|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Calibration|
|Height :||89 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||15.54 km 2|
|Residents:||2802 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||180 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67577|
|Area code :||06249|
|License plate :||AZ|
|Community key :||07 3 31 002|
|LOCODE :||DE ASI|
|Association administration address:||Hauptstrasse 26
|Local Mayor :||Robert Kolig ( CDU )|
|Location of the local community Alsheim in the Alzey-Worms district|
The village with the hamlet of Hangen-Wahlheim is surrounded by vineyards at the foot of the Rhine-Hessian Rhine terraces between Mainz and Worms . Thanks to its central location between the Rhine-Main and Rhine-Neckar conurbations , Alsheim has long since developed into a distinct residential community. New construction areas will further reinforce this trend. Hiking trails and an educational wine trail with a view of the Rhine plain, together with cycle paths, open up the landscape.
In 761, Alsheim was first mentioned in a document from the Lorsch Monastery as Alahesheim . The name can mean "home of Alah" or can be explained with Old High German Alah "protected place, enclosure, sanctuary, temple". The place was probably settled earlier, during excavations in Hahlweg one found among other things an Anglo-Saxon coin from the 7th century with the designation "HALASEMIA" - probably the Latinized form of Alahesheim. Apparently there was a mint in Alsheim as early as the seventh century , which indicates a prosperous and long-standing place. At that time only cities like Mainz, Trier and Worms had mints. With the coin, Alsheim is the rural settlement in Rheinhessen with the earliest written name.
In the area of today's Alsheim there were two early medieval royal courts that grew together in the course of the 12th to 13th centuries. This explains that both churches in the place date from before the Reformation .
The Alsheimers were assigned to very different rulers in the Middle Ages . The patronage holders of the churches were the diocese of Worms and the archbishopric of Mainz , the local rule and the exercise of the court rests with the Counts of Leiningen . In 1467, Count Palatinate Friedrich I acquired half of the rule from them, and from 1532 until the 18th century, the Electoral Palatinate acquired state rule. Alsheim was part of the Oberamt Alzey in the Electoral Palatinate . In 1797 Alsheim came under French administration. During the so-called French period , the place was the seat of a Mairie in the canton of Bechtheim , which was part of the Donnersberg department . Hangenwahlheim also belonged to Mairie Alsheim. Due to the agreements reached at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and a state treaty concluded in 1816 between Hesse-Darmstadt , Austria and Prussia , the region and with it the municipality of Alsheim came to the Grand Duchy of Hesse and was assigned to the province of Rheinhessen by this . After the dissolution of the Rhine-Hessian cantons, the place came in 1835 to the newly established Worms district , to which it belonged until 1969. After the Second World War , Alsheim belonged to the French occupation zone and thus became part of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946 .
The local council in Alsheim consists of 20 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the local council:
- FWG = Free Voter Group Alsheim e. V. (formerly: voter group Muth)
- GLA = Green List Altrhein e. V.
- W-GfA = Voting Group Together for Alsheim e. V.
Robert Kolig (CDU) became local mayor of Alsheim in August 2019. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was elected for five years with 51.90% of the vote.
Kolig's predecessor Wolfgang Hoffmann (CDU) had held the office for 15 years, but did not start again in 2019.
coat of arms
On the Alsheim coat of arms there are two crossed golden bishop's staffs with white sashes on a red background.
Culture and sights
The Hohlwegeparadies Alsheim is a 31 km long hiking trail system in one of Germany's largest Lösshohlweg areas . The motto of the ravines is “WINE. WIND. SILENCE." The ten hiking trails , some of which are provided with information boards on flora and fauna, lead through various ravines (11.5 km in total) and the Alsheim vineyards. The ravines were created in the loess of the Rhine terrace by driving horse-drawn carts and agricultural vehicles. The inner structure of the loess, which forms “cement-like” structures when exposed to sunlight, is destroyed by the wagon wheels and begins to slide. Loess walls remain on the left and right, which become very hard when there is sufficient solar radiation, and if too much cover is unstable with plants. The ravines, which are protected as biotopes according to Section 30 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act, form ecologically valuable habitats for many of the plants and animals on the Red List. These include, for example, the steppe cherry (Prunus fruticosa) or the Alsatian hair strand (Peucedanum alsaticum), many wild bee species and the ant lion . Important pioneers of the ravine paradise were Helmut Storf , Gerhard Kissel and Hans-Günter Kissinger .
Guided tours through the ravine paradise are offered on a regular basis.
Heidenturm church with enchanted cemetery
One of four Heidenturm churches in Europe can be found in Alsheim. The Protestant parish church of St. Bonifatius in Alsheim was built around 1200 as a Romanesque hall building and remodeled in baroque style in the 18th century. The name Heidenturmkirche comes from the west tower, which looks oriental. Its architecture goes back to the time of the crusaders. Other Heidenturmkirchen are St. Paul in Worms , St. Viktor in Guntersblum and All Saints in Dittelsheim-Heßloch .
The Alsheim St. Bonifatius Church is surrounded by a park-like cemetery area with old trees, the tombstones of which date back to the 19th century. It is considered to be one of the most haunted cemeteries in Rheinhessen.
Baroque town hall and Windbeidel
The Alsheim town hall was completed in 1739 after the previous building was declared dilapidated and demolished in 1721. The financing of the baroque building with a crooked hip roof and ridge turret (tower with clock) was made by lending the community pasture. The building is divided into an upper floor in half-timbered construction and a basement, which consists of solid sandstone and is plastered. The Alsheim coat of arms is located above the entrance door. It contains two crossed bishop's staffs with silver Sudariums, which represent symbols of office and dignity of the former patronage holders Mainz and Worms . The coat of arms is probably taken from a court seal from 1501. Due to the engraved date ?? 1606 ?? it is assumed that it was removed from the previous building and reinserted in the new building. After its completion, the building served the local administration, but also as a court.
The Alsheimer Windbeidel (cream puff), the regional dozen name of the Alsheimers, is on the town hall square opposite the town hall. It comes from the sculptor Christoph Kappesser. The Windbeidel alludes less to Swiss pastries and more to the term cream puff egg .
Jewish cemetery, evidence of Jewish life in Alsheim
The Jewish cemetery, laid out in 1896, was an institution of the Alsheim Jewish community. Jews from Mettenheim and Gimbsheim also have their final resting place in the Alsheim cemetery . The cemetery area is 6.38 ares.
From 1529 to 1940 a varying number of Alsheimer Jewish denominations lived in the village. In 1550 four, 1722 three, 1743 six, 1799 two Jewish families were counted in Alsheim. In the 19th century the number of Jewish residents developed as follows: 1807 14 Jewish residents, 1828 38, 1861 73, 1871 79, 1895 53, 1900 43, 1910 36.
A religious community was formed in the middle of the 18th century. It included Jewish Gimbsheimers and Mettenheimers until 1875. The Jewish community was assigned to the Worms rabbinical district. The Jewish community maintained a synagogue , a religious school (Israelite elementary school since 1873, which was attended by 18 children in 1881, including two Christian children), a ritual bath and a cemetery. A teacher was employed to take care of religious tasks for the community, who also acted as prayer leader and schochet. The teacher and prayer leader Karl Marx (1824–1910) was formative for Jewish community life throughout the second half of the 19th century . He was known far beyond Alsheim with a four-part synagogue choir. Marx also played a major role in the life of the entire village of Alsheim for decades. a. founded the "Sängerbund" (today MGV Eintracht Alsheim) and was its conductor for decades. He was on the board of various national teachers 'associations (including committee member of the General German Teachers' Association in Berlin).
The following fell from the Jewish community during the First World War: Theodor Gabriel (born June 13, 1883 in Alsheim, lived in Gelnhausen before 1914, found November 26, 1917), Max Lutzki (born September 4, 1893 in Alsheim, before 1914 in Würzburg resident, found June 30, 1915).
Around 1924 the 25-member congregation was headed by Jakob Otto David, Salomon Mayer and Eduard David. At that time, Jewish associations were still active: the charity (1924 under the direction of Alfred David with eight members) and the women's charity (1924 under the direction of Mrs. Isidor David with nine members).
In 1933 there were 35 Jewish residents (three David families, one Gabriel family and one Mayer, Oppenheimer and Schlösser families, as well as the respected doctor Dr. Wolff). After 1933 some of the Jewish community members moved away or emigrated due to the consequences of the economic boycott, increasing disenfranchisement and reprisals. Of the Jewish people who were born in Alsheim and / or who lived there for a long time perished during the Nazi era (information based on the lists of Yad Vashem , Jerusalem and the information in the "Memorial Book - Victims of Persecution of Jews under National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933-1945 "): Jakob Otto David (1882), Johanna David b. Sternberg (1873), Karoline Löb b. Reiss (1862), Albert Mayer (1865), Moritz (Moses) Mayer (1884), Franziska Müller b. Oppenheimer (1867), Albert Reiss (1874), Ida Schwab (1886), Regina (Recha) Vogel b. Mayer (1884), Amalie Wolff b. David (1875), Bernhard Wolff (1870), Blanka Zeilberger b. Lutzky (1889).
The synagogue has been preserved and is used as a residential building. The school building is also still standing. The buildings are in Mittelgasse.
Parish Church of the Assumption
The Catholic parish church of the Assumption of Mary is a baroque church. The three-sided, star-vaulted choir of the church in Alsheim was built by Velten Ritter in 1517 and painted by Leonhard Stromer. The hall building dates from 1742. The high altar from 1763 comes from the Worms Andreasstift and is decorated with a Mother of God (around 1460). The side altars (1742) are adorned with paintings by Konrad Seekatz. The organ was built in 1764 by Johann Ignaz Seuffert , citizen and organ maker from Offenburg , the eldest son of Johann Philipp Seuffert . On the late baroque high altar there is a grape Madonna with child, which was created around 1460.
See also: List of cultural monuments in Alsheim
- Rhine cycling in May on the old B 9, now the K 40 and L 439, between Oppenheim and Worms-Herrnsheim. In Alsheim, some wineries are open to cyclists, skaters and joggers, especially along the route in Mainzer Straße / Bachstraße / Wormser Straße.
- Alsheim curb in September
- Alsheim wine hike on the third Sunday in September: You hike 12 km through the Alsheim vineyards, eat, drink and try grapes, after which you stop at various wineries.
Economy and Infrastructure
in the growing area
|Rank according to
vineyards in 2017
|White wine||red wine|
|Ingelheim am Rhein||13||642||51||49|
|Bingen am Rhein||15th||566||74||26th|
|Source: Leaflet Viticulture 2018. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate, Bad Ems, May 2018|
Alsheim is significantly shaped by viticulture and with 704 hectares of vineyards, of which 69.3 percent white wine and 30.7 percent red wine, according to Worms (1,490 hectares), Nierstein (783 hectares), Alzey (769 hectares) and Westhofen (764 hectares ) largest wine-growing community in Rheinhessen and one of the largest in the entire state of Rhineland-Palatinate . There are also several inns and wineries in Alsheim .
Alsheim has a special landscape to offer with its large system of sunken paths . 11.5 km of these paths, which were created by human use over centuries, are still available in the Alsheim district and are ideal for hikes and walks. In the summer months, ravine tours are offered and special photo excursions are also offered for photo enthusiasts.
- Street: Alsheim is located directly on the Bundesstraße 9 , on the main bypass Worms-Mainz. The A 63 autobahn at the Biebelnheim exit and A 61 at the Worms / Mörstadt or Gundersheim exit can also be reached within a few minutes .
- Railway: In the heart of Alsheim there is a train station on the Mainz – Mannheim line . It was opened in 1853 together with the line from the Hessian Ludwig Railway. In 1899 an electric, automatic section block was installed here. Today trains of the VRN and the DB stop here , in both directions every half hour.
- Elementary school on the Sonnenberg
- Day care centers
- music school
- Driving school
Personalities who have worked on site
- Friedrich Braun (1849–1935), former mayor of Alsheim, member of the Hessian state parliament
- Ernst Jakob Wetzel (1887–1969), winemaker, economist, former mayor of Alsheim, member of the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament
- Ökonomierat Reinhard Muth, former Mayor of Alsheim, President of the German Viticulture Association and Vice President of the Assembly of the European Wine Regions (AREV), senior manager of the Rappenhof winery
in alphabetical order by authors / editors
- Karl Johann Brilmayer: Rheinhessen in the past and present. History of the existing and departed cities, towns, villages, hamlets and farms, monasteries and castles in the province of Rheinhessen along with an introduction. Giessen 1905.
- Gunter Mahlerwein: Alsheim-Halasemia. History of a Rheinhessen village .
- Volume 1: From the beginning to the end of the 18th century . Alsheim 1996.
- Volume 2: From the French Revolution to today . Alsheim 2004.
- Dieter Krienke and Ingrid Westerhoff: Alzey Worms district. Verbandsgemeinden Eich, Monsheim and Wonnegau = monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate 20.3. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft , Worms 2018. ISBN 978-3-88462-379-4 , pp. 39–50.
- Literature about Alsheim in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- Internet presence of the community of Alsheim
- The traffic association Alsheim eV with regional information from and around Alsheim
- Guided ravines & photo excursions
- Literature about Alsheim in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- Historical information about Alsheim at regionalgeschichte.net
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Alsheim: The demand is huge , Wormser Zeitung
- Gerhard Köbler: Old High German Dictionary, letter "a"
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local council election 2019 Alsheim. Retrieved September 8, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2009, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2004, city and municipal council elections
- Manfred Janß: Alsheims mayor says goodbye after 15 years. In: Wormer newspaper. VRM GmbH & Co. KG, Mainz, August 20, 2019, accessed on August 7, 2020 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Eich, Verbandsgemeinde, first line of results. Retrieved September 7, 2019 .
- roads | Verkehrsverein Alsheim / Rheinhessen eV In: www.verkehrsverein-alsheim.de. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- Gerhard Kissel: Hohlwege Alsheim. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- Alsheim. In: www.heidenturmkirchen.de. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- Alsheim cemetery. In: www.heidenturmkirchen.de. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- The town hall of Alsheim - regionalgeschichte.net. In: www.regionalgeschichte.net. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- The Jewish cemetery in Alsheim (VG Eich, district of Alzey-Worms). In: www.alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- Catholic parish church Church of the Assumption in Alsheim - regionalgeschichte.net. In: www.regionalgeschichte.net. Retrieved October 26, 2016 .
- Eisenbahndirektion Mainz (Ed.): Collection of the published official gazettes from July 29, 1899. Volume 3, No. 33. Announcement No. 334, p. 255.