Münchweiler on the Alsenz
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Winnweiler|
|Height :||259 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||7.09 km 2|
|Residents:||1207 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||170 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67728|
|Area code :||06302|
|License plate :||KIB, ROK|
|Community key :||07 3 33 048|
|Association administration address:||Jakobstrasse 29
|Local Mayor :||Christoph Stumpf ( SPD )|
|Location of the local community Münchweiler an der Alsenz in the Donnersbergkreis|
Münchweiler an der Alsenz is a municipality in the Donnersbergkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Winnweiler community , within which it is the second largest local community in terms of number of inhabitants.
The community of Münchweiler an der Alsenz is located in the transition area between the Palatinate Forest and the North Palatinate Uplands, surrounded by forests, fields and meadows. Münchweiler also includes the Kuhwiese, Neumühle and Ziegelhütte residential areas .
Elevations and waters
The hollow stone extends directly to the south-east of the settlement area .
The village of Münchweiler was first mentioned in a document in 1019, when the Mainz archbishopric granted tithe rights and bans from surrounding villages to the church of St. Bothadus in "Minchwillare". As early as 891, a "Monastery of Gerhard" was named in a document of the Worms bishop about a land swap, which is the nucleus of the later small village "Munihhowilari", settlement of the monks. In the early Middle Ages, Münchweiler formed up to the Thirty Years 'War together with the small towns of Baudweiler (no longer populated and no longer mentioned after the Thirty Years' War; located in the valley of today's county road from the B 48 towards Sembach ) and Gonbach (not synonymous with today's Gonbach; before 1600 as Niedergonbach or Garrenbach located in the immediate vicinity of today's Langmeil) “a court”, d. H. a community association that was owned by two manors, the abbot of Hornbach and the counts of Leiningen .
In the following period, the rulership changed when the Leininger family was handed over to the owners of the Neuhemsbach rulership over the Randecker (15th century) to the Flörsheimer (until 1655). At the same time, the Hornbach Monastery appointed the respective knights as bailiffs for their rights and property. Due to the Reformation , the monastery lost its rights and possessions to Duke Wolfgang von Zweibrücken, the guardian of the Hornbach monastery. He exchanged them for other lands with the "Lords of Neuhemsbach", Tibertius Bechtolf von Flörsheim. After 1655, the Counts of Leiningen-Westerburg seem to have reigned themselves, as the two villages fell as a dowry in 1705 to Count Ferdinand Andreas von Wiser , whose wife was a daughter of Count Philipp Ludwig von Leiningen . The Counts of Wiser , who resided in Schloss Wiser zu Hirschberg on Bergstrasse , near Mannheim, remained the lords until the transition of the German areas on the left bank of the Rhine to France.
From 1798 to 1814, Münchweiler was under French rule as Mairie Münchweiler , which also included the communities of Sippersfeld , Neuhemsbach and Gonbach , part of the Département du Mont-Tonnerre with the capital Mainz , the arrondissement Kaiserslautern and the canton Winnweiler . As a result of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the place initially belonged to Austria . A year later it was slammed into Bavaria . From 1818 to 1862, Münchweiler was part of the Kaiserslautern Land Commissioner , which was then converted into a district office. In 1832, participants in the Hambach Festival from the town set up a tree of freedom in Münchweiler after they returned from it . On December 1, 1900, the community moved to the newly created district office Rockenhausen.
From 1939 the community was part of the Rockenhausen district . After the Second World War , the place became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . In 1961 the community had a total of 892 inhabitants. In the course of the first administrative reform in Rhineland-Palatinate , Münchweiler moved to the newly created Donnersbergkreis on June 7, 1969, together with most of the other places in the district . Three years later the place became part of the Verbandsgemeinde Winnweiler .
Over the centuries, the spelling of the place name - obviously depending on the author's knowledge - was subject to constant changes, but without losing the reference to the founding monks: from 891 it went via Munihhowilari, Minchwillare, Mönchwyller, Menchwiller, mynchwyller, Minchweiler to today's Place names.
The municipal council in Münchweiler consists of 16 council members who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
|since 2004||10||6th||16 seats|
The local mayor is Christoph Stumpf (SPD). In the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with 81.76% of the vote.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In blue a silver lamb, gold armored and with a golden nimbus, with the raised left foreleg holding a golden cross bar, on it a silver flag with a red bar cross."|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The village coat of arms reminds of the old local court under the leadership of a mayor and later a rent master to collect taxes, which emerged from the former court seal, which was demonstrably in use in 1670 and 1686.|
Culture and sights
- Cultural monuments
The Münchweiler Broadcasting Museum shows the history of broadcasting in its processes with lots of visual, written and acoustic information. The association has set itself the task of professionally restoring exhibits and making them accessible to the general public in the museum.
There are a total of four natural monuments within the municipality
Economy and Infrastructure
The place has had a stop on the Alsenz Valley Railway since 1999 , which connects the greater Kaiserslautern area via Bad Kreuznach and Bingen with the Rhineland-Palatinate state capital Mainz , making the entire Rhine-Main area easily accessible (up to the direct access to Frankfurt Airport by train) power. Before that, Langmeil (Pfalz) station was the closest station, which for this reason was called Langmeil-Münchweiler in the first decades of its existence .
Federal highway 48 , which has been developed as a bypass, runs through the municipality . Since October 15, 2004, the town has been connected to the A 63 via the Winnweiler exit . This means that Kaiserslautern can be reached in less than ten minutes and Mainz in around half an hour.
The municipality makes great efforts to make the appearance of the place more presentable and attractive, z. B. by redesigning the town center and road construction work in the older local areas. The development of two new development areas in recent years not only led to an increase in the number of residents; By designing the public traffic areas accordingly, a significant contribution to the beautification of the village was made.
The southern Donnersbergkreis is well-suited for hiking tours of all kinds (including Nordic walking, bike tours or covered wagon rides) thanks to its well-developed network of hiking trails and paths, as well as extensive signage. Münchweiler fits in here. On the Hohlstein the local operates Pfälzerwaldverein the highly frequented by hikers hollow stone hut .
Three different themed hiking trails either start in Münchweiler or lead through the village:
- Donnersberger Bauernpfad
- Dr. Strasbourg Kneipp trail
- Forest adventure trail of the teaching and research institute for livestock farming LVAV Neumühle.
A hiking trail that is marked with a green-yellow bar runs through the middle of the settlement area . In addition, Münchweiler is the southern starting point of the Alsenz cycle path , and the Great West Palatinate hiking path also ran through the area of the local community.
- Astrid Lindgren primary school up to grade 4
- The teaching and research institute for cattle husbandry (LVAV) Hofgut Neumühle, which belongs to the district association of the Palatinate , has been responsible for basic and advanced training in animal husbandry in Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland since it was founded in 1951 . Since 2003, the Neumühle estate of the Palatinate District Association has been integrated into the Service Center for Rural Areas (DLR) West Palatinate and is responsible for inter-company initial and master training in the fields of dairy cows, cattle rearing, sheep and pigs. Her tasks also include further and advanced training in animal production, as well as practical testing in the areas of dairy cows, cattle rearing and sheep, and consumer education by conveying agricultural issues.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Bernhard Felsenthal (1822–1908), American rabbi
People who worked on site
- Georg Heinrich Weber , 1792/93 member of the Rhine-German National Convention
- Emil Müller (1864–1918), Protestant pastor, took over the local parish in 1908 and died there ten years later
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 145 (PDF; 3 MB).
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Winnweiler, Verbandsgemeinde, eighth result line. Retrieved September 2, 2019 .
- LVAV Hofgut Neumühle ( Memento from February 13, 2006 in the Internet Archive )