District of Bingen
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1969)|
|Administrative region :||Rheinhessen|
|Administrative headquarters :||Bingen am Rhein|
|Area :||265.96 km 2|
|Residents:||79,522 (Jun 30, 1968)|
|Population density :||299 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||AM|
|Circle key :||07 4 32|
|Circle structure:||34 municipalities|
The district of Bingen , until 1938 Kreis Bingen , was a district in the province of Rheinhessen in the Grand Duchy of Hesse or the People's State of Hesse and from 1946 in Rhineland-Palatinate . It was dissolved in 1969 and became part of the Mainz-Bingen and Bad Kreuznach districts .
From 1798 to 1814 the areas to the left of the Rhine belonged to France , and from 1816 to the Grand Duchy of Hesse as part of the province of Rheinhessen . This was initially divided into 11 cantons that went back to the system of the French administration. Together with the provinces of Upper Hesse and Starkenburg , it represented the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
The Hessian province of Rheinhessen was divided into the four districts of Bingen, Alzey , Mainz and Worms by the grand ducal Hessian ordinance of February 5, 1835 . The Bingen district was created from the cantons of Bingen , Oberingelheim and Wöllstein .
By edict of May 12, 1852, Rheinhessen was now divided into five districts, in addition to the districts of Alzey, Mainz, Oppenheim and Worms, a new, smaller district of Bingen (excluding the canton of Wöllstein) from the area of the justice districts of Bingen and Oberingelheim (excluding Budenheim and Mombach). The division of the province of Rheinhessen into five districts (Alzey, Bingen, Mainz, Worms and Oppenheim), created in 1852, survived the transition from the Grand Duchy to the People's State of Hesse in 1918/19 and lasted for more than six decades. During the Nazi era , the provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen were dissolved in 1937.
A radical territorial reform followed, which came into force on November 1, 1938. In Rheinhessen, the Oppenheim district was dissolved, from which the Ober-Hilbersheim community moved to the Bingen district, as did the communities Badenheim , Biebelsheim , Bosenheim , Hackenheim , Ippesheim , Pfaffen-Schwabenheim , Planig , Pleitersheim , Sankt Johann , Sprendlingen , Volxheim , Welgesheim and Zotzenheim from the Alzey district. At the same time, the district was given the new official name of the Bingen district .
On June 7, 1969, the district of Bingen was dissolved as part of the Rhineland-Palatinate regional reform and for the most part merged with the district of Mainz to form the district of Mainz-Bingen . The communities of Biebelsheim, Bosenheim, Hackenheim, Ippesheim, Pfaffen-Schwabenheim, Planig, Pleitersheim and Volxheim were added to the Bad Kreuznach district.
coat of arms
|Blazon : “Split between black and (gold); in front a red crowned and armored golden (yellow) lion; behind a red armored half black eagle at the crack; in the red heart shield a six-spoke silver (white) wheel (Mainz wheel) "|
District councils / district administrators
- Heinrich Wieger , District Councilor (1835–1842)
- Peter Camesasca , District Councilor (1842–1848)
- Carl Friedrich Parcus , District Councilor (1852–1881)
- Anton Trapp , District Administrator (1947–1959)
cities and communes
The following table contains all municipalities that belonged to the district or the district of Bingen between 1852 and 1969, the data of all incorporations and the current district membership:
- Ober-Hilbersheim belonged to the Alzey district from 1835 to 1848 and the Oppenheim district from 1852 to 1938 .
- All municipalities in the canton of Wöllstein belonged to the district of Alzey from 1852 to 1938 (they belonged to the district of Bingen from 1835 to 1848 and returned in 1938).
- All other communities belonged to the district of Bingen from 1835 to 1848 and from 1852 to 1969.
The following communities were only part of the district from 1835 to 1848: Eckelsheim , Gumbsheim , Siefersheim , Stein-Bockenheim , Wöllstein , Wonsheim , Frei-Laubersheim , Fürfeld , Neu-Bamberg and Tiefenthal (from 1852 district of Alzey) and Budenheim and Mombach (from 1852 Mainz district ).
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive BIN when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until June 6, 1969. It has been available again in the Mainz-Bingen district since November 15, 2012 .
- Susanne Karkosch, Karin Müller: The Rheinhessen districts (Alzey, Mainz, Oppenheim, Worms) . Darmstadt / Marburg 1973 (= Repertories of the Hessian State Archives Darmstadt, Dept. G 15 District and District PDF; 226 kB ), ,
- Susanne Karkosch, Karin Müller: Alzey district office . Darmstadt 1973/2006 (= repertories of the Hessian State Archives Darmstadt, holdings G 15 Bingen), PDF; 124 kB
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Bingen district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Literature from and about the Bingen district in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ordinance concerning the formation of circles in the province of Rheinhessen from February 4, 1835. In: Großherzoglich Hessisches Regierungsblatt No. 6 of February 6, 1835, p. 44.
- Law on the organization of the administrative authorities subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior relating to July 31, 1848. In: Großherzoglich Hessisches Regierungsblatt No. 38 of August 3, 1848, pp. 217–225.
- Ordinance regarding the division of the Grand Duchy into circles . In: Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette . May 12, 1852, p. 224 ( digitized version [accessed April 4, 2016]).
- State of Hesse 1939 administrative structure
- Third State Law on Administrative Simplification in the State of Rhineland-Palatinate of November 12, 1968, GVBl 1968 p. 231
- Philipp AF Walther: The Grand Duchy of Hesse by history, country, people, state and locality. 1854, accessed March 2, 2016 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history: District of Bingen. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 3, 2016 ; accessed on March 22, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Municipal directory 1900: District of Bingen
- "Wilhelm von der Nahmer, Handbook of Rhenish Particular Law, p. 55 ff"