremony of the synagogue in April 1924 was given by Rabbi Dr. Alexander, who later became a rabbi in Berlin-Gesundbrunnen .
In 1931, a neighboring property was acquired. At that time there was thought of an expansion of the synagogue in the foreseeable future. After Dillingen's annexation to Hitler's Germany in 1935, the synagogue had to be closed and sold after the forcible departure of a large part of the community members. Nevertheless, she was given by a task force of party, SA and SS formations under the NSDAP local group leader Alois Lauer (Alois Lauer was granted Dillinger honorary citizenship in 1976) during the November pogrom on 9/10. Looted and set on fire November 1938 . Initially, a demolition was intended, which was refrained from because of the endangerment of the neighboring houses. The fire brigade was only alerted when nothing more could be saved from the synagogue. A memorial stone for the destroyed synagogue was erected on November 9, 2003 on the initiative of the senior citizens' council of the city of Dillingen. Since the destruction of the Dillingen synagogue during the Nazi era , Jewish citizens have been given pastoral care by the Saarbrücken synagogue, which was built in 1948 .
On the history of the Jewish community in Diefflen
In Nalbach , to which Diefflen historically belonged, a small Jewish community existed until 1937/40. Its origin goes back to the 16th / 18th centuries. Century back when the first Jewish families lived in the Nalbacher Tal (that is, especially in Diefflen). Already in 1591 a "Jud Meyer" was mentioned in Nalbach.
In 1723 a Jew from Diefflen is named, who at that time had to move out of a Christian's house because of a violation of the Kurtrierian Jewish regulations. Ten years later, in 1733, a total of twelve Jewish families lived in the Nalbach Valley. At the beginning of the 19th century, in 1808, there were 16 Jewish residents in Nalbach and 32 in Diefflen. By 1858 their number increased to 68 in Nalbach, only to decrease again afterwards through emigration and emigration. After the synagogue in Nalbach was built in 1854, the Jewish residents of Diefflen came to Nalbach to pray and worship. The Jewish families who moved to Dillingen in the course of the 19th century were also part of the Jewish community in Nalbach. In a newspaper report from 1891 on the fire in the Nalbach synagogue, the members of the congregation spoke of “15 less well-off families from the villages of Nalbach, Diefflen and Dillingen”. At the end of the 19th century Daniel Lazar, Daniel Levy I and Moses Bonnem formed the board.
In 1895 there were 33 Jewish residents in Nalbach, 20 in Diefflen and 37 in Dillingen. Around 1925 Moses Bonn was the head of the Diefflen-Nalbach community. In the 1930s this office was held by Moses Weiler, who lived in Diefflen.
In June 1933, 24 Jewish people were still living in Nalbach (out of a total of 2,735 inhabitants) and ten in Diefflen. Of these, a larger part was able to leave the place in the following years, partly to other places in Germany, partly abroad. During the November pogrom of 1938 , the remaining Jewish families were attacked and mistreated. An eyewitness reports: “(...) people from our neighborhood looted the houses of the Jews that were in the main street (...). On the way there I saw how they rounded up the Jews on the street and beat them (...). They beat the Jews with belt locks; they hit the Jews like crazy ”. The last Jewish residents were deported to the internment camp in Gurs in October 1940 .
Of the Jewish people born in Nalbach and Diefflen and / or who lived there for a longer period of time, the following died during the Nazi era: Fanni Baum (1857), Rosa Bonn (1887), Charlotte Hanau, b. Wolff (1877), Simon Hanau (1878), Meta Hirsch (1906), Hermann Kahn (1864), Karoline Kahn b. aum (1864), Therese Metzler b. Levy (1908), Max (Marcus) Rakhovsky (1893), Adolf Salomon (1890), Louis Salomon (1900), Josephine Weiler (1889), Julia Weiler (1887), Martha Weiler (1899), Samuel Weiler (1855), Theresia Weiler b. Levy (1857), Eugen Wolff (1897), Ferdinand Wolff (1882 or 1886?), Friedrich (Fréderique) Wolff (1873), Hedwig (e) Wolff (1880), Wilhelmine Wolfskehl geb. Wolff (1879).
The synagogue of the Dieffler Jews
The Jewish families living in Nalbach and Diefflen used common facilities at times, especially after the synagogue in Nalbach was built. Around the year 1850 a prayer room was set up in a Jewish private house in Diefflen. In Nalbach, a dilapidated building served as a synagogue. Since the less well-off Jewish families Diefflens and Nalbach could not have built a synagogue on their own, they received financial support from Jewish families from Saarwellingen. These gave the Nalbach community the money they still needed for the construction, interest-free for five years. So the synagogue could probably be built in the period 1853/54 in Mittelstrasse 17 and on 20./21. Inaugurated October 1854 (Shabbat Bereschit).
The synagogue burned down on November 27, 1891. The synagogue was extensively renovated between 1891 and 1892 thanks to its own funds, including the amount of the fire insurance, and probably due to a loan and donations received from other communities. The synagogue was a longitudinal hall with a gable roof . The building had the relatively small dimensions of about 6.30 m wide and about 10.70 m deep. Due to the narrow buildings and the lack of light on both long sides, it was necessary to provide the entrance gable and probably also the gable in the area of the Torah shrine with large windows. The entrance facade was designed according to motifs of the Low German Renaissance architecture. In 1922 the church was renovated.
Due to the decline in the number of Jewish community members during the Nazi era, the synagogue was sold in 1937. The most important ritual items have been removed. During the November pogrom in 1938, the remaining furnishings in the synagogue were demolished. The building was preserved as a whole, was damaged by artillery fire in World War II in 1944/45 , but could still be used as a storage room for agricultural supplies until it was demolished in 1950/51.
For Muslims there is the Haci-Bayram prayer house on Gathmannstrasse. It is dedicated to the late medieval Ottoman mystic Hacı Bayram-i Veli . The Islamic community in Dillingen is subordinate to the "Turkish-Islamic Union of the Institute for Religion e. V. ”( Turkish Diyanet İşleri Türk İslam Birliği , abbreviated to“ DİTİB ”), a nationwide umbrella organization for the coordination of the religious, social and cultural activities of the affiliated Turkish - Islamic mosque communities in Germany.
Buildings of historicism
Despite heavy destruction in the Second World War (such as the old Art Nouveau grammar school or the former imperial post office in the German neo-renaissance style ) Dillingen still has an astonishing density of late historical architecture (often with Art Nouveau elements), some of which have been placed under monument protection.
Old Town Hall
The old Dillingen town hall , which was built between 1906 and 1908, can be regarded as an impressive building from this era (in addition to the historicist churches in Dillingen such as St. Johann and the "Saardom" in Dillingen, St. Josef in Diefflen, St. Maximin in Leases) . The slate-roofed town hall, built of red sandstone , is stylistically a mixture of Neo-Renaissance and Art Nouveau elements. It was designed by the architect Wilhelm Franz , who taught as a professor at the Technical University (Berlin-) Charlottenburg , but before that he had worked from 1895 to 1901 as a municipal building officer for the city of St. Johann (Saar) . In the right kinked volute of the main gable, the architects named W [ilhelm] Franz and after him C [urt] Witzschel from Saarbrücken.
The main façade in the basement is two-story and broad. The representative main buttress with entrance staircase, balcony with bulging balcony console , council chamber windows and Zwerchhausgiebel with corner oriel is shifted to the right. A smaller risalit with a gable and a polygonal stand bay corresponds to it on the left side of the facade. The side fronts are also crowned with gables. In the middle of the facade rises on the high dormer decorated a roof structure roof turret with clock tower, arched gallery and tail hood with weather vane.
On the main gable emblazoned the eagle of the Kingdom of Prussia in gold mosaic, above the inscription " God with us ". Above it rise four life-size figures in front of a gold mosaic.
Inside, two large-format wall paintings of the conference room reveal aspects of Dillingen's history. The themes of the mural are: "The return of the Lords of Siersberg and Dillingen from the Belehungsfeier in Trier in 1334" and "The old castle and the Dillinger hut in 1909". Both paintings were created by the Berlin landscape and architectural painter Otto Günther-Naumburg . After being damaged in the Second World War, the two paintings were restored by the Dillingen painter Heinrich Faißt, who also created two large paintings in the Dieffler parish church of St. Josef .
In terms of urban planning, the Dillingen town hall formed an urban center with a train station, high school, tax office, church, city park and various residential buildings until it was destroyed in the Second World War.
In 1976 the city administration moved to the neighboring larger New Town Hall. The old town hall houses the Dillingen police station.
Art Nouveau house on Stummstrasse
The sandstone facade of the residential and commercial building at Stummstrasse 19. The house was built in 1905 by the building contractor Witsch, who owned his own quarries. The facade is symmetrically structured. The central axis is crowned with a gable and is enriched by a bay window in the bel étage. On the ground floor there is a shop window in the middle, to the right of it the shop entrance, to the left a passage from which the staircase separated by arcades allows access to the apartments. The tiled base of the passage is clad with friezes and individual ornaments in white, wine-red and olive-green tones.
The sandstone front is structured by four pilaster strips , which are crowned by richly decorated posts that are cambered with the cornice and protrude over the edge of the roof. They wear horned African masks with headdresses, which are framed by scrollwork . From their open mouths hang leaf-like ribbons that encircle pilaster strips covered with sticks. With the inner African masks, round medallions hang on a necklace, with the outer African masks, ball weights hang on chain straps. Palm-like plumage rises at the foot of the pilaster strips. Balls rise above the African heads on the outside and ball-like urns with four retaining rings each on the inside . The originally colored lead-glazed windows fell victim to the Second World War. Numerous bullet holes from the Second World War can still be seen on the facade.
Art Nouveau house at Bismarckstrasse 22
Outside of the city center, Dillingen also shows Art Nouveau influences in the residential development. A smaller residential building on Bismarckstrasse can be cited as an example.
The house has a facade made of red sandstone in combination with yellow bricks . The main axis shifted to the left is brought forward like a risk. In it, the two windows, one on top of the other, with their parapets , posts, frames and roofs have grown together to form a coherent, upward-moving ornament. This upward movement is followed and completed by the curved gable contour.
While historicizing neo-renaissance elements are still in the lower window in a simplified Palladian motif with half balusters in the parapet as well as flat ears and wedge stones, a renaissance-like fitting ornament in a rectangular frame leads over to the upper round window. The upper half of this window forms a horseshoe-arched gable with a large-format sun relief. The shape of the sandstone sun relief is accentuated by a border of radially arranged yellow clinker bricks. The base and tip of the pommel decorated gable are particularly emphasized by wing-like fans.
The old Dillingen Castle goes back to a medieval foundation. Remnants of foundations and rising masonry suggest that it is a polygonal complex that was surrounded by watercourses. Around 1600, under Wilhelm Marzloff von Braubach, it was redesigned into a renaissance castle , which was partially destroyed in the course of the Thirty Years' War . From 1789 the builder Balthasar Wilhelm Stengel from Nassau-Saarbrücken converted the complex into a residence for the newly created Duchy of Dillingen. The handicraft market and numerous concerts take place in the old castle of Dillingen every year. It is also possible to get married in the old castle.
By founding a war club in Dillingen in 1868, the plan came up, for the Dillinger killed soldiers of the Prussian campaigns in the Revolution of 1848/49 , in the Schleswig-Holstein War (1848-1851) , in the German-Danish War in 1864 and in German-German War 1866 to erect a memorial.
Due to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 and disagreements between the community of Dillingen and the war club, the monument was not built. Shortly before the First World War , on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm II , the Dillingen municipal council donated a fund of 10,000 marks for the construction of a war memorial, but the chaos of war and subsequent inflation and the global economic crisis from 1928 onwards ruined the plans a second time.
It was only during the time of the League of Nations administration in the Saar region that a memorial building association was established in 1933. The Saarbrücken architect Ludwig Nobis, who had designed the large main post office on Trierer Strasse in Saarbrücken ( Alte Post (Saarbrücken) ) a few years earlier , was won over to the project. The construction was financed by the community of Dillingen, as well as donations and voluntary work done by citizens of Dillingen. The foundation stone was laid on March 18, 1934 on the Dillinger Heiligenberg. The Dillinger Hütte donated the building site.
The names of 300 soldiers killed in the First World War from Dillinger were recorded on the side walls of the crypt. The crypt sarcophagus bore the inscription "He was faithful to death". A relief of soldiers marching east was attached to the front wall. Underneath was the inscription: "YOU DIE FOR GERMANY". Above a monumental crucifix was an inscription on a stone girder: "YOUR SACRIFICE WAS NOT FOR FREE - BECAUSE THE SPIRIT OF ADOLF HITLER OUT OF HIM" The tower bell bore the inscription "My voice should admonish you, worthy show your ancestors". The memorial was inaugurated on November 24, 1935 and included in their propaganda by the new National Socialist local representatives, NS-Ortsgruppenleiter Collet and NS-Kreisleiter Schaub. In the war winter of 1944/45, the monument was destroyed by shelling.
After the annexation of the Saarland to the Federal Republic of Germany, the reconstruction began on May 27, 1957 and the new memorial was inaugurated by Pastor Matthias Weiland on the "Day of German Unity" on June 17, 1958. In the following ceremonial speech, the Saarland Minister of Culture Franz-Josef Röder and the right-wing extremist Colonel a. D. of the Wehrmacht Hans-Ulrich Rudel .
The Nazi emblems on the ruins of the previous building had been removed. Instead, the Saarbrücken artist Richard Eberle created modern sgraffito works on the inner walls of the memorial. The apocalyptic horsemen plague, war, famine and death are depicted on the right wall seen from the entrance . Opposite you can see Christ with scales and tablets of the law as well as a sunk, lamenting woman in front of the ruins of the war, who is comforted by an angel.
In the restored crypt, the central wall was decorated with the mosaic of a grieving mother on a night war cemetery, who sank in pain behind her dead soldier's son. The side walls show u. a. schematically depicted reliefs of destroyed cultural monuments of Western Europe , Egypt , Greece and the Soviet Union .
Above the entrance to the bell hall, which houses the bell and brazier, is carved the post-war inscription “Honor the dead, admonish the living”. The inscription on the stone girder in the crypt "OUR DEAD HERO" from the Nazi era remained unchanged in the post-war construction; likewise the inscription on the sarcophagus ("He was faithful to death"). It is a modification of the seven letters of the biblical Apocalypse of John . In the last New Testament book in the situation of the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperors, the congregation in Smyrna, Asia Minor, is given the admonition: "Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life." (Apk, 2, 10) With the adaptation of the biblical quotation, the fate of the Dillingen soldiers killed in the war is lined up with the nonviolent sacrifice of the first Christians. The sgraffito works with the apocalyptic horsemen by Saarbrücken artist Richard Eberle on the inner walls of the memorial take up the theme again visually.
The site of the memorial had served as the place of execution for the Dillinger rule for centuries. Here was the Dillinger gallows . The area was called Galgenberg . The executed people often remained dangling from the publicly accessible Gallows Hill for a long time and were left to rot, the weather or animals. The last of Dillingen's gallows was a frame made of eight posts with crossbeam connections. On behalf of the Duke of Dillingen and the Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken, the ducal bailiff Charles Kaspar Tenier and the ducal public prosecutor Jean Baptist Veller supervised the installation in October 1789.
In addition, there is an old legend according to which a sunken nunnery should have been here. The Dillingen pastor Philipp Schmitt had erected a high cross at the site of the earlier executions in 1837 as the end of a way of the cross, thus turning the former gallows hill into a calvary. During the construction of the memorial, the high cross was moved about 60 m.
At the base of the cross there is a niche with a stone skull. According to the old legend, you should hear the nuns of the legendary Heiligenberg convent singing here. The inscription "It is finished" is carved into the stone above the skull niche. This corresponds to the sixth of the so-called " Seven Last Words of Jesus " ( Joh 19.30 EU ) According to the general theological view, Jesus does not mean here (or not exclusively) that his life is now coming to an end, but that his work as the redemption of people, for whose sins he gives up his life as an atonement , is now complete.
The skull is said to symbolize the skull of Adam . According to legend, Adam was buried on Golgotha in Jerusalem. The earthquake when Christ died on the cross made his skull visible. This symbolism also refers to Paul ( Rom 5,14 EU ).
The Dillingen water tower in the area of the north waterworks on Berliner Strasse was built from 1975 to 1976. It has two chambers with a capacity of 300 m³ each. The tower height is approx. 50 m (upper edge of the water level approx. 43–44 m).
Due to the geographic location of the city, all phases of the Siegfried Line have left their mark on Dillingen and the surrounding area.
Construction work on the Westwall began in the region on a small scale as early as 1936, but on a large scale only from the beginning of June 1938. The Westwall extended here in a wide arc, initially from Oberwürzbach via St. Ingbert to Lebach and on to the Saar near Dillingen.
On October 9, 1938, on the occasion of an inspection of the Westwall in Saarbrücken , Adolf Hitler announced his decision to include the two cities of Saarbrücken (and Aachen ), which until then had been in the area in front of the fortification, in the Westwall.
While hardly any fortifications were needed in the steep rock valley of the lower Saar , the Primstal from the Saar bank in Dillingen via Diefflen to Lebach was densely populated with bunkers and cusp lines and thus formed the deepest part of the entire west wall.
During a major Siegfried Line inspection of Adolf Hitler (May 14-19, 1939) in the Hindenburg Tower near Berus, the plans for evacuating the Saarland civilian population in the event of war were presented to him and the width of the Red and Green Zone was laid down (Dillingen, Lachten and Diefflen were assigned to the Reds Zone assigned).
On the 27.-28. In July 1939 Hitler inspected the Saarland Siegfried Line for the last time before the start of the war. On one of these inspection trips, Adolf Hitler also visited Dillingen.
According to the position map of the Wehrmacht, there were a total of 165 Siegfried Line systems in the Dillingen area, in an area 5.5 km wide and 7.5 km deep. This was not just about combat systems in the narrower sense, but also ancillary systems. In detail, the total number was made up as follows:
• 90 MG loopholes and casemates with attached combat area in strength B1 and stronger,
• 11 machine gun slots with attached combat area in strength C or less,
• 7 fighting stalls or bunkers without fighting space,
• 21 notch stands with tower (with 3 or 6 notches),
• 3 Pak stands for a 4.7 cm Fortress Pak of Czech origin and Czech twin machine guns,
• 2 battery positions with concrete cannon stands and the 4 associated shelters for the operating team,
• 1 single concrete cannon stand,
• 11 observation points with a concrete shelter,
• 19 artillery observation posts.
In addition, there are a few kilometers of barrel and tank trenches, roadblocks, and cannons and launchers and combat positions that were only set up shortly before or during the fighting at the end of 1944.
Many of the above-mentioned Westwall systems are still preserved, most of which can also be viewed (at least from the outside).
The triptych from the early 16th century from the former furnishings of the chapel in Dillingen Castle is attributed to a previously unknown Dutch master. In the art historical discussion, the name Lucas van Leyden was often suspected, but also doubted. Stylistic comparisons also make an origin from the workshop of Pieter Coecke van Aelst appear plausible. The theme of the middle altarpiece is the Adoration of the Three Magi. The left wing represents the Annunciation to Mary by the Archangel Gabriel, the right wing the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem. The work was restored in the early 1960s. At Christmas time it is publicly exhibited in the Saardom.
Steel sculptures (International Steel Symposium Dillingen)
On the occasion of the 2000th anniversary of the Dillingen district of Lenten , an international steel symposium took place in 1990, which produced contemporary steel sculptures that are freely accessible between Dillingen and the Saar. Five works by five artists were produced in local companies, which were set up along the Saar and on an axis leading into the city center.
1. Alf Lechner : "Dillingen / Leases"; Location: Point of land where the Prim flows into the Saar, Wallerfanger Bridge, 1990, rolled steel, salvaged, cut, each: 5.80 × 2.44 × 11.60 m
“Mating is the prerequisite for life.” With this laconic comment, as well as the title of the double sculpture, its location at the confluence of the Prims and Saar and finally with the art object itself, Alf Lechner refers to the history of the city and the topography of the place. The 2000 year celebration of the city of Dillingen and its oldest district of Lenten was the occasion for an "International Steel Symposium", in which the artist created the duplication as a symbol of both districts. One of the counterparts consists of a bridge-like, curved, rectangular steel plate, on the side of which an attached, straight square rod of the same length leads diagonally upwards. The other counterpart consists of a flat, rectangular steel plate, on the side of which an attached, equally long, curved square rod leads diagonally upwards. Similar things are combined here in pairs to form a unit.
2. Hans-Jürgen Breuste : "Sanctuarie"; Location: Dillingen-Lachten, Saaraue, mooring for passenger ships, south of the Konrad-Adenauer-Brücke, 1990, steel, dimensions per element: 3.00 × 3.20 × 6.00 m
From a total of 15 similar large “rakes” made of steel rails, three similar elements are put together, from which the three-meter-long rails protrude like spikes. Set in the nature of the Saaraue on a rising embankment as floor sculptures, these elements act like bars or barriers. The title of the steel sculpture is derived from the Latin "Sanctuarium" (consecrated place, sanctuary). For Hans-Jürgen Breuste, “'Sanctuarie' is an object of association with the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp and the place where it was set up is a memorial dedicated to this concentration camp ...”. In order to make this reference clear to the viewer, an inscription is quoted from the “Diary of Anne Frank ”, who died in Bergen-Belsen in 1945 at the age of 16. With “Sanctuarie” the artist is continuing earlier works that thematize and remember the terror and murder of the National Socialist dictatorship.
3. Friedrich Gräsel : "Dillinger Cube Variation"; Location: Dillingen-Lachten, Saaraue, embankment between Saar and Ökosee, near Konrad-Adenauer-Brücke, 1990, steel, dimensions: 3.00 × 5.70 × 8.50 m
The "Dillinger cubic variation" (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the "tubular variant") is a tube sculpture. For the floor sculpture in the Saaraue, the artist put eight individual tubular elements together to form a massive object that seems to move through nature like a caterpillar. Another game is that the tube is bent in such a way that a cube appears to be created, which in turn - similar to a folded folding rule - is pulled apart and led in different directions. As an indication of the illusion and as a key to its dissolution, the artist has placed a ninth element next to it: a cylinder in the shape of a steel barrel.
4. Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi : “Acropolis”; Location: Dillingen, Saaraue, fish pond at the city entrance, Konrad-Adenauer-Allee, 1990/1993, steel, dimensions: approx. 1.70 × 3.10 × 7.00 m
In 1993, the last of the steel sculptures that were designed and worked as part of the 1990 “International Steel Symposium” was installed: the walk-in floor sculpture “Acropolis” by originally intended for a cast, but made from cut and welded steel plates Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi. The title “ Akropolis ” (ἀκρόπολις, Greek for “upper town”) alludes to the oldest part of Dillingen, the leasing founded in antiquity ( Contiomagus ). In addition, inspired by the industrial landscape of the Saarland , which is characterized by ironworks, the artist, Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi, decided “to design an 'acropolis' whose architecture has been translated into the industrial age. Ancient symbols mix with mechanical and electronic fragments. My further concern is to create a social sculpture that children and adults can climb, which exists in harmony with nature, where rainwater and earth collect in cracks and hollows, grasses and plants start to grow and birds and other animals are attracted . "
5. Lothar Meßner : "Arcus triplex"; Location: at the entrance to the pedestrian underpass “Überm Berg”, Franz-Méguin-Straße, 1990, steel, dimensions: 3.20 × 2.55 × 6.50 m
Two half-arches made of folded steel girders swing towards each other dynamically, powerfully and easily at the same time and form an asymmetrical arch - a symbol of the relationship between the city of Dillingen and its oldest district. Leasing's 2000 year celebration provided the occasion for the organization of an “International Steel Symposium”, to which Lothar Meßner was invited as the only artist from Saarland. Two smaller arches complement the large arch, they swing around its roots growing out of the ground. The three districts of Dillingen (Diefflen, Pachten, Dillingen) seem to symbolically hook one another. In allusion to the Roman origins of leasing, the artist chose a Latin name for the steel sculpture of the triple arch: "Arcus triplex".
"Acropolis" ( Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi )
"Dillinger Cubes Variation" ( Friedrich Gräsel )
"Sanctuarie" ( Hans-Jürgen Breuste )
"Dillingen / Lechner " ( Alf Lechner )
"Arcus triplex" ( Lothar Meßner )
Sculpture "Viewpoint" ( Richard Serra )
Since 1986 Serra has mainly used heavy plate from the AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke for his steel sculptures, some of which are also formed into sculptures in Dillingen. Viewpoint, a steel sculpture 13 meters wide, 9 meters high and 104 tons total weight, was opened to the public on March 25, 2006. The roundabout at the gatehouse of the Dillinger Hütte in the direction of Saarlouis was chosen as the location, symbolizing the connection between town and hut. The sculpture consists of six curved steel plates, three of which were joined together. Viewed from above, the steel plates form two circular arcs that are slightly spaced apart and can be walked on.
"Odiliensäule" (Lothar Meßner) 1981, basalt and bronze, statue: 2.65 m, location: in front of the Saardom, Odilienplatz
The "Odiliensäule" emerged from a 1980 competition. Coordinated with the facade of the Catholic Church of the Holy Sacrament, the so-called Saardom, Lothar Meßner designed an agglomerate of basalt blocks and cubes as a base for a bronze statue of St. Odilia. This stands on the highest part of the base, worked out as a pedestal, while vertical metal rods protrude from the other parts like stylized votive candles. The slim, calm and serene figure wears the stylized, body-hugging habit of a nun and holds an open Bible in her hands, symbolizing that the saint was of great piety and education.
Odilia was the founder and head of the first women's monastery in Alsace - Hohenburg (Odilienberg). Dillingen probably belonged to this women's monastery as early as the 11th century. Until the 18th century, St. Odilia was the patroness of the oldest church in Dillingen. A figure of Odile belongs to the inventory of the Saardom. The figure in the Saardom is a newly made copy of the original from the 18th century, which has been in the foyer of the Odile School since 1961.
"Odile Fountain" (Peter Gergen)
Erratic boulders, basalt and granite stones, radius 9.25–12.50 m, pedestrian zone Odilienplatz, Stummstraße, around 1975
To liven up the pedestrian zone, the architect Peter Gergen composed a multifaceted fountain landscape. It is partly higher than street level, partly in several layers lower. Basins made of paving stones in flowing shapes, in which fountains gush, pour their water over irregular fields of piled basalt steles into the central basin. Next to it rises a hill of piled boulders. From this, too, water gushes out. Similar to an amphitheater, wide stairs with rounded steps lead into the interior of the complex and invite you to sit and linger.
"Mercury Fountain" (Josef Groß)
Overall: 3.45 × 3.20 m, statue: 1.50 × 0.80 × 0.70 m Dillingen-Lachten, Friedrichstrasse, 1985
In the middle of the round fountain basin, the squat-looking fountain column rises. At about a third of the height, attached lion heads spew the water as a thin stream into the pool. The capital of the column also serves as a pedestal for the statue of the god Mercury - a multiple enlargement of an ancient bronze statuette (height 13.8 cm), which was found in Leases, the Roman Contiomagus, and in the 2nd / 3rd Century AD is dated. In divine nudity, with a pronounced standing leg and free leg, the robe draped over his left shoulder and arm, the Roman god of trade and thieves holds a filled pouch in his right hand and wears the winged hat on his head as a further attribute.
Pachtener Marktplatz fountain
Fountain with a granite ball weighing approx. 6 tons on 8 m high columns, which are surrounded by several water fountains, 2007-2008
Dieffler Fountain (Heinz Oliberius)
Red Breton granite, 8.00 × 3.00 m, Dillingen-Diefflen, Marktplatz, 1987
With his design, Heinz Oliberius was able to convince the jury of a competition announced in 1986 as part of the redesign of the “Diefflen town center”. The area and height of the fountain reacts to the (then) space situation. Carved out of the stone with a powerful differentiation, liveliness and balance that can almost be called baroque, the fountain column asserts itself as an independent sculpture even in the dry winter season. During the warm season the water comes out in many places and pours into the round basin in various ways as a trickle, fizz, jet or curtain. The sponsors were required to use the fountain to express the historical ties between the Diefflen district and its working population and the iron and steel-producing Dillinger Hütte. The round shapes of the fountain sculpture meet this requirement by alluding to rollers and pipes as typical products and a melting furnace as a classic workplace in the iron and steel works.
"Curtain" (Magdalena Grandmontagne)
Lead and oxidation pigments, 1.00 × 2.60 × 0.05 m Dillingen, Altes Schloss, Schlossstrasse, 1999
The lead sculpture was created as part of the Franco-German art project “City - People - Traces. Double regard sur la cité ”on the occasion of the city's 50th anniversary in 1999. It refers to the traditional metalworking of the neighboring Dillinger Hütte as well as to the place where it was installed: the ruins of the old castle, which was destroyed after the Second World War was only partially rebuilt. On the “curtain”, a moveable lead panel hung in the stone portal of the ruin of the south-east wing, there are imprints of historical components. The leaden curtain closes the view into the interior of the ruin, while the traces of the historical fragments allow a seeming glimpse into the past. In the words of the artist: "The artistic means of covering something in order to make it visible again in a changed form, is effective here."
Sourstone Fountain (Paul Schneider)
Source stone with 7 × 7 hollows and a sculpture field with 4 × 4 stones, granite; Well stone: 1.30 × 3.20 × 3.20 m; 16 stones, each: 0.60 × 0.40 × 0.40 m, Dillingen Rosengarten, near Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium, Karcherstraße, 1982
A large granite slab from the Black Forest measuring more than three by three meters, of considerable thickness and sloping downwards, is designed as a source stone and deepened with seven by seven hollows. The water rises at the top and runs down to the front and back. The water flows from one bowl to the other, "... and each one takes and gives at the same time and flows and rests", as with the "Roman Fountain" by Conrad Ferdinand Meyers . A counterpart to the source stone is a square of four by four granite seat stone sculptures. Each of these stone cubes, with a similar basic shape, has an unmistakable individuality - also through the traces and signs that Schneider himself, his son Christoph and his son-in-law Thomas Wojciechowicz have dug into them, together with the initials of the children who work together gathered around the artists.
"After the shift - Les deux camerades" (François Davin)
Steel wire, each 4.70 × 3.10 × 2.00 m, Caritas Hospital, Bypass entrance, in front of the administration building, Plant 4, 2000
Inspired by the great response that his larger-than-life figures woven from willow branches received in 1999 during the art project “City - People - Traces. Double regard sur la cité ”, the city of Dillingen commissioned the French country artist François Davin to create a similar group of figures, but this time from a durable material. The monumental, airy, transparent figures of two workers with elongated legs and undersized heads were created from bent and welded reinforcing iron. In an encouraging gesture, one dynamic figure is fond of the other figure, whose severe tiredness is clearly expressed by the posture.
Facade installation "Agriculture and Industry" at the Odili School
Unknown artist, two facade paintings, 1961, mosaic, colored ceramics, metal, approx. 3.50 × 1.20 m, Dillingen, Odilienschule, Elementary School III, facades left and right of the entrance, Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 69
Two large facade paintings flank the entrance to the school, which was built in the years 1959–1961 under the headmaster Josef Spurk (formerly Mayor of Diefflen) as a Catholic elementary school and named in honor of the Dillingen city saint Odilienschule. Each mural is made up of a flat, irregularly delimited background, which is mosaicked from fragments of colored tiles, and sculptural figures, applied on top, formed from metal wire and sheet metal. The picture “Industry” shows a steel worker and a boy in front of a rather angular and angular contoured background filled with similarly limited partial areas in predominantly blue, red and black. As a counterpart, the picture with the title "Agriculture" shows a woman with a jug on her head and a girl with a jug on her head in front of a rather closed background, which is composed mainly of yellow and blue fragments and includes a stylized tree with fruits Touched shoulder. A small bird has taken place on the girl's hand. A stylized disk of the sun rises above the group. The two murals refer to the history of Dillingen, which was shaped by agriculture and industry.
Local sagas and stories
The pioneer and essential collector of Saarland legends in the first half of the 20th century was the Saarbrücken art historian and folklorist Karl Lohmeyer , who published his first thematic work on Saarland legends in 1924. In 1935 a first overview followed, based on Lohmeyer's own field research . In 1954/55 his extensive two-volume overall presentation of the Saarland sagas was published, which is the most extensive collection of sources and thus the standard work on the subject. In addition, the local history researcher Aloys Lehnert (1888 in Diefflen - 1976 in Dillingen) has dealt intensively with the stories of the Dillingen area.
The sunken monastery on the Heiligenberg in Dillingen
At the base of the high cross on the Heiligenberg there is a niche with a stone skull, the skull of Adam. This alludes to a medieval legend according to which the cross of Christ was erected on Adam's tomb .
At the Heiligenbergkreuz, according to the old legend, if you put your ear to the niche and listen carefully, you should still hear the pious chants of the nuns of the legendary Heiligenberg women's monastery, which, along with the old monastery, are said to have sunk deep in the mountain. A poor Dillinger shepherd once let his flock graze here. Suddenly a rock opened up on the mountain and a mysterious white-clad nun showed the shepherd inside the mountain rich treasures and let him take plenty of them for his seven starving children. The nun had told him that he could come back if he were miserable again and his children were in dire need, but he had to keep strict silence about the miraculous experience. In response to his fervent and pious prayer, the mountain opened up to the shepherd several times. But when the curious wife of the shepherd secretly followed him on his way to the mountain entrance and the silence prescribed by the nun broke, the whole miraculous magic was over and as a punishment the distress returned to the little shepherd's house in Dillingen.
The walled-in woman in Dillingen Castle
The legend tells that earlier at night in Dillingen Castle one would often hear piercing wailing sounds and bitter weeping. A light figure of a white woman floated over the castle courtyard and disappeared into one of the castle towers. This white woman was the spirit of the beautiful but faithless wife of the Dillinger knight. She had often betrayed the knight in his absence. When the repeated adultery came to light, the angry Dillinger knight had his faithless wife walled up alive in one of the thick castle towers, where she then perished in her damp and dark dungeon.
The fisherman and the sneezer on the "Red Sea"
The so-called “Red Sea”, a stagnant body of water that used to be rich in fish, to the left of the path from Dillingen to Niederlimberg, was a popular fishing spot. According to legend, a passionate fisherman indulged his passion here on a holy Good Friday , disregarding the holiday rest. But the holiday molester was not without punishment. He didn't catch anything all Good Friday morning, but just at the hour of Jesus' death he noticed something in his lifting twine. When he had brought it up with difficulty, he was horrified to see an ominous man emerging from the water, who disappeared again shortly afterwards. But disregarding the divine warning, the fisherman threw his net again. This time, too, the eerie ghost was back online. The fisherman then left the "Red Sea" in fear. When he got home, he immediately had to go to bed and died the same day as a punishment for his crime.
A sinful man is said to have been banned near the “Red Sea”, and as a punishment he always has to sneeze loudly and clearly when a hiker passed by. The people passing by used to say in contempt of the banished sinner: “God shit deisch!” (God shame you!). But once a little innocent girl came by who knew nothing about any of this. When she heard the unfortunate spirit sneeze loudly, she exclaimed cheerfully and in friendly habit: “God see Deisch!” (God bless you!). Through this pious wish for a blessing, the banished spirit was immediately redeemed and was never heard again.
On March 16, 2013, ten stumbling blocks were laid in three parts of the city . They are located at Düppenweilerstraße 35 in Diefflen, Heiligenbergstraße 21 and Hüttenwerkstraße 7 in Dillingen and leased in Straße In der Lach 5. On March 17th, a commemoration ceremony for the murdered Dillingen Jews took place. So far, the fate of 50 of the 150 Jews in Dillingen is known.
Ancient and early Middle Ages
In the years 1891 and 1935, systematic archaeological excavations of the Provincial Museum of the Prussian Rhine Province took place under the direction of Felix Hettner , Hans Lehner , Hans Graeven and Emil Krüger on leases. An extensive Roman civilian settlement was discovered between today's railway facilities in the east and in the area of Wilhelmstrasse. A Franconian burial district was also found near the medieval village church of St. Maximin , which was probably laid out near a late Roman burial site. The Roman burial ground in Margarethenstrasse was discovered by chance in 1950 and excavated by the Saarland Conservatory until the 1960s. More than 500 graves with three to 14 grave goods each were discovered. Of particular importance are terracotta figures , which presumably all come from children's graves and are interpreted as toys.
The following cemeteries exist in Dillingen:
- Dillingen cemetery, St. Johann
The St. Johann cemetery is the oldest still existing cemetery in the Dillingen municipality. It has its origins in the construction of the medieval first Dillingen parish church St. Odilia and the surrounding churchyard around the year 1000. The cemetery that immediately surrounded the church was rebuilt in 1878 behind today's Johanneskirche. The old graves that had been dug around the church were leveled from 1922. A crucifixion group that was located in the old cemetery chapel was transferred to the Saardom in 1927 on the occasion of the “Eucharistic Congress” , where it has since been located in the northern tower chapel. The old cemetery chapel, the so-called "Kerperheisjen", was destroyed in the war winter of 1944/45. The cemetery has only been interdenominational since 1935. Before that, corpses of Protestant denomination were buried separately in the cemetery.
The soldiers who were buried here after the Second World War in a section of the St. Johann cemetery known as the “Ehrenfriedhof” were later reburied in the forest cemetery on the Pachten Heide.
The so-called Hillenkreuz in the cemetery was erected in 1872. The pastor and dean Johann Peter Hillen (1832-1911) from Dillingen was buried at his feet. Johann Peter Hillen is the builder of the parish church St. Maximin in lease and initiator of the construction of the Saardome .
The morgue from 1872 was replaced by a modern new building in 1961/62. Since 1967, all corpses of the associated city district have to be laid out here, whereas they had previously been kept in the respective homes until burial.
- Dillingen cemetery, forest cemetery
For the war graves, which were moved from the St. Johann cemetery to the new forest cemetery, the Trier landscape architect Helmut Ernst, who was responsible for the overall concept, designed an honorary grave field with a group of crosses (dimensions: 5.50 × 2.10 × 2.10 m). The forest cemetery was inaugurated in 1985, but the expansion work was largely completed by the end of 1978. For the approx. 200 war graves, the new facility was built in a forest clearing. The honorary grave field with radially arranged, uniformly designed, simple grave crosses is grouped around a lowered, paved, oval square. The grave field is cut through by four paths that cross in the middle of the oval. At the intersection, a tall, narrow group of four Latin crosses rises, which are aligned with the paths and touch in the center of the complex on the crossbars. The steel sculpture was made by Dillinger Hütte using Corten steel , which was still little known at the time and only found its way into the fine arts and landscape architecture in the years that followed.
- Diefflen cemetery
The cemetery was laid out in 1904 on the Bawelsberg as a denominational Catholic cemetery for the parish of St. Josef and St. Wendelin by Pastor Richard Brenner and inaugurated on October 4, 1905. The cemetery originally had a special place for non-Catholics, unbaptized and suicides. From the 14th century to 1905, all the dead in the Diefflen community were buried in the Nalbach cemetery, which had been laid out around the local parish church of St. Peter and Paul since the 11th century. Today's listed cemetery hall was built in 1965 by the architect Konrad Schmitz, who made a name for himself between 1961 and 1963 with the design of the listed Maria Trost church on the Pachtener Heide, and was inaugurated on June 24, 1967. Until then, the dead had been laid out in the respective mourning house.
The architectural exterior of the Dieffler Friedhofshalle is based on the Barcelona Pavilion designed by German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in 1929. The slope side of the cemetery hall is surrounded by a covered balcony. The walls are designed as diamond blocks made of concrete, with glazed and solid diamond blocks alternating like a chessboard. While the burial chambers are located in the flat-roofed part, a four-sided dome made of cathedral glass strips alternating with supporting metal elements rises above the funeral hall . Storage and technical rooms are located in the basement, accessible at ground level on the Hanseatic side. The hall was extensively renovated in 2012 for 135,000 euros.
The cemetery , the largest Jewish cemetery in Saarland, is located on the edge of the Hüttenwald forest on Dillinger Straße. About 470 tombstones have been preserved. In 1746, the ducal Lorraine official Charles Francois Dieudonné de Tailfumyr, Seigneur de Cussigny et Président à Mortier, bought the Dillingen estate. He was a baptized Jew and showed his Jew-friendly policy by the permission granted in 1755 to create a Jewish cemetery on the edge of the Dillinger Forest on the Dieffler ban border in an area of approx. 90 ares. The initiative came from the Saarlouis Jews Hayem, Zerf von Worms and Elias Reutlinger, who had to pay an annual interest of 25 Lorraine francs. In the same year 1755, the first deceased were buried.
In 1852 the cemetery was enlarged. It was destroyed in 1938 during the Nazi era . It was restored in 1946.
In 1964, a burial place for over 50 Polish, Russian and one Croatian slave laborers from the Nazi era was created in the rear part of the cemetery. The memorial stone bears the inscription "Homeless and abandoned, they found their final resting place in strange earth."
- Diefflen Cemetery of Honor
During the Second World War, a provisional military cemetery was set up by the local commandant at the exit of Diefflen in the direction of Nalbach am Beienberg, where some of the German soldiers who died in the Dillingen area found their final resting place. Many of those who fell during the heavy fighting over the Siegfried Line in this section between December 1944 and March 1945 were buried in field graves without coffins because of the ongoing American shell fire were later reburied in the still provisional Diefflen military cemetery. At the end of the war, 211 soldiers were buried here. Among the buried there were 25 Wehrmacht soldiers who were previously unidentifiable due to serious mutilation. Soldiers who had been buried successfully during the firing breaks were also lying in the communal cemeteries: 2 in Diefflen, 21 in Nalbach, 21 in Piesbach, 3 in Bilsdorf and 59 in Körprich. 40 soldiers were buried in American soldiers. They were exhumed in February 1946 on the orders of the US occupation forces and reburied in wooden boxes in military cemeteries in Luxembourg and France, as they did not want their final resting place in hostile soil.
In 1953 the previously provisional cemetery was laid out as a 1700 m² grave field of honor and inaugurated in a ceremony by the Saarland Minister of the Interior Edgar Hector and the local mayor Josef Spurk. As in the military cemetery area of the Lenten cemetery, the sculptor Yvonne Weiand, who comes from Dillingen, designed the sculptures of the grave complex.
- Cemetery leases
The old cemetery around the old Romanesque church in Lenten was expanded in 1855 and 1905 and the ground was raised in 1887, as the graves did not reach the depth required by law. The cemetery was leveled in 1938. As early as 1922, a large new cemetery was laid out at the northern exit of Lenten. The cemetery got a modern morgue in 1955. The Dillingen architect Konrad Schmitz, who also designed the listed morgue in Diefflen and the Maria Trost church on Pachtener Heide , made the plan. In 1967 the hall was expanded by the Dillingen city building authority. After the Second World War , an honorary grave field was laid out in the Lenten cemetery, where some of the German soldiers who died in Dillingen and Lenten were buried. The sculptor Yvonne Weiand, who came from Dillingen, designed the grave crosses.
"New Castle" Dillingen (built for the hut director Otto Weinlig , early 20th century)
The largest facility, the Stadtpark, is also an event space. The town hall is located in it and in the park itself there is a concert shell that can accommodate music and theater events.
In a residential area and directly adjacent to the Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium is the rose garden with a work of art by Paul Schneider.
The "Kröppen" park is located at the southern entrance to the city. The “ White Fathers Square ” (horse meadow), a large meadow on Werderstrasse surrounded by hedges, can also be used for relaxation. The forest cemetery is laid out like a park and is located in the north of Dillingen. The allotment garden “Überm Berg” and the sunbathing lawns in the outdoor pool are also ideal places to relax in nature.
The Dillinger Hüttenwald is a mixed forest area of around 300 hectares in the northeast of Dillingen city center. It owes its name to the Dillinger Hütte and is in their possession. Originally it belonged to the aristocracy of Dillingen with its seat in the old castle . In addition to the Dillinger Memorial and the Jewish Cemetery, there is also a Marienkapelle of the Schoenstatt Movement from the time after the Second World War in the Hüttenwald . In the chapel - surrounded by numerous votive tablets - there is a copy of the miraculous image of the Mater Ter Admirabilis , the original of which (Refugium Peccatorum Madonna) was made by the Italian painter Luigi Crosio (1835–1915) in 1898.
In the forest there are numerous bunkers of the west wall .
Indoor swimming pool
The swimmer's pool of the indoor pool is 25.00 mx 12.50 m in size, 1.80 m - 3.80 m deep and has a water temperature of 29 ° C. The diving tower has diving boards up to 5 meters. The non-swimmer pool has a size of 11.50 mx 12.50 m and depths of 0.85 to 1.25 meters and a water temperature of 31 ° C. The non-swimmer pool has a toddler slide, gargoyles and massage jets. The bathroom is designed to be handicapped accessible with barrier-free access, a changing room for the handicapped, a toilet for the handicapped and a pool lift. A baby changing room was set up. The indoor pool has a restaurant in the entrance area.
The Dillingen outdoor pool is located in the Haienbachtal on the edge of the forest and has large sunbathing areas. It has four water basins that are solar heated. The swimming pool has an Olympic length of 50 m and a width of 21 m with a pool depth between 1.80 and 2.40 m. It has eight lanes and a handicapped stainless steel entrance staircase.
The non-swimmer pool consists of a stainless steel tub on an area of 1050 m² with water depths between 0.60 and 1.35 m and two slides. The large slide is approx. 45 m long and starts at 4.50 m high. Another slide is 2 m wide.
The diving pool has a size of 18 meters × 16 meters and a depth of 4.50 meters. It has a diving tower with diving boards at heights of 1 meter and 3 meters, jumping platforms of 1 meter, 3 meters, 5 meters, 7.5 meters and the only 10 meter diving platform in Saarland. The paddling pool has a size of 360 m² and a depth of 10 to 30 cm.
- several fishing ponds
- Beach volleyball field at the Park Stadium
- Boules in the Babelsberg Stadium and in the Weiß-Kreuz Stadium
- Gymnastics hall Odile school
- Dog dressage course
- Canoe route on the Saar
- Bowling alleys in the Diefflen parish hall and in the town hall
- District sports hall of the Saarlouis district in Dillingen / Saar (high-performance center of the Saarland Gymnastics Association for apparatus gymnastics)
- Pool billiard system in the White Cross Stadium
- Riding facility (outdoor facility and halls) in the flax field leases
- Roman hall (multi-purpose hall) in lease
- Shooting range in the Diefflen sports hall
- Schützenhaus überm Berg
- Schützenhaus in the leasing sports center
- Ship model pond "In the Steinen"
- Sports hall west
- Sports hall Diefflen
- Sports hall in Merziger Strasse
- Stadium paper mill
- Park stadium (grass pitch)
- Babelsberg Stadium
- Flachsfeld Stadium
- Dillingen tennis facility "At the swimming pool"
- Diefflen tennis facility
- Tennis facility leases
- Gym primary school
- Philipp-Schmitt-Schule gymnasium
- Roman school gymnasium
- Gym Odile School
- Gyms of the Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium
Other leisure facilities
In Dillingen there is an ice rink, a glider airfield and a sports harbor. The hut forest adjacent to the north serves as a local recreation area.
Also in the function of a local recreation area, the Dillinger Ökosee was created in the 1980s as an ecological compensation area for the Saar expansion . The lake itself may not be used directly for ecological reasons, but a 3.6 km long circular hiking trail leads around the lake. Since 2004 the lake has been an EU bird sanctuary according to the Fauna-Flora-Habitat Directive . Between 2006 and 2014, the NABU Saarlouis / Dillingen redesigned the shore zones and the island of the lake to optimize the biotope function. Several hundred meters of steeply sloping bank zones were flattened and the island was partially pushed below water level, re-modeled and shallow water zones and deep spots created. An observation hill was built for visitors on the east bank.
Theater and congresses
The Dillinger Stadthalle with its full stage has been used for theater performances and congresses since the 1960s . The town hall on Pachtener Straße was built in the town garden between 1958 and 1962.
The town hall was opened on November 30th / 1. Opened December 1962 with the musical comedy “Fireworks” by Paul Burkhard and prominent protagonists. The director of this first opening performance in Dillingen was Erik Ode , the stage design was done by Jan Schlubach , actors were: Blanche Aubry , Karl Schönböck , Christian Wolff , Hilde Sessak , Dorothea Wieck , Brigitte Mira and Benno Hoffmann . The first opera performance took place on January 10, 1963 with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera drama Il dissoluto punito ossia il Don Giovanni , staged by Hermann Wedekind and under the musical direction of Philipp Wüst .
In addition to a theater hall, the town hall offers a number of side rooms, so that it is also suitable for congresses, trade fairs and exhibitions. The large hall covers 345 m², the stage 180 m². With theater seating, 754 seats (including gallery) are available. The two foyers have an area of 960 m² (lower foyer 690 m², upper foyer 270 m²). A conference room can be separated in the lower foyer. The common room offers 180 seats for theater events. The city hall has a bistro with a terrace facing the city park. The building was designed by the architects Kurt Baldauf from Dillingen, Klaus Hoffmann from Saarlouis and Erwin Klein from Saarlouis. The interior was designed by the Austrian interior architect and furniture designer Herta-Maria Witzemann in collaboration with Wolfgang Stadelmaier and Karl Meier from the State Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart . At about the same time, Witzemann designed the furnishings for the Chancellor's bungalow in Bonn and the Federal Republic's guest house on the Petersberg in Bonn. The wall design of the foyer designed by the Munich artist Blasius Spreng from the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich in encaustic technique. Immediately beforehand, Spreng had made a name for himself with the overall artistic design of the Stuttgart Liederhalle . The former hotel wing is used for training purposes by the adult education center.
The Römerhalle in Pachten is a multi-purpose hall for sports, culture and social events. With concert seating, the room (hall: 370 m², stage: 65 m²) offers 500 seats.
The Diefflen parish hall on Dillinger Straße is a hall for cultural and social events. The main hall (hall: 270 m², stage: 45 m²) offers 288 seats with concert seating. The former mayor's administration rooms and the former council chamber of the formerly independent municipality of Diefflen are located on the upper floor of the parish hall. There is a restaurant on the ground floor.
Since 2008, the city of Dillingen has had the listed Dillingen locomotive shed built in 1900 as an additional event hall.
Peter Gill, who had seen films by the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière at the Paris World Exhibition in 1900 , opened the Union-Lichtspiele in Dillingen on July 8, 1911.
The "Cinematographen-Theater Helios" was founded in 1917 at Hüttenwerkstrasse 26/28. From 1928 the “Alhambra” cinema was built there. After the Second World War it was reopened in 1949. Its administrator was initially Henry Marx, from 1953 the "United Filmtheater Hermann Märzen oHG". The "Alhambra" initially had 420, later 475 seats. The cinema was in operation until the early 1970s. After its closure, the building stood empty for a long time and is currently used as a commercial building.
The Apollo Theater at Hüttenwerkstrasse 15 offered space for up to 300 spectators. In 1955 the "Europa-Palast" opened. The cinema with two halls and equipment from the 1950s has been closed since 2016. The Scala-Lichtspiele in Johannesstraße 46 opened in 1960.
Almost 100 clubs are active in the city of Dillingen.
- Otto Friedrich Weinlig (1867–1932), General Director of Dillinger Hütte and first alderman of the Dillingen community, honorary citizenship in 1918
- Josef Deilmann, chief physician at the Dillingen Hospital, was granted honorary citizenship in 1954
- Paul Desfossez, director of the hut, granted honorary citizenship in 1954
- Joseph Roederer, director of the hut, granted honorary citizenship in 1954
- Peter Lamar, Honorary Mayor, Director of Roundabouts, Honorary Citizenship in 1968
- Aloys Lehnert (1888–1976), senior teacher at the Dillinger Gymnasium, promoter of cultural life in Dillingen, local researcher, honorary citizenship awarded in 1968
- Jean Mesqui, director of the hut, granted honorary citizenship in 1968
- Klara Kunz, Venerable Sister Maria Richardis, née Klara Kunz, 50 years of charitable work as a Franciscan in outpatient nursing, honorary citizenship awarded in 1968
- Albert Kremer, rector of the Roman school, city council member and local history researcher, granted honorary citizenship in 1976
- Alois Lauer (1901–1984), manufacturer, co-founder and first chairman of the Dillingen branch of the NSDAP (since June 30, 1932), since November 23, 1933 leader of the " German Front " in the Dillingen municipal council. Alois Lauer is the founder of the Alois Lauer Foundation, endowment. Honorary citizenship granted in 1976
- Roland de Bonneville (1930–2007), CFO from 1974, CEO of Dillinger Hütte from 1989, honorary citizenship in 2007
Sons and Daughters of the City (selection)
- Joseph Peter Audebert (1848–1933), naturalist
- Siegfried Alkan (1858–1941), composer
- Rudolf Schmidt (1875–1943), Brandenburg journalist, local historian and regional historian
- Albert Korn (1880–1965), nature and local poet
- Aloys Lehnert (1888–1976), grammar school teacher and regional historian
- Jakob Burger (1896–1944), social democrat, victim of National Socialism
- Johann Jacob Kindt-Kiefer (1905–1978), politician, publicist and entrepreneur, advisor to Konrad Adenauer
- Edeltraut Klapproth (1909–2005), painter and author
- Reinhold Kluthe (1928–2007), internist, nephrologist and nutritionist
- Ursula Hansen (* 1935), doctor and politician (CDU)
- Helmut Feld (1936–2020), university professor, theologian and church historian
- Maria Geroldine Dörpinghaus (* 1937), Catholic nun and painter of the Ars Sacra
- Margret Maria Baltes (1939–1999) psychologist and gerontologist
- Gerd Udo Feller (* 1943), actor, speaker and theater director
- Max-Peter Ratzel (* 1949), Director of the European Police Authority Europol
- Klaus Kessler (* 1951), politician (B 90 / The Greens)
- Raimund Fellinger (1951–2020), editor and editor
- Karl-Heinz Schommer (* 1953), architect
- Matthias Kniesbeck (1955–2018), actor and director
- Andreas Rothkopf (* 1955), organist, pianist and music teacher
- Jan Spurk (* 1956), sociologist, author, University of Paris V
- Wolfram G. Zoller (* 1956), internist and gastroenterologist
- Klaus Wilhelm Maria Kell (* 1959), classical and Roman provincial archaeologist
- Peter Jost (* 1960), musicologist
- Vera Bourgeois (* 1961), artist
- Thomas Kautenburger (* 1961), actor and author
- Günter Hermann Ewen (1962–1999), criminal and gunman
- Petra Berg (* 1964), lawyer and politician (SPD)
- Wolfgang Hau (* 1968), legal scholar
- Petra Scherer (* 1970), politician (SPD)
- Michael Müller-Kasztelan (* 1981), opera singer (tenor)
Personalities who worked in this city (selection)
- Charles Henri Gaspard de Lenoncourt Marquis de Blainville († 1713), Lorraine nobleman, Lord of Dillingen, founder of the Dillinger Hütte in 1685
- Philipp Wilhelm Justus von Mandell (1741–1828), court marshal in Saarbrücken, mayor of Saarbrücken, lord of Dillingen
- Ludwig (1745–1794), last Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken from 1768 until the French Revolution, Duke of Dillingen
- Johann Adam Knipper the Elder (1746–1811), 1789–1790 site manager for the renovation work on Dillingen Castle
- Balthasar Wilhelm Stengel (1748–1824), architect of the renovation work on the old castle in Dillingen (1789–1790)
- Katharina Kest (1757–1829), Imperial Countess of Ottweiler, Duchess of Dillingen
- Jean Louis Piette (1767–1833), Dillingen paper manufacturer
- Heinrich Böcking (1785–1862), Bergrat, Mayor of Saarbrücken
- Carl Friedrich Stumm (1798–1848), entrepreneur
- Louis Piette (1803–1862), Dillingen paper manufacturer
- Prosper Joseph Maria Piette (1806–1872), Dillingen paper manufacturer
- Philipp Schmitt (1805–1856), pastor of St. Johann and archaeologist
- Charles-Nicolas Peaucellier (1832–1913), inventor and French general, buried in the Dillinger Defrance crypt before being exhumed in 1929
- Johann Peter Hillen (1832–1911), pastor of Dillingen, builder of the parish church St. Maximin in lease
- Carl Ferdinand von Stumm-Halberg (1836–1901), chairman of the supervisory board of Dillinger Hütte
- Eduard Sigismund Böcking (1842–1916), industrialist, board member of Dillinger Hütte , builder of the slag mill
- Julius Wilhelm Imandt (1846–1915), Catholic theologian, chaplain in Dillingen, Dillinger Kulturkampfpriest
- Wilhelm Hector (1855–1918), architect, builder of the churches of St. Josef in Diefflen and St. Maximin in leases
- Otto Günther-Naumburg (1856–1941), Charlottenburg landscape and architecture painter and university professor
- Wilhelm Franz (1864–1948), builder of the Dillingen town hall and university professor
- August Rudolf de Haas (1864–1931), pastor, construction of the first Protestant church and the Protestant school in Dillingen
- Otto Friedrich Weinlig (1867–1932), industrialist, from 1899 to 1907 technical director of Dillinger Hütte
- Mathias Joseph Prior (1870–1946), pastor in Dillingen, builder of the Saardome
- Peter Marx (architect) (1871–1958), architect, builder of the Saardome
- Angelika Merkelbach-Pinck (1885–1972), sister of Louis Pinck , Lorraine folklorist, headmistress of the girls' school in Dillingen
- Gustav Regulator (1898–1963), writer
- Nikolaus Fox (1899–1946), folklorist from the Saarland and teacher
- György Lehoczky (1901–1979), architect and church window painter , designer of the post-war windows in the Saardom
- Gotthard Franz (1904–1991), civil engineer and university professor, built the Saar Bridge in Dillingen in 1954
- Franz-Josef Röder (1909–1979), Minister-President of Saarland from 1959 to 1979, senior director of studies at the Dillinger Gymnasium
- Edvard Frank (1909–1972), painter
- Blasius Spreng (1913–1987), painter, sculptor, glass painter and mosaicist, artistic designer of the interiors of the town hall (Dillingen)
- Nikolaus Schreiner (1914–2007), politician (SPD), labor director at Dillinger Hütte
- Willi Graf (1918–1943, execution), later member of the Christian motivated resistance group White Rose , completed the Reich labor service in Dillingen in 1937 in the RAD camp “Irminsul” Graf expressed his negative attitude towards National Socialism during the Dillingen Reich Labor Service in his Dillinger letters and diary entries .
- Richard Eberle (1918–2001), visual artist and art educator
- Herta-Maria Witzemann (1918–1999), interior designer and furniture designer, designer of the interior design of the Dillinger Stadthalle
- Manfred Schäfer (1921–1999), economist and Saarland finance minister and economics minister
- Brunhilde Peter (1925–2014), politician (SPD), Minister of the Saarland from 1985–1991
- Karl Hanus (1927–2013), engineer and architect, builder of the listed Papst-Haasper residential complex on Fischerberg
- Hans Moretti (1928–2013), Dillinger magician
- Siegfried Pollack (1929–2018), metal and graphic designer, painter, 1967–1991 art teacher at the Dillinger Gymnasium
- Berthold Budell (1929–2010), natural scientist, educator, Saarland Minister for the Environment
- Albert André (1930–2014), Monsignor , had his official seat as the regional dean of the former Trier diocese region Saar-Hochwald in Dillingen.
- Roland de Bonneville (1930–2007), French manager, worked for Dillinger Hütte from 1954
- Clemens Kremer (1930–2000), composer and writer, lecturer at the Saarland music academy
- Werner Bauer (artist) (* 1934), light and kinetics artist, artistic designer of the interiors of the new Dillingen town hall
- Franz-Josef Reichert (1934–2012), art historian and journalist, radio program director for Saarland Radio
- Walter Gawletta (1935–2000), football player at VfB Dillingen
- Heinz Oliberius (1937–2001), sculptor, designer of the Dieffler village fountain
- Francis Mer (* 1939), Minister of Industry and French Economy Minister
- Peter Latz (* 1939), landscape architect and university professor
- Richard Serra (* 1939), US-American sculptor, creator of the Dillinger sculpture "Viewpoint"
- Erika Ternes (* 1941), Dillinger politician (SPD)
- Peter Hartz (* 1941), German manager, namesake of the Hartz reforms, head of personnel at Dillinger Hütte
- Matthias Krings (* 1943) TV presenter, singer, actor and producer, lives in Dillingen and Luxembourg
- Oskar Lafontaine (* 1943), politician of the Left Party, spent his childhood in Dillingen-Lachten
- Hans Walter Lorang (* 1945), Moselle-Franconian dialect poet and singer, teacher in Dillingen
- Hans Bollinger (* 1949), teacher at the comprehensive school in Dillingen and musician (music group "Espe")
- Karlheinz Blessing (* 1957), Federal Managing Director of the SPD, CEO of Dillinger Hütte
- Ottmar Dillenburg (* 1961), General Praeses of the international Kolping Society, pastor in Dillingen from 1998 to 2005
- Dagmar Heib (* 1963), Dillingen politician (CDU)
- Jens Gerlach (* 1970), soccer player at VfB Dillingen
- Sergei Wladimirowitsch Charkow (* 1970), former Russian gymnast and three-time Olympic champion , sports teacher in Dillingen
- Adam Matuschyk (* 1989), Polish soccer player, VfB Dillingen until 2003
- Wolfgang Adler, Monika Schwarz: News about the late period of the Roman vicus Contiomagus (Dillingen leases). In: Landesarchäologie Saar 2005–2009. Volume 2 of the series Monument Preservation in Saarland. Saarbrücken 2010, p. 217 ff.
- Maria Daniela Alecu, Peter Robert Franke: The Roman coin find of Dillingen leases 1968. In: Contributions to archeology and art history. 16. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments in Saarland 1969. Saarbrücken 1969, p. 141 ff.
- AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (publisher): For the 275th anniversary of Dillinger Hütte - 1685–1960. Dillingen 1960.
- AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (publisher): 300 years of Dillinger Hütte - a look back. Dillingen 1985.
- AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (Ed.): 325 years of Dillinger Hütte. Dillingen 2010.
- Georg Baltzer: The history of the city of Saarlouis and its immediate surroundings. Saarlouis 1865.
- Wolfgang Behringer, Gabriele Clemens: History of the Saarland. Munich 2009, p. 114.
- Günther Bellmann, Armin Jost: The old parish - history of the parish St. Johann Dillingen. History workshop Dillingen / Saar e. V., Dillingen 2010.
- Heinrich Beyer: Document book on the history of the Middle Rhine territories now forming the Prussian administrative districts of Coblenz and Trier. 3 volumes, Koblenz 1860–1874.
- H. Brunner: An Egyptian statuette from leases. In: Contributions to Saarland archeology and art history. 11. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments 1964. Saarbrücken 1964, p. 59 ff.
- Georg Colesie: witch trials at the high court of Nalbach. In: Journal for the history of the Saar region, 17/18, 1969/1970.
- Georg Colesie: History of the Nalbach Valley - A Saarland local history. Nalbach 1990.
- Heinz Cüppers, among others: The Romans on the Moselle and Saar - evidence of Roman times in Lorraine, Luxembourg, in the Trier area and in Saarland. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 1983.
- Erhard Dehnke: The Roman coins from leases. In: Contributions to Saarland archeology and art history. 11. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments 1964. Saarbrücken 1964, p. 51 ff.
- Johannes Dräger, Stefan Reuter: The Siegfried Line in the Dillingen area from 1936 until today. History workshop Dillingen / Saar e. V., Dillingen 2006.
- Förderverein Heimatmuseum Pachten (Hrsg.): The Roman Pachten and its surroundings. Dillingen 1990.
- Peter Robert Franke: Leases: The oldest cotton find north of the Alps (300 AD). In: Contributions to archeology and art history. 16. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments in Saarland 1969. Saarbrücken 1969, p. 161 ff.
- Gerhard Franz: The victory of the naysayers, 50 years after the vote on the Saar Statute. Blieskastel 2005, p. 181.
- Dillingen / Saar volunteer fire department (ed.): 100 years of Dillingen / Saar volunteer fire department. History of the Dillingen / Saar volunteer fire brigade on the occasion of its 100th anniversary 1864–1964, also taking into account the 100-year history of the volunteer fire brigade's leases 1862–1962, without information on location or year.
- Dillingen / Saar volunteer fire brigade (ed.): 125 years of Dillingen volunteer fire brigade. 1864-1989. History of the Dillingen / Saar fire brigade on the occasion of its 125th anniversary 1864–1989, also taking into account the past of the leasing fire brigade, Diefflen fire brigade and the Dillinger Hüttenwerke fire brigade, Dillingen 1989.
- Helmut Fries: The Saarland in Roman times. Volume 1 of the series Saarlandhefte of the Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland, Saarbrücken 1999.
- Edith Glansdorp: The cemetery “Margarethenstrasse” in Dillingen-Lachten. Studies of Gallo-Roman funeral customs. Habelt, Bonn 2005, ISBN 3-7749-3360-X
- Michael Glaser: Archaeological explorations in Saarland - first part. Museum of Prehistory and Early History, Saarbrücken 2000.
- Adam Goerz: Mittelrheinische Regesten of the two administrative districts Coblenz and Trier, 4 volumes, Coblenz 1879–1886.
- Maximilian Gritzner: The nobility of German Lorraine. In: Siebmacher's Wappenbuch. Volume 2, 11th section, Nuremberg 1873.
- Hermann van Ham: Contributions to the history of the stock corporation of the Dillinger Hüttenwerke - 1685-1935. Astra-Werke, Saarlautern 1935.
- Petra Held, Kurt W. Alt: Anthropological evaluation of the skeletal finds from the former cemetery at the St. Maximin Church in Dillingen-Lachten. Fund years 2007 and 2008. In: Landesarchäologie Saar 2005–2009. Volume 2 of the series Monument Preservation in Saarland. Saarbrücken 2010, p. 243 ff.
- Franz Hennes: Leased field names. Dillingen 1977.
- Hans-Walter Herrmann : Final battle and breakthrough in the Saar area 1944/45. In: History and Landscape. 1964, No. 48, local supplement of the Saarbrücker Zeitung
- Ernst Hollstein: A Roman dike from Dillingen, Saarlouis district. In: Contributions to archeology and art history, Department of Soil Monument Preservation. 21. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments in Saarland 1974. Saarbrücken 1974, p. 101 ff.
- Kurt Hoppstädter : The castle in Dillingen. In: Historical regional studies of the Saarland. From hand ax to winding tower. ed. v. Kurt Hoppstädter u. Hans-Walter Herrmann , Volume 1 with the assistance of Erhard Dehnke, Saarbrücken 1960, pp. 148–151.
- Armin Jost, Stefan Reuter: Dillingen in the Second World War. History workshop Dillingen / Saar, Dillingen 2002.
- August Hermann Jungk: Regesta on the history of the former Nassau-Saarbrück country. 2 parts, in: Communications of the historical association for the Saar region (13), 1914 and (14), 1919.
- Catholic parish of St. Josef Diefflen (Ed.): 100 years of the parish church of St. Josef Diefflen 1900/2000. Dillingen 2000.
- Catholic rectory Holy Sacrament (Ed.): "50 Years Saardom", Dillingen 1963.
- Klaus Kell, Manfred Kunter: The Roman fire burial ground of Dillingen-Lachten (Saarlouis district). State Conservatory Office, Saarbrücken 1994.
- Walter Kiefer: Dillingen (Saar), photos from yesterday and today (1890–1980). Saarbrücken printing and publishing house, 1983.
- Walter Kiefer: Leases - Dillingen - Diefflen, pictures of yesterday and today (1885–1985). Self-published, undated
- Walter Kiefer: Dillingen, hut and garden city - 100 years of photo documents. Self-published, 1996.
- Martin Klewitz : Castle and Palace Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1974.
- Erich Labouvie: Studies on the syntax of the dialect of Dillingen on the Saar. Marburg, Elwert'sche Verlagbuchhandlung 1938.
- Johann Christian Lager: Documented history of the Mettlach Abbey. Trier 1875.
- Aloys Lehnert: Festschrift on the occasion of the granting of city rights to the municipality of Dillingen-Saar on September 1, 1949. Dillingen / Saar 1949.
- Aloys Lehnert: Festschrift on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Dillinger Realgymnasium and the inauguration of the new building in Dr.-Prior-Straße. Dillingen 1953.
- Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968.
- Aloys Lehnert: Local history yearbook of the Saarlouis district. Saarlouis 1960.
- Willibrord Lithardt: Katharina Margaretha Kest from Fechingen called Gänse-Gretel - Baroness and Countess of Ottweiler, Duchess of Dillingen, Princess of Nassau-Saarbrücken. In: Brebach-Fechingen then and now. published by the community of Brebach-Fechingen, 1973.
- Karl Lohmeyer: Balthasar Wilhelm Stengel, the chief building director of Prince Ludwig of Saarbrücken. Saarbrücken 1910.
- Karl Lohmeyer: Southwest German gardens of the baroque and romanticism. Saarbrücken 1937.
- Hermann Maisant: The Saarlouis district in prehistoric and early history. Volume 9 of the Saarbrücken contributions to antiquity. Habelt Verlag, Bonn 1971.
- Ulrich Meisser: Dillingen - the face of a city. Krüger Druck + Verlag GmbH, Dillingen 1987.
- Ralph Melcher (ed.): At a holy place - Roman cults and sanctuaries on the Saar. Krüger Druck + Verlag, Dillingen 2006.
- Heinrich Meuren, Rolf A. Bauer: The storm on the Siegfried Line 1944 - the bridgeheads of the US Army in Saarlouis and Dillingen. Issue 2/80 of the series Our home - bulletin of the district Saarlouis for culture and landscape. Self-published in the Saarlouis district, Saarlouis 1980.
- Nicolas Bernard Motte: Manuscrit tiré des archives mêmes de Sarrelouis et de ses environs par Nicolas Bernard Motte Seigneur d'Altvillers (1777–1860). Sarrelouis 1922/23.
- Carl Pöhlmann: Regesten of the feudal deeds of the counts of Veldenz. Speyer 1928.
- Franz-Josef Reichert : My Dillingen, notes and memories from AZ. with illustrations by Karl Michaely; City of Dillingen, Krüger Druck + Verlag GmbH, Dillingen 1988.
- Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz (Ed.): Guide to prehistoric and early historical monuments - Volume 5 Saarland. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 1966.
- Heinz-Egon Rösch: Street (s) of the Romans. Leinpfad Verlag, Ingelheim 2007.
- Albert Ruppersberg : History of the county of Saarbrücken. After Friedrich and Adolf Köllner, reworked and expanded by Albert Ruppersberg. 4 volumes. Part I: From the earliest times to the introduction of the Reformation. With illustrations in the text and a collotype plate. Part II: From the introduction of the Reformation to the unification with Prussia. 1574-1815. With 23 illustrations in the text and 2 maps. III. Part: History of the cities of Saarbrücken, St. Johann and Malstatt-Burbach. With 2 views, 4 plans and 38 illustrations in the text. III. Part, Volume 1: History of the cities of Saarbrücken and St. Johann up to the year 1815. (folding map), Saarbrücken 1899–1903.
- Reinhard Schindler: Report on the research excavations in leases 1960–1963. In: Contributions to Saarland archeology and art history. 11. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments 1964. Saarbrücken 1964, p. 5 ff.
- Egon Scholl: The Roman swastika mosaic from Dillingen-Pachten - find report and attempt at dating and interpretation. In: Saarheimat - magazine for culture, landscape, folklore. 20th year, issue 1/1976, Saarbrücken 1976, p. 4 ff.
- Egon Scholl: The excavation at Hylborn near Dillingen-Pachten (2) - A decorated sigillata bowl and four pottery stamps. In: Saarheimat - magazine for culture, landscape, folklore. Volume 21, issue 11/1977, Saarbrücken 1977, p. 217 ff.
- Egon Scholl: The excavation at Hylborn near Dillingen-Pachten (3) - Two leather finds. In: Saarheimat - magazine for culture, landscape, folklore. 22nd year, issue 9/1978, Saarbrücken 1978, p. 267 ff.
- Alois Scherer: Streets and squares in Dillingen, Pachten, Diefflen - the cause and meaning of their naming. published by the Realschule Dillingen and the city of Dillingen, Nalbach 1990.
- Alois Scherer: Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009.
- Reinhard Schindler: Research Problem Leases. Reprint from Saarbrücker Hefte No. 14/1961, o. O., o. J.
- Gertrud Schmidt: Das Römische Lachten - Catalog for the exhibition from August 22 to September 27, 1986. Krüger Druck + Verlag GmbH, Dillingen 1986.
- Philipp Schmitt: The Saarlouis district and its surroundings under the Romans and Celts. Trier 1850.
- Philipp Schmitt: History of Dillingen. Document book of Dillingen in the archive of the parish Holy Sacrament, Dillingen.
- Johann Spurk: Diefflen - The development of a small village settlement into a large workers' community. A. Krüger, Dillingen-Saar, 1964.
- Johann Spurk: 75 years of the parish of St. Josef Diefflen. Saarlouis 1975.
- Stadtwerke Dillingen / Saar GmbH (Hrsg.): Chronicle of Stadtwerke Dillingen / Saar GmbH. Dillingen 1993.
- Raimund Thomaser: The pre-war, war and post-war history of the Dillingen / Saar volunteer fire brigade 1935–1948. Dillingen 1997.
- Hermann Volk: Local history guide to places of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 4, Saarland, Cologne 1990, pp. 115-119.
- Gerd Weisgerber : To the terracottas in the State Museum for Prehistory and Early History in Saarbrücken. In: Contributions to archeology and art history, Department of Soil Monument Preservation. 21. Report of the State Preservation of Monuments in Saarland 1974. Saarbrücken 1974, p. 77 ff.
- Walter Zimmermann: The art monuments of the Saarlouis and Ottweiler districts. Düsseldorf 1934.
- City of Dillingen
- Literature about Dillingen / Saar in the Saarland Bibliography
- Official journal archive with full text search
- Link catalog on the subject of Dillingen / Saar at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- ↑ Saarland.de - Official population figures as of December 31, 2019 (PDF; 20 kB) ( help ).
- ↑ a b c Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 23-25.
- ↑ Heinz Quasten: Naturraumlicher Abriß (sic). In: Fred Oberhauser: The Saarland. Art, culture and history in the triangle between Blies, Saar and Moselle. (Dumont art travel guide), Cologne 1992, pp. 340–353, here p. 346.
- ^ A b Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar . Ed .: City administration Dillingen. Krüger, Dillingen 1968.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 25-26.
- ↑ de.climate-data.org accessed on January 10, 2016.
- ↑ values on saarland.de.
- ^ Statistical portrait of the city of Dillingen / Saar for 2011. published in April 2012, dillingen-saar.de
- ↑ As of April 2012 ( Memento from April 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Constanze Höpken, Nicholas Conard: The hand ax from Wallerfangen. In: From the Stone Age to the Present - Research on Wallerfang History, published in honor of Theodor Liebertz on his 150th birthday. Ed .: Verein für Heimatforschung Wallerfangen eV 1st edition. Self-published, Wallerfangen November 22, 2019, pp. 83–90.
- ^ Herbert Liedtke, Karl-Heinz-Hepp, Christoph Jentsch: The Saarland in map and aerial photo. A contribution to cultural studies. ed. from the Land Survey Office of the Saarland, Neumünster 1974, p. 73.
- ↑ wahlresult.saarland.de accessed on June 12, 2019.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 258.
- ↑ welt-der-wappen.de
- ↑ Kurt Hoppstädter: The coat of arms of the Saarland, part 1. ed. v. Historical Association for Saarland e. V. in cooperation with the archive of the Saarland government, Saarbrücken 1953, pp. 47–49
- ^ Hermann Lehne, Horst Kohler: Coat of arms of the Saarland. State and municipal coats of arms. Saarbrücken 1981, pp. 150-151.
- ↑ Kurt Hoppstädter: The coat of arms of the Saarland. Part 1, ed. v. Historical Association for Saarland e. V. in cooperation with the archive of the Saarland government, Saarbrücken, 1953, p. 49.
- ↑ Karl Unverzagt: Screen wall and painting. Landau 1985.
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i Jo Enzweiler (ed.): Art in public space, Saarland. Volume 3: District of Saarlouis after 1945. Articles and inventory. Saarbrücken 2009.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, pp. 24-27.
- ↑ Saar artists' dictionary: illustration of the wall hanging in the mayor's room. (accessed on May 17, 2014)
- ^ Aloys Schulte : History of medieval trade and traffic between West Germany and Italy with the exception of Venice. 2 volumes, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1900, (reprint: Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966).
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 19–21.
- ↑ Otto Beck: Description of the administrative district Trier, 3rd volume, Trier 1869.
- ↑ Kurt Hoppstädter, The Development of the Saarland Railway Network as a Prerequisite for the Formation of the Economic Area on the Saar. Saarbrücker Hefte, Heft 4, 1956, pp. 62–76.
- ↑ Kurt Hoppstädter: The emergence of the Saarland railway network. Saarbrücken 1961.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 559.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 559.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 560.
- ↑ a b www.dillingen-saar.de
- ↑ Free travel to the world's markets - ports in the center of Europe ( Memento of the original from June 8, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Saarhafen website, accessed on July 29, 2010.
- ^ Walter Kiefer: Leases - Dillingen - Diefflen. Pictures from yesterday and today (1885–1985). Saarbrücken 1985, p. 10.
- ↑ wsa-sb.wsv.de
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 554–556.
- ↑ lsc-dillingen.de
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 565-566.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 563-564.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 564.
- ↑ a b Alois Scherer: Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009, p. 188.
- ^ A b Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 564-565.
- ^ Matthias Barth: Imperial Berlin. Architecture between 1871 and 1918. Freiburg im Breisgau and Espenhain 2012, pp. 138, 148.
- ^ Niels Wilcken: Architecture in the border area: The public building industry in Alsace-Lorraine (1871-1918). (Publication by the Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland, Volume 38), Saarbrücken 2000, pp. 161 ff
- ^ Walter Kiefer: Leases - Dillingen - Diefflen. Pictures from yesterday and today (1885–1985). Saarbrücken 1985, pp. 71, 73.
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Prussian Government in Trier. Order No. 1878 of April 24, 1903.
- ↑ Alois Scherer: Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009, p. 190.
- ↑ Alois Scherer: Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009, p. 191.
- ^ A b Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 567.
- ↑ Alois Scherer: Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009, p. 192.
- ↑ statistik.arbeitsagentur.de accessed on November 30, 2017.
- ^ Saarbrücker Zeitung. C 2, Local, Friday June 1, 2018, article Good conditions for the job market.
- ↑ Trade Association of Market Merchants Southwest e. V .; marktflair.de
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 577.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 580.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 579.
- ↑ a b Alois Scherer (Ed.): Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009, pp. 320–322.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 578-589.
- ↑ marienhaus-klinikum-saar.de
- ^ Saarbrücker Zeitung. August 24, 2017, article: "Dillingen hospital should close by 2019", "Marienhaus pulls the ripcord in Dillingen", "Sealed for Marienhaus clinic", "A foreseeable end or an absolute cheek?"
- ↑ sr.de accessed on June 12, 2019.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 583.
- ↑ a b alois-lauer-stiftung.de
- ↑ Johan Spurk: Diefflen - The development of a small village settlement into a large working-class community. A. Krüger, Dillingen-Saar, 1964. p. 72.
- ↑ a b Georg Colesie: History of the Nalbach Valley, A Saarland Homeland History. 2nd edition, Nalbach 1990, p. 240.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 575.
- ↑ a b c Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 589.
- ^ Margarethe Thinnes: wayside crosses and wayside shrines in Saarland, Saarbrücken 1985. p. 44.
- ↑ Johan Spurk, Johann: Diefflen - The development of a small village settlement into a large working-class community. A. Krüger, Dillingen-Saar, 1964. pp. 73-74.
- ↑ Kiefer: Leases - Dillingen - Diefflen. Pictures from yesterday and today (1885–1985). Saarbrücken 1985, p. 43.
- ↑ a b c Stadtwerke Dillingen
- ↑ Dillingen water tower
- ↑ Georg Colesie: History of the Nalbach Valley. A Saarland homeland story. 2nd edition, Nalbach 1990, p. 242.
- ^ Walter Kiefer: Leases - Dillingen - Diefflen. Pictures from yesterday and today (1885–1985). Saarbrücken 1985, p. 43.
- ↑ Dillingen / Saar volunteer fire department
- ^ Johann Spurk: Diefflen - The development of a small village settlement into a large working-class community. A. Krüger, Dillingen-Saar, 1964, pp. 65-66.
- ↑ Information on the history of the Dillingen fire brigade.
- ^ Dillingen parish archives, I, p. 18.
- ↑ Dillingen parish archive, III / II, p. 144 ff.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 357.
- ^ Emil Sehling (Greetings): The Protestant church regulations of the 16th century. Volume 18: Rhineland-Palatinate I, Tübingen (Mohr-Siebeck) 2006, p. 406.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 359.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 360–362.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 368.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 370–71.
- ↑ a b Georg Colesie: Geschichte des Nalbacher Tales, Eine Saarländische Heimatgeschichte, 2nd edition, Nalbach 1990, p. 239.
- ^ Johann Spurk: Diefflen - The development of a small village settlement into a large working-class community. A. Krüger, Dillingen-Saar, 1964, pp. 48-54.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 372-380.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 384–394.
- ↑ Information on the Dillingen educational landscape at: dillingen-saar.de
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 407-408.
- ^ Piette, L .: About paper manufacture by means of rag surrogates in France. In: Polytechnisches Journal . 150, 1858, pp. 310-313.
- ↑ L. Piette: About the Fabrication of the straw paper. In: Polytechnisches Journal . 64, 1837, pp. 358-372.
- ↑ Association for the promotion of industry: meeting reports of the association for the promotion of industry . 1836, p. 230-IA2 ( full text in Google Book Search).
- ↑ L. Piette: Description of a machine for the production of the cardboard cover. In: Polytechnisches Journal . 90, 1843, pp. 101-104.
- ↑ General organ for trade and commerce and related items . Bachem, 1837, p. 96 ( full text in Google Book Search).
- ^ Ralf Banken: The Industrialization of the Saar Region 1815-1914 . Franz Steiner Verlag, 2000, ISBN 3-515-07324-8 , pp. 314 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- ↑ kdv.de
- ^ City council resolution of January 15 and May 7, 1925
- ^ Administrative report of the Dillingen Office 1927/28
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 400–401.
- ↑ dillingen-saar.de
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 395–399.
- ↑ Manfred Kostka: History of the parish of Dillingen from its beginnings to the division in 1935. In: Katholisches Bildungswerk Dillingen-Nalbach e. V. (Ed.): 100 years of Saardom, Holy Sacrament Dillingen, 1000 years of the parish of Dillingen. Festschrift for the anniversary of the church consecration on April 25, 2013, Dillingen 2012. pp. 17–65, here p. 21.
- ↑ Manfred Kostka: History of the parish of Dillingen from its beginnings to the division in 1935. In: Katholisches Bildungswerk Dillingen-Nalbach e. V. (Ed.): 100 years of Saardom, Holy Sacrament Dillingen, 1000 years of the parish of Dillingen. Festschrift for the anniversary of the church consecration on April 25, 2013, Dillingen 2012. pp. 17–65, here p. 27. with reference to: Jakob Marx: History of the Parishes of the Diocese of Trier. I. Volume. General. Trier 1923, pp. 102-119.
- ↑ Manfred Kostka: History of the parish of Dillingen from its beginnings to the division in 1935. In: Katholisches Bildungswerk Dillingen-Nalbach e. V. (Ed.): 100 years of Saardom, Holy Sacrament Dillingen, 1000 years of the parish of Dillingen. Festschrift for the anniversary of the church consecration on April 25, 2013, Dillingen 2012. pp. 17–65, here p. 37. with reference to: Philipp Schmitt: Geschichtsbuch von Dillingen. I, p. 7.
- ↑ Michael Tritz: History of the Wadgassen Abbey. At the same time a cultural and war history of the Saar region. Unchanged reprint of the Wadgassen 1901 edition with an introduction by Hans-Walter Herrmann and a register, Saarbrücken 1978, pp. 417-418.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Hero Michael
- ↑ dekanat-dillingen.de
- ^ Institute for Contemporary Art in Saarland, archive, Dillingen holdings, Holy Sacrament (Dossier K 597)
- ^ Institute for Contemporary Art in Saarland, archive, Dillingen holdings, St. Johannes Baptist (Dossier K 6)
- ^ Bastian Müller: Architecture of the post-war period in the Saarland. Saarbrücken 2011 (Preservation of monuments in Saarland 4), p. 130.
- ^ Institute for contemporary art in Saarland, archive, Dillingen-Lachten holdings, Maria Trost (Dossier K 350)
- ^ Institute for Contemporary Art in Saarland, archive, holdings Dillingen-Lachten, St. Maximin and the 14 emergency helpers (Dossier K 583)
- ^ Institute for Contemporary Art in Saarland, archive, Dillingen-Diefflen holdings, St. Josef (Dossier K 47)
- ↑ Bastian Müller: Architecture of the post-war period in Saarland (= preservation of monuments in Saarland , volume 4.) Saarbrücken 2011, p. 131.
- ^ Institute for Contemporary Art in Saarland, archive, Dillingen holdings, Protestant Church (Dossier K 596)
- ↑ Kristine Marschall: Sacral buildings of classicism and historicism in Saarland (= publications of the Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland. Volume 40), Saarbrücken 2002, p. 380.
- ↑ Martin Klewitz: The evangelical church building between 1800 and 1945. In: The evangelical church on the Saar yesterday and today. Saarbrücken 1975, p. 255.
- ↑ Kristine Marschall: Sacred buildings of classicism and historicism in Saarland (= publications of the Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland. Volume 40.) Saarbrücken 2002, p. 216 and p. 444.
- ^ Art guide Dillingen / Saar. ed. from the Kunstverein im Alten Schloss, Dillingen and Saarbrücken 1999, p. 22.
- ↑ Wolfgang Dittgen u. a .: Centenary of the construction of the church in '03, Evangelical Church Congregation Dillingen. ed. from the Evangelical Church Community Dillingen / Saar, Dillingen / Saar 2003, p. 19.
- ↑ Roland Krawulsky: Wittenberg. A guide through Lutherstadt. 4th updated edition, Wernigerode 2008, p. 25.
- ↑ Volkmar Joestel: “Here I stand!” Luther myths and their scenes. ed. from the Luther Memorials Foundation in Saxony-Anhalt, Wettin-Löbejün 2013, pp. 96–102.
- ↑ saarlouis.de accessed on April 24, 2014
- ↑ Gego-dillingen.de
- ↑ nak-saar-pfalz.de
- ↑ a b c alemannia-judaica.de
- ↑ a b Katharina Best: The history of the former synagogue communities Dillingen and Nalbach, in: Our homeland, bulletin of the Saarlouis district for history and landscape, 13th year, double issue No. 3/4, 1988, 95 ff.
- ↑ Information based on the lists from Yad Vashem, Jerusalem and the information in the "Memorial Book - Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933-1945"
- ^ Jüdisch-Liberale Zeitung of April 25, 1924
- ↑ Article in the journal Der Israelit from March 2, 1891.
- ↑ Information based on the lists from Yad Vashem, Jerusalem
- ↑ There will be a second Martha Weiler geb. Named 1919 in Diefflen, the two people may also be identical with an error in the year of birth.
- ^ Article in the "Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums" from November 20, 1854
- ↑ Article in the magazine "Der Israelit" from March 2, 1891.
- ↑ de-de.facebook.com
- ↑ moscheesuche.de accessed on March 25, 2017.
- ^ Edith Ruser: Art Nouveau architecture in the Saarland. Saarbrücken 1981, p. 80 f., P. 100, p. 116.
- ^ Edith Ruser: Art Nouveau architecture in the Saarland. Saarbrücken 1981, p. 80 f.
- ↑ A. Jakob: The Siersburg in the course of the centuries. Saarlouis 1958, p. 37.
- ^ Dillingen Art Association (ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Saarbrücken / Dillingen 1999, p. 17.
- ↑ dillingen-saar.de
- ^ A b Edith Ruser: Art Nouveau architecture in the Saarland. Saarbrücken 1981, p. 56 f.
- ^ Edith Ruser: Art Nouveau architecture in the Saarland. Saarbrücken 1981, p. 100.
- ↑ The history of the Dillinger Memorial. Saarbrücker Zeitung from November 18, 1963, Saarlouis circular gazette.
- ^ Walter Kiefer: Dillingen, Hütten- und Gartenstadt - 100 years of photo documents . Dillingen 1996.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar . Dillingen 1968, p. 632 .
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, pp. 197-200.
- ↑ a b Kunstverein Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (ed.): Kunstführer Dillingen / Saar, Dillingen 1999, p. 12.
- ↑ a b c d Jo Enzweiler (Ed.): Art in Public Space, Saarland, Volume 3, Saarlouis district after 1945, essays and inventory, Saarbrücken 2009.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, pp. 630-631.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, pp. 160-161.
- ↑ Karl Lohmeyer: The legends of the Saar, Blies, Nahe, of the Hunsrück, Soon and Hochwald. Hofer-Verlag, Saarbrücken 1935, No. 170.
- ↑ Dillingen water tower emporis.com
- ↑ geschichtskarten.openstreetmap.de ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Dieter Bettinger, Martin Büren: The West Wall. The history of the German western fortifications in the Third Reich. Volume 1: The Construction of the West Wall 1936–1945. Volume 2: The technical execution of the west wall. Osnabrück 1990, here: Volume 1, p. 68 ff.
- ↑ Historisches Museum Saar (Ed.): GrenzenLos. Living worlds in the Franco-German region on the Saar and Moselle since 1840. Catalog for the exhibition, Saarbrücken 1998.
- ^ Regional History Museum Saarbrücken (Ed.): Ten instead of a thousand years. The time of National Socialism on the Saar 1935–1945. Catalog for the exhibition of the Regional History Museum Saarbrücken, 2nd edition, Merzig 1988.
- ^ Doris Seck: Westwall company. 2nd edition, Saarbrücken 1981.
- ↑ Doris Seck, Paul Peters: The zero hour. The end of the war on the Saar. Saarbrücken 1986, p. 22 f.
- ^ State Conservatory Office of the Saarland (Ed.): List of monuments of the Saarland. Saarbrücken 1996, prepared by Section 2: Inventory and building research (Dr. Georg Skalecki). Status: August 1, 1996, pp. 14, 86, 161, 193.
- ↑ Thömmes, Matthias: "The Americans are coming!" The conquest of the Saar-Hunsrück area by the Americans in 1944/45. Aachen 2001.
- ^ Hans-Walter Herrmann: The franking of the red zone 1939/1940. Procedure and sources. In: Journal for the history of the Saar region. 32nd year, Saarbrücken 1984, pp. 64-89.
- ^ Fritz Jacoby: Sources for the first evacuation in 1939/1940 in the Saarbrücken city archive. In: Journal for the history of the Saar region. 32nd year, Saarbrücken 1984, pp. 107-110.
- ↑ http://www.gws-dillingen.de/westwall ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Katholisches Bildungswerk Dillingen-Nalbach e. V. (Ed.): 100 years of Saardom, Holy Sacrament Dillingen, 1000 years of the parish of Dillingen. Festschrift for the anniversary of the church consecration on April 25, 2013, Dillingen 2012, pp. 168–182.
↑ City of Dillingen / Saar (ed.): Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990. Dillingen / Saar 1990, Therein:
- Meinrad Maria Grewenig: Works for eternity - works made of steel. Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990, pp. 7-11
- Hans-Jürgen Breuste: Sanctuarie. 1990, p. 19.
- Friedrich Gräsel: Dillinger Cubes Variation. 1990, p. 29.
- Alf Lechner: Dillingen leases. 1990, p. 41.
- Lothar Meßner: Arcus triplex. 1990, p. 47.
- Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi: Acropolis. P. 57.
- ^ Anna Louise Mathieu: Sculpture Street made of steel. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung July 2, 1990.
- ↑ Anna Louise Mathieu: Pipe Crawler responds hut. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung July 20, 1990.
- ^ Anna Louise Mathieu: Steel in bulk and bow. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung. 5th September 1990.
- ↑ Anna Louise Mathieu: Sticks that scream to heaven. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung, September 5, 1990.
- ↑ Britta Sachs: Sinking bodies. Works by Alf Lechner in Munich. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, July 26, 1990.
- ^ Richard Serra: Writings, Interviews 1970-1989. Bern 1990.
- ↑ Städtische Galerie Moritzburg Halle (Ed.): Stahlplastik in Deutschland 1993. Exhibition catalog Halle (Saale) 1993.
- ↑ Anna Louise Mathieu: Almost completed - Paolozzi sculpture in Dillingen. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung, October 25, 1993.
- ^ Alf Lechner: Sculptures 1990–1995. A joint exhibition by North Rhine-Westphalian art institutions. Leaflet, 1995.
- ^ HJ Breuste: Power of love for the low. Exhibition Galerie E-Damm, Hanover, leaflet, 2005.
- ↑ Press release from Dillinger Hütte and the city of Dillingen from July 21, 2005, Dillinger Hüttenwerke AG (ed.): Us Hütt. People and steel at Dillinger Hütte. Dillingen 2006.
^ Jo Enzweiler (ed.): Art in public space. Saarland. Volume 3: District of Saarlouis after 1945. Articles and inventory. Saarbrücken 2009. In it:
- Monika Bugs: The Dillinger Hütte and Art, pp. 146–151
- Gertrud Schmidt: Modern steel sculpture in Dillingen / Saar. Two art events for two city anniversaries. Pp. 152-159.
- Oranna Dimmig: Inventory of art in public space Saarland, city of Dillingen. Pp. 185-221.
- ^ City of Dillingen / Saar (ed.): Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990. Dillingen / Saar 1990, pp. 30–41.
- ↑ Lieselotte Kugler (ed.): IndustrieKunstTouren. Saarbrücken 1996, p. 13.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 37.
- ↑ a b Jo Enzweiler (ed.): Art in public space, Saarland. Volume 3, Saarlouis district after 1945, essays and inventory. Saarbrücken 2009.
- ^ City of Dillingen / Saar (ed.): Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990. Dillingen / Saar 1990, pp. 12-19.
- ↑ Lieselotte Kugler (ed.): IndustrieKunstTouren. Saarbrücken 1996, pp. 11-12.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 35.
- ^ Jo Enzweiler (ed.): Art in public space. Saarland. Volume 3: District of Saarlouis after 1945. Articles and inventory. Saarbrücken 2009.
- ↑ City of Dillingen / Saar (ed.): Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990. Dillingen / Saar 1990, pp. 20-29.
- ↑ Lieselotte Kugler (ed.): IndustrieKunstTouren. Saarbrücken 1996, p. 12.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 36.
- ^ City of Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990. Dillingen / Saar 1990, pp. 48–57.
- ↑ Lieselotte Kugler (ed.): IndustrieKunstTouren. Saarbrücken 1996, p. 14.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 38.
- ^ Jo Enzweiler (ed.): Art in public space. Saarland. Volume 3: District of Saarlouis after 1945. Articles and inventory. Saarbrücken 2009.
- ↑ City of Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Internationales Stahlsymposion 1990. Dillingen / Saar 1990, pp. 42–47.
- ↑ Lieselotte Kugler (ed.): IndustrieKunstTouren. Saarbrücken 1996, p. 15.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 39.
- ^ Draft printed in: Katholisches Bildungswerk Dillingen-Nalbach e. V. (Ed.): 100 years of Saardom, Holy Sacrament Dillingen, 1000 years of the parish of Dillingen. Festschrift for the anniversary of the church consecration on April 25, 2013, Dillingen 2012, p. 112.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 28.
- ^ Art Association Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (Ed.): Art Guide Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1999, p. 43.
- ↑ New art for the old castle. In: Us Hütt. Issue 3, 1999, p. 17.
- ^ Lorenz Dittmann: Paul Schneider. 2nd revised and expanded edition, Lebach 1987, (Edition Galeria, Kunst und Kommunikation Lebach)
- ^ Jo Enzweiler (Ed.): Paul Schneider Werke 1949–1998. Edited by Claudia Maas, Saarbrücken 1998, p. 188, no. 150
- ↑ Karl Lohmeyer: The legends of the Saar, Blies, Nahe, of the Hunsrück, Soon and Hochwald. Hofer-Verlag, Saarbrücken 1935.
- ↑ Aloys Lehnert: The Saarland dialects. In: The Saarland. A contribution to the development of the youngest federal state in politics, culture and economy. ed. by Klaus Altmeyer u. a., Saarbrücken 1958, pp. 409-439, here pp. 435-437.
- ^ A b Karl Lohmeyer: The sagas of the Saar from their sources to the mouth, anniversary edition for the 100th birthday of Karl Lohmeyer on January 21, 1978, (= 3rd edition from 1952), Saarbrücken 1978, p. 360.
- ^ Karl Lohmeyer: The legends of the Saar from their sources to the mouth. Anniversary edition for the 100th birthday of Karl Lohmeyer on January 21, 1978, (= 3rd edition from 1952), Saarbrücken 1978, p. 359.
- ↑ Johannes A. Bodwing: Stones against forgetting. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung. March 15, 2013, accessed March 13, 2017 .
- ↑ Katholisches Bildungswerk Dillingen-Nalbach e. V. (Ed.): 100 years of Saardom, Holy Sacrament Dillingen, 1000 years of the parish of Dillingen. Festschrift for the anniversary of the church consecration on April 25, 2013, Dillingen 2012, p. 36.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 633.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 634.
- ^ Manfred Kostka: Memories of Johann Peter Hillen, pastor of Dillingen. In: Our homeland 11th vol. No. 3/4 (1986), pp. 90–94.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 633.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 637–640.
- ↑ Catholic parish of St. Josef Diefflen (ed.): 100 years of the parish church of St. Josef Diefflen 1900–2000. Dillingen 2000, p. 27.
- ^ Johann Spurk: Parish chronicle of St. Josef Diefflen 1900–1975. Saarlouis 1975, p. 33.
- ^ Johann Spurk: Parish chronicle of St. Josef Diefflen 1900–1975. Saarlouis 1975, p. 175.
- ↑ Article of the Saarbrücker Zeigung of September 14, 2012: A monument shines in new splendor.
- ↑ saarbruecker-zeitung.de
- ↑ To the cemetery no., Corridor 7, parcel 383/3, consecration hall, 1965 by Konrad Schmitz (individual monument) in the Saarland monuments list, sub-monuments list Saarlouis district on http://www.saarland.de/dokumente/thema_denkmal/Teildenkmalliste_Landkreis_Saarlouis_28 -09-2011.pdf ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Dillingen in the overview of all projects for the documentation of Jewish grave inscriptions in the area of the Federal Republic of Germany / Saarland, alphabetical list , accessed on January 22, 2010.
- ↑ Ludwig Petry (ed.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 5: Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 275). Kröner, Stuttgart 1959, DNB 456882898 , p. 77.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, pp. 640-643.
- ↑ Alois Scherer: Dieffler stories. Diefflen as it once was in documents, reports, stories, pictures. Dillingen / Saar 2009, pp. 323–365.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 640.
- ↑ AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010. Band people. Dillingen 2010, p. 209.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, p. 632.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 610–611.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 606–609.
- ↑ Ökosee circular hiking trail
- ↑ NABU Saarlouis / Dillingen is converting the Ökosee ( memento of the original from December 24, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , NABU Saar, accessed on March 21, 2012.
- ↑ dillingen-saar.de
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Druckerei Krüger, Dillingen 1968, pp. 422-430.
- ↑ Witzemann equipped the town halls in Reutlingen, Pforzheim, Gerlingen, Bietigheim, Dürrheim and St. Georgen, the radio and television studios for the Süddeutscher Rundfunk in Stuttgart, the health resorts of the baths Krozingen, Dürrheim and Buchau, the casino and on public buildings Kurhaus Baden-Baden, the Wilhelmspalais, the New Palace and the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg in Stuttgart as well as the restaurants in the Stuttgart and Mannheim television towers.
- ↑ Chamber of Architects of the Saarland (ed.): Kunst am Baum im Saarland, exhibition catalog Moderne Galerie Saarbrücken, Saarbrücken 1970, cat. No. 92.
- ↑ Kunstverein Dillingen in the Old Castle, Dillingen / Saar (ed.): Kunstführer Dillingen / Saar, Dillingen 1999, p. 21.
- ^ Bastian Müller: Architecture of the post-war period in the Saarland. Saarbrücken 2011, (Preservation of monuments in Saarland 4), p. 105.
- ^ Art guide Dillingen / Saar. ed. from Kunstverein Dillingen im Alten Schloss, Dillingen and Saarbrücken 1999, p. 21.
- ↑ Article “Great cinema with a long history”, in: Saarlouiser Stadtmagazin XVI-Vierzehn, ed. from the city of Saarlouis, issue 1/2017, pp. 38–39.
- ↑ a b c saar-nostalgie.de accessed on May 27, 2017.
- ↑ Archived copy ( memento of the original dated December 1, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on May 27, 2017.
- ↑ a b c d e f g Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen / Saar 1968, pp. 287-289.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Lehnert Aloys
- ↑ Article “The other day at Albert-Kremer-Platz”, Saarbrücker Zeitung, November 3, 2010.
- ↑ Johannes Peter: On the history of the Dillinger workers' movement 1918-1935 . Dillingen / Saar 2006, ISBN 978-3-938190-19-7 , pp. 104 .
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 214–215.
- ^ Association of Saarhütten, communication of March 28, 2007.
- ↑ www.saarland-lexikon.de ( Memento from October 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ Saarland biographies - Albert Korn
- ↑ bundesarchiv.de, 96th cabinet meeting on Wednesday, September 7, 1955
- ↑ Der Spiegel 38/1955, September 14, 1955
- ↑ prof-feld.de
- ↑ univ-paris5.fr
- ↑ AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010. Band people. Dillingen 2010, p. 49.
- ^ Kurt Hoppstädter: The castle in Dillingen. In: Historical regional studies of the Saarland. From hand ax to winding tower. ed. by Kurt Hoppstädter and Hans-Walter Herrmann, Volume 1 with the participation of Erhard Dehnke, Saarbrücken 1960, pp. 148–151, here: pp. 149–148
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, p. 150.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, pp. 15-157.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Philipp Wilhelm Justus von Mandel
- ^ Kurt Hoppstädter: The Saarbrücker Hofadel in the 18th century. In: Wilhelm Heinrich von Nassau-Saarbrücken, ed. by Hans-Walter Herrmann / Hanns Klein, Saarbrücken 1968, pp. 118–119.
- ^ A b Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, pp. 157-166.
- ^ Albert Ruppersberg: History of the County of Saarbrücken. Volume 2: Saarbrücken. 2nd ed., 1910. (ND St. Ingbert 1979), pp. 295-372.
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen 1968, p. 160.
- ^ Kurt Hoppstädter: The castle in Dillingen. In: Historical regional studies of the Saarland. From hand ax to winding tower. ed. by Kurt Hoppstädter and Hans-Walter Herrmann, Volume 1 with the assistance of Erhard Dehnke, Saarbrücken 1960, pp. 148–151, here: p. 150
- ^ Saarland biographies - Johann Adam Knipper the Elder Ä.
- ^ Karl Lohmeyer: Balthasar Wilhelm Stengel, the chief building director of Prince Ludwig von Nassau Saarbrücken. Saarbrücken, 1910.
- ^ Karl Lohmeyer: Stengel, Balthasar Wilhelm . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 31 : Siemering – Stephens . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1937, p. 589 .
- ↑ Alheidis von Rohr: 26 architectural designs by Balthasar Wilhelm Stengel in the State Library of Art. Museums of Prussian cultural heritage. In: Saarbrücker Hefte, Heft 30, 1969, pp. 55-60.
- ^ Hans-Christoph Dittscheid, Klaus Güthlein (Ed.): The Stengel family of architects, Petersberg. 2005, pp. 219-253.
- ↑ a b c AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 Years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010, Volume Menschen, Dillingen 2010, pp. 53–57.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Heinrich Böcking
- ↑ Archive link ( Memento of the original dated December 30, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Louis Piette
- ↑ Saarländische Lebensbilder, Volume 4 (1989), pp. 101–130.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Philipp Schmitt
- ^ Saarland biographies - Johann Peter Hillen
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen Saar. Krüger printing works, Dillingen 1968, pp. 482–486.
- ^ Karl Kammer (ed.): Trier Kulturkampfiester. Selection of some prominent priest figures from the time of the Prussian Kulturkampf. According to authentic reports with a short life of the Blessed Bishop Matthias Eberhard and an introduction. Trier 1926, pp. 53-58.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Julius Wilhelm Imandt
- ^ Saarland biographies - Wilhelm Hector.
- ↑ Archive link ( Memento of the original from April 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ University archive of the Technical University of Berlin, Codex Professorum Wilhelm Franz
- ^ VDI magazine, Volume 91, No. 6 from March 15, 1949, obituary for Wilhelm Franz
- ^ Saarland biographies - August Rudolf de Haas
- ↑ AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 Years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010, Volume Menschen, Dillingen 2010, pp. 58–59.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Matthias Prior
- ^ Saarland biographies - Peter Marx
- ↑ 100 years of the Dillingen grammar school 1902–2002, commemorative publication of the Albert Schweitzer grammar school, grammar school of the Saarlouis district, ed. v. Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium, Dillingen 2002, p. 74.
- ↑ culture-bilinguisme-lorraine.org
- ^ Aloys Lehnert: History of the city of Dillingen / Saar. Dillingen / Saar 1968, pp. 378-380.
- ↑ Saarland pictures of life. Volume 1 (1982), pp. 183-209.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Nikolaus Fox
- ↑ 100 years of the Dillingen grammar school 1902–2002, commemorative publication of the Albert Schweitzer grammar school, grammar school of the Saarlouis district, ed. v. Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium, Dillingen 2002, pp. 65–68.
- ↑ 100 years of Robert-Schuman Gymnasium Saarlouis 1901–2001, ed. from Robert-Schuman-Gymnasium, Saarbrücken 2001, p. 44f.
- ↑ NDB 21 (2003), pp. 708-709.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Edvard Frank
- ↑ Josef Anton Schmoll called Eisenwerth: Memories of the painter Edvard Frank (1909–1972), in: Neue Saarheimat, No. 6, 1982, p. 136ff.
- ^ Edvard Frank. Life and work. A biography with letters. With texts by Gerhard Charles Rump, Petra Thorand, Josef Adolf Schmoll called Eisenwerth, Wilhelm Weber and Rainer Zimmermann. Euskirchen 1999.
- ↑ Peter Goergen: Willi Graf - a way into the resistance. Volume 11 of the publication series of the Stiftung Demokratie Saarland e. V., History, Politics and Society, St. Ingbert 2009, pp. 70–72.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Willi Graf
- ↑ Hans-Josef Gebel, Willi Graf, a picture of life. On the 40th anniversary of his execution on October 12, 1943, in: ZGSaarg 31 (1983), pp. 93–123.
- ↑ Hildegard Vieregg et al. (Hrsg.): Willi Graf's youth in National Socialism in the mirror of letters, Willi Graf group in the Bund Neudeutschland, Munich 1984.
- ↑ Anneliese Knoop-Graf, Inge Jens (Ed.): Willi Graf. Letters and Notes. Frankfurt / Main 1994.
- ↑ Peter Goergen: Willi Graf - a way into the resistance. Volume 11 of the publication series of the Stiftung Demokratie Saarland e. V., History, Politics and Society, St. Ingbert 2009, p. 71 and note 47.
- ^ Art guide Dillingen / Saar. ed. from Kunstverein Dillingen im Alten Schloss, Saarbrücken and Dillingen 1999, p. 42.
- ^ Art guide Dillingen / Saar. ed. from Kunstverein Dillingen im Alten Schloss, Saarbrücken and Dillingen 1999, p. 21.
- ^ Saarland biographies - Manfred Schäfer.
- ↑ Art. Former Minister Brunhilde Peter has died. In: Saarbrücker Zeitung No. 19 (January 23, 2014), Landespolitik / Region, page B2.
- ^ Institute for Contemporary Art in Saarland, archive, holdings: Pollack Siegfried (Dossier 573)
- ↑ kunstlexikonsaar.de
- ^ Saarland biographies - Berthold Budell
- ↑ Saarland biographies - Clemens Kremer.
- ↑ Clemens Kremer and Gerd Boder, two young Saarland composers. In: Saarheimat 12 (1959), p. 33f.
- ↑ karinkremer-art.com
- ^ Art guide Dillingen / Saar. ed. from the Kunstverein im Alten Schloss, Dillingen and Saarbrücken 1999, p. 24.
- ^ Franz-Josef Reichert: My Dillingen. Notes and memories from AZ, with illustrations by Karl Michaely. City of Dillingen / Saar, Krüger Druck + Verlag GmbH; 1988
- ↑ Johannes Naumann, obituary Franz-Josef Reichert, in: ZGSaarg 60 (2012), pp. 223–225.
- ↑ kuenstlerlexikonsaar.de
- ↑ a b AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 Years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010, Volume Menschen, Dillingen 2010, pp. 69–70.
- ↑ AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 Years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010, Volume Chronik, Dillingen 2010, pp. 131–134.
- ↑ AG der Dillinger Hüttenwerke (ed.): 325 Years Dillinger Hütte 1685–2010, Volume Menschen, Dillingen 2010, p. 69.
- ↑ German National Library: GND 134675614
- ↑ hanswalterlorang.de