|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||North Palatinate Country|
|Height :||227 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.92 km 2|
|Residents:||537 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||54 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67822|
|Area code :||06362|
|License plate :||KIB, ROK|
|Community key :||07 3 33 023|
|Association administration address:||Schulstrasse 16
|Mayoress :||Romy Heblich|
|Location of the local community Gaugrehweiler in the Donnersbergkreis|
The community is located in the Münstertal in the North Palatinate Uplands , between Kaiserslautern and Bad Kreuznach . Gaugrehweiler also includes the Gutenbacherhof and Leiningerhof residential areas .
Since the 15th century, a Grehweiler in the Appel and in the Moscheltal has been distinguished by the fact that the former is characterized as being in the Gau , ie in open, forest- free land, and the other as being in the forest . Both village names contain the Middle High German “greve”, or “grebe”, or the Middle High German word: “grave” = Graf . Accordingly, Grehweiler means: "Count's hamlet".
Wild and Rhine Count Friedrich Wilhelm chose in 1689 after the destruction of Rheingrafenstein Castle by General Mélac Gaugrehweiler as his new residence. His grandson Carl Magnus (1718–1793) began building a large palace in the Versailles style in 1748 . The client was totally in debt and was charged with fraud in Vienna. In 1775, Emperor Josef II sentenced him to ten years imprisonment in Königstein .
From 1798 to 1814, when the Palatinate was part of the French Republic (until 1804) and then part of the Napoleonic Empire , the municipality was incorporated into the canton of Rockenhausen . In 1815 the place belonged again to Austria . A year later it was slammed into Bavaria . From 1818 to 1862 Gau-Grehweiler was - as it was spelled at the time - part of the Kirchheim Land Commissioner , which was then converted into a district office.
On December 1, 1900, the community moved to the newly created district office Rockenhausen . From 1939 the place was part of the district of Rockenhausen . After the Second World War , Steingruben became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . In 1961 the community had a total of 614 inhabitants. In the course of the first Rhineland-Palatinate administrative reform , the community moved to the newly created Donnersbergkreis. In 1972 it was added to the newly formed community of Alsenz-Obermoschel . In 2001 the local congregation also celebrated the 600th anniversary. Gaugrehweiler has been part of the Nordpfälzer Land association since 2020 .
The local mayor is Romy Heblich. She was elected by a majority by the local council in September 2019, following Horst Fiscus, who was no longer running.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "On a blue background, St. Nicholas with a red robe and golden cloak."|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The golden wreath (nimbus) around his head testifies to his holiness. He wears a miter on his head (Greek μίτρα “forehead band”). It is the traditional liturgical head covering of the bishops in many Christian churches. In his left hand he holds the crosier, also known as the crook. A religious symbol of rule in many countries. His right hand holds three golden balls, these are the attribute of St. Nicholas and come from the dowry legend about him.|
The town center, the Jewish cemetery and the house ensembles at Hauptstrasse 9–23 and Hauptstrasse 73–85 are designated as monument zones. In addition, there are a total of 22 individual objects that are under monument protection , including the remains of the Rhine Count's castle. The latter was completely destroyed by French revolutionary troops in 1795 . The village community center was later built on the remaining foundations of the castle.
Economy and Infrastructure
State road 400 runs through the town . There is a connection to long-distance traffic via the A 63 in the east. Nearest railway stations are Alsenz and Rockhausen at the alsenz valley railway . The bus lines 902 and 914 operated by Behles Bus run through Gaugrehweiler .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Friedrich Wilhelm (1644–1706), Wild and Rhine Count in Rheingrafenstein and Gaugrehweiler
- Carl Magnus von Rheingrafenstein (1718–1793), Wildgrave and Rhine Graf
- Johann Ludwig Alexander Herrenschneider (1760–1843), meteorologist and astronomer, professor of mathematics, physics and astronomy at the University of Strasbourg, city librarian, tomb in the Strasbourg Église Saint-Thomas
- Joseph Martin Reichard (1803–1872), politician and revolutionary
People who worked on site
- Johann Friedrich Schmoll (1739–1794), organist and composer, worked until 1771 at the court of the Gaugrehweiler-based Count of the Wild and Rhine
- Friedrich Pape , 1792/93 member of the Rhine-German National Convention
- Alexander Thon: Gaugrehweiler . In: Jürgen Keddigkeit (Ed.): Palatinate Castle Lexicon . Contributions to Palatinate History Vol. 12/2, Institute for Palatinate History and Folklore, Kaiserslautern 2002, pp. 170f, ISBN 3-927754-48-X .
- Literature about Gaugrehweiler in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 89 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Friedrich Christian Laukhard : Life and deeds of the Rhine Count Carl Magnus, whom Joseph II sent to prison in Königstein for ten years in order to learn to respect the rights of subjects and other people. As a warning to all tiny despots, gullible people, and businessmen . Halle 1798 ( full text in the Google book search).
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: Municipal Council Election 2019 Gaugrehweiler. Retrieved August 29, 2019 .
- The Rhine Palatinate: Romy Heblich new local mayor of Gaugrehweiler. September 3, 2019, accessed September 4, 2019 .