|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Bad Dürkheim|
|Association municipality :||Leiningerland|
|Height :||310 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.45 km 2|
|Residents:||776 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||174 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67280|
|Area code :||06359|
|License plate :||DÜW|
|Community key :||07 3 32 042|
|LOCODE :||DE QHM|
|Community structure:||3 districts|
|Association administration address:||Industriestrasse 11
|Local Mayor :||Rainer Merz (FWG)|
|Location of the local community Quirnheim in the Bad Dürkheim district|
Quirnheim , historically also Querum , Palatine "Querem", is a local community in the Rhineland-Palatinate district of Bad Dürkheim . It belongs to the community of Leiningerland , within which it is the sixth smallest local community both in terms of the number of inhabitants and in terms of area. It is located in the northwest of the European Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region .
The community is located in the Palatinate at . It is located on the south-eastern edge of the Alzeyer hill country belonging to the Rheinhessisches Tafel- und Hügelland near the northern end of the German Wine Route . Neighboring communities are - clockwise - Kindenheim , Bockenheim an der Weinstraße , Grünstadt , Mertesheim , Grünstadt, Ebertsheim , Lautersheim and Biedesheim .
The Gerstenberg ( ) extends in the northeast of the district directly on the border with Kindenheim and Bockenheim and the Quirnheimer Berg ( ) immediately south of it .
Middle Ages and early modern times
On May 22nd, 771 the place and the church of St. Maria and St. Martin were first mentioned in the Lorsch Codex ; the church, which was used by Protestants from the 16th century, is the oldest in the district. The current district of Boßweiler can already be found on May 11, 767 as “villa Buchsolare” or “Buchrolare” in the Codex diplomaticus of the Fulda monastery . In the tenth century Königsgut is mentioned in the Wormsgau , these two royal courts were near Bossweiler ; the Hertlingshäuserhof goes back to one of them.
In 1453 Boßweiler - Bußweiler as the then still existing main town - was mentioned as a fiefdom of Landgrave Hesso von Leiningen , after his death in 1467 both settlements came under the ownership of the new Leiningen-Westerburg line and belonged to the Grünstadt office. The village of Bos (s) weiler perished in the Thirty Years' War , only the Oswald Chapel on the edge and the buildings of the old noble court remained - the smaller Quirnheim settlement with the Hertlingshäuserhof remained untouched. In the years 1671 to 1672 the Mainz patrician Quirinus von Merz was given the free Quirnheimerhof and enfeoffed with both places . This was done out of the gratitude of the Counts of Leiningen and the Prince-Bishop of Speyer for the services rendered as Chancellor and Comitial Envoy . The considerable damage caused by French attacks in the 1690s was financially borne by the Merz family. The Ritter-Merz-Straße is dedicated to Quirin Merz, Johann Wilhelm Merz and Albrecht von Mer (t) z .
From the 19th century
From 1798 to 1814, when the Palatinate was part of the French Republic (until 1804) and then part of the Napoleonic Empire , the municipality was incorporated into the canton of Grünstadt in the Département du Mont-Tonnerre and was the seat of its own Mairie. In 1815 the place had 430 inhabitants. Based on the agreements made at the Congress of Vienna , the area was initially assigned to Austria in 1815 and ceded to the Kingdom of Bavaria in a state treaty in 1816 . Under the Bavarian administration, Quirnheim belonged to the Landkommissariat Frankenthal in the Rhine district, the later Palatinate .
From 1939 Quirnheim was part of the Frankenthal (Palatinate) district . After the Second World War , the place became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . In the course of the first Rhineland-Palatinate administrative reform , the place changed on June 7, 1969 to the newly created district of Bad Dürkheim . Three years later, Wattenheim became part of the newly created community of Grünstadt-Land , before it was merged into the community of Leiningerland in 2018 .
At the end of 2014, 39.7 percent of the population were Protestant and 27.9 percent Catholic. The rest belonged to another religion or were non-denominational. On the catholic side, the community belongs to the diocese of Speyer and is subordinate to the dean's office in Bad Dürkheim , the Evangelicals to the Protestant regional church of the Palatinate . Until 2015, the Catholic parish formed the Boßweiler parish and belonged to the Grünstadt parish community. Since January 1st, 2016 the parish has belonged to the parish of St. Elisabeth in Grünstadt ; the two Catholic churches have since formed the branches of the Assumption of Mary (Quirnheim) and St. Oswald (Boßweiler) .
The local council in Quirnheim consists of twelve council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
- FWG = Free Voters' Group Quirnheim e. V.
- WGW = Würtz voters group
coat of arms
|Blazon : “In a divided shield, split at the top, again split at the top right, three-lined on the right of silver and blue, on the left a gold-crowned half black eagle at the gap, on the top left in blue a red-armored and tongued silver lion, below in silver blue horseshoe with downward facing cleats. "|
Reasons for the coat of arms: The silver-blue shaft represents the colors of the bishopric of Speyer . The imperial black eagle stands for the later freedom of the Hertlingshäuserhof and the second royal court in Boßweiler. The lion on a blue background was brought in by the Merz family and has Nassau origins; the knight Johann Merz was appointed to the electoral council in Mainz by Elector Johann Graf von Nassau in 1397. The origin of the downwardly open horseshoe is just as unknown as in the Eisenberg coat of arms .
The Quirnheim coat of arms was approved by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior in 1926 and goes back to a court seal from 1674.
Sights and culture
- Cultural monuments
There are a total of twelve objects on site that are under monument protection , including the Protestant church and the Quirnheimer Hof; the latter once served as the courtyard of the Hertlingshausen monastery .
A motorcycle and technology museum was created in the industrial park on the site of the former US missile station, which is run by volunteers.
The town celebrates twice Kirchweih which in the local dialect notch is called: The pea notch is in July, the village notch organized in the first week of October.
During the Cold War , an American anti-aircraft missile position at was located about 1500 m northeast of the municipality and the glider airfield Grünstadt-Quirnheimer Berg ( ) and about 700 m east of the Gerstenberg , which was used by Nike Hercules until 1983 . Missile, later equipped with MIM-104 Patriot missiles and nuclear equipments until 1994 . In 2001 the Quirnheim Missile Station, including ammunition storage and training area, was disbanded.
District road 26 runs through Quirnheim and connects the place with the children's home and Ebertsheim. On the Quirnheimer Berg is the glider flight area of the Aviation Association Grünstadt and the surrounding area . The closest train stops are Ebertsheim and Mertesheim along the Eistalbahn .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Karl Joseph Merz von Quirnheim (1747–1802), nobleman and last owner of the Freiherrschaft Bosweiler and Quirnheim
- Albert Merz von Quirnheim (1774-1857), general; Commander of the 5th and 12th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiments , the Veste Oberhaus and the city of Passau
- Peter Eckhard (born December 19, 1886; † December 29, 1971 in Maria Rosenberg), dean, clergyman and papal house prelate, honorary citizen of Sankt Ingbert
People who worked on site
- Theodor Rhodius (~ 1572–1626), local pastor from 1599
- Johann Konrad Schragmüller (1605–1675), Protestant theologian and university professor, was pastor in Quirnheim from 1610
- Quirin Merz of Quirnheim († 1695), patrician , jurist and diplomat , was finally in the 1670s first of his family with lands in the range of Quirnheim and also with the entire city invested .
- Johann Niclaus Reuter , 1792/93 member of the Rhine-German National Convention
- Hermann Knoll (1897–1935) worked here for seven years as spiritual and leader of the Hildegardis sisters of the Catholic apostolate . He was buried in the local cemetery until he was reburied in 1959.
- Bad Dürkheim district: Quirnheim municipality
- Quirnheim on the website of the community of Leiningerland
- Literature about Quirnheim in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Richard Dertsch : The documents of the Mainz city archive: Regesten, volumes 1-2 , Verlag des Stadtarchiv Mainz, 1962, page 122 - Google Books (snippet view)
- Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate Nature Conservation Administration (LANIS map) ( notes )
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 140 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Karl Josef Minst [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 3), Certificate 1205, May 22nd, 771 - Reg. 614. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 155 , accessed on February 15, 2016 .
- Ernst Friedrich Johann Dronke: Codex Diplomaticus Fuldensis , T. Fischer 1850, page 19 - Google Books
- Werner Bornheim: Die Kunstdenkmäler von Rheinland-Pfalz, Volume 8 , Deutscher Kunstverlag 1982, Page 159 - Google Books (snippet view)
- Georg Heeger: The Germanic Settlement of the Front Palatinate on the Hand of Place Names , K. & A. Kaussler 1900, page 38 - Google Books (snippet view)
- Wolfgang Haubrichs: Yearbook for West German State History, Volume 3 , self-published by the State Archives Administration Rhineland-Palatinate 1977, page 53/54 - Google Books (snippet view)
- Werner Bornheim: Die Kunstdenkmäler von Rheinland-Pfalz, Volume 8 , Deutscher Kunstverlag 1982, Page 457 - Google Books (snippet view)
- KommWis, as of December 31, 2014
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: City council election 2019 Quirnheim. Retrieved October 14, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections.
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Direct elections 2019. Accessed on October 14, 2019 (see Leiningerland, Verbandsgemeinde, 20th line of results)
- Karl Heinz Debus: The great book of arms of the Palatinate. Neustadt an der Weinstrasse 1988, ISBN 3-9801574-2-3 .
- Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate nature conservation administration (LANDIS map)