|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Rhine-Selz|
|Height :||89 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.71 km 2|
|Residents:||3808 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||228 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67583|
|Area code :||06249|
|License plate :||MZ , BIN|
|Community key :||07 3 39 024|
|LOCODE :||DE RPG|
|Association administration address:||Sant 'Ambrogio-Ring 33
|Mayoress :||Claudia Bläsius-Wirth ( CDU )|
|Location of the local community Guntersblum in the Mainz-Bingen district|
Guntersblum is a municipality with almost 4,000 inhabitants in the Rhine-Main area in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate . From 1972 to 2014 it was the administrative seat of the Guntersblum Association , to which it also belonged. Since July 1, 2014, Guntersblum has been part of the Rhein-Selz community , which has its administrative headquarters in Oppenheim . In Guntersblum there is an administrative office of the Rhein-Selz community. According to state planning, Guntersblum is designated as a basic center.
- Mainz – Ludwigshafen railway line ,
- Bundesstrasse 9 and the
- Rhine waterway at river kilometers at 473.
- Large sites: Guntersblumer Vögelsgärten and Oppenheimer toad fountain.
- Individual layers: Steinberg, Authental, Steigerrassen, Bornpfad, Kreuzkapelle, Eiserne Hand, St. Julianenbrunnen, Sonnenhang.
- 1828/29 with the breakthrough at the Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue European reserve
- 1945/46 with the demarcation between the French and American occupation zones through the Rhine, later between Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse. This led to a loss of land on the Kühkopf of 1400 ha for Guntersblum and 53 ha for Gimbsheim. Both communities have only a small part of the former area there today: 53 hectares of Guntersblum and 17 hectares of Gimbsheim.
In addition to the actual local community of Guntersblum, there is also a smaller settlement on the Rhine about 3 kilometers from the center of Guntersblum. It's called Guntersblum am Rheindamm . The Guntersblum Rhine harbor , a restaurant and some residential buildings are available here . This district is connected to the Guntersblum town center by means of Kreisstraße 43.
The communities Ludwigshöhe , Gimbsheim , Alsheim , Eimsheim and Uelversheim border Guntersblum clockwise . The communities Ludwigshöhe, Eimsheim and Uelversheim belonged to the former Guntersblum community, the communities Gimbsheim and Alsheim belong to the neighboring community of Eich .
As a place in Rheinhessen, Guntersblum has one of the driest and warmest climates in all of Germany. This warmth and the dryness also favor the viticulture, which is widely practiced here.
9th to 10th centuries
The earliest mention of Guntersblum ( Chunteres Frumere ) can be found in the Lorsch Codex ( Reichsurbar ) between the years 830 and 850: A royal serf had to deliver interest of two fuders of wine to the royal court. On June 13th, 897 Guntersblum was mentioned again, called Cundheres prumare (Gunters plum garden): King Zwentibold confirmed to the monks of the St. Maximin monastery in Trier that they have property in Guntersblum. The interpretation of the current place name emerges from these documents: Gunther's garden with plum trees.
The oldest part of Guntersblum was flood-free on a debris cone of a stream and was the Franconian Gut Nordhofen. This settlement should have belonged to the Worms royal court along with Osthofen and Westhofen.
Between 922 and 927 the Archbishop of Cologne in the ( Archbishopric of Cologne ) furnished the Monastery of the Holy Virgins and the Ursulastift in Cologne with property, including several Arpent field properties in Guntersblum.
13th to 18th centuries
In 1215, the Xanten Monastery in the Archdiocese of Cologne leased its income from the Guntersblum Church (12 loads of wine, 100 Malter rye and 50 Malter wheat annually ) to the knight Herbord von Albig and his son Cuselin. On February 18, 1237 , the Xanten monastery sold the patronage rights and all of its property in Guntersblum for 800 marchis sterlingorum to the Worms cathedral monastery with the consent of Archbishop Heinrich I of Cologne and Landolf von Hoheneck, Bishop of Worms . The division of property took place between the brothers Friedrich III. (Leiningen) and Emich IV. Von Leiningen-Landeck († 1276–1281). The latter received the Electoral Cologne Lehnshof in Guntersblum. - At this time the Nibelungenlied was created with the headquarters of the Nibelungs in Worms and Siegfried , the dragon slayer from Xanten . The Nibelungenforschung dealt with these connections between poetry and truth, but has not yet come to a final conclusion.
Before 1242 Friedrich III. (Leiningen) enfeoffed by the Archbishops of Cologne (the owners of the village) with the Vogtei over Guntersblum. From then on, Guntersblum remained under the rule of Leiningen and belonged to the Leiningen family until 1316 . Then the place went to the House of Leiningen-Hardenburg until 1466 and then to the House of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg until 1572. Then Guntersblum belonged to the house of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg (in Colgenstein-Heidesheim near Obrigheim (Palatinate) ) until 1658 and then until 1766 to the house of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg in Guntersblum, until it was back to the house of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg until 1787 went. From 1787 the place belonged to the house of Leiningen-Guntersblum and was the seat of the imperial count couple Wilhelm Carl and Eleonore (see also the Leiningen-Heidesheim line, which is closely related to Leiningen-Guntersblum ).
After taking the left bank of the Rhine by French revolutionary troops , the region in 1797 was supported by France annexed . From 1798 to 1814 Guntersblum belonged to the canton of Oppenheim in the Donnersberg department .
Due to the agreements reached at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and a state treaty concluded in 1816 between Hesse , Austria and Prussia , the region and thus also the municipality of Guntersblum came to the Grand Duchy of Hesse and was assigned to the province of Rheinhessen by this . After the dissolution of the Rhine-Hessian cantons, the place became part of the newly established Mainz district in 1835 .
The Rhine breakthrough on the Geyer began in the spring of 1827. The first passage was on April 30, 1829. This canal saved shipping the long way around the island of Kühkopf . At that time the sailing ships still had to be pulled up the Rhine by four horses on the towpath .
The richest citizens were allowed to vote for the Second Chamber of the Grand Duchy of Hesse's Landtag ( Land estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse ) with a tax payment of at least 25 guilders / year 1834 :
- Adloff I., Georg Jacob, landowners
- Becht, Carl, adjunct
- Frey, Georg, landowners
- Rösch II., Jacob Wilhelm, landowner
- Salm, Joseph, merchant
- Schatz II., Johann, landowner
- Hurry up, Carl, landowner
- Weinert III., Wilhelm, landowner
In March 1945 Guntersblum was in the deployment area for the first spectacular Rhine crossing at Nierstein in 1945 , only 10 km down the Rhine. In addition, American associations overran Rheinhessen and Guntersblum. After the Second World War , Guntersblum more than doubled in size in the course of the upward trend throughout Germany. With the formation of the occupation zones, the Kühkopf area came to Hesse.
In 1969 Guntersblum came to the newly formed Rheinhessen-Pfalz administrative district in the newly created Mainz-Bingen district . In 1972 Guntersblum became the seat of the association of the same name .
Guntersblum has been a member of the Rhein-Selz community since July 1, 2014 . Since then there has been an administrative office of the Rhein-Selz community in Leiningen Castle.
The development of the population of Guntersblum; the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses :
The church was built around 1100 as a three-aisled basilica with two towers. At that time, the Xanten monastery held the patronage of the church and placed it under the protection of St. Viktor . In 1617/18 the nave was demolished because of its dilapidation. Reconstruction began in 1619. Due to the Thirty Years' War , the building was only completed between 1685 and 1688. In 1702 the south tower (today with a clock) collapsed. It was rebuilt in 1839–42. The two towers of the church are particularly noteworthy. The style of such eight-sided vaults on a square plan may have been established in Persia and further developed in Armenia in the 7th century . This oriental relationship led to them being called Saracen towers. There are only five towers of this style in Germany (cf. Alsheim, Dittelsheim , Worms , Wetzlar ). Another special feature of the church is the Gothic font . It was probably created around 1490 and is one of the so-called lion baptisms.
Catholic Parish of St. Viktor
The two faiths shared a church for about 100 years . Finally, in 1844/45 the bourgeois community helped the Catholics to build their own Saint Victors Church . The church building was located on the municipality's own premises opposite the town hall. The inauguration was carried out by Bishop Petrus Leopold Kaiser from Mainz on November 16, 1845. The deed of consecration hangs in the sacristy of the church. In July 1965, the pastor at the time was able to move into the parish's own parsonage opposite the Catholic Church. In 1982/83 the Catholic parish built its parish home largely through self-help and from donations, which Domkapitular Fahney inaugurated on March 13, 1983.
The municipal council in Guntersblum consists of 20 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
|choice||SPD||CDU||FWG||GLG / ULG||total|
- FWG = Free Voters Group of the Guntersblum e. V.
- For the 2014 local elections, the Green List Guntersblum (GLG) group of voters named themselves in protest to integrate the Guntersblum community into the Nierstein-Oppenheim community as part of the local and administrative reform from 2010 to 2014 , from which the new Rhein-Selz community arose and the missing one Identification by name to Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Rhineland-Palatinate in the Dreyer I cabinet and in the Rhein-Selz Association of Municipalities to the Independent List Guntersblum e. V. (ULG) around.
- 1985–1999: Gottlieb Spies (SPD)
- 1999–2009: Rolf Klarner (FWG)
- 2009–2015: Reiner Schmitt (ULG; 2009–2014: GLG)
- since 2016: Claudia Bläsius-Wirth (CDU), confirmed on May 26, 2019 with a share of the vote of 59.05%
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a red armored and tongued silver Leininger eagle in the divided shield above in blue , and below in silver a blue flower pot with five green-stemmed red roses with red clusters .
Culture and sights
- Kelterhaus (Kellerweg 20) from the 19th century, old building wing built in the classic Wilhelminian style, with an imposing, wood-paneled and painted wine tasting room from that period, last operated as a restaurant, owned by the municipality since 2000, used as a museum since 2003.
- The Kellerweg is a peculiarity of Guntersblum. The road runs along the raised western edge of the town for about a kilometer, where the wine cellars and wine press houses are laid out, safe from groundwater and flooding of the Rhine . The oldest cellar is dated 1600. The Julianenbrunnen forms the center of the cellar path . Since 1964, the community has been celebrating the Kellerweg Festival every year on the last and penultimate weekend in August . There are similar construction sites in Austria under the name Kellergasse .
- Pumping station building for the water supply : pumping station with machine house and machinist's house , 1906/07 by Wilhelm Lenz (Grand Ducal Cultural Inspectorate Mainz), assembly in baroque style. Art Nouveau forms, the machine systems from the construction period have been partially preserved (Gimbsheimer Straße 52). The water from the Bechtheim Canal is fed into the Rhine via the pumping station .
- The Guntersblum Town Hall , formerly the Leininger Castle . Built in 1708 and expanded in 1787 with a late baroque mansard hipped roof .
- The New Palace , today the Schmitt Estate. Built from 1787 to 1789 with a mansard hipped roof with additional mixed forms from Rococo and early classicism by the Imperial Count Wilhelm Carl zu Leiningen-Guntersblum . Adjacent is a barn with hipped roof and a garden wall from the 18th century.
- The former Deutschherrenhof , today the Frey winery on the Deutschherrenhof. Residential building built at the end of the 18th century. With four-wing system and late baroque mansard hipped roof.
- The former Homburger Hof , today the Homburger Hof winery on the Homburger Hof. Baroque mansard hipped roof building with a three-wing system from the 18th century. In addition, with a goal post from the Renaissance , built 1,671th
- The former Polyscher Hof , Adelshof, with an oil mill from the 18th century with a late baroque building group and mansion , mansard roof, mill building with half-timbered and half-hipped roof.
- The former cathedral courtyard , former tithe courtyard , with a baroque Petrus relief (marked 1754), first mentioned in 1632. Taken over by Heinrich Schmitt in 1874, it now serves as a winery among his descendants. Historical tithe barn has also been preserved, today used as a bottle store. There is also a former synagogue on the property as a square building with a mikveh from the middle of the 19th century.
- The former synagogue , first mentioned in 1744, completely renovated from 1860 to 1862, last Jewish service on Yom Kippur in 1938 (October 5, 1938), subsequently heavily destroyed during the Nazi era and as a farm building on the grounds of the cathedral courtyard after the Second World War used, square construction, with mikveh from the middle of the 19th century.
- The Römerturm is a 9.8 m high observation tower built in 1998 in the vineyards northwest of Guntersblum. 19 steps of an angled staircase at the rear lead to the 5.6 m high roofed viewing platform in the middle of which a large round orientation board is attached. The Roman tower stands near the point where a Roman villa rustica with a wine cellar was discovered a few years ago . After the tower was badly damaged by a deliberately caused explosion in autumn 2014, it has now been rebuilt and in good condition.
- In the heart of Guntersblum there is an approximately 600 meter long promenade . It stretches from the main street of the local community to Julianenstraße at the old school. In the past, this facility was a ditch in which all kinds of household waste from the former Guntersblum citizens were channeled and also disposed of. It also used to represent the natural border of Guntersblum. Today there are mainly many tall linden trees , trees of gods and numerous bushes . The preservation and beautification of this promenade is carried out with great effort by the municipality of Guntersblum. A bowling alley was built on a small part of the western promenade near the Leiningen Palace .
- The Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue European reserve is located in the Rhine at Guntersblumer Höhe . Until 2012 you could cross over to the Kühkopf with the Rhine ferry "König Gunther". The ferry has been out of service since 2013. According to the efforts of the interest group IG Kühkopf-Fähre, from 2020 a ferry with an electric drive is to operate in the summer months from April to October on public holidays and bridging days as well as Saturdays and Sundays. The Rhine ferry is located around one kilometer from the Guntersblum town center. It is based in Guntersblum Harbor, which is located in the Guntersblum district on the Rheindamm . When visiting, you can only use the Rhine ferry without a motorized vehicle, that is, with a bicycle at most.
- SV 1921 Guntersblum - With around 450 members, the SV 1921 Guntersblum football club is one of the largest clubs in town. The first team plays in the district league . The club area is located at Alsheimer Straße 67 at the entrance to Alsheim.
- Gymnastics Club 1848 Guntersblum e. V. - End of 2009 1,194 members
- Tennis club
- Water sports enthusiasts - canoeing. The boathouse for water sports enthusiasts is located directly on the Rhine across from the Kühkopf nature reserve.
- 1. PBC Guntersblum e. V. - Billiard club, which was founded in 2006 and now has three teams in the league in Rhineland-Palatinate.
- RFG Guntersblum - Radfahrgemeinschaft Guntersblum 1984 e. V.
- Kellerweg Festival on the previous and last weekend in August with numerous visitors from the surrounding area.
- Rhine cycling in May on the old B 9, now the K 40 and L 439, between Oppenheim and Worms-Herrnsheim. In Guntersblum, numerous wineries, especially along the route in Hauptstrasse and Alsheimer Strasse, are open to cyclists, skaters and joggers.
- Mardi Gras parade through the streets of the town on the Sunday before Shrove Monday of the year. The carnival parade in Guntersblum is one of the largest in the region , with around 60 train numbers every year .
Economy and Infrastructure
in the growing area
|Rank according to
vineyards in 2017
|White wine||red wine|
|Ingelheim am Rhein||13||642||51||49|
|Bingen am Rhein||15th||566||74||26th|
|Source: Leaflet Viticulture 2018. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate, Bad Ems, May 2018|
At the beginning of the 20th century, the vineyard area was around 280 hectares in the white wine locations Rost, Kehl, Autental, Wohnweg, Himmeltal, Kachelberg, Muhl, Bornpfad, Erbsenbrunnen, Steig, Gänsweide, Oppenheimer Weg, Eiserne Hand, Vögelsgärten, Steinberg, Enggaß , Hasenweg, Schögerhohl, Sand and Herrngarten. The red wines thrive best in Hellebaum, Spiegel, Drei 30morgen, Reiseberg and Wahlheimergewann. The grape varieties were then divided into 60% Austrian, 25% Riesling, 10% Portuguese and 5% Traminer and other varieties. The quality of the wine was judged to be a “good, strong wine in the preferred locations with a flowery type and fullness”. The wine drinker on site was greeted with a slogan and admonished: "O man, your high courage, seldom does any good here in the cellar. As many people did, strut in and crawl out on all fours.
The Guntersblum train station is on the Mainz – Mannheim line . It was opened together with the line in 1853 by the Hessian Ludwig Railway. In 1899 an electric, automatic section block was installed here.
Guntersblum is located directly on Bundesstraße 9 , which runs from Ludwigshafen am Rhein along the Rhine. There is also a connection to the 61 and 63 motorways via the Alzey motorway junction, which is approx. 25 km away .
In Guntersblum there are several bakeries, butchers, hairdressers, supermarkets, discounters and a kebab shop . There are also various catering establishments in addition to the individual wineries.
There are also three kindergartens in Guntersblum: Spatzennest , Dwarf Palace and Future Workshop .
- Since a competition in October 2007, Guntersblum has officially been allowed to call itself SWR1 municipality .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Augustus Carl Büchel (1813–1864), Colonel of the 1st Texas Cavalry
- Heinrich "Henry" Dübs , (1816–1876) German-British engineer and founder of the locomotive factory " Dübs and Company " in Glasgow .
- Johannes Schröder (1879–1942), chemist, professor, author and diplomat
- Carl Küstner (1861–1934), landscape painter and art professor
- André Mathes (* 1975), German American football player and World Cup participant
- Stefan Hofmann (* 1963), German soccer teacher and sports official as well as club and board chairman of 1. FSV Mainz 05
- Georg K. Glaser , (1910–1995) German-speaking French writer
- Johann Philipp Kreißler (1672–1744), eponymous ancestor of the American automobile pioneer Walter Percy Chrysler who emigrated in 1709 (founder of the automobile company Chrysler Corporation , now Chrysler LLC )
- Ferdinand Adolf Kehrer (1837–1914), gynecologist, inventor of the modern caesarean section
- Heinrich Paulizky (1752–1791), doctor and writer
In honor of Georg K. Glaser, Johann Philipp Kreißler, Ferdinand Adolf Kehrer and Heinrich Paulizky, four streets in Guntersblum were named after their names.
Personalities who have worked on site
- Johann Friedrich Mieg (1744–1819), Reformed preacher, Freemason and Illuminate, landowner in Guntersblum
- Philipp August Pauli: The Roman and German antiquities on the Rhine. Dept .: Rheinhessen. Mainz 1820, p. 67.
- Johann Philipp Bronner : The viticulture in southern Germany , 2nd issue, Heidelberg 1834, p. 58-60.
- Karl Anton Schaab : History of the city of Mainz. Volume 3: Rhine Province. Mainz 1847, pp. 248-253.
- Johannes Janssen : Annals of the historical association for the Lower Rhine , in particular the old archdiocese of Cologne: old connection between Xanten and Worms. First year, 1st issue, 1st department Cologne 1855, p. 105 ( digitized version [accessed on July 21, 2016]).
- Ludwig Baur : Hessian documents. 2nd volume. Darmstadt 1862, documents 74, 75, 250, 304, 430, 587, 747, 869.
- Karl Johann Brilmayer : Rheinhessen in the past and present. Giessen 1905. pp. 193-195.
- Henning Kaufmann: Rheinhessische Ortnames, Munich 1976, pp. 90–91.
- Karin Holl: Kreißler - Chrysler, an emigration story. 2001, .
- Ingo Runde: Xanten in the early and high Middle Ages. 2003, ISBN 3-412-15402-4 , p. 159, p. 375.
- Volker Sonneck: From Imperial Post Office to Post Agency / Documentation of the contemporary history of the post in Guntersblum and the surrounding area. Reports and advertisements from the local newspaper from 1850 to 2016 . 1st edition 2016
- Dieter Michaelis: The Guntersblum Jewish Community, from its beginnings to its destruction by National Socialism . Edited by the Association for the Preservation of Guntersblumer Kulturgutes e. V. Berlin: WVB, 2014 ISBN 978-3-86573-765-6
- Sven Felix Kellerhoff : A completely normal pogrom: November 1938 in a German village. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 2018, ISBN 978-3-608-98104-9
- Literature about Guntersblum in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- Karl Rothmann: From the history of the Kühkopf – Knoblochsaue nature reserve . In: The Kühkopf – Knoblochsaue nature reserve . 4th edition. Frankfurt 1979, p. 21-32 .
- Lorscher Codex: Document 3671 (Reichsurbar Gernsheim)
- Henning Kaufmann: Rheinhessische Ortnames- Munich 1976, pp. 90–91.
- Karl Anton Schaab : History of the City of Mainz, Vol. 3, Mainz 1847, p. 249
- Ernst Stephan: in Mitteilungsblatt 5, 1956, p. 3.
- Edmund Ritscher: Siegfried did not come from Xanten by chance ... Nibelungenstadt Worms, accessed on July 21, 2016 .
- Johannes Janssen : Old connections between Xanten and Worms . In: Annals of the Historical Association for the Lower Rhine . 1st year, 1st issue, 2nd department Cologne 1855, p. 105 .
- Ingo Runde: Xanten in the early and high Middle Ages. Cologne 2003, p. 374.
- Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette for 1834, Darmstadt, pp. 81–135.
- Sven Felix Kellerhoff: A completely normal pogrom: November 1938 in a German village . Ed .: Klett-Cotta. 2018, ISBN 978-3-608-98104-9 .
- Sven Felix Kellerhoff: Children as perpetrators. They spat at the Jews and shouted "hang up" in: Die Welt, November 10, 2018
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - Population - Time series: Guntersblum
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Accessed on July 30, 2019
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2009, city and municipal council elections
- Albrecht Langenbach: He is a son of Rheinhessen. Verlagsgruppe Rhein Main, March 24, 2017, accessed on March 26, 2017 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, direct elections 2019 Accessed on July 30, 2019
- Information based on our own measurements and research.
- Guntersblum Roman Tower. Guntersblum Tourist Office, accessed on July 4, 2015 .
- The boules field is always ready - Guntersblum. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 14, 2015 ; Retrieved June 26, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Turner-Ruf - club news of the Turnverein 1848 Guntersblum e. V., No. 304, July 2010, p. 8 f.
- Joh. Ph. Bronner: The viticulture in southern Germany. 2nd issue, Heidelberg 1834, pp. 58-60.
- The Rheinweine Hesse, Rheinhessen and Bergstrasse. Mainz 1927, pp. 134-135.
- Eisenbahndirektion Mainz (Ed.): Collection of the published official gazettes from July 29, 1899. Volume 3, No. 33. Announcement No. 334, p. 255.
- Andrea Frühauff: “Zukunftswerkstatt” day care center in Guntersblum officially opened. In: Allgemeine-zeitung.de. August 13, 2012, archived from the original on February 10, 2013 ; Retrieved June 26, 2017 .