Bensheim district

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hessen in 1930
Map of the province of Starkenburg

The district of Bensheim was a district in the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the People's State of Hesse in the province of Starkenburg . It existed from August 20, 1832 to November 1, 1938. The district town was Bensheim .

From the merger with the neighboring district of Heppenheim , the Bergstrasse district was created in 1938 .

Classification of the district in the Grand Duchy of Hesse

Together with the circles Darmstadt , Dieburg , Erbach , Gross-Gerau , Heppenheim and Offenbach , and occasionally, with the circles Lindenfels , Neustadt and Wimpfen , the circle Bensheim formed the province of Starkenburg , in turn, along with the provinces of Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen , the Grand Duchy of Hesse represented .


After the re-establishment of the provinces in the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1815, offices were initially planned as an administrative unit. In southern Hesse these were the offices of Bensheim , Fürth , Gernsheim, Heppenheim, Hirschhorn, Kürnbach (Wimpfen), Lampertheim, Lindenfels , Lorsch, Pfungstadt, Schönberg, Seeheim, Wald-Michelbach, Wimpfen and Zwingenberg . These offices were then combined into larger administrative units.

After the proclamation of the constitution of the Grand Duchy of Hesse on December 17, 1820, a comprehensive administrative reform followed on July 14, 1821. Instead of the offices, districts were now set up. These were the forerunners of the circles. In the area of ​​today's Bergstrasse district, the districts of Bensheim, Heppenheim , Lindenfels and Hirschhorn , as well as Wimpfen with the office of Kürnbach, were formed as an exclave in Baden. Some places were given to neighboring districts.

When an ordinance of the Darmstadt government came into force on October 15, 1832, the Bensheim district was formed from the original Bensheim district and the Heppenheim district.

After the reorganization announced on August 20, 1832, there should be only the districts in Süd-Starkenburg in future, not districts, Bensheim and Lindenfels. Heppenheim was intended to be incorporated into the Bensheim district, and its district administration was to be part of the Bensheim district. Even before the ordinance came into force on October 15, 1832, it was revised to the effect that instead of the Lindenfels district, the Heppenheim district was formed as a second district alongside the Bensheim district, and the city of Heppenheim was therefore not incorporated into the Bensheim district.

The Wimpfen district remained an independent administrative district.

With the Grand Ducal Government Ordinance No. 37 of December 31, 1839, with effect from January 15, 1940, the following locations in the Schönberger and Zeller valleys were separated from the Heppenheim district and added to the Bensheim district:
Schönberg , Zell , Gronau , Elmshausen , Wilmshausen , Reichenbach , Hohenstein (today a forester's house in the Reichenbach district) , Lautern , Gadernheim , Ober- and Unter-Raidelbach with the associated courtyards, mills and individual houses.

The same ordinance decreed that the places Viernheim and Lampertheim with Hüttenfeld and the associated courtyards and individual houses from the Bensheim district to the Heppenheim district.

On July 31, 1848, the two districts of Bensheim and Heppenheim were then merged to form the administrative district of Heppenheim . The district of Wimpfen came to the administrative district of Erbach . However, this administrative reform only lasted four years, because on May 12, 1852 the merger was lifted again. A newly delimited district of Bensheim was created from parts of the regional court districts of Gernsheim and Zwingenberg.

In the course of the reform of the district constitution in the Grand Duchy of Hesse based on the Prussian model in 1874, there were extensive changes to the area:

The division of the Starkenburg province into the districts of Bensheim, Darmstadt, Dieburg, Erbach, Groß-Gerau, Heppenheim and Offenbach, which was created at that time, lasted for more than six decades. On October 3, 1937, the hereditary farm Rosengarten , which had arisen in parts of Bürstadt , Hofheim and Lampertheim , was spun off from the Bensheim district and incorporated into the city of Worms .

After the dissolution of the provincial and district assemblies in what was now the People's State of Hesse in 1936 and the abolition of the three provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen in 1937, a radical regional reform was carried out in Hesse on November 1, 1938, as part of the Bensheim district was dissolved:

As “compensation” for the lost district seat, Bensheim received the district leadership of the NSDAP . The thus created district division of the people's state initially lasted until the end of the war in 1945. After the end of the war, a dispute broke out between the two traditionally rival cities of Bensheim and Heppenheim over the district seat. It was not until 1956 that Heppenheim was finally confirmed as a district town.

District councils

Population development

The development of the population in the Bensheim district:

date Residents
1852 29,832
1900 55,916
1910 65,760
1925 72,863
1933 78.917


On January 1, 1908, the district comprised the following municipalities:

Wilmshausen was co-administered by the municipality of Elmshausen and was incorporated into Elmshausen as a district in 1907/1910. Groß-Hausen and Klein-Hausen were merged on April 1, 1937 to form the new community of Einhausen . On July 10, 1936, parts of Bürstadt, Klein-Hausen and Lorsch formed the new municipality of Riedrode .


  • District committee of the Bergstrasse district (ed.): Bergstrasse district - history, economy and culture in twelve centuries. 1988.

Individual evidence

  1. GenWiki district of Bensheim
  2. ^ State of Hesse 1939 administrative structure
  3. District and district offices (1816–1968)  (HStAD inventory G 15 series). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen).
  4. District change with regard to the Bensheim and Heppenheim districts, ... from December 26, 1839 . In: Grand Ducal Hessian Ministry of the Interior and Justice (Ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1839 no. 37 , p. 480 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 72.2 MB ]).
  5. ^ Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette . No. 30, 1852 ( )
  6. ^ A b Philipp AF Walther: The Grand Duchy of Hesse by history, country, people, state and locality: Bensheim district. 1854, accessed March 2, 2016 .
  7. ^ Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette . No. 28 . Darmstadt June 12, 1874, p. 247 ( ).
  8. 175 years of BA - 175 headlines. (PDF; 9.0 MB) The creation of the Bergstrasse district. In: Morgenweb. Bergsträßer Anzeiger, 2007, p. 109 , archived from the original on December 20, 2014 ; Retrieved February 9, 2015 .
  9. ^ State of Hesse, city ​​and district of Darmstadt
  10. ^ State of Hesse, city ​​and district of Worms
  11. ^ State of Hesse, district of Bensheim
  12. ^ Uli Schubert: Municipal directory 1910 . ( [accessed on March 10, 2016]).