Territorial reforms in Rhineland-Palatinate

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Various regional reforms have been carried out in Rhineland-Palatinate since the state was founded . The focus is between 1969 and 1974, but there were also changes at the community level in the 1990s, with mostly smaller towns becoming independent. This article summarizes these territorial reforms that affected the cities and municipalities, the municipalities, the rural districts and the administrative districts.

First change phase (1967 to 1979)

Administrative districts

On June 7, 1969, the Montabaur administrative region was dissolved and incorporated into the Koblenz administrative region . On the same day, the administrative districts of Pfalz and Rheinhessen were merged to form the new administrative district of Rheinhessen-Pfalz . The Trier administrative district remained almost unchanged. On January 1, 2000, all administrative districts were finally dissolved.

Association municipalities

In the administrative districts of Koblenz and Trier , which were formerly part of the Rhine province , the offices that had arisen from the Prussian mayor's offices existed since 1927 , in which several independent municipalities were administratively amalgamated. The other districts, which were formerly Hessian or Bavarian, did not know anything like that.

The association communities were created as part of the functional and territorial reform . For this purpose, the 132 offices in the administrative districts of Koblenz and Trier were converted into association communities on October 1, 1968. In the other administrative districts there were initially voluntary amalgamations until December 31, 1971, which resulted in the associations of Altenglan , Dudenhofen , Grünstadt-Land , Hahnstätten , Hochspeyer , Höhr-Grenzhausen , Kirchheimbolanden , Kusel , Landstuhl , Lauterecken , Offenbach an der Queich , Otterbach , Otterberg , Ramstein-Miesenbach , Ransbach-Baumbach , Rodalben , Schönenberg-Kübelberg , Waldmohr , Wirges and Wolfstein . The other municipalities were formed by two state laws on April 22, 1972, and some of the existing municipalities were also changed.

Changes at the county level

Ahrweiler district

The Ahrweiler district remained almost unchanged. On November 7, 1970, it was expanded to include the municipalities of Brenk , Burgbrohl , Engeln , Galenberg , Glees , Hohenleimbach , Kempenich , Niederlützingen , Spessart , Wassenach , Wehr and Weibern (part of the Brohlal municipality ) from the dissolved Mayen district, but at the same time gave the Nohn municipality to the Daun district.

The seat of the district administration is the association-free town of Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler , which was formed in 1969 through the merger of the two neighboring towns of Ahrweiler and Bad Neuenahr and four other communities .

Altenkirchen district (Westerwald)

The district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald) experienced only a minor change: On November 7, 1970, the municipality of Berod near Hachenburg was incorporated from the Oberwesterwaldkreis, but part of the municipality of Rott was given to the district of Neuwied.

Alzey-Worms district

The Alzey-Worms district was re-established on June 7, 1969. It included all municipalities of the district of Worms that were not incorporated into Worms , the district of Alzey except for the communities of Frei-Laubersheim , Fürfeld , Neu-Bamberg and Tiefenthal and the municipality of Mauchenheim from the district of Kirchheimbolanden. On March 16, 1974, the communities of Dorn-Dürkheim and Wolfsheim were assigned to the Mainz-Bingen district.

Bad Dürkheim district

The Bad Dürkheim district was rebuilt on June 7, 1969. It includes most of the Frankenthal (Pfalz) district and most of the communities in the Neustadt an der Weinstrasse district . He also received the community of Rodenbach from the Kirchheimbolanden district, which was added to the new community of Ebertsheim on the same day . On March 16, 1974, the district was slightly reduced when Duttweiler became a district of Neustadt an der Weinstrasse.

Bad Kreuznach district

The district of Bad Kreuznach (which was called the district of Kreuznach until the district reform ) was only changed in the external borders. On June 7, 1969, the communities Frei-Laubersheim , Fürfeld , Neu-Bamberg and Tiefenthal came from the Alzey district, the communities Biebelsheim , Bosenheim , Hackenheim , Ippesheim , Pfaffen-Schwabenheim , Planig , Pleitersheim and Volxheim from the Bingen district, the communities Becherbach (Pfalz) , Gangloff , Roth , Reiffelbach and Schmittweiler from the district of Kusel and the communities Altenbamberg , Callbach , Duchroth , Ebernburg , Feilbingert , Hallgarten , Hochstätten , Lettweiler , Oberhausen an der Nahe , Odernheim am Glan and Rehborn from the district of Rockenhausen are added . Furthermore, the community of Kirnsulzbach moved from the Birkenfeld district to Bad Kreuznach, but was incorporated into Kirn on the same day. Instead, the district lost the communities of Bingerbrück (and thus the connection to the Rhine), Münster-Sarmsheim, Waldalgesheim and Weiler bei Bingerbrück to the district of Mainz-Bingen, the communities of Hoppstädten and Medard to the district of Kusel and part of the community of Daxweiler to the Rhine -Hunsrück district. On November 7, 1970, the communities of Bruschied , Kellenbach , Königsau , Schneppenbach and Schwarzerden from the Rhein-Hunsrück district were added, while Genheim was lost to the community of Waldalgesheim in the Mainz-Bingen district.

Bernkastel-Wittlich district

After the district of Wittlich ceded parts of the communities of Bengel and Reil to the district of Cochem-Zell on June 7, 1969, the district (excluding Gransdorf, Oberkail, Seinsfeld, Spangdahlem and Steinborn) moved to the new district of Bernkastel-Wittlich on November 7, 1970 on. He also received the old district of Bernkastel , but without Allenbach , Asbach , Bruchweiler , Hellertshausen , Kempfeld , Schauren , Sensweiler and Wirschweiler-Langweiler and the communities of the community of Rhaunen (Bollenbach, Gösenroth, Hausen, Horbruch, Hottenbach, Krummenau, Lindenschied, Oberkirn, Rhaunen, Schwerbach, Stipshausen, Sulzbach, Weitersbach and Woppenroth). Part of the area of ​​the municipality of Hontheim was also given to the Cochem-Zell district. For it came Beuren , Irmenach and Lötzbeuren from the Rhein-Hunsrück, wide , Büdlich , Heidenburg and Trittenheim from the district Trier-Saar castle and the town of Traben-Trarbach and communities castle , Enkirch , Starkenburg and Thalkleinich that the municipality Enkirch formed , from the district of Zell.

Birkenfeld district

On June 7, 1969, the Birkenfeld district , which was formerly part of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg , was changed in its external borders. He lost the communities of Buborn, Deimberg, Grumbach, Hausweiler, Herren-Sulzbach, Homberg, Kappeln, Kirrweiler, Langweiler, Merzweiler, Niederalben, Niedereisenbach , Offenbach am Glan, Pfeffelbach, Reichweiler, Ruthweiler, Thallichtenberg, Unterjeckenbach and Wiesweiler to the district of Kusel and the community of Kirnsulzbach to the city of Kirn in the Bad Kreuznach district. At the same time, however, came the communities of Asbach , Bollenbach , Gösenroth , Hausen , Hellertshausen , Horbruch , Hottenbach , Krummenau , Oberkirn , Rhaunen , Schauren , Schwerbach , Stipshausen , Sulzbach and Weitersbach ( Verbandsgemeinde Rhaunen ) as well as Allenbach , Bruchweiler , Kempfeld , Sensweiler and Wirschweiler-Langweiler from the Bernkastel district to the Birkenfeld district, as well as the Börfink-Muhl community from the Trier district. However, the latter lost the district Muhl on November 7, 1970 , which went to the community of Neuhütten in the Trier-Saarburg district.

Bitburg-Prüm district

The Bitburg-Prüm district was established on November 7, 1970 from the Bitburg district and the Prüm district , which had already been enlarged on June 7, 1969 to include the municipalities of Menningen and Minden , which were previously part of the Trier district , but excluding Birresborn, Densborn, Duppach, Kopp, Mürlenbach, Oos, Hallschlag, Kerschenbach, Ormont, Reuth, Scheid, Schönfeld, Schüller, Stadtkyll and Steffeln, who went to the Daun district. In return he received the communities of Gransdorf , Oberkail , Seinsfeld , Spangdahlem and Steinborn from the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich and the communities of Eisenach , Gilzem and Orenhofen from the district of Trier-Saarburg.

On January 1, 2007, the Bitburg-Prüm district was renamed Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm .

District of Cochem-Zell

The district of Cochem-Zell was newly formed on June 7, 1969 from the district of Cochem and the greater part of the district of Zell (Mosel) . The town of Traben-Trarbach and the Verbandsgemeinde Enkirch, to which the communities Burg, Enkirch, Starkenburg, Thalkleinich belonged, as well as the communities Bärenbach, Belg, Beuren, Büchenbeuren, Hahn, Hirschfeld (Hunsrück), Irmenach did not move from the district of Zell to the new district , Lautzenhausen, Lötzbeuren, Niedersohren, Niederweiler, Raversbeuren, Rödelhausen, Sohren, Wahlenau and Würrich, i.e. the community of Büchenbeuren without Altlay . At the same time, however, areas of Bengel and Reil (Wittlich district) were incorporated. On November 7, 1970, part of the municipality of Hontheim (district of Bernkastel-Wittlich) was added, for which the municipality of Mastershausen was given to the Rhein-Hunsrück district. The last change took place on April 22, 1972, when parts of the municipality of Burgen (district of Mayen-Koblenz) were added to the district area.

District of Daun

The district of Daun was enlarged on November 7, 1970: It received the communities Arbach , Bereborn , Berenbach , Bodenbach , Bongard , Borler , Brück , Drees , Gelenberg , Gunderath , Höchstberg , Horperath , Kaperich , Kelberg , Kirsbach , Kötterichen , Kolverath , Lirstal , Mannebach , Mosbruch , Nitz , Oberelz , Reimerath , Retterath , Sassen , Uersfeld , Ueß and Welcherath (part of the Kelberg association ) from the old district of Mayen, the communities Birresborn , Densborn , Duppach , Kopp , Mürlenbach , Oos , Hallschlag , Kerschenbach , Ormont , Reuth , Scheid , Schönfeld , Schüller , Stadtkyll and Steffeln from the old district of Prüm and the community of Nohn from the district of Ahrweiler.

Since January 1st, 2007 the district of Daun has been called the district of Vulkaneifel .


The Donnersbergkreis was re-established on June 7, 1969. It includes the district of Kirchheimbolanden except for Mauchenheim and the village of Rodenbach, which is incorporated into Ebertsheim, and the district of Rockenhausen except for Altenbamberg, Callbach, Duchroth, Ebernburg, Feilbingert, Hallgarten, Hochstätten, Lettweiler, Oberhausen an der Nahe, Odernheim am Glan, Rehborn (to the Bad Kreuznach district) and Neuhemsbach (to the Kaiserslautern district). On April 22, 1972, the district lost the community of Sembach to the district of Kaiserslautern, on March 16, 1974 it gained the communities of Rathskirchen , Reichsthal and Seelen from the district of Kusel.

District of Germersheim

The district of Germersheim experienced only one change: on March 16, 1974, he lost the Hayna community to the Landau-Bad Bergzabern district, and one day later it joined the Herxheim community .

District of Kaiserslautern

The district of Kaiserslautern grew on June 7, 1969 to include the communities of Albersbach , Frankelbach and Kollweiler from the district of Kusel and the community of Neuhemsbach from the district of Rockenhausen, but at the same time lost the communities of Bettenhausen, Gimsbach, Matzenbach and Nanzdietschweiler to the district of Kusel and a few other communities to the city of Kaiserslautern located in the middle of the district. On April 22, 1972 the community of Obernheim-Kirchenarnbach moved to the district of Pirmasens, but the community of Sembach came from the Donnersberg district, the community of Miesau from the district of Kusel, which at the same time became the new community of Bruchmühlbach-Miesau , and the community of Schopp from the district Pirmasens and the communities Lambsborn , Langwieden and Martinshöhe from the district of Zweibrücken are added.

District of Kusel

On June 7, 1969 the district of Kusel lost Becherbach / Pfalz, Gangloff, Reiffelbach, Roth and Schmittweiler to the district of Bad Kreuznach and Albersbach, Frankelbach and Kollweiler to the district of Kaiserslautern. For it came from the district of Birkenfeld Pfeffelbach , Reichweiler , Ruthweiler , Thallichtenberg , Buborn , Deimberg , Grumbach , Weiler , Herren-Sulzbach , Homberg , Kappeln , Kirrweiler , boring , Merzweiler , Niederalben , low Eisenbach , Offenbach am Glan , Unterjeckenbach and Wiesweiler , from the District Bad Kreuznach Hoppstädten and Medard and from the district Kaiserslautern Bettenhausen , Gimsbach , Matzenbach and Nanzdietschweiler added. On April 22, 1972, Miesau was given to the district of Kaiserslautern, as it became part of the new municipality of Bruchmühlbach-Miesau there. Rathskirchen, Reichsthal and Seelen followed on March 16, 1974, and moved to the Donnersbergkreis.

Landau-Bad Bergzabern district

The Landau-Bad Bergzabern district was established on June 7, 1969 from the Landau in der Pfalz and Bergzabern districts , the latter excluding Darstein, Dimbach, Lug, Schwanheim, Spirkelbach and Wilgartswiesen and some communities incorporated into Neustadt an der Weinstrasse and Landau in the Pfalz. On April 22, 1972, the district was reduced in size by further incorporations to Landau, but on March 16, 1974 it received the Hayna community from the Germersheim district, which one day later became part of the Herxheim community .

On January 1, 1978, the district was given the new name Landkreis Südliche Weinstrasse .

Ludwigshafen district

On June 7, 1969, the districts of Ludwigshafen am Rhein and Speyer as well as the communities of Beindersheim , Bobenheim am Rhein , Großniedesheim , Heßheim , Heuchelheim bei Frankenthal , Kleinniedesheim , Lambsheim , Maxdorf and Roxheim / Pfalz from the district of Frankenthal (Pfalz) and the communities sat down Birkenheide and Rödersheim from the district of Neustadt an der Weinstrasse merged to form a new district of Ludwigshafen . On March 16, 1974, he lost the community of Ruchheim to the city of Ludwigshafen.

The district has been called Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis since 2004 .

Mainz-Bingen district

The Mainz-Bingen district was re-established on June 7, 1969. It includes all municipalities of the Mainz district and the Bingen district that are not integrated into Mainz , but excluding Biebelsheim, Bosenheim, Hackenheim, Ippesheim, Pfaffen-Schwabenheim, Planig, Pleitersheim and Volxheim. For this purpose, the communities of Bingerbrück , Münster-Sarmsheim , Waldalgesheim and Weiler bei Bingerbrück came from the Bad Kreuznach district as well as the city of Bacharach and the communities of Breitscheid , Manubach , Niederheimbach , Oberdiebach , Oberheimbach , Steeg and Trechtingshausen , which formed the Bacharach community , from the district Sankt Goar added. On November 7, 1970, the community of Genheim , which had previously belonged to the Bad Kreuznach district, was incorporated into Waldalgesheim, and on March 16, 1974 Dorn-Dürkheim and Wolfsheim from the Alzey-Worms district were added. The latter municipalities were already part of the Guntersblum and Sprendlingen-Gensingen associations as early as 1972 .

Mayen-Koblenz district

On June 7, 1969, the Koblenz district was changed: It received the communities of Brey , Niederspay , Oberspay , Alken , Beulich , Brodenbach , Burgen , Dommershausen , Eveshausen , Macken , Morshausen , Niederfell , Nörtershausen and Oberfell from the St. Goar district as well as the Municipalities of Gondorf , Hatzenport , Kattenes , Lehmen and Löf from the Mayen district , but lost some municipalities to the city of Koblenz. On November 7, 1970, the districts of Koblenz and Mayen finally merged to form the district of Mayen-Koblenz , but not completely: The communities of Arbach, Bereborn, Berenbach, Bodenbach, Bongard, Borler, Brück, Drees, Gelenberg, Gunderath, Höchstberg, Horperath, Kaperich, Kelberg, Kirsbach, Kötterichen, Kolverath, Lirstal, Mannebach, Mosbruch, Nitz, Oberelz, Reimerath, Retterath, Sassen, Uersfeld, Ueß and Welcherath (part of the community of Kelberg) went to the district of Daun, the communities of Brenk, Burgbrohl, Engeln, Galenberg , Glees, Hohenleimbach, Kempenich, Niederlützingen, Spessart, Wassenach, Wehr and Weibern (part of the Brohltal community) to the district of Ahrweiler, the communities of Beulich, Dommershausen, Eveshausen and Morshausen went back to the Rhein-Hunsrück district and other communities became districts from Koblenz. On April 22, 1972, parts of the municipality of Burgen were given to the district of Cochem-Zell, but on March 16, 1974 the municipality of Stromberg from the Unterwesterwaldkreis was added, which was also incorporated into Bendorf .

Neuwied district

The Neuwied district only changed to the extent that on November 7, 1970, part of the Rott community (Altenkirchen district) and the Marienhausen community (Unterwesterwaldkreis) were incorporated.

Pirmasens district

The area of ​​the district of Pirmasens was changed in two phases : On June 7, 1969, it received the communities Darstein , Dimbach , Lug , Schwanheim , Spirkelbach and Wilgartswiesen from the district of Bergzabern, but gave Wallhalben and Höhmühlbach (incorporated into Rieschweiler-Mühlbach ) to the District Zweibrücken and other communities to the city of Pirmasens. On April 22, 1972, an area was swapped with the district of Kaiserslautern: The district of Pirmasens gave up the community of Schopp and received Obernheim-Kirchenarnbach in return . At the same time, the district of Zweibrücken was dissolved. Almost the entire district area joined the Pirmasens district, these were Althornbach , Battweiler , Bechhofen , Biedershausen , Bottenbach , Contwig , Dellfeld , Dietrichingen , Großbundenbach , Großsteinhausen , the town of Hornbach , Käshofen , Kleinbundenbach , Kleinsteinhausen , Knopp-Labach , Krähenberg , Maßweiler , Mauschbach , Reifenberg , Riedelberg , Rieschweiler-Mühlbach, Rosenkopf , Schmitshausen , Wallhalben-Oberhausen , Walshausen , Wiesbach and Winterbach (Palatinate) . Pirmasens and Zweibrücken were again enlarged.

Since January 1, 1997, the district of Pirmasens has been called the district of Südwestpfalz .

Rhein-Hunsrück district

On June 7, 1969, the new Rhein-Hunsrück district was created from the district of Simmern and the district of Sankt Goar without the city of Bacharach and without the communities of Breitscheid, Manubach, Niederheimbach, Oberdiebach, Oberheimbach, Steeg, Trechtingshausen (Verbandsgemeinde Bacharach) and Brey, Niederspay, Oberspay, Alken, Beulich, Brodenbach, Burgen, Dommershausen, Eveshausen, Macken, Morshausen, Niederfell, Nörtershausen and Oberfell. For this came from the district of Zell Bärenbach , Belg , Beuren , Büchenbeuren , Hahn , Hirschfeld (Hunsrück) , Irmenach , Lautzenhausen , Lötzbeuren , Niedersohren , Niederweiler , Raversbeuren , Rödelhausen , Sohren , Wahlenau and Würrich (corresponds to the community of Büchenbeuren , but without Altlay) , from the district of Bernkastel Lindenschied and Woppenroth and from the district of Bad Kreuznach a part of the municipality of Daxweiler . On November 7, 1970, the Rhein-Hunsrück district lost Bruschied, Kellenbach, Königsau, Schneppenbach and Schwarzerden to the Bad Kreuznach district and Beuren, Irmenach and Lötzbeuren to the Bernkastel-Wittlich district, but Mastershausen came from the Cochem-Zell district and Beulich , Dommershausen , Eveshausen and Morshausen from the dissolved Koblenz district. The latter communities returned to their “old district” after a year.

Rhein-Lahn district

The Rhein-Lahn district was created on June 7, 1969 from the merger of the Loreley district (until 1961 the district of Sankt Goarshausen) and the Unterlahn district . Bad Ems became a district town after it was in the two predecessor districts of Sankt Goarshausen and Diez . On March 16, 1974, the community of Arzbach of the Westerwaldkreis was added, but in 1972 it became part of the Bad Ems community .

District of Trier-Saarburg

The district of Trier-Saarburg was created on June 7, 1969 from the districts of Trier and Saarburg , but without Börfink-Muhl, Menningen and Minden and other municipalities incorporated into Trier. On November 7, 1970, the district of Breit, Büdlich, Heidenburg and Trittenheim lost to the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich and Eisenach, Gilzem and Orenhofen to the district of Bitburg-Prüm, but gained back the Muhl district of the Börfink-Muhl district from the Birkenfeld district, which at the same time was reclassified to Neuhütten .


The Oberwesterwaldkreis lost Berod near Hachenburg to the Altenkirchen (Westerwald) district on November 7, 1970, and the Unterwesterwaldkreis lost the Marienhausen community to the Neuwied district on the same day. Three municipalities changed from the Upper to the Lower Westerwald district: On November 7, 1970 Düringen and on January 29, 1971 Niedersayn and Sainerholz . On March 16, 1974, the Ober- and Unterwesterwaldkreis merged to form a new Westerwald district , the name of which was changed to Westerwaldkreis on August 1 of the same year , with the exception of two communities: Arzbach moved to the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis, Stromberg was replaced by it Bendorf is incorporated in the Mayen-Koblenz district.

Changes at the community level

One district cities

During the territorial reform, most of the twelve independent cities were changed in their outer borders, but none of them lost their district freedom. As the only independent city, Speyer remained untouched by the regional reform.

District municipalities (selection)

New formations of communities

Unlike in other countries , a newly formed congregation was rarely given a completely new name. When this was the case, this church was mostly given a double name. In the following list these new formations are listed with a new name, sorted from north to south. Minor changes such as from Becherbach / Pfalz to Becherbach or from Reichenbachsteegen to Reichenbach-Steegen are not listed.

Area changes from 1980 to 2008

In the years after 1980, some area changes took place on a small scale, mostly a small town gained political independence.

  • On June 17, 1989, after disagreements, the Wieslautern community was dissolved and the Bruchweiler-Bärenbach and Bundenthal communities restored.
  • On July 1, 1991, Balduinstein and Schaumburg merged to form the new municipality of Balduinstein . With only two inhabitants at the time, Schaumburg was the smallest municipality in the country.
  • On January 1, 1994, the Baumholder estate was dissolved. The largest part went to the city of Baumholder , but other surrounding communities also received some parcels. On January 1, 1978, the municipality of Zaubach was incorporated, which has since been cleared.
  • Also on January 1, 1994, the municipality of Elbingen-Moravia was dissolved and Elbingen and Moravia became two separate municipalities.
  • On April 1, 1994, the old community of Welling was dissolved. The two places Trimbs and Welling became two separate communities.
  • On June 12, 1994, Hatzenport , which was temporarily part of Löf , became an independent municipality again
  • Also on 12 June 1994, at that time 23 inhabitants village was Note Hausen after Oberpierscheid incorporated.
  • On September 13, 1999, the town of Urbar , which had previously belonged to Oberwesel , received its political independence.
  • On 1 January 2003 Burscheid by Berkoth incorporated.
  • On June 12, 2004, the village of Leienkaul , which had previously belonged to Laubach, became an independent municipality.

Second phase of change (since 2009)

Another regional reform is currently in progress, through which association municipalities should have 12,000 inhabitants, exceptions apply to an area of ​​more than 100 square kilometers and more than 15 local communities. In the future, municipalities not belonging to the association should also have at least 10,000 inhabitants. The following have already been carried out:

On July 1st, 2014:

On January 1st, 2017:

On January 1st, 2018:

On January 1st, 2019:

On July 1st, 2019:

On January 1st, 2020:

See also

Web links