Construction officer

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The term construction officer is now out of date and from the 18th century to the early 20th century referred to an architect , master builder , civil engineer , mechanical engineer or ship engineer who was employed by a state or municipal administrative unit.


Different classifications were used depending on the German state. The following official designations were distinguished:

Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia divided its construction officials into government building supervisors , government builders , building inspectors and building councilors . The lowest grade was the government building supervisor, which the trainee lawyers led. Only after passing the second state examination were the current assessors appointed government builders. After about ten years of waiting, there was an opportunity to get a job as a building inspector and thus to take over a separate administrative district. Construction officials of the Kingdom of Prussia were also active in the field of hydraulic engineering and melioration , there were also melioration construction inspectors or meadow builders .

In Prussia there was the additional administrative level of the provinces with its own building administration in which the additional state was common, ie for. B. Landesbauinspektor or Landesbaurat , but there was also the addition of provincial , such. B. for the Provincial Conservators .

German Reich (Reich authorities) until 1918

The division in the building administrations of the institutions and authorities subordinate to the Reich was similar . There a distinction was also made between site supervisor , master builder , building inspector , building officer , etc. For the various administrations, different additions were customary, e.g. B.

  • Naval construction inspector in the building administration of the Imperial Navy ,
  • Garrison construction inspector in the building administration of the army,
  • Post Baurat in the construction administration of the Imperial Reichspost (mostly in the construction departments of the regional post directorates ).

Kingdom of Saxony

In the Kingdom of Saxony there were government builders and building inspectors as well as country builders . The highest construction official was called the Oberlandbaumeister .

Kingdom of Bavaria

The Kingdom of Bavaria used the terms Bauamtsassessor / Kreisbauassessor and Bauamtmann .

City administrations

The cities were usually based on the structure of the respective state building administration, so there were town builders , town building inspectors , municipal building councils and town building councils .

Building council

In all German states, the term Baurat referred to a civil engineering expert who worked for a government or an authority , e.g. B. Railway authority , local authority or church administration . The designations used for this were government building council (in Bavaria called district building council or general directorate ), city ​​building council (also senior building councilor or building director ), state building council and church building council .

At the same time, Baurat was also awarded as a non-academic title - in a similar way to z. B. the title Commerzienrat .

Today's official titles

Official designations are specified for civil servants in the planning and construction sector. These may only be awarded to civil servants if they are suitable for the career. The career qualification is usually provided by proof of a university degree from a university or technical college with a diploma or master's degree or an accredited master's degree from a university of applied sciences (e.g. in architecture, civil engineering, urban planning) and the corresponding career examination (state examination, formerly: large state examination) after two years of technical traineeship . Once you have passed the career test, you are entitled to use the professional title of “building assessor” (in Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria: “government builder”), regardless of whether you are employed, civil servant or self-employed.

In order to use the official designation, a trial period of up to three years must be completed after the clerkship. In some specialist careers, this is indicated by corresponding service titles (e.g. building officer for employment in the Bundeswehr administration). Due to the abolition of the framework competence of the federal government through the federalism reform in 2006, career law has since come under the jurisdiction of the federal states. a. has led to the fact that some career regulations of the federal states no longer provide for the service title for employment (e.g.). In these countries, technical officials are allowed to use the official designation of building officer during their probationary period.

The official titles correspond to a certain grade :

  • Building council : A 13
  • Oberbaurat ( senior building councilor in Bavaria, Saxony and Saarland ): A 14
  • Building director : A 15
  • Ltd. Construction director : A 16 (also B 2 in Hamburg )
  • First construction director : B 3 / B4 / B 6 (in Hamburg)
  • Senior Building Director : B 9 (in Hamburg)

The Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) replaced the official titles in 2012 at the federal level. So today, instead of the title of building officer, the title of technical councilor , instead of senior building officer, the title of technical councilor , instead of building director and Ltd. Construction Director the titles of Technical Government Director and Ltd. Technical Government Director awarded.

In a large city (over 100,000 inhabitants) the head of office would usually be e.g. B. the civil engineering office or the city planning office a senior building director.

Country-specific regulations

In Lower Saxony, the name "Stadtbaurat" is the name of the city council, which is responsible for the construction sector as an election officer. According to the Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Act (NKomVG), the election period is 8 years. Re-election for another 8 years is permissible. The salary depends on the size of the community, e.g. B. Salary according to B3 for a community size of up to 50,000 pe. A comparable regulation applies to the electoral officer of the Lower Saxony districts ("Kreisbaurat"). In Baden-Württemberg the term “building mayor” is also common, in Hanseatic cities it is often the term “building senator” for the highest building official. They are, like the Lower Saxony city councilors, temporary civil servants and are paid according to the B salary regulations. The election times vary. They are regulated in the respective municipal constitutional laws of the federal states.

See also


  • Eckhard Bolenz : Construction officials in Prussia, 1799-1930: the rise and fall of a technical elite . In: Technikgeschichte, Vol. 60 (1993), No. 2, pp. 87-106.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Training and examination regulations for the technical clerkship recommendations of the Board of Trustees of the Higher Examination Office, as of October 1, 2013.
  2. ^ Ibid, as of June 3, 1997 in the version of July 1, 2011.
  3. ^ Ordinance on the career, training and examination for the higher technical service in the Bundeswehr administration - specialization in defense technology (LAP-htDBWVV).
  4. Budget 2015/16, Section 07, Saxon State Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labor and Transport. (PDF) In: Double household 2015/2016. Free State of Saxony, accessed on March 10, 2017 .
  5. administrative .