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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Bolanden
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Bolanden highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 38 '  N , 8 ° 1'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Donnersbergkreis
Association municipality : Kirchheimbolanden
Height : 226 m above sea level NHN
Area : 17.44 km 2
Residents: 2477 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 142 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 67295
Area code : 06352
License plate : KIB, ROK
Community key : 07 3 33 010
Community structure: 3 districts
Association administration address: Neue Allee 2
67292 Kirchheimbolanden
Website :
Local Mayor : Armin Juchem (FWG)
Location of the local community Bolanden in the Donnersbergkreis
Obermoschel Niedermoschel Unkenbach Finkenbach-Gersweiler Waldgrehweiler Schiersfeld Sitters Alsenz Oberndorf (Pfalz) Mannweiler-Cölln Winterborn (Pfalz) Kalkofen (Pfalz) Niederhausen an der Appel Münsterappel Oberhausen an der Appel Gaugrehweiler Seelen Rathskirchen Teschenmoschel Bisterschied Ransweiler Stahlberg Bayerfeld-Steckweiler Sankt Alban (Pfalz) Gerbach Würzweiler Ruppertsecken Dielkirchen Katzenbach (Donnersbergkreis) Schönborn (Pfalz) Dörrmoschel Reichsthal Gundersweiler Gehrweiler Imsweiler Rockenhausen Höringen Schweisweiler Falkenstein (Pfalz) Winnweiler Lohnsfeld Wartenberg-Rohrbach Münchweiler an der Alsenz Gonbach Sippersfeld Breunigweiler Imsbach Börrstadt Steinbach am Donnersberg Ramsen (Pfalz) Kerzenheim Eisenberg (Pfalz) Göllheim Dreisen Standenbühl Lautersheim Biedesheim Ottersheim Bubenheim (Pfalz) Zellertal Einselthum Immesheim Albisheim (Pfrimm) Rüssingen Weitersweiler Marnheim Bennhausen Jakobsweiler Dannenfels Bolanden Kirchheimbolanden Mörsfeld Kriegsfeld Oberwiesen Orbis Morschheim Ilbesheim (Donnersbergkreis) Bischheim (Donnersberg) Rittersheim Stetten (Pfalz) Gauersheim Landkreis Bad Kreuznach Landkreis Alzey-Worms Landkreis Kusel Landkreis Kaiserslautern Landkreis Bad Dürkheimmap
About this picture

Bolanden is the sixth largest municipality in terms of population in the Donnersbergkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Kirchheimbolanden , within which it is the second largest in terms of population and the third largest in terms of area.



Bolanden is located in the Donnersbergkreis in the Palatinate, at the transition from the North Palatinate mountainous region to the Bolander Randhöhen, which is part of the Alzeyer hill country . About two kilometers north is the district town of Kirchheimbolanden and about four kilometers west of the Donnersberg . In addition to the core town, the community consists of the two districts Bolanderhof and Weierhof , as well as the Hügelhof and Klosterhof residential areas . Neighboring communities are - clockwise - Kirchheimbolanden, Gauersheim , Marnheim , Weitersweiler , Bennhausen , Jakobsweiler and Dannenfels .


The place is located at the foot of the 276.9 meter high Schlossberg , which rises steeply to the east of the town center and on which the ruins of Neu-Bolanden Castle are enthroned. The Hungerberg range of hills, up to 302 meters high, extends to the east of the municipality .


The Gerbach flows through the west and south of the district ; in part it forms the boundary to Dannenfels. South of the Bolander settlement area, it takes up the Langenbach from the left . The Gutleutbach also rises in the west . The Goldbrunnengraben runs through the east of the district .


Development up to the Middle Ages

The oldest evidence of human civilization found in today's area of ​​Bolandens is a settlement of the band ceramists at Weierhof, whose culture today dates back to the period between 5500 and 4900 BC. Is set. A menhir , which marked a crossroads in what is now the Weierhof area , is also called a "chicken stone".

Neu-Bolanden castle ruins, general view

The beginning of the 12th century built Werner I. of Bolanden on the present territory of Bolanderhofs the castle Altenbolanden . In addition, in 1120 he founded the house monastery "Cell Bolanden", which was renamed in 1160 to today's name Kloster Hane . This was evidenced by the deed of foundation of the "cella bonlande" issued by the Bishop of Mainz, Adalbert I. in 1129.

In the 13th century , the Neu-Bolanden Castle was built by the Reichsministeriale von Bolanden, which has since been the ancestral seat of the von Bolanden family. The village of Bolanden and its office of the same name were first mentioned in a document in 1333, and in 1359 it became a fiefdom of the Electorate of the Palatinate . The noble family von Bolanden died out in the 14th century .

Modern times

Bolanden was completely destroyed twice in a row in the Thirty Years' War and then in the Palatinate War of Succession , which in 1689 also led to the final end of Bolanden Castle. In view of the decline in population - in 1647 only 42 people lived in the entire Bolanden office (in addition to Bolanden also Marnheim, Dreisen and Froschauer Hof) - Elector Karl Ludwig von der Pfalz allowed the Mennonites, who had been expelled from Switzerland, to resettle on the Weierhof in 1664. In 1706 the Electoral Palatinate exchanged Bolanden for Nassau-Weilburg , which placed the municipality under the rule of Kirchheim and Stauf .

From 1798 to 1814 Bolanden belonged to the canton of Kirchheim within the French department of Donnersberg and was the seat of its own mairie there . At the Congress of Vienna , the Palatinate on the left bank of the Rhine fell to Austria in 1815 and to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816 on the basis of an exchange contract . From 1818 to 1862 Bolanden belonged to the Land Commissioner Kirchheim - later Kirchhheimbolanden ; from this the district office of Kirchhheimbolanden emerged.

From 1939 the place was part of the Kirchheimbolanden district . After the Second World War , Bolanden became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . In the course of the first Rhineland-Palatinate administrative reform , Bolanden moved to the newly formed Donnersbergkreis in 1969 ; three years later, the community was incorporated into the also newly created community of Kirchheimbolanden .


Until the end of 2015, there was a Catholic parish in Bolanden, which belonged to the Kirchheimbolanden parish community and to which the now profaned church in Marnheim belonged as a branch. Since 2016 the parish has belonged to the parish of St. Anna , which has its seat in Kirchheimbolanden.


Municipal council

Election to Bolanden City Council 2019
Participation: 56.9% (+ 2.9% p)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
Bolanden Town Hall

The municipal council in Bolanden consists of 16 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary local mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the municipal council:

choice SPD CDU LEFT FWG total
2019 3 3 1 9 16 seats
2014 5 3 1 7th 16 seats
2009 5 3 1 7th 16 seats
2004 5 3 - 8th 16 seats
  • FWG = Free Voter Group Bolanden e. V.


Armin Juchem became local mayor of Bolanden on May 2, 2005. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office for a further five years with a share of the vote of 71.39%.

coat of arms

The blazon of the coat of arms reads: "In blue a silver inclined bar removed from a six-spoke golden wheel, covered with the red capital letters B and L removed from a total of three red diamond stones". It was awarded in 1844 by King Ludwig I of Bavaria .

Culture and sights


Cultural monuments
Bolanden, Hane monastery church

The Hane monastery with its preserved Romanesque-Gothic monastery church, Neu-Bolanden Castle , the Weierhof grammar school and the center of Weiherhof are each designated as monument zones.

In addition, there are 13 individual objects within the community that are under monument protection , including the Catholic Church of the Birth of Mary , a Protestant church and, in the district of Weierhof, a Mennonite church , alternatively called a house of prayer .

other structures

The oldest house in the village dates from the Gothic period. The Werner-von-Bolanden -Halle, built in 2002, is known as the venue . On the southern edge of the settlement area of ​​the core community are also the grave steles of Bolanden .


There are a total of four natural monuments within the municipality .


Local associations include the Bolanden Music Association, the TuS Bolanden and the 1848 Bolanden Men's Choir. The Mennonite History Association , which operates the Mennonite Research Center in the Weierhof district, is of supraregional importance .

Beyond the region zusätzlichder cycling club RV Bolanden is significant in the cycle ball and artistic cycling success in various tournaments in Rhineland-Palatinate participated and Germany level.

Regular events

The biggest festival of the place is the Kerwe , which takes place every year on the first weekend of September. The Kerwe, which was "buried" in a chest in the previous year, is excavated by the Kerweborsch on the Bolanden castle ruins .

Economy and Infrastructure


Because of its good infrastructure, a small industrial park was built in Bolanden . Juwi had one of its company headquarters there from 1996 to 2008 . Furthermore, the Mannbühl quarry is located on the parish of the local community where basalt was mined until 2016 .

In addition, viticulture is practiced on site to a lesser extent; the community itself to the wine-growing region Palatinate ; On site is the single site Schloßberg , which belongs to the major site Schnepfenflug vom Zellertal .


The A 63 ( Kaiserslautern - Mainz ) runs a short distance to the east . The Donnersbergbahn stops in Kirchheimbolanden . There is also one of the Zellertal Railway in Marnheim , which is only used irregularly. The place is connected to the local transport network via the bus line 902 operated by Behles Bus , which runs from Eisenberg to Gaugrehweiler .


The auditorium of the Weierhof grammar school

Bolanden has two day-care centers , the one on the Weierhof is sponsored by the local community, the other is sponsored by the Protestant parish Bolanden.

The village also has a primary school , which is an all-day school and also a specialty school , i.e. children with and without increased needs or disabilities teach together.

In addition, the school district is Weierhof in Weierhof resident. This is a private G8 all-day high school (G8GTS) with boarding school .


The Saar-Rhein-Main long-distance hiking trail marked with a yellow bar also runs through the middle of the settlement area . The Staudernheim-Soultz-sous-Forêts long-distance hiking trail, marked with a blue bar, runs through the west of the municipality marker .


  • Joseph Eduard Konrad Bischoff (1882–1920), writer of the 19th century, chose his writer pseudonym “Conrad von Bolanden” as pastor in the Northern Palatinate , after the village and castle Bolanden.
  • Erwin Burgey (1922–2009), dialect poet of the 20th century.
  • Margit Conrad (* 1952), former Minister of State, lives on site


Web links

Commons : Bolanden  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 142 (PDF; 3 MB).
  3. Bolanden parish. (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original on February 28, 2016 ; accessed on February 10, 2016 .
  4. Bolanden parish. (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original on February 16, 2016 ; accessed on February 13, 2016 .
  5. ^ J. Preuss, The Neolithic in Central Europe, Vol. 2, 55. Weissbach, Beier and Beran 1999
  6. Bolanden parish. (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original on February 16, 2016 ; accessed on February 13, 2016 .
  7. ^ Entry by Reinhard Friedrich on Altbolanden in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute, accessed on August 23, 2016.
  8. Bolanden - Hane Monastery. In: Retrieved February 13, 2016 .
  9. ^ Entry by Reinhard Friedrich on Neubolanden in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute, accessed on August 23, 2016.
  10. a b History of Bolanden. Bolanden parish, accessed on May 17, 2020 .
  11. State Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, individual results
  12. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
  13. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2009, city and municipal council elections
  14. Mayor of Bolanden. Bolanden parish, accessed on May 17, 2020 .
  15. ^ The regional returning officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Kirchheimbolanden, Verbandsgemeinde, third line of results. Accessed August 31, 2019 .
  16. ^ RV Bolanden: RV Bolanden - Chronicle. Retrieved April 21, 2017 .
  17. Pfalzwerke Aktiengesellschaft and juwi GmbH share wind power | Pfalzwerke. (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original on March 31, 2016 ; accessed on March 31, 2016 .
  18. Dredged. In: The Rhine Palatinate . Retrieved May 24, 2018 .
  19. Bolanden day care centers. In: Retrieved February 10, 2019 .
  20. Bolanden-Dannenfels primary school. In: Retrieved February 10, 2019 .