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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Katzenelnbogen
Map of Germany, location of the city Katzenelnbogen highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 16 '  N , 7 ° 59'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Rhein-Lahn district
Association municipality : Aar facility
Height : 280 m above sea level NHN
Area : 9.2 km 2
Residents: 2144 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 233 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 56368
Area code : 06486
License plate : EMS, DIZ, GOH
Community key : 07 1 41 068
Association administration address: Burgstrasse 1
56368 Katzenelnbogen
Website : www.stadt-katzenelnbogen.de
City Mayor: Petra Popp (FWG)
Location of the city Katzenelnbogen in the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
Lahnstein Lahnstein Arzbach Bad Ems Becheln Dausenau Fachbach Frücht Kemmenau Miellen Nievern Braubach Dachsenhausen Filsen Kamp-Bornhofen Osterspai Burgschwalbach Flacht Hahnstätten Kaltenholzhausen Lohrheim Mudershausen Netzbach Niederneisen Oberneisen Oberneisen Schiesheim Auel Bornich Dahlheim Dörscheid Dörscheid Kaub Kestert Lierschied Lykershausen Nochern Patersberg Prath Reichenberg (Rheinland-Pfalz) Reitzenhain (Taunus) Sankt Goarshausen Sauerthal Weisel (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Weyer (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Altendiez Aull Balduinstein Birlenbach Charlottenberg Cramberg Diez Dörnberg (Lahn) Eppenrod Geilnau Gückingen Hambach (bei Diez) Heistenbach Hirschberg (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Holzappel Holzheim (Aar) Horhausen (Nassau) Isselbach Langenscheid Laurenburg Scheidt (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Steinsberg (Rheinland-Pfalz) Wasenbach Allendorf (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Berghausen (Einrich) Berndroth Biebrich (bei Katzenelnbogen) Bremberg (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Dörsdorf Ebertshausen Eisighofen Ergeshausen Gutenacker Herold (Rheinland-Pfalz) Katzenelnbogen Klingelbach Kördorf Mittelfischbach Niedertiefenbach Oberfischbach Reckenroth Rettert Roth (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Schönborn (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Attenhausen Dessighofen Dienethal Dornholzhausen (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Geisig Hömberg Lollschied Misselberg Nassau (Lahn) Obernhof Oberwies Pohl (Nassau) Pohl (Nassau) Schweighausen Seelbach (Nassau) Singhofen Sulzbach (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Weinähr Winden (Nassau) Zimmerschied Zimmerschied Berg (Taunus) Bettendorf (Taunus) Bogel Buch (Taunus) Diethardt Ehr Endlichhofen Eschbach (bei Nastätten) Gemmerich Hainau Himmighofen Holzhausen an der Haide Hunzel Kasdorf Kehlbach (Rheinland-Pfalz) Lautert Lipporn Marienfels Miehlen Nastätten Nastätten Niederbachheim Niederwallmenach Oberbachheim Obertiefenbach (Taunus) Oberwallmenach Oelsberg Rettershain Ruppertshofen (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis) Strüth Strüth Weidenbach (Taunus) Welterod Winterwerb Hessen Landkreis Mainz-Bingen Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Landkreis Mayen-Koblenz Westerwaldkreis Koblenz Landkreis Mayen-Koblenzmap
About this picture

Katzenelnbogen is a town in the Rhein-Lahn district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is the administrative seat of the municipality of Aar-Einrich , to which it also belongs. Katzenelnbogen is designated as a basic center in accordance with state planning .

Location and geography

The town of Katzenelnbogen is located in the northeast of Rhineland-Palatinate in Einrich , a 250 to 450 meter high northwestern part of the Taunus . The southeastern border of the Nassau Nature Park runs through Katzenelnbogen .

Katzenelnbogen also includes the residential areas Gut Margaretenhof, the Hibernia trade union, Höfe am Michert, Itzhäusermühle, Moorenmühle and Talhof.

The old town lies in the valley of the Dörsbach at 280  m above sea level. NHN and extends up to 300  m above sea level. NHN up the Katzenelnbogen castle hill. More recent development from the second half of the 20th century extends to the immediately surrounding heights, followed by agricultural areas and forests. The closer environment rises in the south up to 400  m above sea level. NHN , while the landscape in the north is 300 to 350  m above sea level. NHN forms a plateau with valleys.


The annual precipitation is 697 mm. The precipitation is in the middle third of the values ​​recorded in Germany. Lower values ​​are registered at 39% of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June. In June there is 1.6 times more rainfall than in February. Precipitation varies only minimally and is extremely evenly distributed over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at only 3% of the measuring stations .

Neighboring communities

In the north, the city borders directly on the town of Klingelbach . Another neighboring municipality is Allendorf , which is about a kilometer away in the east. The nearest medium-sized center is the northeastern city of Diez .


Katzenelnbogen Castle in November 2004

The Burg Katzenelnbogen was around 1095 on Bleidenstädter built Vogteigut. The first documentary mention of the place dates back to the same year. A dynasty of counts who were related to the Hohenstaufen dynasty at the time named themselves after the castle . It acquired significant land during the interregnum . Around the year 1260, the brothers Diether and Eberhard divided the county between them, which only reunited around 1402 and then ruled an area from the Odenwald to the lower Lahn, albeit in two parts, the so-called Niedergrafschaft around Katzenelnbogen and St. Goar and the so-called Upper County in the Rhine-Main triangle around Darmstadt. The former included places like Braubach and St. Goar , the latter Rüsselsheim , Groß-Gerau , Darmstadt and Zwingenberg .

The house obtained an important source of income through customs duties on ships that sailed the Rhine, as well as in Darmstadt an der Bergstrasse , which he founded , a trade route that led from Heidelberg to Frankfurt am Main . This made them one of the richest counties in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation .

The Counts of Katzenelnbogen played an important role and are said to have had one of the largest silver hoards in Germany, which they used politically to grant loans to other genders and thus secure their influence. The house provided u. a. Bishops in Münster and Osnabrück , with Diether von Katzenelnbogen towards the end of the 12th century a chancellor of the empire and a king mother of Adolf von Nassau . Diether VI. of Katzenelnbogen received for his services on 19 July 1312 by Emperor Henry VII. , the town charter for Katzenelnbogen awarded. After Darmstadt was made a city in 1330, the Counts of Katzenelnbogen moved their permanent seat there. The further development of the city of Katzenelnbogen then stagnated.

In 1479 the counts died out in the male line. After major inheritance disputes with Nassau , his property finally fell to the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1557 . Here, in turn, the southern parts later fell to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt , the northern parts to Hessen-Kassel . From 1798 to 1814 the parts of the County of Katzenelnbogen (Rheinfels, St. Goar and Pfalzfeld) lying west of the Rhine belonged to the First French Republic . The part of the Electorate of Hesse fell to the Duchy of Nassau in 1815 . After the German War , Katzenelnbogen came to the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau in 1866 . As part of the Prussian community reform, Katzenelnbogen lost its town charter.

The onset of industrialization in Germany after 1850 brought a gradual improvement in the living situation for the residents of Katzenelnbogen, in particular due to the strengthened mining of iron ore, see Zollhaus mine . Until the Second World War , however, the place was dominated by agriculture. This only changed in the 1950s with the creation of new jobs, especially in the neighboring metropolitan centers as part of the economic miracle .

In 1946 the state of Rhineland-Palatinate was formed. For the 650th anniversary of the city charter in 1962, Katzenelnbogen was again granted city charter. In 1972, in the course of the Rhineland-Palatinate "functional and territorial reform", the community of Katzenelnbogen was formed , the administrative seat of which was the city of Katzenelnbogen and which then became part of the community of Aar-Einrich.


Katzenelnbogen - Excerpt from the Topographia Hassiae by Matthäus Merian 1655

The origin of the name "Katzenelnbogen" has not been finally clarified. It could go back to the Latin name cattimelibocus . Catti or Chatti goes to the Germanic people of the chat back while Melibocus hill or mountain means. In the immediate vicinity of Katzenelnbogen there are several burial mounds that testify to an early settlement. In 1783, however, the historian Helfrich Bernhard Wenck classified this interpretation as untenable. In 1952 Karl E. Demandt underpinned the interpretation of Adolf Bach (1927) and Wilhelm Kapsers (1937) that the name should be translated as "small / angled (brook) curvature". The term "Katzenelnbogen" only appears under the counts.

Population development

The development of the population of Katzenelnbogen, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 667
1835 902
1871 1,096
1905 1,116
1939 1,122
1950 1,410
year Residents
1961 1,513
1970 1,636
1987 1,602
1997 2,075
2005 2,170
2017 2,228


City council

City council election 2019 in Katzenelnbogen
Participation: 61.3% (+ 11.5%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p

The city ​​council in Katzenelnbogen consists of 16 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city ​​mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the city council:

choice SPD CDU FWG total
2019 5 5 6th 16 seats
2014 5 7th 4th 16 seats
2009 6th 6th 4th 16 seats
2004 6th 7th 3 16 seats
  • Free voter group "Einrich" e. V.


Mayor of Katzenelnbogen is Petra Popp (FWG). In the direct election on May 26, 2019, she was elected with 84.20% of the vote and is the successor to Horst Klöppel (CDU), who did not run again.

Town twinning

Katzenelnbogen has been twinning with the French city of Serres (Hautes-Alpes) since 1990 .

Culture and sights


The Burg Katzenelnbogen dates from the 11th century. The wall, a gate tower and the main house built in the 16th century have been preserved.

The Catholic Church of St. Peter was built in the neo-Gothic style in 1874/75 . The high altar made in 1906 is striking.

See also:

Regular events

On the penultimate weekend in August, the Bartholomäusmarkt organized by the Einrich Heimatverein takes place. It goes back to a market introduced after the city was founded in 1312, which over time changed from a weekly market to a fair.

The Katzenelnbogen Ritterspiele have been taking place on the first weekend in June since 2007 , inspired by the historical ring prick that can be seen on an old view of Katzenelnbogen.

Economy and Infrastructure

As a market town, the town of Katzenelnbogen is the central shopping option for the surrounding towns in the Einrich . Other sources of income for the city are tourism, two retirement homes and a specialist clinic for psychiatry and psychotherapy led by Wolfgang Eirund, among others. With its supraregional catchment area and its approx. 3,000 patients (approx. 750 inpatients and 2,300 outpatients), this specialist clinic is the city's largest employer each year.


Katzenelnbogen is away from major traffic routes. The place is connected via the B 274 to St. Goarshausen and to the B 54 at Zollhaus im Aartal . The state road 318 leads via Diez to the B 54 to Limburg . Bus lines of the Rheingau-Taunus-Verkehrsgesellschaft or the Nassauische Verkehrs-GmbH connect Katzenelnbogen several times a day with Wiesbaden , St. Goarshausen and Limburg. Until the 1950s, Katzenelnbogen was connected to the rail network via the Nassauische Kleinbahn .

sons and daughters of the town

See also


Web links

Commons : Katzenelnbogen  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. a b State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  3. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 42 f . (PDF; 2.2 MB).
  4. State Surveying Office Rhineland-Palatinate: Topographic map 1: 25,000 Nassau Nature Park. Sheet 5 (east). Verbandsgemeinden Diez and Katzenelnbogen. Koblenz 1993. ed.
  5. ^ Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888, Vol. 9, page 623
  6. ^ Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888, Vol. 11, page 449.
  7. ^ Helfrich Bernhard Wenck: Hessian national history. With a document book and geographical charts. tape 1 . Darmstadt and Giessen 1783.
  8. Karl E. Demandt: Regesten der Graf von Katzenelnbogen . tape 1 . Wiesbaden 1953, p. 799 .
  9. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
  10. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Aar-Einrich, Verbandsgemeinde, 17th line of results. Retrieved November 21, 2019 .