|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Rhein-Lahn district|
|Association municipality :||Diez|
|Height :||200 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.26 km 2|
|Residents:||479 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||91 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65558|
|Area code :||06439|
|License plate :||EMS, DIZ, GOH|
|Community key :||07 1 41 022|
|LOCODE :||DE CRM|
|Association administration address:||Louise-Seher-Strasse 1
|Local Mayor :||Marion Meffert|
|Location of the local community Cramberg in the Rhein-Lahn district|
Cramberg is located on the foothills of the Taunus in the western Hintertaunus on the edge of a steep slope above the Lahn at , about 100 meters above the course of the Lahn at the so-called "Cramberger Bogen". The Lahn forms the municipal boundary for about 7.5 km.
Cramberg was first mentioned in a document in 1261. One chapel was first mentioned in 1319, a second was built in 1516. The Protestant church in its current form dates from 1791
A castle was built by Heinrich von Crampburg in 1348, but it was badly damaged in the Thirty Years' War . Its remains were used as a quarry in the 19th century, so that today, apart from the remains of the cellar vault, nothing of this castle has survived.
In the 17th century an elementary school was set up in Cramberg, and classes initially took place in the teachers' private apartments. Not until 1736 was a residential building acquired that was used as a school. The first school was replaced by a new building in 1782, this building was demolished in 1978 and stood where the village square is today.
The population developed as follows in the 19th and 20th centuries: 1843: 476 inhabitants, 1927: 545 inhabitants, 1964: 561 inhabitants.
Cramberg is the Roman Catholic parish of St. Bartholomew in Balduinstein associated with this part of the pastoral space Diez , which in turn the district Limburg in the diocese of Limburg is incorporated.
There were also inhabitants of the Jewish faith in Cramberg, their maximum number is proven in 1843 with 22 people. A Jewish cemetery was laid out in the 17th century on the initiative of the Princes of Schaumburg. It is located northwest of the town.
In 2007 there were controversial discussions about the erection of a memorial plaque for the victims of the National Socialist era , which also attracted national attention.
Local mayor of Cramberg is Marion Meffert. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, she was re-elected with 78.84% of the vote.
The Lahn power plant, completed in 1927, is located below the town of Cramberg . At the narrow point of the “Cramberger Bogen” a 700 m long water tunnel was dug in 1926, which connects the Lahn above and below the “Cramberger Bogen”, while the Lahn flows around the “Cramberger Bogen” for about 7 km. The water drives three turbines at the lower end of the tunnel due to the height difference of 9 m. The Lahn power plant has an installed capacity of 3.2 MW and generates 18 million kilowatt hours of electricity annually.
Trains on the Lahn Valley Railway have been running through the 732 m long Cramberger Tunnel since 1862 . At the time of its commissioning, the Cramberger Tunnel was the longest tunnel in Germany.
Economy and Infrastructure
In earlier times, roofing slate and iron ore were mined in the area of the municipality of Cramberg . Today, to operate Hartmann Group belonging Cramberger Quartz Gravel Hartmann GmbH a quartz gravel pit .
- Internet presence of the local community Cramberg
- Local community Cramberg on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Diez
- Short portrait of Cramberg on SWR television
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Information on www.alemannia-judaica.de
- Cramberg ( memento from September 12, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) on www.rhein-lahn-info.de, accessed on November 7, 2017.
- ( page no longer available , search in web archives: Rhein-Lahn-Zeitung May 14, 2007 )
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Diez, Verbandsgemeinde, fifth row of results. Retrieved November 9, 2019 .