|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||96 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||43.76 km 2|
|Residents:||48,762 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1114 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area code :||06233|
|License plate :||FT|
|Community key :||07 3 11 000|
|City structure:||Core city, Eppstein , Flomersheim , Mörsch , Studernheim|
City administration address :
67227 Frankenthal (Palatinate)
|Lord Mayor :||Martin Hebich ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Frankenthal in Rhineland-Palatinate|
The city is located in the Upper Rhine Plain between the Palatinate Forest in the west and the Odenwald in the east. The Isenach flows through Frankenthal and flows 6 km further into the Rhine . Your former left tributary Fuchsbach is piped in the urban area; its main water volume reaches the Rhine today via Schrakel- and Eckbach .
The lowest point of the Palatinate ( Mörsch on the border with the Ludwigshafen district of Pfingstweide . The highest point of the city is the Monte Scherbelino at , a small hill on the municipal lido that emerged from a garbage dump.) lies on the city . This is located just a few hundred meters from the Rhine in a field of the Klosgartenhof , an agricultural operation in the northeast suburb of
The annual precipitation is 528 mm. This is a relatively low value, in the lower tenth of the values recorded in Germany; Only 6 percent of the German Weather Service's measuring stations register lower precipitation. The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June, 2.4 times more than in February. Precipitation varies greatly, with only 28 percent of the measuring stations registering even higher seasonal fluctuations.
The city of Frankenthal (Pfalz) consists of the core city and four local districts , which used to be independent villages.
|unit||Incorporation||Size in ha||Residents|
|772||First documented mention as Franconodal|
|1119||Foundation of the Augustinian Canons' Monastery with a scriptorium|
|1562||58 Calvinist refugee families settled in Frankenthal; Conclusion of a "capitulation" on this with Elector Friedrich III.|
|1571||Frankenthal Religious Discussion|
|1577||Awarded city rights|
|1718||Beginning of the city fortifications under Elector Karl III. Philip|
|1755||Establishment of the porcelain factory|
|1770-1773||Construction of the Wormser and Speyer gates (both preserved to this day)|
|1772-1781||Construction of a port with a canal connection to the Rhine (filled in 1955)|
|1919||Incorporation of Flomersheim , Mörsch and Studernheim|
|March 1, 1920||Gaining freedom of circle|
|1943||Bomb attack with destruction of the inner city by about 90%|
|7th June 1969||Incorporation of Eppstein|
From the Stone Age to the Iron Age
During excavations on the lido area in 1961, mammoth bones and human skull fragments were discovered. These approximately 25,000 year old bones from the Stone Age are assigned to Homo heidelbergensis .
During sewer works near the Friedrich-Ebert-Schule, a Bronze Age burial ground was discovered that dates from between 1800 and 1200 BC. BC. The graves were filled with rich gifts, including a splendid ax . The objects were assigned to the Celtic people of the Mediomatrics .
The community, which was originally called Franconodal and is a Franconian foundation from the late 5th century, was first mentioned in a medieval deed of donation from the Lorsch monastery from September 20, 772. In another deed of donation to the Weissenburg monastery from the year 812, this was one Church in the village with courtyards, pastures and meadows transferred. In 886 prolonged rainfall caused extensive flooding by the Rhine , the river bed of which then shifted permanently to the east.
The founding of an Augustinian canon monastery by the Worms nobleman Erkenbert in 1119 and a women's monastery by his wife Richlindis six years later led to a fundamental change in village life. Above all, the Canons' Monastery quickly developed into an economic and cultural center that radiated into the entire region. Frankenthal experienced its first heyday. Of particular importance was the scriptorium of the monastery, in which numerous manuscripts of art historical value were created, such as the Frankenthal Bible .
St. Jerome from the Frankenthal Bible
While the Frauenstift (Kleinfrankenthal) was abolished in 1431 with papal approval, the Canon Monastery existed until the 16th century. In 1562 it was by Elector Friedrich III. dissolved, the monks evicted and the buildings and lands made available to a group of Flemish refugees who had to leave their homeland because of their Reformed faith. The members of the exile community - initially 62 families under the leadership of Petrus Dathen - included numerous merchants , gold and silversmiths , tapestry makers , textile manufacturers and painters . The conditions for the settlement and the rights of the settlers were laid down in a settlement agreement ( Frankenthaler surrender ). In 1571 the Frankenthal religious talk between Anabaptists and Reformed people, initiated by the Elector, took place there. After the surrender, which was revised in 1573, Frankenthal received an elected mayor and its own court. The settlement was surrounded by moats, walls and gates and received city rights on October 30, 1577 . There was a further increase in population when the Electoral Palatinate again accepted the Lutheran creed and numerous Reformed Walloons from Heidelberg moved to Frankenthal. They formed a second parish with French sermons.
With the new statutes for the city issued by Count Palatine Johann Kasimir in 1582, the previous special rights were largely eliminated and the citizens of Frankenthal were put on an equal footing with those of the Oberamtsstadt Neustadt. Most of the election officials, including the mayor, were now appointed by the Count Palatine. With the arrival of further residents (365 families lived in the city in 1584 and 668 in 1592), an economic boom began. From 1581 the cloth makers formed a guild. In 1586 the weavers were given an order and exemption from customs duties at trade fairs. A goldsmith's factory and the Frankenthal painting school, which was known beyond the borders of the Palatinate and to which Gillis van Coninxloo , Anton Mirou , Pieter Schoubroeck , Henrick Gijsmans and Hendrick van der Borcht (the elder) belonged.
Wars and Destruction
Late 16th and early 17th century the strongest left-bank fortification of Kurpfalz expanded, Frankenthal was quickly into the turmoil of the Thirty Years War and especially the Nine Years' War . In September 1689, the city was set on fire by French troops and almost completely destroyed.
The decline was soon followed by a new economic rise. In the 18th century Frankenthal became the third capital of the Electoral Palatinate , with the Trinity Church built in the center . The city advanced to become an experimental field for state- mercantilist economic development, with over 20 factories being created. They mainly produced haberdashery goods. The porcelain manufactory , which was built in 1755 and only existed for 45 years, was particularly important, but its products are still traded as valuable antiques today.
A canal , completed in 1781, connected the canal harbor with the nearby Upper Rhine . In 1875, the 26-tonne imperial bell of Cologne Cathedral, cast in Frankenthal, was transported to the Rhine on one of the canal ships.
French and Bavarian time
The aftermath of the French Revolution put an end to this third heyday. From 1798 to 1814 Frankenthal was under French administration and was the canton capital in the Département du Mont-Tonnerre (Donnersberg). As a result of the Congress of Vienna (1815) Frankenthal first came to Austria and in 1816 to the Kingdom of Bavaria on the basis of an exchange agreement . For a long time Frankenthal remained an "insignificant country town," as a contemporary observer noted. In 1820–1823, the Weinbrenner student and government building officer Johann Philipp Mattlener built the Twelve Apostles Church , into which he integrated the historic tower of the Erkenbert ruins .
Industrialization and economic boom
With the industrial revolution a new upswing set in. The machine factory Hamm & Co. was founded in 1845 by Georg Hamm (1817–1878). It originated from Georg Friedrich Schrader's old bell foundry, which went into operation in 1774. In 1859 the company was taken over by his brother Andreas (1824-1894) and later expanded to include printing presses under the name Albert & Hamm . Many of today's metalworking businesses in the city go back to this company and Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG was also created from parts of the old bell foundry. The companies KKK , Albert-Frankenthal , KSB and Bettinger & Balcke , which were founded between 1859 and 1899, made the city an important center for metal processing. The turbine boilers , printing machines and pumps manufactured in Frankenthal enjoyed a worldwide reputation. The population also rose rapidly: in 1850 there were 4,767, 50 years later 16,899, around 50,000 around the year 2000.
The city wall, which was newly built in the first half of the 18th century and had long since become too narrow, was removed with the exception of small remains at the turn of the 20th century, and the city center was densely built up. In 1919 the three villages of Flomersheim , Mörsch and Studernheim, located near the city, were incorporated. Development areas and new industries emerged.
Development from the Second World War
During the Second World War , the Wehrmacht operated the prisoner-of-war main camp XII B ( Stalag XII B for short ) in Frankenthal . In 1940, as a satellite camp of the SS special camp Hinzert (KZ) in Mörsch, there was a forced labor camp for several months , the prisoners of which were used in the construction of the motorway (today's A 6 ).
On September 23, 1943 Frankenthal was badly destroyed by bombs and lost a large part of its older buildings. Like many others, the city was rebuilt in functional but unadorned architecture in the post-war period. Whether the description of the poet August von Platen from 1815 that Frankenthal is a "beautifully built town, one of the most beautiful in the whole of the Palatinate" is still true today is therefore at least controversial. In any case, the city was able to get back to its economic and urban traditions very quickly in the 1950s and 1960s.
Frankenthal was part of the French occupation zone after World War II . The establishment of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate was ordered on August 30, 1946 as the last state in the western occupation zones by decree No. 57 of the French military government under General Marie-Pierre Kœnig . It was initially referred to as the "Rhineland-Palatinate Land" or "Land Rheinpfalz"; the name Rhineland-Palatinate was only established with the constitution of May 18, 1947.
As part of the municipal regional reform in Rhineland-Palatinate, Eppstein was incorporated on June 7, 1969. The larger eastern part of the Frankenthal (Pfalz) district was incorporated into what is now the Rhein-Pfalz district with its seat in Ludwigshafen am Rhein , the smaller western part was added to the new Bad Dürkheim district.
A blowout event occurred in 1980. For 15 days, a total of 15 million cubic meters of natural gas flowed uncontrollably from an underground storage facility operated by Saar-Ferngas until the defective borehole could be closed by “Red” Adair with the aid of a blowout preventer . Attempts to seal the leak with 1000 tons of concrete had previously failed.
In 2000, Mayor Theo Wieder brought the Frankenthal citizens' projects to life. The aim is to realize projects for which public funds are lacking, but whose voluntary implementation is desirable in order to increase the attractiveness of the city. The city's 425th anniversary took place in 2002. Since the festival year, a total of 149 sculptures of lions (he is Frankenthal's heraldic animal ) have been lining the cityscape, which have been bought by private individuals and companies and painted in different ways.
Currently (as of May 31, 2020) the proportion of Catholic citizens is 26.3%, Protestant 24.8% and the other 48.9%. On May 9, 2011, the proportion of Catholic citizens was 30.5%, Protestant 31.6% and the other 37.9%. The number of Catholics and especially that of Protestants has therefore decreased in the period under review.
In the Eppstein district there has been a Mennonite congregation since 1779 with 45 congregation members who live on site and in the wider area. We work with the Mennonite congregation in Ludwigshafen regarding the employment of a pastor. In addition, there is a Mennonite Brethren Congregation , which goes back to emigrants from Russia. It maintains two meetinghouses.
Other free churches and other religious communities are also active in Frankenthal with their own communities.
The City Council of Frankenthal consists of 44 honorary council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the full-time Lord Mayor as chairman.
Because of the special features of the Rhineland-Palatinate electoral system in local elections (personalized proportional representation), the percentages given are shown as weighted results that only represent the voting behavior in arithmetic.
The city council elections led to the following results (with comparative figures from the previous election):
|Party / list||%
Lord Mayor and City Council
The full-time Lord Mayor is head of the Frankenthal city administration and chairs the city council; in addition, he heads municipal department A, which is responsible, among other things, for political committees, construction planning and public utilities. Martin Hebich of the CDU has been the incumbent since January 1, 2016; he was elected on May 31, 2015 for an eight-year term.
The previous mayors of Frankenthal included:
- 1921–1933: Hermann Strasser (DDP)
- 1942–1945: Hieronymus Merkle (NSDAP)
- 1945: Hermann Strasser
- 1946–1947: Karl Zimmermann (SPD)
- 1947–1948: Karl Breyer (SPD)
- 1949: Adam Kroll (CDU)
- 1949–1959: Emil Kraus
- 1959–1964: Jürgen Hahn (SPD)
- 1964–1972: Berno Zeißler (SPD)
- 1972–1983: Günter Kahlberg (CDU)
- 1984–1989: Jochen Riebel (CDU)
- 1990–1999: Peter Popitz (SPD)
- 2000–2015: Theo Wieder (CDU)
- since 2016: Martin Hebich (CDU)
The mayor is supported by two other department heads, with whom he forms the city council. These are currently Mayor Bernd Knöppel (CDU; Department B - Buildings, Law, Order and Environment as well as the city's own operations) and the alderman Bernd Leidig (SPD; Department C - Finance, Schools, Families, Youth and Social Affairs).
coat of arms
|Banner, coat of arms and flag|
|Blazon : “In black a red armored, tongued and crowned golden lion , whichcarriesa golden orb in the raised right pawand a red shield in the left. In the shieldyou can seea triangular golden corner stone with the tip turned upwards. "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms with the corner stone should be the young city of Frankenthal in 1570 by Elector Friedrich III. have been awarded by the Palatinate. The interpretation is controversial and fluctuates between Dreiherrenstein and stylized ploughshare, the latter with reference to Frankenthal's oldest land register from 1597. A theological interpretation is more likely: According to the motto of the Reformed religious refugees "Christ is de enige Sthen, darup syne Gemeente rust" or according to the Premise "God is our cornerstone". Furthermore, it is subsequently regarded as a reference to the three Frankenthal parishes from 1583 - the Dutch, the Walloon and the German Reformed.|
Official town twinning :
- Colombes , France , since October 26, 1958
- Strausberg , Germany ( Brandenburg ), since October 16, 1990
- Sopot , Poland , since April 17, 1991
- Rosolini , Italy , since October 26, 2018
Culture and sights
Platform art award
The city of Frankenthal has awarded the Perron Art Prize annually since 1981 . The focus of the artistic work alternates between the disciplines of graphics , painting , sculpture and porcelain . An exhibition of the nominees will be held to accompany the award ceremony.
Frankenthal has a large number of clubs that shape the cityscape and leisure activities of all ages. The oldest clubs with the largest number of members include B. the VfR Frankenthal , the TG Frankenthal , the VT Frankenthal or the Pirates Football Club.
The straw hat festival on four days in May / June is the largest street festival in the Palatinate with more than 300,000 visitors. The spring market , the lido festival and the autumn spectacle (formerly the autumn market) are important regional events, the trend days , the culture days and the Christmas market have a local character. The winter ice magic is gaining ever greater aura , with the Erkenbert ruins being transformed into a large ice rink for several weeks .
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2016 Frankenthal generated a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 1.564 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 32,301 (Rhineland-Palatinate: € 34,118, Germany € 38,180) and was thus below the regional and national average. The GDP per labor force is € 68,902, which is significantly higher. In 2016, around 22,700 people were employed in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 5.8% and thus above the average for Rhineland-Palatinate of 4.1%.
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the independent city of Frankenthal was ranked 205 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the places with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future.
Major companies have their headquarters in Frankenthal:
- Tarkett (formerly Pegulan ), manufacturer of floor coverings
- KSB Aktiengesellschaft , manufacturer of pump systems
- Alfred Sternjakob , manufacturer of Scout brand satchels
- RKW Group , manufacturer of films and nonwovens
There are also branches of numerous companies:
- Amazon logistics center (2000 workstations)
- Koenig & Bauer AG (KBA), (printing) mechanical engineering ( Albert-Frankenthal )
- Renolit AG, production of special films
- Intersnack Knabber-Pastry GmbH & Co. KG, including Chio-Chips
- Bender GmbH, manufacture of bottle caps
- Rohmann GmbH, production and development of systems for material testing
- Howden Turbo GmbH (formerly Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch (KKK)), turbo machine technology
The city is the seat of a regional court and a district court . In addition to the two courts, the Frankenthal Justice Center is also home to the public prosecutor's office . Imprisonment for a maximum of eight years can be carried out in the Frankenthal prison.
The city is responsible for a number of schools, which are attended by around 9,000 students from the city and its vicinity:
- ten elementary schools
- two secondary schools plus
- an integrated comprehensive school
- two high schools
- a vocational school
- three special schools
In addition, a school camp is maintained.
The city maintains a music school in the cultural monument of the former sugar factory.
The District Association of the Palatinate is the sponsor of the Palatinate Institute for Hearing and Communication with boarding school and vocational school . Then there is the private Waldorf School in Frankenthal .
In the summer of 2008, the Frankenthal Education Foundation was founded, which supports the various educational institutions and their students.
The city has good transport connections for both private and public transport. Immediately north of Frankenthal is the Frankenthal-Nord junction of the A 6 ( Saarbrücken - Mannheim ); From the south, the city is reached via the B 9 ( Speyer - Worms ).
Frankenthal is on the Mainz – Mannheim railway line . The S-Bahn RheinNeckar S-Bahn stops every half hour at Frankenthal Central Station and the Regional Express Mainz – Karlsruhe and Mainz – Mannheim alternate every hour. Starting with the timetable change in December 2018, the S-Bahn connection will also take place every half hour on weekends, and will be fully expanded with the use of new vehicles for the timetable change in December 2021.
Regional trains run hourly from Frankenthal main station to Freinsheim and on to Grünstadt and Ramsen / Eiswoog . The line to Freinsheim branches off from the line to Ludwigshafen am Rhein south of the Frankenthal Süd stop , which went into operation on June 14, 2015 at midnight when the timetable changed.
Several city and regional bus routes, all of which meet at the Frankenthal bus station, serve the city and the surrounding area.
In the 2012 children's accident atlas compiled by the Federal Highway Research Institute , 2.68 of 1,000 children cycling in Frankenthal have accidents. This puts Frankenthal (Palatinate) in the sixth worst place of all 412 cities and municipalities examined. Frankenthal has always been at the bottom of comparable studies since 1984.
Well-known personalities from Frankenthal include the painters Jacob Marrel and Martin Föller , the mountain filmmaker Arnold Fanck , the legal historian Konrad Maurer , the doctor and writer Paul Bertololy , the mathematician Oskar Perron and the sociologist Stefan Hradil .
- Sorted alphabetically by author or publisher. -
- Luis Tercero Casado: Westfalia inconclusa: España y la restitución de Frankenthal (1649-1653) . In: José Martínez Millán, Rubén González Cuerva (eds.): La dinastía de los Austria: las relaciones entre la Monarquía Católica y el Imperio . Volume II, Madrid 2010, ISBN 978-84-96813-53-3 , pp. 1387-1420 ( Spanish ).
- Volker Christmann u. a .: Frankenthal, pictures from the past . City administration, Frankenthal 1977.
- Volker Christmann, Edgar J. Hürkey, Gerhard Nestler, Dieter Schiffmann, Theo Wieder (eds.): Frankenthal: the history of a city . Commissioned by the city of Frankenthal (Palatinate). Schmidt, Neustadt an der Aisch 2013, ISBN 978-3-87707-886-0 .
- Edgar Hürkey: Art, Commerce, Faith Struggle. Frankenthal around 1600. Exhibition catalog. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 1995, ISBN 978-3-88462-118-9 .
- Walter Jarosch, Bernd Leidig: Frankenthal: Pictures tell history . In cooperation with the City Archives Frankenthal / Pfalz. Sutton, Erfurt 2004, ISBN 978-3-89702-751-0 .
- Anna Maus: The history of the city of Frankenthal and its suburbs . Frankenthal 1969.
- Side of the city of Frankenthal
- Frankenthal's literature in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Frankenthal in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Frankenthal in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Population with main residence on December 31, 2006. Source: Stadtverwaltung Frankenthal: Frankenthal at a glance . 7th edition, Frankenthal 2007.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 463 .
- Writer's from 1501 by the Canon Regular at the Augustinian Canons' Monastery of Groß-Frankenthal, Nicolaus (Niclas) Numan
- Gerhard Kaller: The foundation of the city of Frankenthal (1562-1600) . In: Rhine-Neckar area on the threshold of the industrial age (= Südwestdeutsche Schriften 1). Mannheim 1984, pp. 13-25.
- Illustration by Frans Hogenberg from 1621: Illustration of the place and occupation of Frankenthall, as it was occupied and shot at by the notorious Colonel Don Goncalo de Cordoua ... ( digitized version ).
- Der Pfaltz am Rhein Staat- Land- Staedt- Und Geschicht-Spiegel , pp. 41–42 (digitized version of the Mannheim University Library , urn : nbn: de: bsz: 180-digad-15671 ).
- Official website for the Twelve Apostles Church in Frankenthal with the naming of Mattlener as the architect.
- Official Journal of the French High Command in Germany, No. 35 (1946), p. 292
- full text
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 163 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Natural gas storage tank tight again. (PDF) Zivilschutz-Magazin, October 1980, p. 6 , accessed on April 30, 2016 .
- Municipal district-free city of Frankenthal , accessed on June 7, 2020.
- Census 2011 City of Frankenthal, population in regional comparison by religion - in% , accessed on November 17, 2019.
- Statistics on Reformation Day, denominations by district, Rhineland-Palatinate , accessed on November 17, 2019.
- Mennonite Yearbook 115 (2016), p. 162.
- Mennonite Church Frankenthal Eppstein Kdö.R. , at mennoniten.de, accessed on October 18, 2016.
- Mennoniten-Brüdergemeinde Frankenthal , on mbgft.de, accessed on October 18, 2016.
- Living in Frankenthal - other religious communities , on frankenthal.de, accessed on October 18, 2016.
- Explanation by the Land Returning Officer on the weighted result.
- Result of the election at the regional returning officer Rhineland-Palatinate
- Allocation of seats to City Council 2019 (PDF, 82.70 kB) www.frankenthal.de, May 27, 2019, accessed on July 3, 2019 .
- Presentation of the Lord Mayor on the website of the City of Frankenthal
- Deputy Mayor , frankenthal.de
- Perron art prize of the city of Frankenthal (Palatinate). In: frankenthal.de. Retrieved January 23, 2018 .
- RheinPfalz.de: passed inspection - When the first Shotokan Karate Club Frankenthal the regional training center is located . October 4, 2015. Online at www.rheinpfalz.de. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- attendance at the Straw Hat Festival . In: Die Rheinpfalz , Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Complete Edition, June 7, 2010.
- Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- Federal State of Rhineland-Palatinate. Federal Employment Agency, accessed on January 7, 2019 .
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Reference to the website of the former KKK AG.
- Enforcement jurisdiction. (No longer available online.) Rhineland-Palatinate, Ministry of Justice, archived from the original on June 12, 2016 ; accessed on June 12, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- High quality and diverse range of schools. www.frankenthal.de, 2018, accessed on August 4, 2018 .
- Frankenthaler Bildungsstiftung: Idea. www.frankenthal.de, 2018, accessed on August 4, 2018 .
- Front Palatinate: New S 6 from Mainz to Mannheim
- New S-Bahn Mainz - Mannheim strengthens regional local transport. metropolnews.info, May 27, 2018, accessed October 12, 2018 .