|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Bad Ems|
|Area :||782.29 km 2|
|Residents:||122,297 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||156 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||EMS, DIZ, GOH|
|Circle key :||07 1 41|
|Circle structure:||137 parishes|
|Address of the
Silberau Island 1
56130 Bad Ems
|District Administrator :||Frank Puchtler ( SPD )|
|Location of the Rhein-Lahn district in Rhineland-Palatinate|
The Rhein-Lahn-Kreis is a regional authority in northern Rhineland-Palatinate and is located between Koblenz and the state capital Mainz . The seat of the district administration is Bad Ems , the most populous city is Lahnstein . The district was created in 1969 as part of the Rhineland-Palatinate regional and administrative reform from the Loreley district (with headquarters in Sankt Goarshausen ) and Unterlahnkreis (with headquarters in Diez ), which were dissolved at the same time .
The area of the Rhein-Lahn district is 782.34 square kilometers.
The district includes on the one hand the landscape to the right of the Middle Rhine between the cities of Kaub and Lahnstein (about river kilometers 544 to 587) and on the other hand the foothills of the southern Westerwald , the northwestern Taunus and the western Hintertaunus , where it is about its greatest height (at the Roman fort in Holzhausen an der Haide on the gray head ). The largest river besides the Rhine is the Lahn , which , coming from Limburg an der Lahn , flows through the district from the northeast in a westerly direction and flows into the Rhine at Lahnstein. Settlements in the district that are important for German territorial history are the cities of Nassau and Katzenelnbogen .
The Rhein-Lahn-county borders in the clockwise direction in the northeast beginning at the districts Limburg because Burg and Rheingau-Taunus (both in Hessen ) and to the counties Mainz-Bingen , Rhein-Hunsrück and Mayen-Koblenz , to the circle-free City of Koblenz and the Westerwaldkreis .
The area of today's Rhein-Lahn-Kreis belonged to the rulership of the Prüm Abbey from around the 9th century . In the 13th century, the rulership was given to the Counts of Katzenelnbogen as a fief . After the male line of the counts died out in 1479, the rule of the Lower County of Katzenelnbogen , which roughly corresponds to today's area of the district, passed to the Landgraves of Hesse . After the division of the Landgraviate in 1567, the area went to Hessen-Rheinfels , after this line became extinct, the area changed several times between Hessen-Darmstadt and Hessen-Kassel due to inheritance disputes ( Hessenkrieg ), from 1648 ( Westphalian Peace ) it remained with Hesse -Kassel.
As a result of the Napoleonic rule, most areas became part of the Duchy of Nassau in 1806 . The French administered Pays réservé , which was essentially identical to the area of the Lower County of Katzenelnbogen, was initially excluded . This area only became Nassau after the Congress of Vienna .
The Duchy of Nassau was established in 1866 by Prussia annexed and as district Wiesbaden part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau . In the Rhine-Lahn area, Prussia created the Sankt Goarshausen district and the Unterlahn district based in Diez with effect from April 1, 1886 .
After the Second World War , both districts were in the French occupation zone and were thus separated from the Hessen-Nassau administrative structures. They were added to the state of Rhineland-Palatinate as part of the newly formed administrative district of Montabaur . In 1968 they were assigned to the Koblenz administrative district . The district of Sankt Goarshausen was renamed the Loreley district in 1962 and, during the district reform that came into force on June 7, 1969, was combined with the Unterlahn district to form the new Rhein-Lahn district ; Bad Ems became the county seat ; the first district administrator was Rudolf Rumetsch . On March 16, 1974, the municipality of Arzbach from the former Unterwesterwaldkreis was affiliated to the district, which, however, had already been assigned to the Verbandsgemeinde Bad Ems two years earlier.
As of December 31, 2019, the Rhein-Lahn district had 122,297 inhabitants. The population density on the reporting date was 156 inhabitants per square kilometer. At the end of 2013 there were more women (50.8 percent) than men (49.2 percent) in the district. At 37.2 percent, the age quotient exceeds the youth quotient (29.7 percent).
The proportion of foreigners (registered residents without German citizenship ) was 5.3 percent on December 31, 2013 (6,479 people). The most strongly represented nationalities are mainly residents from Turkey , Poland , Italy , Romania , Serbia , Russia , Kosovo , Croatia , Bulgaria and Austria .
In March 2015, the district recorded an unemployment rate of 4.6 percent (2,998 people).
According to the 2011 census , 46.6% of the population in 2011 were predominantly Protestant , 30.0% Roman Catholic and 23.4% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. Currently (as of March 30, 2020) 26.9% of the population are Roman Catholic, 39.9% Protestant and 33.2% either belong to another religion or are non-denominational.
The district council of the Rhein-Lahn district consists of 42 district council members elected in a personalized proportional representation and the district administrator as chairman. After the last district election on May 26, 2019 , the following distribution of seats results:
|Parties and constituencies||%
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||28.1||12||38.6||17th||37.7||17th||35.4||16|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||27.0||12||33.7||14th||32.5||15th||41.5||19th|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||13.5||6th||6.6||3||6.3||3||5.8||3|
|FWG||Free group of voters Rhein-Lahn||10.6||4th||10.3||4th||12.7||6th||12.2||6th|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||7.9||3||4.9||2||-||-||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||5.8||2||2.6||1||7.5||3||5.1||2|
|FREE VOTERS||Free voters (federal association)||3.9||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|THE LEFT.||THE LEFT.||3.3||1||3.4||1||3.2||2||-||-|
|Turnout in percent||63.7||58.4||56.6||59.0|
After the previous District Administrator Günter Kern (SPD) moved to the Ministry of the Interior, Sports and Infrastructure in Rhineland-Palatinate as State Secretary on February 1, 2014 , the position of District Administrator was vacant. The official business was conducted by First Alderman Gisela Bertram until 2014. In the local elections on May 25, 2014, the previous member of the state parliament, Frank Puchtler (SPD), was elected as the new district administrator with 55.5 percent.
badges and flags
|Blazon : "Diagonally divided by blue and red, topped with a golden lion."|
Foundation of the coat of arms: The colors blue and gold are the colors of Nassau, red is the color of the electoral principalities of Kurmainz and Kurtrier , which previously had shares in today's district area. The lion stands for the numerous heraldic lions in this area, u. a. from Nassau, Katzenelnbogen, Diez and Kurpfalz.
The coat of arms was approved on January 26, 1970 by the Rhineland-Palatinate Ministry of the Interior.
The district area is accessed by several federal roads , state roads and district roads, including the B 42 on the right bank of the Rhine , the B 54 in the Aartal from Diez to Wiesbaden , also the B 260 from Lahnstein to Wiesbaden, the B 274 from Holzhausen a. d. Haide to Sankt Goarshausen and the B 417 from Nassau to Diez.
Between Eppenrod and Nentershausen (Westerwald) , just to the west of the Diez junction on federal motorway 3 , it runs through a north-eastern corner of the district on the way from Frankfurt to Cologne, albeit only for a few hundred meters, and thus serves to connect the Rhine-Lahn- Circle to the motorway network.
The Nassauische Rhein- und Lahn-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft , from 1861 Nassauische Staatsbahn , built the first railway line in this area from Oberlahnstein in the Lahn valley upwards with considerable difficulties in 1858 to Bad Ems, in 1860 to Nassau and finally to Limburg in 1862. In the same year, the line leading down the Rhine from Wiesbaden also reached the Oberlahnstein station and, in 1864, Niederlahnstein . Today the trains of the RB 23 Lahn-Eifel-Bahn (Limburg - Diez - Bad Ems - Niederlahnstein - Koblenz Hbf - Koblenz city center - Andernach - Mendig - Mayen-Ost ) run on the Lahntalbahn .
In Niederlahnstein in 1869 it was connected to the Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft further on to Neuwied-Cologne. The transition over the Rhine from Niederlahnstein to Koblenz and the bypassing of Oberlahnstein was added by the Prussian State Railways in 1879 .
This company also started operating the Aartalbahn Diez – Zollhaus in 1870 , which was extended in the direction of Bad Schwalbach in 1894. In 1888 the Diez Ost station was created by relocating the route between Limburg and Staffel, on which the trains ran to Westerburg and Montabaur in the Westerwald.
Between 1900 and 1903 the stretch of land between the Rhine and Lahn was opened up by Nassauische Kleinbahn AG with three narrow-gauge railways. The 77 km long network had its center in Nastätten, from where the state railway lines in Braubach, Sankt Goarshausen and Zollhaus could be reached.
For a few years, the small railroad trains even ran from Braubach to Oberlahnstein. This - then independent - city was connected from 1933 to 1956 by a line operated by Coblenzer Straßenbahn AG with Koblenz via Niederlahnstein, which had already been connected to the tram network in 1902.
The entire network of standard-gauge railways with passenger traffic in today's district reached its greatest extent in 1894 with 110 km; in addition, the entire narrow-gauge network of Nassauische Kleinbahn AG was added up to 1903 with a circumference of 77 km. At the end of the First World War (1917–1920) the company ceased operations for the first time. Until 1952/53 a rather modest narrow-gauge passenger service was offered.
On the other hand, the federal railway network remained in full operation, with the exception of 13 km of the “Aartalbahn” and the 3 km long connecting line at Oberlahnstein.
Association and local congregations
The Rhein-Lahn-Kreis includes a community -free community and 137 local communities , of which the latter includes six union communities . The largest city is Lahnstein with 18,042 inhabitants, the smallest municipality is Ehr with 77 inhabitants. The following is a list of the community-free community and the community communities with their local communities belonging to the association, including the number of residents on December 31, 2019. (The administrative offices of the association communities are marked with an asterisk.)
The following communities have lost their independence since 1969:
- Giershausen , on December 31, 1972 in Isselbach
- Hinterwald , on June 10, 1979 in Braubach
- Münchenroth , on June 10, 1979 to Diethardt
- Ruppenrod , on December 31, 1972 in Isselbach
- Schaumburg , on July 1, 1991 in Balduinstein
For lists of the term "area changes" see area reforms in Rhineland-Palatinate
When the new district was formed on June 7, 1969, the distinguishing mark EMS (Bad Ems) was assigned. It is still issued today. Since July 8, 2013, the previously issued distinctive signs DIZ (Diez) and GOH (Sankt Goarshausen) have been available as part of the license plate liberalization .
- Website of the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
- Statistical data for the Rhein-Lahn district from the Rhineland-Palatinate State Statistical Office
- Literature from and about Rhein-Lahn-Kreis in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Rhein-Lahn-Kreis in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- My district, my independent city - Rhein-Lahn-Kreis. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate, accessed on April 21, 2015 .
- District administration of the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis (Hrsg.): The Rhein-Lahn-Kreis . S. 134 ff .
- Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 165 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1992
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 2002
- Reporting month March 2015 - Rhein-Lahn-Kreis. Central statistics service of the Federal Employment Agency , accessed on April 27, 2015 .
- District of Rhein-Lahn Religion , 2011 census
- Rhineland-Palatinate municipal statistics, district Rhein-Lahn , accessed on May 25, 2020
- The regional return officer RLP: Rhein-Lahn-Kreis. Final result of the 2019 district council election. Accessed August 10, 2019 .
- Frank Puchtler has been the district administrator of the Rhein-Lahn district since July 1, 2014. Rhein-Lahn district administration, accessed on April 27, 2015 .
- Direct elections for district administrators and full-time mayors. (No longer available online.) The State Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate, archived from the original on October 25, 2014 ; Retrieved April 27, 2015 .
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).