The district of Bensheim was a district in the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the People's State of Hesse in the province of Starkenburg . It existed from August 20, 1832 to November 1, 1938. The district town was Bensheim .
Classification of the district in the Grand Duchy of Hesse
Together with the circles Darmstadt , Dieburg , Erbach , Gross-Gerau , Heppenheim and Offenbach , and occasionally, with the circles Lindenfels , Neustadt and Wimpfen , the circle Bensheim formed the province of Starkenburg , in turn, along with the provinces of Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen , the Grand Duchy of Hesse represented .
After the re-establishment of the provinces in the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1815, offices were initially planned as an administrative unit. In southern Hesse these were the offices of Bensheim , Fürth , Gernsheim, Heppenheim, Hirschhorn, Kürnbach (Wimpfen), Lampertheim, Lindenfels , Lorsch, Pfungstadt, Schönberg, Seeheim, Wald-Michelbach, Wimpfen and Zwingenberg . These offices were then combined into larger administrative units.
After the proclamation of the constitution of the Grand Duchy of Hesse on December 17, 1820, a comprehensive administrative reform followed on July 14, 1821. Instead of the offices, districts were now set up. These were the forerunners of the circles. In the area of today's Bergstrasse district, the districts of Bensheim, Heppenheim , Lindenfels and Hirschhorn , as well as Wimpfen with the office of Kürnbach, were formed as an exclave in Baden. Some places were given to neighboring districts.
After the reorganization announced on August 20, 1832, there should be only the districts in Süd-Starkenburg in future, not districts, Bensheim and Lindenfels. Heppenheim was intended to be incorporated into the Bensheim district, and its district administration was to be part of the Bensheim district. Even before the ordinance came into force on October 15, 1832, it was revised to the effect that instead of the Lindenfels district, the Heppenheim district was formed as a second district alongside the Bensheim district, and the city of Heppenheim was therefore not incorporated into the Bensheim district.
The Wimpfen district remained an independent administrative district.
With the Grand Ducal Government Ordinance No. 37 of December 31, 1839, with effect from January 15, 1940, the following locations in the Schönberger and Zeller valleys were separated from the Heppenheim district and added to the Bensheim district:
Schönberg , Zell , Gronau , Elmshausen , Wilmshausen , Reichenbach , Hohenstein (today a forester's house in the Reichenbach district) , Lautern , Gadernheim , Ober- and Unter-Raidelbach with the associated courtyards, mills and individual houses.
On July 31, 1848, the two districts of Bensheim and Heppenheim were then merged to form the administrative district of Heppenheim . The district of Wimpfen came to the administrative district of Erbach . However, this administrative reform only lasted four years, because on May 12, 1852 the merger was lifted again. A newly delimited district of Bensheim was created from parts of the regional court districts of Gernsheim and Zwingenberg.
In the course of the reform of the district constitution in the Grand Duchy of Hesse based on the Prussian model in 1874, there were extensive changes to the area:
- The community of Malchen moved from the Bensheim district to the Darmstadt district.
- The communities of Gernsheim and Klein-Rohrheim moved from the Bensheim district to the Groß-Gerau district.
- The communities of Bobstadt , Bürstadt , Groß-Hausen , Hofheim , Klein-Hausen , Lampertheim and Lorsch moved from the Heppenheim district to the Bensheim district.
- The communities of Glattbach , Knoden , Kolmbach , Laudenau , Lindenfels , Schannenbach , Schlierbach , Seidenbach , Seidenbuch , Winkel and Winterkasten moved from the dissolved Lindenfels district to Bensheim district.
The division of the Starkenburg province into the districts of Bensheim, Darmstadt, Dieburg, Erbach, Groß-Gerau, Heppenheim and Offenbach, which was created at that time, lasted for more than six decades. On October 3, 1937, the hereditary farm Rosengarten , which had arisen in parts of Bürstadt , Hofheim and Lampertheim , was spun off from the Bensheim district and incorporated into the city of Worms .
After the dissolution of the provincial and district assemblies in what was now the People's State of Hesse in 1936 and the abolition of the three provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen in 1937, a radical regional reform was carried out in Hesse on November 1, 1938, as part of the Bensheim district was dissolved:
- Most of the district was added to the Heppenheim district, which was renamed the Bergstrasse district and became the legal successor to the Bensheim district.
- The communities Alsbach , Balkhausen , Bickenbach , Hähnlein , Jugenheim , Ober-Beerbach and Seeheim moved to the Darmstadt district.
- The communities Biblis , Bobstadt , Bürstadt , Groß-Rohrheim , Hofheim , Lampertheim , Nordheim , Riedrode and Wattenheim moved to the district of Worms , which emerged from the district of Worms in the province of Rheinhessen.
As “compensation” for the lost district seat, Bensheim received the district leadership of the NSDAP . The thus created district division of the people's state initially lasted until the end of the war in 1945. After the end of the war, a dispute broke out between the two traditionally rival cities of Bensheim and Heppenheim over the district seat. It was not until 1956 that Heppenheim was finally confirmed as a district town.
- 1832–1848 Peter Josef von Rüding
- 1852-1858 Peter Camesasca
- 1859–1863 Friedrich Müller
- 1867–1872 Heinrich Knorr
- 1872-1888 Julius Usinger
- 1888–1894 Hermann von Bechtold
- 1894–1903 Franz Gros
The development of the population in the Bensheim district:
On January 1, 1908, the district comprised the following municipalities:
Wilmshausen was co-administered by the municipality of Elmshausen and was incorporated into Elmshausen as a district in 1907/1910. Groß-Hausen and Klein-Hausen were merged on April 1, 1937 to form the new community of Einhausen . On July 10, 1936, parts of Bürstadt, Klein-Hausen and Lorsch formed the new municipality of Riedrode .
- District committee of the Bergstrasse district (ed.): Bergstrasse district - history, economy and culture in twelve centuries. 1988.
- GenWiki district of Bensheim
- State of Hesse 1939 administrative structure
- District and district offices (1816–1968) (HStAD inventory G 15 series). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen).
- District change with regard to the Bensheim and Heppenheim districts, ... from December 26, 1839 . In: Grand Ducal Hessian Ministry of the Interior and Justice (Ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1839 no. 37 , p. 480 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 72.2 MB ]).
- Grand Ducal Hessian Government . No. 30, 1852 ( reader.digitale-sammlungen.de )
- Philipp AF Walther: The Grand Duchy of Hesse by history, country, people, state and locality: Bensheim district. 1854, accessed March 2, 2016 .
- Grand Ducal Hessian Government . No. 28 . Darmstadt June 12, 1874, p. 247 ( digital.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de ).
- 175 years of BA - 175 headlines. (PDF; 9.0 MB) The creation of the Bergstrasse district. In: Morgenweb. Bergsträßer Anzeiger, 2007, p. 109 , archived from the original on December 20, 2014 ; Retrieved February 9, 2015 .
- State of Hesse, city and district of Darmstadt
- State of Hesse, city and district of Worms
- State of Hesse, district of Bensheim
- Uli Schubert: Municipal directory 1910 . ( gemeindeververzeichnis.de [accessed on March 10, 2016]).