|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Kirchheimbolanden|
|Area :||645.52 km 2|
|License plate :||KIB, ROK|
|Circle key :||07 3 33|
|Circle structure:||81 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Rainer Guth (independent)|
|Location of the Donnersbergkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate|
The Donnersbergkreis is a regional authority in the Palatinate region of Rhineland-Palatinate . The seat of the district administration is Kirchheimbolanden , the most populous municipality is the city of Eisenberg .
The Donnersbergkreis with its administrative seat Kirchheimbolanden is located in the Northern Palatinate . Most of its area belongs to the North Palatinate Uplands . Its highest point, the Donnersberg ( ), which is also the highest mountain in the Palatinate, gives the district its name. In the south it has a share in the Palatinate Forest , in the east - with the Zellertal - in the wine-growing region Palatinate , in the north also in the wine-growing region Nahe . The Alsenz , a tributary of the Nahe, crosses the western part of the district from south to north .
Before 1815, today's district was part of the French department of Mont-Tonnerre . From 1818 the Land Commissioner Kirchheim was established in what was now the Bavarian Palatinate , called the District Office from 1862. In 1900, the western districts of Obermoschel and Rockenhausen were split off from him and merged with the Winnweiler district, which had been separated from the Kaiserslautern district office, to form a new Rockenhausen district office.
In 1939 the district offices in the Palatinate were renamed to counties. Since then, the two districts of Kirchheimbolanden and Rockenhausen have existed in the Northern Palatinate . After the Second World War , these counties became part of the French occupation zone . On August 30, 1946, Rhineland-Palatinate was established as the last state in the western occupation zones on the basis of decree No. 57 of the French military government under General Marie-Pierre Kœnig . It was initially referred to as the "Rhineland-Palatinate Land" or "Land Rheinpfalz"; the name Rhineland-Palatinate was only established with the constitution of May 18, 1947.
On June 7, 1969, the Kirchheimbolanden district was merged with most of the Rockenhausen district to form the Donnersbergkreis. On April 22, 1972, the Sembach community was ceded to the Kaiserslautern district. On March 16, 1974, the communities Rathskirchen , Reichsthal and Seelen from the district of Kusel were added.
According to the 2011 census , the absolute majority of the population was 53.6% Protestant , 21.7% Roman Catholic and 24.7% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. As of January 31, 2020, 47.1% of the 78,344 inhabitants are predominantly Protestant, 20.0% Catholic, and 32.9% belong to other or no religious communities.
Due to historical circumstances, the Donnersbergkreis has a clear Protestant majority today; only the communities formerly belonging to the County of Falkenstein have remained Catholic. At the ecclesiastical administrative level, the district is divided into three different Protestant deaneries within the Evangelical Church of the Palatinate , the main part is carried by the deanery Donnersberg and the deanery at Alsenz and Lauter; the southeast around Eisenberg (Pfalz) belongs to the dean's office Bad Dürkheim-Grünstadt.
In the Roman Catholic Church, the district belongs to the Speyer diocese and almost entirely to the Donnersberg Catholic deanery, only the southeast around Eisenberg (Palatinate) belongs to the Bad Dürkheim deanery.
Because of the special features of the Rhineland-Palatinate electoral system in local elections (personalized proportional representation), the percentages given are shown as weighted results that only represent the voting behavior in arithmetic.
|Parties and groups of voters||%
|Voter turnout in%||65.1||59.0|
- FLN = Free List Northern Palatinate
- 1969–1971 Adolf Wilhelm Rothley (SPD)
- 1971–1981 Karl Ritter (SPD)
- 1981–1991 Klaus Rüter (SPD)
- 1991–2017 Winfried Werner (SPD)
- 2017– Rainer Guth (independent)
In the direct election on May 7, 2017, Rainer Guth, who was independent from the party and supported by the CDU and Free Voters, was elected with 51.9% of the vote.
badges and flags
|Blazon : "Through a curved green tip, inside a golden shining sun, split by gold and silver, right a red, left a blue six-spoke wheel."|
Justification of the coat of arms: The two wheels come from the earlier district coats of arms of Kirchheimbolanden and Rockenhausen. In the past, the Lords of Bolanden rode the red wheel, the Hohenfels side line the blue wheel. The curved tip symbolizes the Donnersberg as the name of the district, the color green the wealth of forests in the area, and the sun stands for the vineyards in the east and north of the district .
The coat of arms was approved on September 4, 1981.
Economy and Infrastructure
Apart from the city of Eisenberg, there are no major industrial sites. The economy relies on tourism , occasionally also on viticulture . Agriculture and animal husbandry, especially the cultivation of wheat, rape and maize, but also the dairy industry, play an important role in the rural Donnersberg district. The formerly many small farms have been reduced to a few large farms.
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Donnersbergkreis was ranked 232 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future.
The Donnersbergkreis is crossed by the Bundesautobahn 63 Mainz - Kaiserslautern . Furthermore, the A 6 Saarbrücken - Waidhaus (also called Via Carolina) touches the southern edge of the district. Several federal highways run through the district, including the B 47 ( Worms - Michelstadt , also called Nibelungenstraße ) and B 48 ( Bingen - Bad Bergzabern ).
In the Alsenz Valley, the Palatinate Northern Railway operated a railway line from Kaiserslautern to Winnweiler from 1870 and to Bad Münster am Stein from 1871 . From 1872/73 the Donnersbergbahn branched off in Langmeil to Marnheim , from where the route to Kirchheimbolanden - Alzey continued from 1873/74 , while the Zellertalbahn went to Monsheim.
The Eistalbahn to Eisenberg was added from Grünstadt in 1876 , which was not continued until 1932 by the Deutsche Reichsbahn via Ramsen to Enkenbach in the Alsenztal. Only three years later, the network was reduced again to a maximum of 80 kilometers when the Alsenz – Obermoschel (4 kilometers) local railway was shut down, which was opened in 1903 by the Pfalzbahn as a narrow-gauge connecting railway from the city of Obermoschel to the Alsenz station on the main line.
The suspension of passenger traffic finally reduced the railways to a length of 30 kilometers:
- 1935: Alsenz – Obermoschel (narrow-gauge railway) = M =, 4 kilometers
- 1945: Kirchheimbolanden – Marnheim, 6 kilometers
- 1951: Alzey – Morschheim – Kirchheimbolanden, 6 kilometers (reactivated May 30, 1999)
- 1976: Grünstadt –Eisenberg – Eiswoog – Enkenbach, 11 kilometers (29 May 1994 to Eisenberg, 28 May 1995 to Ramsen, 12 August 2001 to Eiswoog reactivated)
- 1983: Langmeil –Marnheim– Monsheim , 23 kilometers (May 26, 2001 reactivated in excursion traffic)
The Donnersbergbahn runs from Kirchheimbolanden via Alzey to Mainz or Frankfurt am Main . The Alsenz Valley Railway connects Rockenhausen and Winnweiler with Kaiserslautern and Bad Kreuznach . The Eistalbahn connects Eisenberg and Ramsen with Grünstadt and with a change in Frankenthal also with Mannheim and the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region . As part of excursion traffic, trains run on the Zellertalbahn in summer from Langmeil to Monsheim, from where there is a connection to Worms .
As a result of the reactivations, the rail network in the district was more than doubled again. There are also 26 bus routes for local public transport that have been operated by the Krauss & Wolff travel service with barrier-free buses since January 2017.
The dense network of primary schools in the Donnersbergkreis is coming under increasing pressure due to the falling number of pupils. In order to avert the threatened closure of elementary schools by the Rhineland-Palatinate Ministry of Culture - for example in Dannenfels - more and more schools are being founded in which two or more school locations are organizationally merged. In three primary schools several grades are taught in one class, in Dannenfels even all four.
Gymnasiums exist in Kirchheimbolanden and Winnweiler; Rockenhausen and, since 2016, Eisenberg too, have integrated comprehensive schools with upper secondary schools. Realschulen exist in all of these communities and also in Göllheim. The network of secondary schools is supplemented by the private grammar school Weierhof with an attached boarding school on the Weierhof south of Kirchheimbolanden.
Vocational training takes place exclusively at the Eisenberg and Rockenhausen locations. Kirchheimbolanden is thus the only district town in Germany without a vocational school.
cities and communes
(Residents on December 31, 2019)
Association municipalities with their association members:
(Seat of the administration of the Verbandsgemeinde *)
- Former parishes
The following communities have lost their independence since 1969:
- Alsenbrück-Langmeil , on June 10, 1979 in Winnweiler
- Dörnbach , on June 10, 1979 in Rockenhausen
- Harxheim , on December 31, 1975 in Zellertal
- Marienthal , on June 10, 1979 in Rockenhausen
- Niefernheim , on December 31, 1975 in Zellertal
- Potzbach , on June 10, 1979 at Winnweiler
- Zell , on December 31, 1975 in Zellertal
For lists of the term "area changes" see area reforms in Rhineland-Palatinate
On June 7, 1969, the district was assigned the KIB , which had been valid since July 1, 1956 for the Kirchheimbolanden district. It is still issued today. Since July 15, 2013, in connection with the license plate liberalization , the ROK , the old license plate of the Rockenhausen district, has also been available.
- Dieter Krienke: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate , No. 15 Donnersbergkreis. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 1998. ISBN 978-3-88462-153-0 .
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
- Website of the Donnersbergkreis
- Statistical data of the Donnersbergkreis from the State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate
- Literature by and about Donnersbergkreis in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Donnersbergkreis in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- Wilhelm Volkert, Richard Bauer: Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts . Beck, Munich 1983, page 558.
- Official Journal of the French High Command in Germany, No. 35 (1946), p. 292
- Full text of the constitution of May 18, 1947.
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 150 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1981
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1992
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 2002
- District Donnersbergkreis Religion , 2011 census
- Landkreis Donnersbergkreis population , accessed on March 15, 2020
- Explanation by the Land Returning Officer on weighted results.
- Result of the election at the regional returning officer Rhineland-Palatinate
- The Rhine Palatinate: Rainer Guth is the new district administrator of the Donnersbergkreis. May 8, 2017, accessed December 3, 2019 .
- Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Completely new fleet of buses from 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2017 .
- Dannenfels: Concept for continuing the school is ready - The Rheinpfalz.
- Answer of the Ministry of Education to the minor question of the deputy Simone Huth-Haage (CDU) - printed matter 17/1182 - Landtag Rhineland-Palatinate.
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).