from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Nastatten
Map of Germany, position of the city Nastaeten highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 12 '  N , 7 ° 51'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Rhein-Lahn district
Association municipality : Nasta
Height : 280 m above sea level NHN
Area : 13.02 km 2
Residents: 4202 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 323 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 56355
Area code : 06772
License plate : EMS, DIZ, GOH
Community key : 07 1 41 092
Association administration address: Bahnhofstrasse 1
56355 Nastätten
Website :
City Mayor : Marco Ludwig ( SPD )
Location of the town of Nastätten in the Rhein-Lahn district
Lahnstein Lahnstein Arzbach Bad Ems Becheln Dausenau Fachbach Frücht Kemmenau Miellen Nievern Braubach Dachsenhausen Filsen Kamp-Bornhofen Osterspai Burgschwalbach Flacht Hahnstätten Kaltenholzhausen Lohrheim Mudershausen Netzbach Niederneisen Oberneisen Oberneisen Schiesheim Auel Bornich Dahlheim Dörscheid Dörscheid Kaub Kestert Lierschied Lykershausen Nochern Patersberg Prath Reichenberg (Rheinland-Pfalz) Reitzenhain (Taunus) Sankt Goarshausen Sauerthal Weisel (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Weyer (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Altendiez Aull Balduinstein Birlenbach Charlottenberg Cramberg Diez Dörnberg (Lahn) Eppenrod Geilnau Gückingen Hambach (bei Diez) Heistenbach Hirschberg (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Holzappel Holzheim (Aar) Horhausen (Nassau) Isselbach Langenscheid Laurenburg Scheidt (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Steinsberg (Rheinland-Pfalz) Wasenbach Allendorf (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Berghausen (Einrich) Berndroth Biebrich (bei Katzenelnbogen) Bremberg (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Dörsdorf Ebertshausen Eisighofen Ergeshausen Gutenacker Herold (Rheinland-Pfalz) Katzenelnbogen Klingelbach Kördorf Mittelfischbach Niedertiefenbach Oberfischbach Reckenroth Rettert Roth (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Schönborn (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Attenhausen Dessighofen Dienethal Dornholzhausen (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Geisig Hömberg Lollschied Misselberg Nassau (Lahn) Obernhof Oberwies Pohl (Nassau) Pohl (Nassau) Schweighausen Seelbach (Nassau) Singhofen Sulzbach (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Weinähr Winden (Nassau) Zimmerschied Zimmerschied Berg (Taunus) Bettendorf (Taunus) Bogel Buch (Taunus) Diethardt Ehr Endlichhofen Eschbach (bei Nastätten) Gemmerich Hainau Himmighofen Holzhausen an der Haide Hunzel Kasdorf Kehlbach (Rheinland-Pfalz) Lautert Lipporn Marienfels Miehlen Nastätten Nastätten Niederbachheim Niederwallmenach Oberbachheim Obertiefenbach (Taunus) Oberwallmenach Oelsberg Rettershain Ruppertshofen (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Strüth Strüth Weidenbach (Taunus) Welterod Winterwerb Hessen Landkreis Mainz-Bingen Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Landkreis Mayen-Koblenz Westerwaldkreis Koblenz Landkreis Mayen-Koblenzmap
About this picture

Naststätten is a town in the Rhein-Lahn district in Rhineland-Palatinate and the administrative seat of the association of the same name . According to state planning, Naststätten is designated as a middle center and forms the center of the Blue Land .


Naststätten is located in the western Hintertaunus and is the largest city in the southern Rhein-Lahn district . The city lies in the valley of the Mühlbach .

Nast Orte also includes the Funkenmühle, Pollmerstall, Heidehof, Heubachmühle, Heubachtal, Schwall, Sonnenhügel, Tannenhof and Thurnsmühle residential areas .


In the first century AD, under Emperor Domitian (81–96), the Romans occupied the Taunus and with it the area of ​​today's Rhein-Lahn-Kreis and later Nastättens. Before and also at the time of the Romans, Celtic tribes lived in the Taunus area, which is also evident from the fact that there are numerous Celtic barrows in the vicinity of Nastättens. It is not known whether and how long before the document was mentioned that the immediate area in and around Nastätten was inhabited.

The place was first mentioned in the Prümer Urbar in 893 as Nasteden . Beginning of the 13th century the abbey Prüm except Fronhube 28 Mansi (farms), by hearing four of the and serfs were inhabited. The Prüm Abbey gave the place to the Counts of Katzenelnbogen as a fief in September 1326 , and they bought it in 1449.

As part of the Landgraviate of Hesse

With Philip I († June 27, 1479) the counts of Katzenelnbogen died out in the male line , the son-in-law, Landgrave Heinrich III. of Hesse , inherited the county. There was an inheritance dispute with Nassau-Dillenburg (about the Niedergrafschaft) that lasted for years, which was ended by the Frankfurt Treaty in 1557. In 1527 the Lutheran creed was introduced in Hesse, also in Nastätten, known as the Magnanimous under Landgrave Philip I of Hesse. Due to the inheritance divisions following the death of Philip I in 1567, the Landgraviate of Hesse was distributed to his four sons and Nastatten and the Niedergravschaft fell to the second youngest son of Philip II, and the Landgraviate of Hesse-Rheinfels was created. After the death of Philip II in 1583, the Lower County fell to Hesse-Kassel . In the following decades the Niedergrafschaft was a bone of contention between the reformed Hessen-Kassel and the Lutheran Hessen-Darmstadt: During the Thirty Years War, Nastatten and the Niedergrafschaft belonged to Hessen-Darmstadt between 1623 and 1647, from 1648 it belonged again to Hesse- Kassel.

As early as (and before) the 16th century, intensive sheep breeding was practiced around Nastatten and the fabrics woven from the wool were sold as particularly high-quality "Nastätter cloth" at home and abroad. From around 1590 flax cultivation was an important source of income. The flax was also used to make cloth, which was often dyed blue. This is the origin of the name Blue Land for the area around the place.

After the real division of the Quadruple Court on the Einrich in the two so-called Nastatter recesses in 1774/75 and the takeover of a number of villages into the direct rule of Hesse-Kassel , Nastatten became the seat of the newly formed Katzenelnbogic office .

Under Napoleon

During the so-called French period , the place came under French administration ( Pays réservé ), together with the right bank of the Lower County of Katzenelnbogen from 1806 to 1813 . After the Congress of Vienna in the region and thus Nastätten came in 1816 because of two exchange agreements between Hesse , Prussia and Nassau to the Duchy of Nassau .

Duchy of Nassau

Naststätten was granted city rights in 1817.


From 1866 onwards, with the annexation of the Duchy as a result of the German War, Nastatten became Prussian and was initially assigned to the Unterlahnkreis in the province of Hesse-Nassau . From April 1, 1886, the city with the western part of the dissolved office Nastatten belonged to the newly created district of Sankt Goarshausen .

After the First World War, Nastatten was occupied by French troops from December 14, 1918 to September 9, 1919 and then belonged to the French occupation zone until the French withdrew in 1929.

At the beginning of March 1927, the hitherto hardest confrontation between the National Socialists and their opponents in Nassau took place in Nastaeten: At the so-called "Battle of Nastaetten", SA troops from Wiesbaden, Frankfurt and Mainz as well as other National Socialists disrupted a lecture event directed against their movement. There was one dead and several seriously injured. The Wiesbaden local branch of the NSDAP was then banned for one year. Naststätten was the first city in Prussia that Adolf Hitler made an honorary citizen, namely on June 14, 1932.

On March 27, 1945, American troops occupied Nastätten.

After the Second World War

In July 1945 Nastatten became part of the French occupation zone.

Naststätten has been part of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate since 1946 . Since the regional reform of 1969, the city has belonged to the Rhein-Lahn district and in 1972 became the seat of the newly created association of Nastätten.

Development of the population

Population development of Naststätten.svgPopulation development of Nast Orte - from 1871 onwards
Population development of nastocks according to the table below. Above from 1495 to 2018. Below an excerpt from 1871
year Residents
1495 81
1577 108
1604 163
1773 968
1782 1029
1815 1355
1835 1712
1864 1576
1871 1653
year Residents
1900 1586
1905 1671
1939 1929
1950 2418
1961 2501
1965 2696
1970 2727
1975 3031
1980 3010
year Residents
1985 2982
1990 3249
1995 3809
2000 4160
2005 4242
2010 4217
2015 4198
2018 4199


City council

City council election 2019 Naststätten
Participation: 57.7% (+ 6.4%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p

The city ​​council in Naststätten consists of 20 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city ​​mayor as chairman. Template: future / in 3 years

The distribution of seats in the city council:

choice SPD CDU GREEN FDP FWG total
2019 6th 6th 2 - 6th 20 seats
2014 8th 6th 1 - 5 20 seats
2009 8th 6th - 2 4th 20 seats
2004 7th 8th - 1 4th 20 seats
  • FWG = Free Voter Group Nastätze e. V.

Community partnerships

Mayor of Naststätten

From October 2001 to January 5, 2017, Emil Werner (SPD) was mayor of Nastätten. In September 2016, he announced that he would be leaving office for health reasons. Since no application had been received by September 19, 2016, Joachim Rzeniecki (CDU) was elected mayor by the city council with a majority of 15 votes and publicly sworn in as the new mayor on January 5, 2017. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, Marco Ludwig (SPD) prevailed with 51.8% of the vote against Horst Fäseke (CDU) with 48.2%. The turnout was 57.7%.

Surname Term of office Party membership full-time Special during the tenure Others
Christian (first name unknown) 1870s and 1880s (exact term of office unknown) unknown No Visit of the Crown Prince Friedrich III. in Naststätten in August 1880
Friedrich Fahlsing before 1916 (term of office unknown) unknown unknown; probably not Later mayor in Themar, Bad Karlshafen (elected in 1916 but rejected by the district president) and Nordhorn (1919-27)
Hugo Wasserloos 1903–1927 (exact term of office unknown) unknown No Construction of the new synagogue, First World War, end of the German Empire / Weimar Republic, French occupation, inflation, the beginning of the rise of radical forces a term of 12 years
Friedrich Brüning 1927-1933 unknown No Seizure of power by the National Socialists; Great Depression, Adolf Hitler receives honorary citizenship of the city of Nastätten elected for 12 years; finally transferred to Westphalia under pressure from the National Socialists
Peter Haxel 1933-1934 NSDAP No Synchronization of the administration and the clubs Interim Mayor / Deputy Mayor
K. Ackermann August 3, 1934– October 31, 1936 NSDAP No deposed due to differences with the local NSDAP group
Wilhelm Holzey 04/02/1937-1943/1944 NSDAP Yes Beginning of the Second World War
Peter Haxel 1944/1945 NSDAP probably deputy mayor
David Seibel from March 1945; at least until July 1945 no No End of war; Liberation by American troops; Naststätten comes into the French occupation zone von Haxel appointed on the basis of the order of the district administrator that mayors who were party members had to hand over their offices to non-party members
Franz Oberländer exact term of office unknown; between 1945 and 1948 unknown No post war period
Gustav Kruschwitz exact term of office unknown; between 1945 and 1948 unknown No post war period
Karl Oberländer 1948-1952 unknown No Introduction of the D-Mark
Heinrich Knörgel 1952-1956 unknown No
Hans Peter Kürten 1956-1965 unknown Yes
Hans Kunert 1965-1975 CDU Yes Departure of "Kampf und Spindler"; 1972 administrative reform Due to administrative reform, the mayor's office was no longer full-time; Term of office as full-time and honorary mayor
Hans Kunert 1975-1979 CDU No
Karl-Peter Bruch 07/03/1979 – June 2001 SPD No 1100 year celebration
Emil Werner June 2001–05.01.2017 SPD No Resignation for health reasons
Joachim Rzeniecki 05.01.2017–26.05.2019 CDU No 200 years of city rights celebration
Marco Ludwig since May 26th, 2019 SPD No


Naststätten used to be characterized by agriculture. In and before the 16th century there was sheep farming and "blue dyeing" (see above). In 1898, construction of the Nassau small railway began throughout the facility and lasted until 1901. The railway line also ran through Nastätten. Where the bus station is located today was the station or the station building from 1901, which is still standing today. In 1907/1908 the Düsseldorf company “Kampf und Spindler” founded a silk spinning mill in Nastätten, which existed until 1969/1970.


The “Regional Museum Living and Working”, which was established by the “Heimatpflegeverein Blaues Ländchen” in 1982, is housed in the building of the former secondary school. The former primary school building, the community center, is used for political and cultural events. There is also an outdoor swimming pool and a cinema.

Regular events

Annual events in Naststätten:

  • Blue dye market
  • October market
  • Christmas Market
  • various events of the trade association, e.g. B. Commercial exhibition or automobile show


Synagogue in Naststätten, built in 1904, destroyed in 1939

The city is ecclesiastically assigned to the Evangelical Church in Hesse and Nassau and the Catholic Diocese of Limburg .

Evangelical parish church in Naststätten

In February 2018 the ten formerly independent parishes St. Martin ( Osterspai ), St. Margaretha ( Filsen ), St. Nikolaus ( Kamp-Bornhofen ), St. Jakobus the Elder ( Dahlheim ), St. Georg ( Kestert ), St. Martin ( Wellmich ), St. John the Baptist ( St. Goarshausen ), St. Nikolaus ( Kaub ), St. Peter and Paul (Nastätten) and St. Florin ( Strüth ) to the newly founded Roman Catholic parish “Saint Elisabeth von Schönau ”with headquarters in Kamp-Bornhofen, it belongs to the Limburg diocese.

In Naststätten there is, on the one hand, the Catholic parish church of St. Peter and Paul, built in the middle of the 17th century, and, on the other hand, the Protestant church of St. Salvator, which was probably built at the beginning of the 13th century (at that time of course as a Catholic church).

53% people of Protestant religion and 21% Catholics live in Nastätze, the remaining 26% belong either to another religion or to no religion. The big difference between the two religious groups can be explained by the fact that in Nastätten - as in the entire Landgraviate of Hesse - the Reformation was introduced in 1527 and the subjects of the Landgrave had to become Protestant. Since the inhabitants were not allowed to change their creed according to the principle of " Cuius regio, eius religio " (whose rule, whose religion) was valid in the late Middle Ages and early modern times , Nastatten remained largely Protestant, as can be seen from today's figures. The first Catholic parish after the Reformation was only possible again here after the change of faith of Landgrave Ernst I of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg , from 1652 onwards. The more detailed legal circumstances for this were laid down in the Regensburg Treaty of 1654 .

The first Jew, by the name of Isaias, moved to Nastätten in 1654 with the permission issued on October 8, 1654 by Landgrave Ernst I of Hesse-Rheinfels, who had converted to Catholicism. In the following decades, more Jews came to Nastätten, so that in 1843 67 Jews lived there. In 1871 there were 78, in 1905 67 and in 1925 54.

In the course of the 19th century, the Jews were legally equated. The emancipation and equality of the Jews in Nastatten, which from 1866 belonged to Prussia and the North German Confederation, was concluded with a law of the North German Confederation of July 3, 1869.

From 1868 on there was Jewish religious instruction in Nastätten.

On August 5 and 6, 1904, the new synagogue in Naststätten was inaugurated with great sympathy, including the non-Jewish population. In November 1938 the synagogue was destroyed.

On January 15, 1941, the then mayor of Nastätt reported to the district administrator in St. Goarshausen that there were no longer any Jews living in Nastatten.


The Paulinenstift, which belongs to the Clinic Association of the Central Rhine Community Clinic, is located in Nastätten . It was founded in 1857 at the suggestion of the Duchess of Nassau, Pauline von Württemberg .


In addition to a primary school, Nastätten offers an integrated comprehensive school named after the inventor Nicolaus Otto . There used to be an elementary school, later a secondary school and other specialized schools.

sons and daughters of the town

  • Wilhelm Nesen (1492–1524), humanist and educator
  • Konrad Nesen (≈1495–1560), humanist and mayor of Zittau
  • Friedrich Schenck (1800–1879), last Nassau bailiff in Nastätten (1851–1866)
  • Robert Ferdinand Wagner (1877–1953), US Senator and founder of American social legislation, his son of the same name was Mayor of New York from 1954 to 1965
  • Harro Heuser (1927–2011), mathematician and author
  • Frithjof Fratzer (1934–2010), former government director. D., lawyer and author
  • Wolfgang Back (1943–2019), television presenter and science editor
  • Karl Peter Bruch (* 1946), Rhineland-Palatinate Minister of the Interior and Sport from 2005 to 2011, made an honorary citizen of Nastätten in 2001
  • Ingolf Deubel (* 1950), Rhineland-Palatinate Minister of Finance 2006–2009
  • Matthias Groß (* 1969), sociologist and university professor
  • Peter Heinz (* 1973), director, creative director and producer
  • Christian List (* 1973), Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at the " London School of Economics "

See also


  • Manfred Böckling: It's generally quiet. The beginning of the trench warfare on the Vosges front in 1914 as reflected in the war notebook of Joseph Klemen, secretary of the local court in Nastatter. - In: Nassauische Annalen, yearbook of the association for Nassau antiquity and historical research. 121 (2010), pp. 277-313. ISSN  0077-2887
  • Wolf-Arno Kropat : The National Socialist seizure of power on January 30, 1933 in Wiesbaden and Nassau. In: Nassauische Annalen 94, 1983, pp. 245-277.
  • Naststätten - past and present . Edited by the city of Nastätten. Naststätten 1992.
  • Naststätten between yesterday and tomorrow, Blaue Blätter Volume 18, published by Stadt Nastätten. Naststätten 2017.

Web links

Commons : Naststätten  - collection of images
Panoramic images of nastocks

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved August 9, 2019 .
  3. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 67 (PDF; 3 MB).
  4. ^ Heinrich Beyer : Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch , Volume I, Coblenz: Hölscher, 1860, p. 193 ( ).
  5. HStAM inventory document 1 no. 399 - Abbot Heinrich von Prüm beleh… - Arcinsys detail page. Retrieved July 14, 2018 .
  6. ^ Christian Daniel Vogel : Description of the Duchy of Nassau , Beyerle, 1843, p. 622 ( Google Books ).
  7. ^ A b c Robert Menche, Eckhart Rheingans and Hubertus Seibert: Nastede 893 Nastätten 1993 . Ed .: City of Naststätten. Naststätten / Koblenz 1992, ISBN 3-920388-20-8 .
  8. City of Naststätten news. City of Naststätten, accessed on May 3, 2017 .
  9. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved August 9, 2019 .
  10. Nastatten's new mayor: Rzeniecki wants to “take the citizens with them”. Retrieved May 3, 2017 .
  11. Rhein-Lahn-Zeitung of May 27, 2019, p. 23
  12. Robert Menche, Eckhart Rheingans and Hubertus Seibert: 893 Nastede 1993 Nastätten. Naststätten past and present . Ed .: City of Naststätten. Naststätten 1992, ISBN 3-920388-20-8 .
  13. ^ Letter from the District President in Osnabrück to the District President in Wiesbaden dated September 12, 1924 regarding Friedrich Fahlsing's personal file from his time in Nastätten
  14. Founding service: Parish "Heilige Elisabeth von Schönau" has its seat in Kamp-Bornhofen , accessed on February 6, 2018.
  15. Catholic parish Naststätten. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on August 6, 2017 ; accessed on August 6, 2017 .
  16. Ev. Parish of Naststätten. Retrieved August 6, 2017 .
  17. Stat. State Office RLP Census 2011 Nastätze. (PDF) Retrieved August 6, 2017 .
  18. ^ Robert Menche, Eckart Rheingans, Hubertus Seibert: Nastätten - history and present . Ed .: City administration Naststätten. Naststätten / Koblenz 1992, ISBN 3-920388-20-8 , p. 468 .