Shrubs are perennial woody plants that either cover the ground or grow upright. Shrubs can have several upright trunks with branches attached to leaves (or needles). They can be deciduous ( also: summer green ), semi- evergreen (also: winter green) or evergreen .
Shrubs are important breeding opportunities for birds . They are planted as hedges in parks and gardens . Many woody plants can exist as trees or shrubs, for example the hazelnut tree / shrub or the gray alder . Many shrubs, such as As the berries bushes form thorns , which protect them from bites.
Reproduction takes place via berries or nuts , and with the help of birds or mammals . Wind dispersal of the seeds is usually ruled out because of the low altitude. The nuts are buried by rodents , such as the squirrel , as winter supplies so that some can sprout, or they fall to the ground around the mother plant and form new plants there.
Flowering and covering shrubs
- Beard flower ( caryopteris )
- Common broom ( Cytisus scoparius )
- Boxwood ( Buxus )
- Yew trees ( Taxus )
- Buckthorn ( Frangula alnus )
- Lilac ( syringa )
- Forsythia ( Forsythia )
- Common snowball ( Viburnum opulus )
- Dogwood (Cornus)
- Honeysuckle ( Lonicera species)
- Hydrangeas ( Hydrangea )
- Currants ( ribes )
- Cherry laurel ( Prunus laurocerasus )
- Cork spindle ( Euonymus alatus )
- Privet ( ligustrum )
- Olive willow ( Elaeagnus )
- Common spindle bush ( Euonymus europaeus )
- Snowberries ( Symphoricarpos )
- Spear bushes ( Spiraea )
Ground-covering shrubs (dwarf shrubs)
- Horst Bartels: Wood science. Introduction to dendrology. Ulmer, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-8252-1720-5 - Excellent introduction, consisting of a systematic part and a dictionary of dendrology.
- Ulrich Hecker: BLV Handbook Trees and Shrubs. BLV Verlag, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-405-14738-7 - identification book and reference work in one.
- Strauch pictures from the picture archive of the University of Basel
- Dwarf shrub pictures from the picture archive of the University of Basel
- Rudolf Schubert & Wagner, Günther: Botanical dictionary. Stuttgart 2000, p. 59.