Alzeyer hill country
|Alzeyer hill country|
Pfrimm valley between Harxheim and Albisheim ;
on the left the Saukopf / Gauberg (around 300 m) with Immesheim on the slope, on the right the Hungerberg plateau (up to 303.2 m; wind turbines);
in the background Donnersberg (687 m, center) and Kuhkopf (430 m, right) immediately west of Kirchheimbolandens in the North Palatinate Uplands
|Alternative names||(Alzey – Grünstadter table and hill country)|
|Systematics according to||Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany|
|Greater region 2nd order||20–23 →
Upper Rhine lowlands
|Main unit group||22 →
Northern Upper Rhine Lowland
|4th order region
Rhenish Hessian table and hill country
|Natural area characteristics|
|Landscape type||Hill country / table country|
|Highest peak||Grünstadter Berg ( )|
|Kaiserstraßensenke (193.44, here with 193.43 and the south of 227.41) and Eisenberg basin (227.6) and the eastern roofing of the Wonnegauer hill country (227.51).|
|circle||Alzey-Worms district , Donnersbergkreis , Bad Dürkheim district|
The Alzeyer Hügelland in the districts of Alzey-Worms , Donnersbergkreis and Bad Dürkheim in Rhineland-Palatinate ( Germany ) is a 272 km² large table and hilly landscape in Rheinhessen and the Palatinate . It forms the central and southwestern part of the also often Alzeyer hills designated Rheinhessen table and hill country .
Basically, both parts of the name are a bit misleading for the landscape described here. The eponymous Alzey is clearly in the north of the landscape, which extends south to Grünstadt . And within the higher, over landscape reaching are clearly dominated by the plateau character. The highest independent elevation is the reaching Grünstadter Berg in the extreme south, near the interface to the Palatinate Forest ; Even higher heights of up to are reached in the north west, north of Kirchheimbolandens on the Eichelberg-Koppelberg ridge, which, however, quickly change into plateau landscapes of a constant to the east , while they are not separated from the adjoining gaps to the west Mountains of the North Palatinate Uplands are clearly dominated.
The Alzeyer hill country, which belongs to the northern part of the Upper Rhine Plain , is in the east of Rhineland-Palatinate. It connects to the North Palatinate Bergland to the east and the Palatinate Forest to the north . In the east it borders on the flatter Wonnegau hill country of the cultural-spatial Wonnegau , to the north it is continued by geomorphologically similar parts of the landscape of the Rheinhessen table and hill country.
The hilly landscape, whose eponymous village is Alzey in its northern part , extends roughly between Biebelnheim in the north, Monzernheim in the northeast, Flörsheim-Dalsheim in the east, Grünstadt in the south-southeast, Neuleiningen in the south, Kerzenheim in the south-southwest, Kirchheimbolanden in the west and Flonheim in the North northwest.
Natural allocation and structure
The Alzeyer hill country in the narrower sense was assigned and structured in the natural spatial structure on sheet 150 Mainz as follows:
(to 227 Rheinhessisches Tafel- und Hügelland )
- 227.4 Alzeyer Hügelland (262.6 km²)
- 227.40 Alzey-Ilbesheimer Heights (155.5 km²)
- 227,400 Inner Alzeyer Hügelland (87.8 km²)
- 227,401 Ilbesheimer Loessschwelle (67.7 km²)
- 227.41 Bolander edge heights (44.6 km²)
- 227.42 Göllheimer Hügelland (62.5 km²)
- 227.40 Alzey-Ilbesheimer Heights (155.5 km²)
- 227.4 Alzeyer Hügelland (262.6 km²)
However, contrary to the usual convention of the Federal Institute for Regional Studies , this natural area is not simply connected . It is divided into a large north and a small south part by the natural area Mittleres Pfrimmal (227.50; 27.7 km²) with the Zellertal region , which follows the middle course of the Pfrimm , which flows in a west-east direction . According to usual conventions, the Middle Pfrimm Valley would be a sub-natural area of the Alzeyer Hügelland - especially since the Eisbach further south (in the Göllheimer Hügelland) as well as the Leiselsbach flowing towards the Pfrimm (course on the Ilbesheimer Lößschwelle), the valleys of which are not designated as natural areas of their own Segment the landscape no less sharply - even though its breakthrough valleys are significantly shorter.
The name Bolander edge heights is somewhat misleading . The approximately 11.9 km² extensive southern part of the landscape between Bolanden in the south and Kirchheimbolanden in the north is designed as a clear depression in which up to and including Bolanden Rotliegend stands, and therefore more of a natural part of the Kaiserstraßensenke (see Kaiserstraße ), the from the Ilbesheimer Loessschwelle in the east is clearly dominated. Only north of the district town, i.e. well away from Bolanden, does the landscape rise significantly, up to almost , and differs from the similarly high forewood of the North Palatinate Uplands that adjoins it to the north , primarily through tertiary and quaternary editions on the bedrock and the lack of it Forest cover.
The edge heights north of the Vorholzes near Bechenheim , Nack and Erbes-Büdesheim no longer reach these heights and are already up to over 15 km from the eponymous place.
If one interprets the Middle Pfrim valley as part of the Alzeyer hill country, but not the depression between Bolanden and Kirchheimbolanden, the area is about 272 km².
In its profile Alzeyer Hügelland, the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, in turn, counts the Eisenberg Basin as part of the landscape, but not the Middle Pfrimm Valley, which means that it covers an area of 275 km².
Segmentation in plateaus
The Alzeyer hill country is divided by creeks and valleys into a total of five plateaus of different sizes, of which the core plateau around the city of Alzey , which takes up about half of the area, merges to the northwest with no noticeable differences in altitude into the North Palatinate Uplands. However, noticeable elevations can be found both at the eastern junction with the flat undulating Wonnegau hill country and on the western flank of the more southerly mountain ranges to the equally flat Kaiserstraßensenke .
The Alzeyer hill country is divided as follows, from north to south, in plateaus and depressions (indented with a preceding ↓ for the dividing rivers or the notches):
- the Kloppberg plateau (east of 227,400) in the northeast (up to )
- the Ilbesheimer Plateau (227.41 without south, 227.401 without extreme southwest, west of 227.400) in the east, center and northwest (in the extreme west up to , otherwise up to )
- the very small Hungerberg plateau (extreme southwest of 227,401) in the west (up to )
- the Göllheimer Hügelland (227.42 without the extreme south-east) in the extreme south (up to
- ↓ Eisbach , railway line (157–141 m)
- the Grünstadter Berg (up to ) with the A 6 on the southern flank and Neuleiningen Castle a little below
A north-western part of the core plateau is segmented by the valley of the Selz (north half of 227.41, north-west of 227.400), although there is practically no dividing gap in the headwaters of the river ( ) near Orbis , but in the urban area of Alzeys (mouth of the Weidas : ). The northwest part reaches in the immediate vicinity of the city and only slightly more in the west with northeast of Bechenheim .
The name Hügelland is most likely to apply in the interior of the Alzeyer Hügelland, including the northwestern continuation in the north of the edge heights, although the Kloppberg plateau falls out there. The Göllheim hill country also deviates somewhat from the plateau character.
The Ilbesheim core plateau (to the right of the Selz), the Kloppberg plateau and large parts of the Göllheim hill country have continuous loess layers. There is an island-like structure on the summit on the Hungerberg plateau, on the Gerstenberg in the southeast of the Göllheim hill country and on the Grünstadter Berg.
The Alzeyer hill country falls from heights of Orbis ) on the western edge of the landscape and heights of (elevation Bitternell near Neuleiningen ) on the southern edge of the landscape to (valley point east of Wachenheim ) in the Zellertal - if you add the Zellertal an der Pfrimm , which is part of the aforementioned Middle Pfrimm valley .(elevation behind the Remise near
Behind the Remise or Eichelberg-Koppelberg-ridge (a good 360 m), south of Orbis - Bolander Randhöhen
- Koppelberg , east summit (357.8 m)
- Eichelberg , west summit (356.9 m)
- Steinkopf (354.1 m), NSG Steinbühl-Schäfergraben , northwest of Kirchheimbolandens - Bolander edge heights
- Grünstadter Berg (336.7 m; Bitternell ), between Neuleiningen, Ebertsheim and Grünstadt - Göllheimer Hügelland (southern part)
- Gerstenberg , ridge with Quirnheimer Berg ( ), near Quirnheim - Göllheimer Hügelland
- Kahlenberg (305.6 m), between Bubenheim and Kindenheim - Göllheimer Hügelland
- South summit: Rosengarten (305.6 m)
- North summit (303.3 m)
- Galgenberg ( Göllheimer Höhe ; ), near Lautersheim - Göllheimer Hügelland
Folding rule ( ), between Immesheim and Rüssingen - Göllheimer Hügelland
- Saukopf ( ), northeast spur of the ruler - Göllheimer Hügelland
- Saukopf ( ), between Immesheim and Rüssingen
- Kloppberg (293.4 m), near Hochborn and Dittelsheim-Heßloch - Inner Alzeyer hill country
- Ahrenberg (292 m), between Nack and Wendelsheim - Wiesener Randhöhen (North Palatinate Bergland) and thus to the west just outside the Bolander Randhöhen
- Wartberg (285.2 m), with the Alzeyer Wartbergturm (275.3), south of Alzey - Inner Alzeyer hill country
- Hornberg (273.3 m), near Framersheim - Inneres Alzeyer Hügelland
The Alzeyer hill country to be loess - lime - and marl soils located is heavily agricultural coined. It is a cultural landscape used in some places (especially on the southern slopes of the hills) for viticulture and in many places (especially in the southern part of the Alzeyer hill country) for arable farming , which, as the foreland of the Palatinate Uplands, has greater differences in altitude than the Rhine-Hessian hill country to the north. In the west and thus in the transition area to the Palatinate Uplands, the hill country is partially forested.
The Alzeyer hill country is traversed by sections of the federal autobahns 61 (south-west-north-east direction) and 63 (north-west-south-east direction), it is touched on the south edge by one of the A 6 (west-east direction). These motorways connect to sections of federal highways 47 and 271 leading through the landscape .
The railway lines in the Alzeyer Hügelland each include a section of the Donnersbergbahn that connects Alzey with Kirchheimbolanden , the Zellertalbahn that runs along the Pfrimm and the Eistalbahn that runs along the Eisbach .
table with area information from the State Office for the Environment, Water Management and Trade Inspectorate Rhineland-Palatinate (PDF; 250 kB) → The area information relates to unit 227.4, but without the south (approx. 11.9 km²) of unit 227.41 Kirchheimbolanden and Bolanden, which geomorphologically and up to and including Bolanden also geologically belongs to the Kaiserstraßen (- Rotliegend -) depression, plus the unit 227.50; 1.5 km² of unit 227.401 west of the 63 and 4.9 km² to the west of unit 227.50 were also deducted.
- Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate nature conservation administration (LANIS map) ( notes )
- Harald Uhlig: Geographical land survey: The natural space units on sheet 150 Mainz. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1964. → Online map (PDF; 4.7 MB)
- Landscape profile Alzeyer Hügelland of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information ) (with Eisenberg Basin, but without the Middle Pfrim Valley)
- GeoViewer of the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Raw Materials ( information )