District of Cochem
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1969)|
|Administrative region :||Koblenz|
|Administrative headquarters :||Cochem|
|Area :||502.13 km 2|
|Residents:||48,430 (Jun 30, 1968)|
|Population density :||96 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||COC|
|Circle key :||07 1 35|
|Circle structure:||68 parishes|
The district of Cochem (official spelling in 1939: Kochem ) was an administrative unit created in 1816 under the original name of the district of Cochem by the Kingdom of Prussia and located in what is now Rhineland-Palatinate . Administratively it was part of the Prussian administrative district of Koblenz in the Rhine province from 1816 to 1945 and of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate from 1946 to 1969. The name “Landkreis Cochem” was formally introduced on January 1, 1939, regardless of which the other names were in use before and after the reference date. As part of the Rhineland-Palatinate municipal reform that began in the mid-1960s, the district of Cochem was dissolved in 1969, the town of Cochem, which was part of the district, and 67 municipalities were assigned to the newly formed district of Cochem-Zell .
After the Kingdom of Prussia was awarded the Rhineland at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and thus also parts of the area on the left bank of the Rhine, which was under French administration from 1794 to 1814, six administrative districts were established in the two Rhenish provinces on April 22, 1816. On May 14, 1816, in the official gazette of the district government of Coblenz, the division of the administrative district of Coblenz into 16 districts was published, one of which was the district of Cochem . From 1822 on, the Coblenz administrative district and the Cochem district belonged to the then newly created Rhine province .
Based on the ownership structure before 1794, the district consisted of part of the Electorate of Trier and some localities of the rear county of Sponheim . During the French administration, the area was assigned to the Arrondissement de Coblence in the Rhine-Mosel department from 1798 to 1814 as the canton of Cochem .
The district of Cochem included the city of Cochem , the spots Kaisersesch , Treis and Lutzerath , 66 villages, 7 hamlets and 19 farms . The Prussian statistics from 1828 counted 35 Catholic and 10 Protestant churches, 53 chapels, 6 synagogues and 135 public buildings, as well as a Progymnasium and 61 Catholic elementary schools . Peace courts were in Cochem, Treis and Lutzerath.
Administratively, the district was divided into seven mayorships :
- Mayor's office of Cochem with the city of Cochem , 6 villages, 1 hamlet, 3 farms and 29 mills; In 1828 3737 inhabitants lived here.
- Mayor's office in Pomerania with 5 villages, 4 farms and 12 mills, which in 1828 had a total of 2,180 inhabitants.
- Eller mayor's office with 6 villages, 2 farms and 3 mills; In 1828 there were 2552 residents here.
- Mayor's office Kaisersesch with the town of Kaisersesch , 16 villages, 8 farms and 15 mills, which in 1828 had a total of 5,449 inhabitants.
- Mayor's office Carden with 9 villages, 1 hamlet, 13 farms and 10 mills, which in 1828 had a total of 3320 inhabitants.
- Mayor's office Treis with the town of Treis , 9 villages, 14 farms and 15 mills; In 1828 4737 inhabitants lived here.
- Mayor's office of Lutzerath with the town of Lutzerath , 15 villages, 5 hamlets, 5 farms and 12 mills, which in 1828 had a total of 5165 inhabitants.
The mayor's offices existed until 1927 and were then renamed to offices; the designation "District Cochem" existed until December 31, 1938, after that "District Cochem".
After the Second World War, the district of Cochem became part of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, which was newly formed in 1946 . As part of the territorial and administrative reform that began in the mid-1960s, the district of Cochem was dissolved on the basis of the Third State Law on Administrative Simplification in the State of Rhineland-Palatinate of November 12, 1968 with effect from June 7, 1969 and from this, together with parts of the also dissolved district of Zell (Mosel) , the district of Cochem-Zell was newly formed.
- 1816–1841: Peter Franz Oster (District Commissioner from May 20, 1816, District Administrator from October 19, 1818 to March 1, 1841)
- 1818: Salentin von Cohausen (July 3rd to October 19th, 1818)
- 1841: Joseph Franz Keiffenheim (representing 1841)
- 1841: Ludwig Viktor von Villers (representing from April to Dec. 1841)
- 1841–1849: Karl Julius Schönberger (from November 1, 1841 to March 1, 1849)
- 1849–1888: Heinrich Jaeger (provisional from February 22, 1849, final from June 21, 1851)
- 1888–1894: Walther Langen (provisional from March 16, 1888, final from December 10, 1888, retired in April 1894 at his own request)
- 1894: Ferdinand Heising (provisional from April to October 1894)
- 1894–1908: Karl-August Hermann Gerbaulet (provisional from October 18, 1894, final from June 16, 1895)
- 1908–1918: Karl Georg Freiherr von Hammerstein-Gesmold
- 1917–1921: Kurt von Lettow-Vorbeck (provisional from 1917, final from 1919)
- 1921–1935: Carl Müller (provisional from 1921, final from 1922)
- 1935: Heinz Korte (substitute)
- 1935–1942: Joachim Hohberg ( substitute from 1935, final from 1936)
- 1942: Walter Schlüter (substitute)
- 1942–1943: Otto Niese (substitute)
- 1945–1948: Adolf Gandner (March 24, 1945 to 1948)
- 1949–1951: Joseph Maria Herlet
- 1951-1960: Albert Gilles
- 1960–1969: Severin Bartos (July 15, 1960 to June 6, 1969)
In 1969 the town of Cochem belonged to:
and 67 local parishes:
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive symbol COC when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued in the district of Cochem-Zell to this day.
- Home book commission of the teaching staff of the Cochem district (publisher): Home book of the Cochem district, Sesterhenn printing company, Kaisersesch, 1926 . ( dilibri.de ).
- Robert Castor: Die Landräte von Cochem and Zell , Heimatjahrbuch Cochem-Zell 2006, pp. 67–71.
- Map of the district of Cochem from 1831 after a pen drawing by v. Ms. Becker State Library Center Rhineland-Palatinate , 2011
- Alfred Oppenhoff: The Prussians came 175 years ago. In: 1991 homeland yearbook of the Ahrweiler district
- Friedrich von Restorff : Topographical-Statistical Description of the Royal Prussian Rhine Province. Nicolai, Berlin / Stettin 1830, p. 646.
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 149 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Contributions to the statistics of the Königl. Prussian Rhineland. 1829, p. 20 , accessed November 11, 2017 .
- The Rhine Province under Prussia, Willemsen, 1842
- Communityfor the Kingdom of Prussia 1885
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 3, 2016 ; accessed on April 2, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Horst Romeyk : The leading state and municipal administrative officials of the Rhine Province 1816–1945 (= publications of the Society for Rhenish History . Volume 69 ). Droste, Düsseldorf 1994, ISBN 3-7700-7585-4 , p. 282-283 .
- http://www.territorial.de/index.htm Landräte in the district of Cochem from 1816-1945 by Rolf Jehke, Herdecke (2007)
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. cochem.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).