District of Mainz
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 1969)|
|Administrative region :||Rheinhessen|
|Administrative headquarters :||Mainz|
|Area :||293.46 km 2|
|Residents:||80,791 (Jun 30, 1968)|
|Population density :||275 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||MZ|
|Circle key :||07 4 33|
|Circle structure:||39 municipalities|
The district of Mainz , until 1938 district Mainz , was a district in the province of Rheinhessen in the Grand Duchy of Hesse or the People's State of Hesse and from 1946 in Rhineland-Palatinate . It was dissolved in 1969 and - with the exception of a few incorporations in Mainz - went up in the Mainz-Bingen district . The district seat was the city of Mainz, which belonged to the district until 1938.
Beginning in 1969, the district bordered clockwise in the northwest with the Rheingau district and the independent city of Wiesbaden in Hesse , the independent city of Mainz in Rhineland-Palatinate, the Groß-Gerau district in Hesse and the districts of Worms , Alzey and Bingen in Rhineland-Palatinate.
From 1798 to 1814 the areas to the left of the Rhine belonged to France , and from 1816 to the Grand Duchy of Hesse as part of the province of Rheinhessen . This was initially divided into 11 cantons that went back to the system of the French administration. Together with the provinces of Upper Hesse and Starkenburg , it represented the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
The Hessian province of Rheinhessen was divided into the four districts of Mainz, Alzey , Bingen and Worms by the grand ducal Hessian ordinance of February 5, 1835 . The Mainz district was created from the cantons of Mainz , Niederolm and Oppenheim . The city of Mainz became a separate urban district on February 16, 1835.
By edict of May 12, 1852, Rheinhessen was now divided into five districts, in addition to the districts of Alzey, Bingen, Oppenheim and Worms, a new, smaller district of Mainz from the area of the justice districts of Mainz , Niederolm and from Oberingelheim the communities of Budenheim and Mombach ( but without Oppenheim ), which also included the city of Mainz. The division of the province of Rheinhessen into five districts (Alzey, Bingen, Mainz, Worms and Oppenheim), created in 1852, survived the transition from the Grand Duchy to the People's State of Hesse in 1918/19 and lasted for more than six decades. During the Nazi era , the provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen were dissolved in 1937.
A radical territorial reform followed, which came into force on November 1, 1938. In Rheinhessen, the district of Oppenheim was dissolved, from which 23 communities moved to the district of Mainz, but the city of Mainz left the district of Mainz and became an independent city. At the same time, the district was given the new official name of the Mainz district .
In the course of the Rhineland-Palatinate administrative reform , the Mainz district was dissolved on June 7, 1969. The communities Drais , Ebersheim , Finthen , Hechtsheim , Laubenheim and Marienborn were incorporated into the independent city of Mainz . The remaining district area was merged with most of the dissolved district of Bingen to form the new district of Mainz-Bingen .
cities and communes
The following table contains all municipalities that belonged to the district or the district of Mainz between 1852 and 1969 and the data of all incorporations:
- Budenheim and Mombach (Canton Oberingelheim) did not belong to the district until May 12, 1852 (previously the Bingen district ).
- Friesenheim, Hillesheim and Undenheim (Canton Wörrstadt) did not belong to the district until 1938 (until 1848 the Alzey district and then the Oppenheim district ).
- All other places had belonged to the district since February 5, 1835.
- From February 16, 1835 to May 12, 1852 and from November 1, 1938, the city of Mainz was not part of the district, but a district-free city .
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the MZ distinctive sign when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is issued in the district of Mainz-Bingen and in the independent city of Mainz until today.
- Susanne Karkosch, Karin Müller: The Rheinhessen districts (Alzey, Mainz, Oppenheim, Worms) . Darmstadt / Marburg 1973 (= Repertories of the Hessian State Archives Darmstadt, HADIS (PDF; 226 kB) G 15 District and District ), ,
- Susanne Karkosch, Karin Müller: District Office Mainz - Oppenheim . Darmstadt 1973/2006 (= Repertories of the Hessian State Archives Darmstadt, Dept. G 15 District and District Offices), inventory G 15 Mainz - Oppenheim, HADIS (PDF; 151 kB)
- Werner Lang: Heimatbuch Landkreis Mainz . Printed by Wilhelm Traumüller, Oppenheim am Rhein 1967
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Mainz district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Literature from the district of Mainz in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about the district of Mainz in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ordinance concerning the formation of circles in the province of Rheinhessen from February 4, 1835. In: Großherzoglich Hessisches Regierungsblatt No. 6 of February 6, 1835, p. 44.
- Law on the organization of the administrative authorities subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior relating to July 31, 1848. In: Großherzoglich Hessisches Regierungsblatt No. 38 of August 3, 1848, pp. 217–225.
- Ordinance regarding the division of the Grand Duchy into circles . In: Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette . May 12, 1852, p. 224 ( digitized version [accessed April 4, 2016]).
- Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 163 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.
- Philipp AF Walther: The Grand Duchy of Hesse by history, country, people, state and locality. 1854, accessed March 2, 2016 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history: District of Mainz. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on June 11, 2011 ; accessed on March 22, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Municipal directory 1900: District Mainz
- "Wilhelm von der Nahmer, Handbook of Rhenish Particular Law, p. 55 ff"