|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Rhein-Lahn district|
|Association municipality :||Bad Ems-Nassau|
|Height :||82 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||15.36 km 2|
|Residents:||9689 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||631 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56130|
|Area code :||02603|
|License plate :||EMS, DIZ, GOH|
|Community key :||07 1 41 006|
|LOCODE :||DE BJE|
|Association administration address:||Bleichstrasse 1
56130 Bad Ems
|City Mayor :||Oliver Krügel ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Bad Ems in the Rhein-Lahn district|
Bad Ems is a city on the lower Lahn and the seat of the administrative district of the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis in Rhineland-Palatinate . At the same time, the city of Bad Ems is the administrative seat of the Bad Ems-Nassau community and the seat of the State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate . Bad Ems is a state-approved health resort and designated as a medium-sized center according to state planning .
The city lies on both sides of the Lahn , the natural border between Taunus and Westerwald , parts of the Rhenish Slate Mountains . The city and the district are in the Nassau Nature Park . The city center of Koblenz is about 8 kilometers (as the crow flies) northwest of Bad Ems. Surrounding communities include (clockwise from the north) Arzbach , Kemmenau , Dausenau , Becheln , Nievern (with the Maaracker district, which is structurally connected to the Ems urban area) and Fachbach .
The town has a number of residential areas outside of the city center : Am Klauspfad, Auf'm Klopp, Austerteile, Bernsbach, Concordiaturm, forest workers' settlement, Gräveheid, Grisselberg, Eichwald House, Mohrendell House, Höhenhaus, Kellersweiden, Mergelkaut, Obere Malbergstation, Rullsbach, Schöne View, Seiterich, Tannenhof, Trümmerborn, Wiesbach and Wintersberg.
The annual precipitation is 798 mm in the national average. The driest month is March, with the most rainfall in August. This means that the precipitation is distributed evenly over the year.
In Roman times , the Ems fort and the Auf der Schanz fort were located in what is now the inner city , none of which has survived. There were auxiliary troops to protect the Limes stationed. In the immediate vicinity of the small fort there was a Roman brick factory. The Limes crossed the Lahn in the urban area in the area of Grabenstraße, immediately east of the Kurhaus, with which the second section of the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes in the Taunus begins in the traditional division . In the forests around the city there are still very clear traces of the former Roman border system, including one of the earliest tower reconstructions on the Wintersberg. The Bad Ems Museum shows finds from the fort and the fort bath.
In the Roman era, the silver deposits near Ems may have been exploited. The most recent finds by the General Directorate for Cultural Heritage of Rhineland-Palatinate at the height north of the city area and at the modern thermal baths in the inner city area also revealed further settlement findings from the 1st century AD in 2019.
The village of Ems is believed to have been founded in Franconia in the 6th century AD. It was first mentioned in a document in 880. In the Middle Ages and in the early modern period, it developed as a rural settlement on the lower reaches of the Emsbach , which also included many vineyards. In 1324 King gave Ludwig the Bavarian the town charter . To the east of the village, at the outlet of the thermal springs, the Emser Bad was probably built in the 14th century, which is documented as the "warm bayt by Eumetze" from 1352. Count Johann of Nassau-Hadamar decreed in 1361 Wittumsbeschreibung favor his wife Elisabeth von Waldeck u. a. "Unnser Bad zu Embs". In 1382 there was a “Thurne ubir dem bade”. In 1474 and 1479, the two sovereigns, the Counts of Nassau and the Counts of Katzenelnbogen, carried out extensive construction work on the bath. A chapel was also built. As early as the late Middle Ages, Bad Ems was one of the nationally important baths that were visited, for example, by the archbishops of Trier and Mainz as well as by the sovereigns. The bathing buildings were in the area of the later Kurhaus (today Häcker's Grand Hotel). The first printed bath script in German, Hans Folz “Puchlein von allen paden” (around 1480), mentions Ems.
In the 17th / 18th In the 19th century, Ems was one of the most famous seaside resorts in Germany. At that time it was under the joint rule of Orange-Nassau and Hesse-Darmstadt . During this time, important buildings were built, especially from 1709 to around 1725 the Princely Orange-Nassau Bathhouse, which is still preserved today in the eastern part of the Kurhaus (Häcker's Grandhotel) with what is probably the oldest fountain hall in Germany, the Catholic Chapel Maria Königin (1661 on the then Kurmainzisches Area), the Mainz house (1696 also in the Electoral Mainz area) and the four towers house (1696). In the Mainz house on the left side of the Lahn (Spieß-Ems) the Ems Congress of the Deputies of the Spiritual Electors met in 1786 and adopted the Ems punctuation . Since 1806 Ems was part of the Duchy of Nassau . In 1822 the place and the bath were combined into one community. Ems became a town in 1863. The Duchy of Nassau was annexed by Prussia in 1866 .
The place experienced its heyday in the 19th century as a " world bath " and summer residence of numerous European monarchs and artists, including Kaiser Wilhelm I , the Tsars Nicholas I and Alexander II of Russia , Richard Wagner , Vasily Vereschtschagin and Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky .
The publication of the Emser Depesche contributed to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 , which led to the establishment of the German Empire . Furthermore, in Ems in 1876, Tsar Alexander II signed the Ems Decree in the four towers house . The decree made the dissemination of literary material in the Ukrainian language a criminal offense. A memorial inscription on said site commemorates the historical event. Since 1913 the place has had the official addition of bath.
The history of one of the great European health resorts of the 19th century still shapes the cityscape today. Former hotels and lodging houses as well as residential areas are connected to the historic spa district with its impressive and well-preserved spa architecture. Buildings like the Russian Church and the Malbergbahn are also part of it. The city is embedded in a picturesque landscape that was opened up early on by promenades and walking paths to lookout points, some of which have been preserved to this day.
The 20th century brought profound changes with the two world wars and the occupation. Numerous stumbling blocks remind of the fate of the Jews murdered during the National Socialist era. Since the 1950s, the health resort changed to a "social cure". In 1947, the State Statistical Office for Rhineland-Palatinate was established in Bad Ems , and in the course of the territorial reform of 1969 the city became the administrative seat of the newly formed Rhein-Lahn district and in 1972 of the Bad Ems community.
In the 19th and 20th centuries, today's spa was also characterized by significant ore mining . The focus of the promotion was on the metals lead , silver , zinc and copper . In Roman times there was perhaps ore extraction in open-cast mining , which is still evidenced by numerous pings on the Blöskopf today . In the Middle Ages, underground mining with tunnels and shafts was used. Mining is mentioned for the first time in a document from 1158, but mining was interrupted in the late Middle Ages. For the period from 1595 to 1605 there is evidence of an ironworks in the village, which was subject to tax in Nassau-Orange .
He was resumed in the 18th century. The age of industrialization led to an extensive expansion of the company, which from 1871 traded as Emser Blei- und Silberwerk AG . In 1909 the company was taken over by the later Stolberger Zink AG and continued as a mine until the end of 1945 due to the war (on March 19, failure of the public power grid due to bombing, resulting in failure of the pumps in the pits: the pits filled with groundwater). After the Second World War , production was not resumed. Until 1959, stockpiles and foreign ore were still divorced in the Silberau central processing facility. On the left side of the Lahn were the Malberg and Bergmannstrost (Lindenbach) pits, on the right of the Lahn the Neuhoffnung, Fahnenberg, Pfingstwiese pits (from where the “ Emser Tönnchen ” come from) and the Tollgraben operating point. The latter were also combined to form the Mercur mine. The company also included the Arzbacher Silberkaute mine and the Braubacher Rosenberg mine with the Königsstiel operating point, which ceased operations in 1963 as the last mine on the Emser Gangzug. Traces of the mining industry can still be found in the form of old railway embankments, heaps and tunnel entrances in the Emser Hütte in the Emsbachtal district, the former power station in the Lindenbach , completed in 1905 , whose neo-Gothic brick facade now houses a supermarket, and in the wider area in the form of lead sand - Sandberg waste dump and the Nieverner Hütte industrial monument , located in the neighboring communities of Nievern and Fachbach . With Friedrichssegen, which is about 5 km away and now belongs to Lahnstein , there is another former mining site in the lower Lahn valley.
The development of the population of Bad Ems, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Bad Ems had its highest population to date in 1977 with 10,332 inhabitants.
According to the 2011 census , a majority of 37.9% of the population were Protestant , 30.6% Roman Catholic and 31.6% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. Currently (as of February 29, 2020) of the 9,700 inhabitants, 29.3% are Protestant, 26.2% Roman Catholic and 44.5% are non-denominational or belong to another religious community.
- The Roman Catholic parish of St. Martin (see also the city arms) Bad Ems belongs to the pastoral area Bad Ems in the Rhein-Lahn district of the Limburg diocese .
- Evangelical parishes: Evangelical church in Hesse and Nassau
- The Russian Orthodox Church belongs to the Russian Orthodox Diocese of the Orthodox Bishop of Berlin and Germany .
The city is the seat of the State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate , a branch of the State Office for Data and Information and, until the late 1960s , the seat of the Oberbergamt for Rhineland-Palatinate. Bad Ems has been the seat of the district administration of the Rhein-Lahn district since 1969. Due to a fraudulent election , the election was repeated in 2009.
The city council in Bad Ems consists of 24 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
- Free voter group City and Verbandsgemeinde Bad Ems e. V.
Mayor of Bad Ems is Oliver Krügel. With Frank Ackermann (SPD), Oliver Krügel (CDU), Markus Wieseler (FDP) and Michael Brüggemann (Die PARTTEI), four candidates applied for this office in 2019. In the first round, Krügel (CDU) was with 37.1% ahead of Ackermann (SPD) with 34.2%. This was followed by Wieseler (FDP) with 19.0% and Brüggemann (Die PARTTEI) with 9.6%. Since no applicant received more than half of the valid votes, a runoff between Krügel and Ackermann was necessary. In this runoff election on June 16, 2019, Oliver Krügel (CDU) prevailed with 63.0% against Frank Ackermann with 37.0%. He succeeds the non-party Berny Abbot, who had not run for another term. The handover took place on August 19, 2019 as part of a city council meeting.
The city mayor is supported in his work by three honorary councilors.
Town twinning (Bad Ems community)
- Droitwich ( England , UK)
- Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire ( Burgundy , France)
- Blankenfelde-Mahlow ( Brandenburg , Germany)
- Lubin ( Poland )
Culture and sights
- Kurhaus with fountain hall, Kursaal with spa theater, marble hall, casino . It is said to be one of the oldest casinos in Germany. In operation from 1720–1872 and from 1987.
- Baroque Badeschloss Karlsburg
- Evangelical Martinskirche (originally Romanesque basilica , restored in the 18th century)
- Evangelical Kaiser Wilhelm Church ( neo-Romanesque )
- Russian Orthodox Church, cross-domed church with gilded central dome and four side domes, consecrated in 1876
- Catholic St. Martins Church, ( neo - Gothic three - aisled hall church , built 1866 to 1882), inside: Sandtner organ from 1995 (III / 42), neo-Gothic high altar from 1880, painted choir with pictures from the life of Saint Martin , Altar, ambo and Easter candlestick by Gernot Rumpf
- Catholic church Maria Königin, hall church, built in 1661, Schöler organ from 1831
- Old headquarters from 1903 at Bad Ems-West train station (former mining power station)
- Neuhoffnung tunnel portals (Arzbacher Strasse) and city tunnels (in the Bach gardens)
- Steigerhaus of the former lead and silver smelter (now Ems mining museum)
- Quellenturm (built in 1907)
- Limes watchtower on Wintersberg, the oldest approx. 8.5 m high reconstruction of a Limes tower built in 1874
- Bismarck Tower , inaccessible 12.5 m high Bismarck column from 1901 on the Klopp, (Bismarckhöhe, near clinics)
- Concordiaturm, a 15.1 m high observation tower built in 1861 on the Bäderlei with two viewing platforms at 3.5 m and 14 m tower height (Concordia height towards Kemmenau)
- Malbergturm, an approx. 8.5 m high stone observation tower on the Malberg near the mountain station of the disused Malbergbahn
- Kaiser Wilhelm Monument (Kurpark), 1892 by the Berlin sculptor Paul Otto
- The late classicist artist house Schloss Balmoral is one of the numerous villas in Bad Ems that are well worth seeing. It was built in 1867/68. Today it is used by the Rhineland-Palatinate Foundation for Culture .
- Station building (from the 19th century; architect: Heinrich Velde ), the smallest station hall in Germany.
- Glockenspiel at the old town hall (plays daily at 11 a.m., 3 p.m. and 5 p.m.)
- Spa theater and marble hall
- Cabaret CasaBlanca
The cabaret CasaBlanca (formerly the basement theater CasaBlanca ) organizes political and other cabaret all year round in the theater in the Badhaus (approx. 180 seats) in Römerstraße 41a. Special highlights are the long CasaBlanca Cabaret Night and the Cabaret Prize Emser Pastillchen for two vocal cords .
- Museum Bad Ems (formerly the spa and city museum)
- Ems mining museum
- Beatles Museum Bad Ems
- Emser crane
- Boiler well
- Roman spring
- Hole 3 (house drink)
- New sources
- King Wilhelm's rock source and others
The medicinal springs of the Bad Ems state bath are predominantly sodium hydrogen carbonate containing fluoride . Water temperatures of up to 57 ° C can be reached. The healing water is used for drinking and bathing cures as well as for the production of the Emser pastilles .
Well-known spa guests
- King Wilhelm I (July 13, 1870). See Emser Depesche .
- The Russian writer Nikolai Wassiljewitsch Gogol (1843 and 1847)
- Tsar Alexander II (between 1838 and 1876)
- Alexandra Feodorovna (wife of Nicholas I and sister of Wilhelm I ) (between 1828 and 1859)
- Fyodor Michailowitsch Dostojewski cured here for four summers (1874, 1875, 1876 and 1879) for several weeks at a time.
- Vasily Vereshchagin
- Writer Ivan Turgenev (1845)
- Richard Wagner (summer 1877)
- The Russian composer Nicolai Rimsky-Korssakov
- Operetta composer and conductor Jacques Offenbach (between 1858 and 1870)
- Paul Heyse , Nobel Prize for Literature 1910 (1896 and 1897)
- Ilja Ehrenburg , writer (1900)
- F. von Bodelschwingh , theologian (1893)
- Crown Prince Friedrich, later Emperor Friedrich III. (1887)
- King Albert of Saxony (1881 and 1889)
- King Oskar II of Sweden and Norway (1881 and 1894)
- King Leopold II . of Belgium (1876 and 1905)
- King Karl I of Württemberg (1875 and 1876)
- Writer Victor Hugo (1865)
- Publicist and politician Ferdinand Lassalle (1864)
- Composer and violinist Charles de Beriot (between 1865 and 1863)
- Composer and pianist Clara Schumann (1855)
- Painter Eugène Delacroix (1850)
- Singer ("The Swedish Nightingale") Jenny Lind (between 1849 and 1855)
- Writer Bettina von Arnim (1842)
- King Ludwig I of Bavaria (1840)
- William Ewart Gladstone (later British Prime Minister ) (1838)
- Composer Carl Maria von Weber (1825)
- King of Prussia Friedrich Wilhelm IV. (1819 and 1825)
- Writer and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1774)
- Theologian and philosopher Johann Caspar Lavater (1774)
- British admiral and polar explorer Sir William Edward Parry , († July 8, 1855 in Bad Ems)
- Prussian General Wilhelm von Scharnhorst († June 13, 1854 in Bad Ems)
- Bartholomäusmarkt with flower parade
- Bridge festival
- Choir and organ concerts in the cath. Church of St. Martin (International Organ Concerts Bad Ems)
- Thursday concerts of the DuoW in the marble hall
- World class on the piano
- Bad Emser Mineral and Fossil Days
- Marble hall concert in the spring of the Goethe-Gymnasium
Sights in the area
As a thermal spa, Bad Ems lives largely from the spa business. Despite structural changes in the classic pool system in the 1990s, combined with less approved spa therapy measures and declining visitor numbers until 2005, health tourism is becoming increasingly important again due to demographic change . Further impulses for tourism are expected from the application as a UNESCO World Heritage site ; Bad Ems is a member of the Great Spas of Europe association .
Bad Ems has a varied industry (including medical and electrical engineering , tourism ) , albeit limited due to its focus on spa operations . The ore mining was an important employer in Bad Ems until March 1945 ; the Silberau central processing plant was also in operation until 1959. Architectural evidence can be found scattered throughout the city.
Bad Ems can be reached by road, rail and waterway:
The B 260 (also known as Bäderstraße ), which runs through the city, follows the course of the Lahn from its mouth at Lahnstein and leaves it at Nassau . There it connects to the B 417 in the direction of Limburg and finally leads to Wiesbaden . Since November 2006, the 1.6 km long Malberg tunnel as part of the Fachbach - Bad Ems bypass has relieved the inner city of Bad Ems. The A 3 (Montabaur exit) or A 61 (Koblenz / Waldesch exit) motorways lead to Bad Ems.
The Bad Ems train station and the breakpoint Bad Ems West are on the Lahn Valley Railway . At both stations the line RB 23 (Limburg (Lahn) - Diez - Bad Ems - Koblenz - Andernach - Mendig - Mayen Ost) runs approximately every hour every day in Rhineland-Palatinate . The regional express RE25 (Gießen - Wetzlar - Limburg - Diez - Bad Ems - Koblenz Hbf) also stops at Bad Ems train station every two hours. Both lines are operated by DB Regio. The tariff of the Rhein Mosel VRM transport association applies . The station hall of Bad Ems is the smallest of the Deutsche Bahn.
The city stretches along the Lahn from kilometers 123 (Camping Bad Ems) to 127 (Schleusenkanal). There are various mooring options, a crane system, a boat filling station and a marina.
Lead through Bad Ems:
- The German Limes Cycle Route follows the Upper German-Raetian Limes over 818 km from Bad Hönningen on the Rhine to Regensburg on the Danube .
- The Lahntal cycle path is 245 km long and leads from the source of the Lahn at the Lahnkopf near Netphen in Siegerland to the confluence of the Lahn and the Rhine in Lahnstein .
- The HöhenLuft path is a certified premium path that is around 11 km long.
- The four towers tour is a 16 km long circular hiking trail around Bad Ems, which leads over 616 meters to the four observation towers on the Wintersberg, the Malberg, the Bismarckhöhe and the Concordiaberg.
- The two hiking trails Lahnhöhenweg and Lahnwanderweg as well as the Limeswanderweg lead through Bad Ems.
Leisure and sports facilities
- Rowing club RV Bad Ems
- VfL Bad Ems (football and rugby department)
- TV Bad Ems (including handball, gymnastics, athletics, volleyball)
- Tennis club Blau-Weiß Bad Ems
- Sports stadium "Auf der Silberau"
- Emser Therme
- Various soccer fields, sports facilities and sports halls
- "Denzerheide" golf course, one of the oldest golf courses in Germany
- Riding arena
- Extensive bike and hiking trails, mountain bike training camp
- Well-known sport boat area "Unteres Lahntal"
- Mini golf course at the Quellenturm
- Emser bike park
- 1895 Prince Otto von Bismarck , Reich Chancellor
sons and daughters of the town
- 1847: Carl Bernhard von Ibell , Lord Mayor of Wiesbaden
- 1858: Jeannette Baltzer , writer
- 1872: Nicola Geisse-Winkel , opera singer (baritone)
- 1882: Erich Franzen , lawyer, literary critic and writer
- 1888: Max Jacob , puppeteer and founder of the world-famous Hohnstein puppet theater
- 1890: Adolf Bach , Germanist, old master of German onomatology, Grand Cross of Merit with a star
- 1898: Adolf Reichwein , German educator, economist and cultural politician, resistance fighter in the Third Reich
- 1908: Rolf Karbach , politician (NSDAP), member of the Reichstag
- 1914: Wolfgang Boetticher , musicologist
- 1948: Peter Herz (ancient historian) , ancient historian
- 1950: Hans-Martin Stier , German actor
- 1955: Thomas Günther , member of the state parliament (CDU)
- 1958: Bernhard Nellessen , TV journalist (SWR)
- 1959: Stephan Kessler , Jesuit, theologian and university professor
- 1974: Joachim Stamp , Deputy Prime Minister North Rhine-Westphalia (FDP)
- 1979: Alexandra Lehmler , jazz musician
Personalities associated with the city
- 1790: August Vogler , * Hachenburg, spa doctor in Ems
- 1821: Carl Panthel , * Herschbach, Royal Medical Councilor and spa doctor in Bad Ems
- 1832: Wilhelm Höffert , * Stralsund, royal. Saxon court photographer
- 1868: Ferdinand Stemmler , * Kronberg, spa doctor in Ems
- 1910: Gustav Neidlinger , singer, * Mainz, lived in Bad Ems after his active time as a singer
- 1870: Jacques Offenbach , composer, last stay in Bad Ems, many operettas performed here for the first time
- 1940: Wilfried Dieterichs, journalist, writer, historian
- 1943: Ulla Höpken , painter, * St. Goarshausen, grew up in Bad Ems
- 1944: Botho Strauss , writer and playwright, * Naumburg, school days up to high school in Bad Ems
- 1952: Thomas C. Breuer , writer and cabaret artist, * Eisenach, school days in Bad Ems
- 1974: Josef Winkler , * Koblenz, former member of the Bundestag (B90 / Greens)
- Adolf Bach (Ed.): Contributions to the history of the city of Bad Ems . Bad Ems 1925.
- Karl Billaudelle: Game in Bad Ems . On the history of the casino. Self-published .
- Karl Billaudelle: Russian guests in the Ems bath . In: Nassauische Annalen 95 (1984), pp. 281-291.
- Paul-Georg Custodis : Bad Ems ( Rheinische Kunststätten , issue 174). 2nd, modified edition, Neuss 1980.
- Wilfried Dieterichs: Gentlemen's years in the provinces: THE CITY Bad Ems 1914–1964 . Lahnbrück-Verlag, Weilburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-943738-04-9 .
- Albert Henche: Bad Ems. Building blocks for a local knowledge . Bad Ems 1927.
- Rolf Huebner: Famous guests in Bad Ems . Briedel 1998.
- Hans-Jürgen Sarholz: Bad Ems. A journey through history . 2nd edition. Association for History, Monument and Landscape Management , Bad Ems 2010, ISBN 3-9804107-1-4 .
- Hans-Jürgen Sarholz: History of the city of Bad Ems . 2., revised. Edition Bad Ems 1996, ISBN 3-9804107-0-6 .
- Andrea Schneider and Matthias Zöller: Bad Ems is changing. Changes in the cityscape in comparison. Geiger, Horb am Neckar 2012, ISBN 978-3-86595-475-6 .
- Hermann Sommer: For a cure in Ems. A contribution to the history of the bathing trip from 1830 to 1914 . Steiner, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-515-07341-8 .
- Ferdinand Stemmler: Bad Ems. Historical-balneological fragments from the bath's past . Bad Ems 1904; digitized version .
- The royal drinking, bathing and other health resorts in Bad Ems . Wiesbaden, approx. 1888; digitized version
- Ems and its surroundings . Darmstadt, approx. 1840; digitized version .
- Dieter Weithoener: Bad Ems. City with a face . Bad Ems 1987.
- City of Bad Ems on the side of the Bad Ems-Nassau community
- City & Touristic Marketing Bad Ems Provides information about holidays in Bad Ems
- Website of the Emser Mining Museum
- Literature from and about Bad Ems in the catalog of the German National Library
- The largest photo collection in and around Bad Ems bad-ems-foto.de
- Virtual tour through the city of Bad Ems badems-erleben.de
- Internet site for Wilfried Dieterich's book about Bad Ems The site contains extensive reading samples
- Historical footage of Bad Ems, 1914 , filmportal.de
- Website of the cabaret CasaBlanca
- Website of the Bad Ems-Nassau community
- Verbandsgemeinde Bad Ems-Nassau on Wikipedia
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 40 f . (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Cliff Alexander Jost: The Roman Limes in Rhineland-Palatinate. 2nd edition Koblenz 2006.
- Ulrich Brandl and Emmi Federhofer: Ton + Technik. Roman bricks. Theiss, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-8062-2403-0 ( publications from the Limes Museum Aalen. No. 61)
- Cliff Alexander Jost: The Limes in Rhineland-Palatinate . 2006.
- So far only published in articles in the Rhein-Zeitung .
- Hans-Jürgen Sarholz: History of the city of Bad Ems. 2nd edition Bad Ems 1996, p. 62 ff.
- Sarholz: Geschichte, p. 169 ff.
- Hans-Jürgen Sarholz: History of the city of Bad Ems . Bad Ems 1994, p. 158-166 .
- City of Bad Ems Religion , 2011 census
- City of Bad Ems municipal , accessed on April 27, 2020
- Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection Rhineland-Palatinate: "Irregularities in the local elections in Bad Ems" ( Memento from April 26, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- City Council Bad Ems 2019. Accessed on July 29, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- City Mayor of Bad Ems 2019. Accessed on July 29, 2019 .
- Krügel has the edge in Bad Ems: runoff against Ackermann. Retrieved July 29, 2019 .
- State law Rhineland-Palatinate. Retrieved July 29, 2019 .
- off election Mayor of Bad Ems 2019. Accessed on July 29, 2019 .
- election: Oliver Krügel convinces the Bad Emser voters. Retrieved July 29, 2019 .
- It's official: Oliver Krügel is now city manager , Rhein-Zeitung , August 20, 2019
- Billaudelle, Karl: Game in Bad Ems. On the history of the casino, self-published . - 56 pp.
- Height information according to privately carried out measurements.
- Bismarck Tower Bad Ems on bismarcktuerme.de.
- Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: From Roman and Imperial times, from barbers and pastilles. (Museum Bad Ems) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 2, Southern Germany, pp. 214-216, Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2511-9 .
- Sarholz: Bad Ems, Streifzug, p. 60.
- Ilja Ehrenburg, People, Years of Life. Kindler Verlag Munich 1962, p. 22
- Bad Ems - spa town in the idyllic Lahn valley ( memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). Rhineland-Palatinate Tourism website. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Bad Ems wants to become the third world heritage site in the Rhein-Lahn district . In: Rhein-Zeitung , August 26, 2014. Accessed August 8, 2015.
- HöhenLuft accessed on July 17, 2017
- Four towers tour on the Bad Ems tourist information website.
- Rhineland-Palatinate Bibliography .