|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Bad Dürkheim|
|Association municipality :||Lambrecht (Palatinate)|
|Height :||173 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.31 km 2|
|Residents:||4050 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||487 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||67466|
|Area code :||06325|
|License plate :||DÜW|
|Community key :||07 3 32 032|
|Association administration address:||Sommerbergstrasse 3
|City Mayor :||Karl-Günter Müller (FWG)|
|Location of the city of Lambrecht (Pfalz) in the Bad Dürkheim district|
Lambrecht ( Pfalz ) is a town in the Bad Dürkheim district in the Palatinate Forest . It is the administrative seat of the association of the same name . It owes its nickname "Clothmaker's City" to the textile industry that shaped the place for a long time.
Lambrecht lies in the middle of the central Palatinate Forest in the Lambrecht Valley ; the south-west of the district extends as far as the Elmsteiner Tal . In the northeast is the Karl-Rauch-Siedlung ; The hamlet of Iptestal is located in the extreme southwest of the district . Neighboring communities are - clockwise - Deidesheim , Lindenberg , Neustadt an der Weinstrasse , Esthal and Frankeneck . To the east of the city is the so-called Lambrecht Fault, a geological dividing line to which the Haardt connects.
Elevations and waters
The city is traversed by the Speyerbach ; in the west it forms the boundary to Frankeneck and Esthal. In the city center the Luhrbach flows into it from the left . The highest mountain is the Kaisergarten at in the south, which is located directly on the boundary with Neustadt an der Weinstrasse; the latter also applies to the Schauerberg further northeast . In the north of the urban area the Eichelberg and the Kreuzberg and in the west the Schorlenberg and the Hohe Kopf extend .
Division of space
The 8.32 square kilometers - corresponding to 832 ha - are divided as follows:
|Courtyard and building areas||86|
|Paths, roads and so on||41|
|Other types of use||21st|
|Remaining land, wasteland and so on||1|
In 977 Lambrecht is mentioned for the first time in a document; Duke Otto von Worms founded the Benedictine monastery of St. Lambrecht in Grevenhausen in honor of the holy bishop Lambert of Liège . In 1553, however, the monastery was closed. In 1568 the buildings of the monastery including the houses, church and fields were taken over by the Elector Friedrich III. left as asylum to displaced Walloons .
In 1838/39, the neighboring villages of St. Lambrecht and Grevenhausen merged, the double name St. Lambrecht-Grevenhausen was used until the city elevation in 1887. On August 25, 1849, Lambrecht became a railway station with the opening of the Neustadt-Frankenstein section - as the end of the Rhine-Saar route for coal transport. On December 21, 1887, Lambrecht was granted city rights.
From 1939 the city was part of the district of Neustadt an der Weinstrasse . After the Second World War , the place within the French occupation zone became part of the administrative district of Palatinate in the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate . In the course of the first administrative reform in Rhineland-Palatinate , Lambrecht moved to the newly created Bad Dürkheim district in 1969 . Three years later it became part of the also newly formed association of the same name . Administrative work began on January 1, 1973.
In 2017 and 2018, the crimes of three geriatric nurses in the Lambrecht Valley senior citizens' home rocked the city's population.
In 2007, 43.8 percent of the population were Protestant and 30.4 percent Catholic. The rest belonged to another religion or were non-denominational.
Lambrecht has an independent Catholic parish (Herz Jesu). The Catholic parish is responsible for the St. Lambertus Catholic day-care center . The pastor in the parish community looks after Lambrecht as well as the communities of Lindenberg, Neidenfels-Frankeneck and Weidenthal-Frankenstein. The parish of Lambrecht is part of the parish association Neustadt (Weinstrasse) in the dean's office Bad Dürkheim and belongs to the diocese of Speyer . There is also a memorial to Edith Stein in the Toni Schröer House .
The city council in Lambrecht consists of 20 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
- FWG = Free Voting Group Talgemeinden e. V.
- SWG = Social Voting Association e. V.
City Mayor is Karl-Günter Müller (FWG). In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in office with 53.06% of the votes. His predecessor was Michael Stöhr from the CDU, who held office until 2014.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Divided by black and green, above a red armored, tongued and crowned golden lion, below three silver lambs."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: It was approved by the Bavarian Prince Regent in 1887 and goes back to a seal from 1707. The Palatinate Lion is a reminder of the former belonging to the Electoral Palatinate . The sheep symbolize the flourishing cloth industry from the 16th century.|
Culture and sights
The city center, Beerentalstrasse , the former Haas Brothers cloth factory and the cemetery are designated as monument zones. There are also numerous individual objects that are under monument protection .
The municipality is located in the Palatinate Forest Nature Park , which in turn belongs to the Palatinate Forest-Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve and is the seat of its office. There are a total of five natural monuments within the city limits , including the Dicker Stein rock formation southwest of the city center on the flank of the Hohe Kopf. On top of it is a small observation tower , the thick stone tower , which was built in 1933 from wood; it offers two viewing platforms. The knight's stone of the same name with the number 256 is also located at the Kaisergarten .
Latars are celebrated on a summer day . Egg picking takes place at the picking area on Easter Monday . Another traditional event is the delivery of the billy goat tribute as part of the billy goat auction to Deidesheim on Whit Tuesday
There is also the billy goat festival on the “Tuchmacherplatz” Fabrikstrasse opposite the “Jahnwiese” sports field. The Lambrecht “billy goat kerwe” takes place on the first Saturday in August.
Other events include summer evening music in the former monastery church and the Advent market. Every two years the businesses located in Lambrecht and the surrounding area organize an exhibition. The Gäsbock mountain bike marathon starts every Saturday on the second weekend in May; it begins and ends in Lambrecht.
Economy and Infrastructure
For a long time Lambrecht was considered a city of cloth makers. With the Huguenots who immigrated in the 16th century , more precisely with the Walloons from Belgium , a flourishing drapery industry developed in Lambrecht. In the course of this, for example, on Wallonenstraße, a street in downtown Lambrecht, a real cloth making center with many small hand-weaving mills was built. The old guild house with a bay window from 1606 and 1607 is a reminder of this time. The magnificent building goes back to a wealthy Walloon immigrant. After the industrial revolution , many companies did not make the leap to factory scale . Nevertheless, nine cloth factories still existed in 1931, and it wasn't until the 1960s that the cloth-making industry was finally "off". Moreover Lambrecht was temporarily the site of a Filzfabrik that from 1881 to the United Filzfabriken belonged
In the historical buildings of a former cloth factory, Jola Spezialschalter GmbH & Co. KG has been producing devices for level control and leakage detection since the 1950s. Felts, paper machine coverings and needle felts are now manufactured in another cloth factory. A medium-sized supplier industry has also developed in other ways. In addition to these businesses, tourism and, to a lesser extent, forestry are among the economic factors of the city, which also has shops, handicraft businesses and service providers that cover daily needs. Since the end of the 19th century, a newspaper has been published locally with the Talpost .
In addition, the city was the seat of the Stadtsparkasse Lambrecht , which was merged into today's Sparkasse Rhein-Haardt in 1972 .
education and parenting
There are three kindergartens and two general education schools in Lambrecht. As a secondary school, there is a Realschule plus on site. High schools are located in the larger neighboring town of Neustadt an der Weinstrasse . The adult education center and the Palatinate Academy are available.
- Protestant kindergarten "Noah's Ark"
- Catholic day care center “St. Lambertus "
- Municipal kindergarten "Rappelkiste"
- Day care center in the Protestant kindergarten for school children
- Primary school Lambrecht
- Realschule plus Lambrecht
- Volkshochschule Verbandsgemeinde Lambrecht
Lambrecht was connected to the railway network in 1849 with the completion of the Palatinate Ludwig Railway , from which the Mannheim – Saarbrücken railway line emerged. Since 2003, the S-Bahn RheinNeckar has been serving the station , which is located on the northern outskirts, with the S1 and S2 lines . In 1902 an industrial track was built from the Lambrecht train station via Frankeneck to the Sattelmühle , from which the cuckoo train, opened in 1909 and leading to Elmstein, emerged . Passenger traffic ended in 1960 and freight traffic on the Frankeneck – Elmstein section followed around a decade and a half later. The Frankeneck station, located in the district of Lambrecht, was converted into a station part of the Lambrecht equivalent and is still used by freight traffic today. The Kuckucksbähnel has also been functioning as a museum railway since 1984.
The federal highway 39 crosses the city. In the north-west of the district, the state road 499 branches off to Waldfischbach-Burgalben . The bus route 517 of the Rhein-Neckar transport association operated by the company Busverkehr Imfeld also connects the city with Neustadt an der Weinstrasse and Iggelbach .
There is a local group of the Palatinate Forest Association on site , which owns the Lambertskreuz forest house , which is already in the Bad Dürkheim area . Lambrecht is also the western starting point of the Palatia cycle path leading to Speyer and the start of Tour 5 of the Palatinate Forest Mountain Bike Park .
The Saar-Rhein-Main long-distance hiking trail marked with a yellow cross also runs through the city . In addition, Lambrecht is on the north route of the Palatinate Way of St. James , an old pilgrimage route and several other hiking trails, one of which is marked with a red bar that runs from the Lambert Cross to Breitenstein , on a path marked with a blue-red bar , the creates a connection between Kirchheimbolanden and Pirmasens and runs from Deidesheim to Rhodt unter Rietburg on one marked with a blue-yellow bar . In addition, the billy goat hiking trail runs within the city .
sons and daughters of the town
- Pieter Schoubroeck (~ 1570–1607), painter
- Ludwig Louis (1814–1894), politician
- Emil Fränger (1856–1941), administrative lawyer
- Heinrich Lieser (1879–1961), politician (SPD)
- Hermann Alker (1885–1967), architect
- Karl Rauch (1887–1945), local poet, a district is named after him
- Louis Emrich (1893–1974), journalist, writer and forecaster
- Ludwig Küchel (1900–1977), trade unionist and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime
- Rudolf Röhrig (1903–1970), politician (NSDAP)
- Josef M. Häußling (1923–2012), German legal scholar, university professor and rector of the Bergische Universität Wuppertal
- Karl Heinrich Theiß (1924–1997), officer and student historian
- Angelus Häußling (1932–2017), Roman Catholic theologian and Benedictine
- Erich Satter (* 1935), philosopher
- Gabriele Kaiser (* 1952), mathematics teacher and university lecturer
- Albert Henz (* 1954), Protestant theologian
- Markus Knapp (* 1954), Catholic theologian and professor of fundamental theology at the Ruhr University in Bochum
- Frank-Matthias Hofmann (* 1959), Church Councilor. Representative of the Evangelical Churches in Saarland at the state government and the state parliament in Saarbrücken
People who worked on site
- Norbert Buschlinger (* 1957), soccer player, lives on site
- Adolf Edel (before 1899–1935), newspaper publisher and author of local history writings
- Kurt Faber (1883–1929), adventurer, travel writer; Youth in Lambrecht (Palatinate)
- Robert Helm (1879–1955), director and board member of the United Cloth Factory Botzong-Waltzinger AG and member of the city council
- Bernhard Kimmel (1936–2019), criminal ("Al Capone von der Pfalz"), grew up in Lambrecht
- Marcus Lembach , visual artist, won the Daniel Henry Kahnweiler Prize in 1983
- Dominik Schmitt (* 1983), artist, lived in Lambrecht from 1989
- Viktor Sternad (1921–2001), lecturer at the textile engineering school and professor for textile technology in Kaiserslautern
- Wolf-Michael Weber (* 1954), zoologist, worked temporarily for the Lambrecht company Heka Electronics
- Josef Winschuh (1897–1970), journalist, entrepreneur and politician, lived on site
- Bernhard Würschmitt (1788-1853) was a Catholic priest and famous artist (painter, sculptor, etc.). He served as pastor of Grevenhausen from 1826 to 1828. In the cath. Church of Lambrecht, the high altar painting "Crucifixion of Christ", the oil painting "Maria Immaculata" and an extraordinary pulpit confessional come from his hand.
- City chronicle: Hans Fell: 1000 years Lambrecht - chronicle of a city . Edeldruck Lambrecht GmbH & Co. KG., Lambrecht (Palatinate), 1978. (The city chronicle, which is almost out of print, has two main authors; in addition to Hans Fell, therefore, Dr. Ernst Collofong should also be mentioned primarily.)
- Literature about Lambrecht in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- Website of the city of Lambrecht (Palatinate)
- Information page of the Bad Dürkheim district on the city of Lambrecht (Palatinate)
- Edith Stein memorial
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Meyers-1905-Bd-12, page 76. In: Zeno.org. 1905, Retrieved June 19, 2018 .
- Anton Eckardt: Stadt und Bez.-Amt Neustadt AH (= Felix Mader [Hrsg.]: Die Kunstdenkmäler der Pfalz . Issue 1). Printed and commissioned by R. Oldenbourg, Munich 1926, DNB 366496743 , p. 9 (= The art monuments of Bavaria. Volume 6.).
- Manfred Niemeyer (ed.): German book of place names. De Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2012, ISBN 978-3-110-25802-8 , p. 345 ( limited preview in Google book search).
- Der Spiegel 8/2018, pp. 48–50.
- KommWis, as of December 31, 2007
- The regional returning officer RLP: Local council election 2019 Lambrecht. Retrieved October 18, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- The regional returning officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Lambrecht (Pfalz), Verbandsgemeinde, fourth line of results. Retrieved October 18, 2019 .
- Karl Heinz Debus: The great book of arms of the Palatinate. Neustadt an der Weinstrasse 1988, ISBN 3-9801574-2-3 .
- Dicker-Stein-Turm on kruemelhuepfer.de