|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Monsheim|
|Height :||168 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.55 km 2|
|Residents:||686 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||193 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67591|
|Area code :||06243|
|License plate :||AZ|
|Community key :||07 3 31 066|
|Association administration address:||Alzeyer Strasse 15
|Local Mayor :||Dieter Heinz ( FWG )|
|Location of the local community of Wachenheim in the Alzey-Worms district|
Wachenheim is located in Rheinhessen on the Pfrimm and is embedded in the Zellertal valley region . The place borders directly on the Palatinate to the west with the neighboring village of Zellertal, district Niefernheim . The federal highway 47 runs through the entire Zellertal.
Numerous archaeological finds in the Pfrimm Valley indicate that there were settlements in the climatically favorable landscape as early as prehistoric times. In the area of the Wachenheim, Mölsheim and Monsheim districts , evidence of settlement from the Neolithic Hinkelstein group to the Latène period was found. In 1896, small pots and a ring made of baked clay were found in a grave on Sülzer Weg that dates back to about 2000 years BC. Was dated.
In the summer of 1905, the irregular growth of grain gave rise to excavations in the area between Harxheimer Strasse ( Bundesstrasse 47 ) and the Pfrimm. Well-preserved foundations of a Villa Rustica came to light. The excavations were documented with sketches and photographs, then the site was leveled and used again as arable land. The terrain was built on from 1972. The "Römerstraße" running parallel to Haxheimer Straße is reminiscent of the Roman villa. In the summer of 1992 a millstone was recovered from a building pit in this area together with Roman fragments.
Wachenheim was first mentioned on August 29, 765 in a deed of donation from the Lorsch Monastery as Wachanheim in the ( Lorsch Codex ), but without further details. A total of seven documents are known, nos. 1130, 1298–1303. The most extensive donation was made on March 20, 782 with a certificate 1302 for six serfs, a farm, a courtyard with residential and commercial buildings and everything that goes with it. Early forms of the name of the place are Waccanheim , Wacchanheim , Wacchenheim and Wakkenheim .
Wachenheim was the seat of the "regional court on the Kaldenberg" above the place, a district court in Wormsgau . Bishop Burchard II of Worms , the builder of the Worms Cathedral , confirmed in 1141 the income from fields and vineyards in Wachenheim, Mölsheim and Flörsheim to which the brothers of the Worms Andreasstift were entitled . From the 12th century onwards, the Leiningen family ruled and judged the "Kalten Berge by Wachenheim off the prym". From the 13th century on, the local noble family of the Lords of Wachenheim is documented, whose most important representative was Otto Ludwig von Wachenheim († 1660) as the imperial general in the Thirty Years War .
In 1689, Wachenheim, like the entire Palatinate, was destroyed in the Palatinate War of Succession .
When Friedrich von Botzheim was baptized on November 28, 1766, King Friedrich II of Prussia and Crown Prince Wilhelm were registered as godparents. The von Botzheim family , at that time the owners of the so-called Wachenheim Upper Castle, had relationships with the highest Prussian nobility and the Prussian court.
After the Congress of Vienna , Wachenheim came to the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1816 , and the neighboring communities in the Zellertal to the west (Niefernheim, Harxheim and Zell) are assigned to the Kingdom of Bavaria . In 1919 Wachenheim became part of the People's State of Hesse (Province of Rheinhessen), the western part of the Zellertal is assigned to the Palatinate Province of the Free State of Bavaria . Even after the formation of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946, the Zellertal remained divided between the Rheinhessen administrative district and the Pfalz administrative district. To this day, Wachenheim is part of the Alzey-Worms district , while the western Zellertal is in the Donnersberg district .
Due to the new development areas “In den Bachstaden”, “Harxheimer Weg” and some vacant lots in the older new development area “Mühlbrunnen”, which were developed between 1968 and 1970, a slight increase in population is to be expected in the coming years. Due to the convenient location of Wachenheim, on the one hand the route of the B 47 through the village and on the other hand due to the proximity to the federal motorway 61 at Worms Worms-Pfeddersheim or at Mörstadt, Wachenheim is easy to reach. It is 16 kilometers to the district town of Alzey , 16 kilometers to the district town of the neighboring Donnersbergkreis Kirchheimbolanden and 17 kilometers to the center of the Nibelungen and Luther cities of Worms.
In Monsheim to the east, the seat of the municipal administration of the same name, federal road 47 crosses with federal road 271, which is called the German Wine Road from Bockenheim .
The municipal council in Wachenheim consists of twelve council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
- FWG = Free Voting Group Wachenheim e. V.
- 1951–1979 Karl Würth
- 1979–1982 Willi Johannes (SPD)
- 1982–1984 Dieter Jürgen Günther
- 1984–1988 Jakob Becker (SPD)
- 1988–1992 Regina Johannes (SPD)
- 1992–1994 Karl Liesy (SPD)
- 1994-2004 Wolf Dieter Egli (FWG)
- 2004 - today Dieter Heinz (FWG)
In the local elections on May 26, 2019, Dieter Heinz was confirmed in his office with 77.83% of the votes.
badges and flags
|Blazon : "Three black quails in gold(2: 1)."|
|Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms is modeled on that of the local nobility of the Druschel von Wachenheim family . Three birds, black in a golden field, appear on the coat of arms of the Druschel von Wachenheim as early as 1280. Here, however, based on the name "Druschel", it is thrushes that later became quail. The "Druschel von Wachenheim" were a long-established family that later became extinct. The origin of the name Wachenheim is also associated with these birds. Wachenheim is first mentioned in 765 as Wacchanheim.|
In the certificate of approval of the local flag by the district government of Rheinhessen-Pfalz dated June 6, 1990, the flag is described as follows: "The flag is yellow - black - yellow - black - yellow in a ratio (1: 1: 1: 1: 1) split or divided, in which the coat of arms is described as follows: In gold three black quail (2: 1). "
The spoken language in Wachenheim is Rheinhessen with strong touches of the Palatinate . It is possible to distinguish the dialect of a Wachenheimer and a resident of the Palatinate neighboring town of Niefernheim without a doubt, although the two places are only a little more than a kilometer apart.
Economy and Infrastructure
Wachenheim is still a classic wine village today with five full-time wineries and four part-time wineries. In addition, there are seven full-time farms with a mixed structure and one full-time farm with pure arable farming. The entire field cultivation extends to 311 hectares, 80 hectares of which are accounted for by viticulture.
The former train station is three kilometers west of the station Monsheim away, where the distances Worms-Bingen , the Palatine Northern Railway to Neustadt on the Wine Route and the Zellertal train to Langmeil (Pfalz) meet. The Zellertalbahn has been used on Sundays and public holidays since 2006 in the summer months by the Eistalbahn eV association, after the regular service was discontinued in the 1970s.
Wachenheim is the eastern entrance to the Zellertal and is crossed by the heavily frequented federal road 47 in the local area for 1.5 kilometers. In 2006, the local authority and the association are increasingly working towards calming through traffic with the responsible supra-local authorities. According to traffic censuses in 2005, the B 47 in the Wachenheim area is currently used by around 7,000 vehicles for an average of 24 hours.
in alphabetical order by authors / editors
- Karl Johann Brilmayer : Rheinhessen in the past and present . Giessen 1905, pp. 443-445.
- Jürgen Keddigkeit (Hg): Palatinate Castle Lexicon Volume 4.2: St-Z . Institute for Palatinate History and Folklore, Kaiserslautern 2007. ISBN 978-3-927754-56-0 .
- Dieter Krienke and Ingrid Westerhoff: Alzey Worms district. Verbandsgemeinden Eich, Monsheim and Wonnegau = monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate 20.3. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft , Worms 2018. ISBN 978-3-88462-379-4 , pp. 156–164.
- Johannes Würth: Home book for Wachenheim an der Pfrimm taking into account its surroundings . Self-published, Grünstadt 1930. (Two supplements and corrections from 1932 and 1939.)
- Official website of the local community of Wachenheim
- Literature about Wachenheim in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Karl Josef Minst: Lorscher Codex III, 1970, document 1300
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: Municipal Council Election 2019 Wachenheim. Retrieved September 12, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- The regional returning officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Monsheim, Verbandsgemeinde, last line of results. Retrieved September 12, 2019 .