|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Kirchheimbolanden|
|Height :||340 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||26.35 km 2|
|Residents:||7898 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||300 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67292|
|Area code :||06352|
|License plate :||KIB, ROK|
|Community key :||07 3 33 039|
|Association administration address:||Neue Allee 2
|City Mayor :||Marc Muchow ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Kirchheimbolanden in the Donnersbergkreis|
Kirchheimbolanden is a town in the south-east of Rhineland-Palatinate and at the same time the administrative seat of the Kirchheimbolanden community and district town of the Donnersbergkreis . The state-approved resort is designated as a middle center according to state planning .
Kirchheimbolanden is located in the Palatinate at the transition point between the North Palatinate Bergland and the Alzeyer hill country to the east . The core city is about four kilometers - as the crow flies - northeast of the Donnersberg .
The contiguous built-up area of the city has considerable height differences. The old town is at a height of 286 meters, the range extends from 244 meters in Edenbornerstraße to the built-up summit of the Kupferberg at 373 meters. From the Kupferberg there is a distant view to the northeast, under good conditions the Frankfurt skyline and behind it the Kinzig valley near Hanau can be seen .
The district of Kirchheimbolanden includes large parts of the so-called Bürgerwald , a mountain range in the North Palatinate Bergland.
The highest point of the district is the summit of the 502 meter high Eichelberg in the far west, further east the 430.7 meter high Kuhkopf extends . The development is on the slope of the Wartberg, alternatively called Schillerhain . In the northwest of the district rises the 399.7 meter high Albertskreuz and northwest of the settlement area the 354, 1 meter high Steinkopf . The Hungerberg range of hills, up to 302 meters high, is located in the southeast .
The Leiselsbach , a left tributary of the Pfrimm, rises in the form of the Ziegelwoog in the urban area . In the valley of the Gutleutbach , which grazes the southern outskirts, the lowest point of the urban area is 230 meters above sea level. The Gerbach rises in the far west of the district and leaves the city limits after a short time, as does the Goldbrunnengraben in the south .
The Wiesbach also rises in the west of the district . Shortly before its confluence with the Wiesbach, the Steindellerbach crosses into the city limits . Then it takes the Schanzengraben from the right, the Goßenbach from the left and the Ambach again from the right . In the latter, the brook from the Hermannskopf flows from the left . The Kernbach , which flows into the Wiesbach from the left , largely forms the boundary to the Kriegsfeld. The Hoferbach forms the border with Ruppertsecken.
Kirchheimbolanden is divided into the core town with the district Haide and the municipal parts Ambach, Bolanderhof (part), Edenbornerhof, Hessenhütte, Neuhof , Rothenkircherhof and Schillerhain . Other places to live are railroad posts 2262, Brunnenberg, Ebert brickworks, Kohlhütte and Ziegelhütte.
Places bordering Kirchheimbolanden are - clockwise - the communities of Oberwiesen , Orbis , Morschheim , Bischheim , Gauersheim , Bolanden and Dannenfels , the town of Rockenhausen , and the communities of Ruppertsecken and Kriegsfeld . Another neighboring community is Rittersheim to the east .
The annual precipitation is 585 mm. Precipitation is in the lower quarter of the values recorded in Germany. Lower values are registered at 18 percent of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February (approx. 38 mm). Most of the precipitation falls from May to July (around 58 mm in June). Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at just one percent of the measuring stations . The company MeteoGroup - formerly Meteomedia - operates a weather station on site. The community and the Donnersberg local group of the Pollichia association participated in the financing . The station's data are displayed on an electronic display board in the city center. They are also included in the weather report, which is presented by the company daily on the TV programs of ARD and SWR3. What is remarkable is the high value of the annual sunshine duration of 1940 hours measured at this station, which corresponds to the mean value from 2010 to 2017; the long-term average in Germany is 1595 hours.
The place Kirchheim was first mentioned in 774, later it belonged to the Lords of Bolanden . At the end of the 13th century, Kirchheim was inherited by the Sponheim branch line Bolanden - Dannenfels . Count Heinrich II. Von Sponheim-Bolanden raised the village to a town in 1368 and made it his residence. Via his granddaughter Anna von Hohenlohe († 1410) and her husband Philipp I von Nassau-Saarbrücken-Weilburg , Kirchheimbolanden and the entire Sponheim-Bolander family property finally fell to the Nassau House , which owned it until the end of the feudal period.
In 1737 Carl August von Haus Nassau-Weilburg moved his residence from Weilburg to Kirchheim. Carl Christian von Nassau-Weilburg temporarily owned his own infantry regiment (1755–1759) in Mannheim with the Elector of the Electoral Palatinate and was temporarily general of the Netherlands , where he was governor . Friedrich Wilhelm (1788–1816) von Nassau-Weilburg left the city in 1793 because of the French Revolution and went to Bayreuth . This ended the time as the royal seat for Kirchheimbolanden, then only called Kirchheim.
It experienced its greatest heyday under Prince Carl August (1719–1753) and especially under Carl Christian (1753–1788) of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and his rich, clever and musical wife Karoline Princess of Orange-Nassau-Diez .
After 1792 French revolutionary troops occupied the region and after the Peace of Campo Formio (1797) annexed the left bank of the Rhine . From 1798 to 1814 Kirchheim belonged to the French department of Donnersberg and was the main town ( chef-lieu ) of the canton of the same name .
Due to the agreements reached at the Congress of Vienna (1815) and an exchange contract with Austria , the region became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816 . From 1818 Kirchheim was the seat of a land commissioner in the Bavarian Rhine district .
When the Rhenish Hessian Legion hurriedly evacuated Kirchheim from a Prussian overwhelming power during the Palatinate uprising on June 14, 1849, Palatine militants remained in the palace gardens without notification. In the battle near Kirchheimbolanden in the presence of the Prince of Prussia , 17 militants died.
From 1939 the place was part and administrative seat of the district of the same name . After the Second World War , Ramsen became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . In the course of the first administrative reform in Rhineland-Palatinate , the city moved in 1969 to the newly formed Donnersbergkreis and its seat; three years later, the Kirchheimbolanden was incorporated into the also newly formed community of the same name .
The city only received its current name Kirchheimbolanden in the 19th century. A church of St. Remigius (later renamed as Peterskirche) was mentioned as early as the 12th century . This church gave the place its name. Since the place was subordinate to the Lords of Bolanden , it later became Kirchheimbolanden.
The city is still called Kerchem in dialect today . The inhabitants are therefore also called Kerchemer . The city is also called Kibo for short .
The development of the population of Kirchheimbolanden; the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Kirchheimbolanden is the seat of the Protestant deanery Donnersberg, which is in a semicircle responsible for an area from Ebernburg to Kerzenheim. The Protestant parish office in Kirchheimbolanden has two parish offices and is responsible for Kirchheimbolanden and the two parishes of Bischheim and Bolanden. As one of the few cities of this size in Germany, Kirchheimbolanden has two parish churches - the Paulskirche and the Peterskirche .
In the Catholic Church, Kirchheimbolanden is the seat of the Catholic Dean's Office in Donnersberg. The local parish of St. Anna with the parish church of St. Peter was responsible for Kirchheimbolanden, Orbis, Morschheim and Dannenfels until the reform in 2016. In 2016 the parishes in Kirchheimbolanden, Bolanden, Kriegsfeld and Stetten were merged into one large parish based in Kirchheimbolanden.
The city council in Kirchheimbolanden consists of 24 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
|choice||SPD||CDU||GREEN||FDP||LEFT||FWG||We for Kibo||total|
- FWG = Free Voting Group Stadt Kirchheimbolanden e. V. (formerly the Schauß voter group)
The election of Lisel Heise, who was 100 years old at the time, to the Kirchheimbolanden city council attracted worldwide attention . Just one year later, on June 10, 2020, at the age of 101, she announced her resignation for health reasons.
The previous mayors of Kirchheimbolanden:
|Term of office||Surname||Political party|
|since 2019||Marc Muchow||CDU|
Acting city mayor is Marc Muchow. In the runoff election on June 16, 2019, he prevailed with 59.52% of the vote, succeeding Klaus Hartmüller, who had not stood as a candidate after 20 years in office.
|Blazon : “Divided; at the top made of silver and black, nested in three rows, at the bottom in green a black boar walkingto the right . "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms was awarded by King Ludwig I of Bavaria on January 30, 1844 and was last confirmed on June 18, 1976 by the district government, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse . It comes from a city seal from the 14th century. The chess (actually blue and gold) comes from the coat of arms of Count Heinrich II. Von Sponheim-Bolanden ( Vordere Grafschaft Sponheim ), who in 1368 obtained city charter from Emperor Charles IV in 1368. The boar is reminiscent of the Counts of Eberstein , former masters of Stauf Castle , who temporarily held local authority.|
- Municipality of Ritten , South Tyrol , Italy , since April 22, 1966
- Louhans , Saône-et-Loire department , France , since October 17, 1976 (A gift from the city is a stone pig (wild boar) from the coat of arms of Kirchheimbolanden. It stands in front of the city hall.)
- Friendship treaty with Chernyakhovsk , Russia , Kaliningrad region , since March 2, 2002
Culture and sights
The museum in the Stadtpalais for city and regional history can be found at Amtsstrasse 14, one of the largest in Rhineland-Palatinate with over 1800 m² of exhibition space. The 26 departments give impressive insights into the history of the city and the country. The main wing of the museum was originally intended as the palace of the Hereditary Prince . Four other buildings are attached, including the former elementary school. The museum is open all year round except Mondays.
The “world's largest spray banana” by the artist Thomas Baumgärtel can be seen on a house facade in Uhlandstrasse .
The old town, Bahnhofstrasse, the castle and the Jewish cemetery are each designated as monument zones. Since 1993, a two- wing senior citizens' residence, Schloss Kirchheimbolanden, has been built on the old floor plan , which has saved the east wing into the present. The associated palace garden was laid out in the 19th century by Heinrich von Brunck or by the Frankfurt garden and landscape designer Heinrich Siesmayer commissioned by him . Ironically, the latter was commissioned by the grandson ( Duke Adolph zu Nassau ) of the last prince who resided in Kirchheimbolanden and then fled with the sale of his extensive collection of plants and trees from Schloss Biebrich near Wiesbaden, since after the Prussian-Austrian war in 1866 the Prussians lost their duchy Annexed Nassau .
There are also numerous individual objects that are under monument protection , including the following objects:
The cityscape is characterized by an approximately eight meter high, partially restored, medieval city wall on the south and west side of the old town. There are also medieval and baroque buildings, such as numerous cavalier houses and the baroque over-molded medieval gate towers. The former rococo palace belonged to Freiherr von Geispitzheim , the former court marshal of Nassau-Weilburg, and later it became the inn Zum Weißen Ross . The Dr.-Edeltraud-Sießl-Allee, parallel to the castle garden wall, which almost completely surrounds the castle garden. Wrought iron gates form the entrance. In the past, chestnut trees lined the avenue impressively on both sides, today they have been replaced by small linden trees.
The former orangery of the Residenz was built in 1771 and is located along Dr.-Edeltraud-Sießl-Allee opposite the castle garden wall. The Ballhaus, built in 1752 on Neumayerstraße, was later converted into a residential area. The Paulskirche is a Lutheran castle church and the most important building after the castle. The so-called Mozart organ - one of the last original Baroque organs by Johann Michael Stumm - in the Paulskirche, on which the namesake himself played in 1778, is the most famous sight in the city. The Peterskirche is the Reformed parish church of the municipality, the tower of which dates from the 12th century. The churches are administered by the Protestant parish. In the Rothenkircher Hof riding stables , on the road to Oberwiesen , there are remains of the Rothenkirchen Premonstratensian monastery .
There are a total of four natural monuments within the city limits . In the north of the city there is also the Steinbühl-Schäfergraben nature reserve and the Albertskreuz and Drosselfels-Schwarzfels nature reserves in the west .
The Kerchem Beer Week is a festival that is held every two years on Corpus Christi week. At this festival, a beer seminar is followed by three days of folk festivals, during which numerous breweries offer over 60 types of beer for tasting. On Sundays there is a big parade through the streets of the city. Representatives of the “Kerchem Beer Week”, but also throughout the year, are the malting barley queen Christiane I and the beer king Helmut I. Every year on the second weekend in August, the Residenzfest invites you to linger behind the walls of Kirchheimboland. Numerous farm operators offer visitors all kinds of culinary delicacies in so-called court arbors and with local restaurants. The Christmas market in Kirchheimbolanden's old town attracts visitors from near and far on the second weekend of Advent. Associations, hobby artists and showmen offer visitors a varied range of goods of all kinds. Every year there is a May market on the second Sunday in May and an October market on the second Sunday in October. The Kirchheimbolander Peace Days have been held annually since 1975 .
education and parenting
The North Palatinate High School, which emerged from the Latin School founded in 1681, celebrated its 300th anniversary in 1981. The Georg-von-Neumayer-Realschule is a Realschule plus and the elementary school has an all-day offer. As a special school, the Mathilde Hitzfeld School focuses on reading. In the vocational and further education area there is the nursing school and the school for elderly care of the Donnersbergkreis , the Schillerhain curative education, the Donnersbergkreis community college and the Donnersbergkreis music school. On a private level, there is the CJD education center of the Christian Youth Village Association in Germany. V. For children there are three kindergartens and a youth house , which is currently under the administration of the CJD Kirchheimbolanden, the largest educational institution in the region.
In and around Kirchheimbolanden the Donnersberg Literature Days take place every two years . This literature festival was initiated by Thomas Maria Mayr and is run by the Donnersberger Literaturverein e. V. organized in cooperation with local organizations and institutions. The guests included Peter Härtling , Bernhard Schlink , Paul Maar and Tanja Kinkel .
Important sports clubs in the city are the TV Kirchheimbolanden , which is known for its basketball team in the men's upper league, the SVK, which is based on the Schillerhain and whose flagship is the first team in the football department, the TCK tennis club, the Grün- Weiss, the Kirchheimbolanden chess club and the “Tell” shooting club, have been based in the new shooting range on the “Michelsacker” since autumn 2008.
The Open Channel Kirchheimbolanden (also OKK) is a community television broadcaster from Kirchheimbolanden. The OKK has been on the air since 1993 and is one of the smallest in Rhineland-Palatinate . The OKK can be reached via its website and Facebook . Furthermore, the articles are communicated on Google+ . Some of the articles produced can be found on the YouTube channel that has been set up , as well as pictures in the online picture gallery on Instagram .
The OKK produces in its own studios in Kirchheimbolanden, but is also on the road and films on site. The voluntary members sometimes accept longer distances. Every citizen from the local broadcasting area can produce a contribution for the open channel. In order to address as many people as possible, the programs are not only to be received from the transmission area, but from all of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The program benefits from the exchange of contributions with other open channels and thus also speaks supra-regional topics in the OK. One example is the knowledge program Lens, People, Life, Rhineland-Palatinate . This runs regularly in the program and reports on knowledge, nature, history and sights in Rhineland-Palatinate.
Economy and Infrastructure
The headquarters of BorgWarner Turbo Systems , a result of Kühnle, Kopp & Kausch and the Schwitzer Company, is located in the city. JohnsonDiversey, a subsidiary of SC Johnson & Son , operates the production of cleaning agents for the beverage technology, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics sectors at its Kirchheimbolanden location. Asmetec has specialized in LED lighting technology and other technical products such as clean room / ESD technology and measurement technology. The Louis Steitz Secura company manufactures safety and work shoes. In addition, the city is the seat of the radio station Radio Donnersberg . There is also a branch of Volksbank Alzey-Worms on site .
The public transport in the transport association Rhein-Neckar integrated (VRN). The Donnersbergbahn , which was re-established in 1999, connects Kirchheimbolanden with Alzey , Mainz and Frankfurt am Main . The railway connection to the south was interrupted in the final phase of the Second World War by the destruction of the bridge near Marnheim and was not resumed. For trips to Mainz / Wiesbaden, the tariffs of the Rhein-Nahe-Nahverkehrsverbund have been in effect since December 2007 . The former station was abandoned and replaced by a stop on the northern outskirts.
While it was part of France, the city was the seat of a peace court , which was subordinate to the tribunal of first instance Mainz . Kirchheimbolanden was later the seat of a local court until 1976 .
The administrations of the Donnersbergkreis and the community of Kirchheimbolanden and their offices are located in Kirchheimbolanden . There is also a branch of the Worms-Kirchheimbolanden tax office in the city
In the city there is a location of the West Palatinate Clinic and the Rehabilitation Center on Donnersberg , as well as the Schillerhain curative education (a large youth welfare facility with special offers and a special school) which are sponsored by the Evangelical Home Foundation Palatinate .
On the southwest slope of the Hungerberg there is a transmission tower made of reinforced concrete for broadcasting Rockland Radio's radio program on 97.1 MHz with 200 W ERP.
The first historically guaranteed son of the city was Count Johann III , who lived in the 15th century . from Saarbrücken . During the early modern period, the city was the birthplace of several members of the House of Nassau-Weilburg, such as Amalie von Nassau-Weilburg , Henriette von Nassau-Weilburg and Duke Wilhelm I of Nassau . In the 19th century, among others, the pedagogue Friedrich Wilhelm Knoebel , the 48 revolutionary Mathilde Hitzfeld and the journalist Eugen Wolf were born.
In the 20th century, the physics professor Karl Lothar Wolf , the constitutional judge Theodor Ritterspach , the musicologist Theodor Wohnhaas , the artist Horst Schwab , the mathematician Claudia Klüppelberg and the SPD politician Jaqueline Rauschkolb followed as the sons and daughters of the city.
The politician Ulrich Brunck was mayor in 1905 and 1906; the SPD politician Karl Fittler held this office from 1946 to 1956. His party colleague Hedwig Schardt was a member of the city council from 1952 to 1998. The city is also the residence of the former Baden-Württemberg member of the state parliament, Karl Wilhelm Edelhoff . The farmer and Nazi politician Erich Spickschen died on site.
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- TK25, map sheet 6313 Dannenfels
- Administrative areas of the Federal Republic of Germany (pdf)
- TK25, map sheet 6314 Kirchheimbolanden
- Statistics of the city of Kirchheimbolanden. ( Memento from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 90 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate Nature Conservation Administration (LANIS map) ( information ), community boundaries can be activated.
- "Nassau, Anna Countess of". Hessian biography. (As of February 26, 2013). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Hans Döhn: Kirchheimbolanden: The history of the city. Stadtverwaltung Kirchheimbolanden, 1968 and 1993, pp. 81–93.
- Wilhelm Blos : The German Revolution. History of the German movement from 1848 and 1849. Dietz, Stuttgart 1893, p. 576.
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- Old age in politics: The unbelievable 101st year of life of Lisel Heise - Stern.de
- Resignation in Kirchheimbolanden: 101-year-old Lisel Heise resigns from the council - SWR.de
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Kirchheimbolanden, Verbandsgemeinde, eighth line of results. Accessed August 31, 2019 .
- Klemens Stadler: German coat of arms. Volume 2. Bremen 1966, p. 38.
- It's not all banana . ( rheinpfalz.de ).
- Website: About us section of the OKK
- Objective, People, Life, Rhineland-Palatinate
- Station table Rhineland-Palatinate (VHF)