County of Falkenstein

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of the county of Falkenstein
County of Falkenstein

The county of Falkenstein was named after the imperial castle Falkenstein in the Palatinate, which was built in the early 12th century.


The first bearer of the name of Falkenstein was Philipp I (Falkenstein) from the noble family of the Lords of Bolanden . He inherited in 1258 the Ministerialengeschlecht Münzenberg and thus the bailiwick about the Wetterau and the Reichsvogtei in Dreieich forest . This made the Taunus region the new center of life for the family. In this context, the Hessian castle Falkenstein (Taunus) was named after the noble family Falkenstein , which originally came from the Palatinate. A sideline of this Hessian noble family received the title of count in 1398. The Hessian Falkensteiners died out as early as 1418, and the possessions in the Palatinate came to the Counts of Virneburg via the sister of the last Count .

In 1456 they were given to Wirich (IV.) VI. Sold by Daun-Oberstein , the feudal rights gave Emperor Friedrich III. at Lorraine . After complicated inheritance disputes at the end of the 16th century, it came to the Swedish Count Lewenhaupt zu Raasepori and von Manderscheid -Kail. Wirich (V.) VII. Von Daun-Oberstein († 1546) was finally able to assert himself as lord of the city ​​of Daun and owner of the dominions of Oberstein , Falkenstein, Linnep , Broich and Bürgel and also owned a share in the County of Limburg . Emperor Maximilian I raised the rule of Falkenstein to a county in 1518, whereupon Wirich von Daun and his descendants called themselves the "Lords of Daun-Falkenstein ".

Wilhelm Wirich von Daun-Falkenstein sold the County of Falkenstein in 1667 to Duke Charles IV of Lorraine . With the marriage of Duke Franz Stephan and Maria Theresa of Austria in 1736, the county came to the House of Austria-Lorraine . Since 1782 it has been administered as Oberamt Winnweiler by the front Austrian government in Freiburg im Breisgau .


Before the First Coalition War (1792) it had around 125 km² with 7714 inhabitants; It is unclear why in the tables of Baron von Lang for 1798 only 4200 inhabitants are noted. After the Left Bank of the Rhine belonged to France between 1794/97 and 1814, Austrian rule was only briefly restituted, until in 1816 most of it came to Bavaria to the Rhine district and some communities to Rheinhessen ( province of the Grand Duchy of Hesse ). Since 1946 all places of the former Oberamt Winnweiler belong to Rhineland-Palatinate .

Governing lords and counts

Lords and Counts of Bolanden-Falkenstein
Counts of Virneburg
  • 1418–1444 Ruprecht IV. Von Virneburg († 1444), married to Agnes von Solms († 1412/20), daughter of Otto I. von Solms-Braunfels; 1420 Second Falkenstein division under Sayn, Virneburg, Solms, Isenburg, Eppstein and Hanau
  • 1444–1456 Wilhelm von Virneburg-Falkenstein († 1487), sold the county
Counts of Daun-Oberstein
  • 1456-1501 Wirich (IV.) VI. von Daun-Oberstein (1418–1501), tombstone in the Otterberg Abbey Church
  • 1501–1517 Melchior von Daun-Oberstein (1445–1517), tombstone in the Otterberg Abbey Church, married to Margaretha von Virneburg
  • 1517–1530 Philipp von Daun-Oberstein († 1530), Falkenstein was raised to an imperial county by Emperor Maximilian I in 1518 , tombstone in the Otterberg Abbey Church
  • 1530–1546 Wirich (V.) VII. Von Daun-Falkenstein († 1546)
  • 1546–1579 Johann von Daun-Falkenstein (1506–1579), also as guardian of his mentally weak brother Kaspar († 1576), enfeoffed in 1549 by the widow Duchess Christina of Lorraine , in 1554 through an inheritance agreement with his brothers Philip II of Daun-Falkenstein- Broich (* around 1514; † 1554) and Sebastian von Daun-Oberstein (* around 1530; † around 1576) confirmed. The county's imperial status was confirmed by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1559 . Tomb in the Marienthal monastery church
  • 1579–1585 reign of the widow, Countess of the Rhine and Wildlife, Ursula zu Salm-Kyrburg (1515–1601), who was married to Ruprecht von Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Veldenz († 1544) for the first time
  • 1585–1615 Sebastian von Daun-Falkenstein-Oberstein (* around 1546; † 1615), grave slab in the rock church Oberstein . His sister Sidonia von Daun-Falkenstein (1549–1588) had been married to Axel Stensson Lewenhaupt-Raasepori (1554–1619) since 1579
  • 1615–1628 Emich IV. Von Daun-Falkenstein-Oberstein († 1628), tomb in the Marienthal monastery church


Lewenhaupt-Rasburg (inheritance claim)

  • from 1628 raised Johann Casimir (1583-1634) and Steno (stone; Stanislaus) von Löwenhaupt-Rasburg (1586-1645), married to Magdalena von Manderscheid-Schleiden († 1639), sons of Sidonia von Daun-Falkenstein, claim to the county
Condominium of the Counts of Manderscheid-Kail and Lewenhaupt


  • 1652/53 Philipp Dietrich von Manderscheid-Kail (1596–1653), son of Dietrich II. Von Manderscheid-Kail († 1613) and Anna Amalia von Manderscheid-Schleiden, married to Elisabeth Amalia Löwenhaupt-Rasburg (1607–1647) since 1628 , Daughter of Steno von Lewenhaupt and granddaughter of Sidonia von Daun-Falkenstein, is enfeoffed with the County of Falkenstein by Charles IV of Lorraine on behalf of the deceased Count von Lewenhaupt.
  • 1653–1686 Hermann-Franz von Manderscheid-Kail (1640–1686)


  • after 1646 Gustav Adolph (1619–1656), Carl Mauritz (1620–1666), Ludwig Wirich (1622–1668) and Axel von Löwenhaupt-Raseborg (1625–1669), sons of Johan Casimir von Lewenhaupt


  • 1682–1686 Hermann-Franz von Manderscheid-Kail (1640–1686)
  • 1686–1721 Karl Franz Ludwig von Manderscheid-Kail-Blankenheim (1665–1721)
  • 1721–1727 Wolf Heinrich von Manderscheid-Kail-Blankenheim (1678–1742), sold his half of the county in 1727 to Leopold von Lothringen


  • from 1682 Gustav Moritz (1651–1700), Axel Johann (1660–1717), Carl Gustav (1662–1703), Moritz Adam, Gustav Friedrich (1658–1723) and Carl Julius von Löwenhaupt (1664–1726)
  • In 1700 Gustav Adolf von Lewenhaupt (1675–1708), son of Gustav Moritz, was enfeoffed by Leopold Duke of Lorraine
  • 1713–1724 also Karl Friedrich (1689–1753) and Gustav Otto von Löwenhaupt (1690–1762).
    Gustav Otto von Löwenhaupt, son of Axel Johann, waived his claims against Leopold von Lothringen in 1724
House of Habsburg-Lorraine

Burgraves, administrators and officials (senior officials) of the County of Falkenstein

  • 1320, 1330 Gerhard von Wachenheim
  • 1350 Peter von Wachenheim
  • 1409, 1413 Johann (Henne) von Lewenstein called von Randeck
  • 1466, 1469 Arnold Glock (bell) von Oberstein († after 1478) from an electoral trier family of castle people from St. Wendel
  • 1480 Bligger XIV. Landschad von Steinach († 1499), Burgrave of Alzey, married to Mia von Helmstadt, double tomb in the newly built church in Neckarsteinach
  • 1484 Peter von Gersbach
  • 1537 (Hans) Christoph II. Landschad von Steinach
  • 1541, 1545, 1546 Bleickard XVI. Landschad von Steinach
  • 1554 Hans Martin von Wachenheim, brokered the inheritance agreement between the von Daun-Falkenstein brothers in 1554
  • 1577 Friedrich von Lewenstein
  • 1620, 1629 Johann Henrich Keßler von Sarmsheim
  • 1665/67 Johann Christoph von Schellart, in 1665 the ducal Lorraine chief magistrate zu Falkenstein von Schellart was accepted into the Upper Rhine Imperial Knighthood
  • Johann Daniel Mörlin (von Morle) (1641–1699), councilor of Duke Charles IV and Prince Charles Henri de Lorraine-Vaudémont and senior magistrate of the County of Falkenstein


  • 1695, 1701, 1708 Georg Ulrich Pleickner (Bleichner), also councilor of the Electoral Palatinate
  • 1706, 1710, 1715, 1718, 1724 Jean Foccart (1687, 1695, 1700 Oberkeller ), also a Palatine councilor


  • 1728, 1729, 1730 Baron Franz Friedrich von Langen, 1720 Electoral Mainz Chamberlain and Councilor
  • 1740–1753 Johann Nikolaus von Schackmin
  • 1756 Bernhard Anton Emanuel von Brée (Landschreiber), 1764 Imperial Knighthood
  • March 2, 1770–1772 Friedrich Karl von Moser (administrator)
  • 1784 Joseph Philipp Sauer, (Administrator of the Imperial County of Falkenstein)
  • 1785- 1797 Joseph Innocenz von Steinherr, Edler von Hohenstein (1751–1824), (1785 provisional administrator, 1786–1797 kk Oberamtmann)

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Counts of Falkenstein shows a silver, six-spoke winding wheel in blue . It still appears today in a number of current municipal coats of arms in Rheinhessen and the Palatinate, z. B .:


Emperor Joseph II as "Count von Falkenstein"

Emperor Joseph II basically used the title of "Count of Falkenstein" when he traveled incognito.


  • Jacob Wilhelm Imhoff : De Comitibus a Falckenstein . In: Notitia S. Rom. Germanici Imperii procerum . 3rd edition Cotta & Brunnius, Tübingen 1693, p. 292f ( Google Books )
    • Jacob Wilhelm Imhoff, Johann David Köhler : Notitia Sacri Romani Germanici Imperii Procerum tam Ecclesiasticorum quam Secularium historicoheraldico-genealogica , Vol. II. 5th ed. Cotta, Tübingen 1734, pp. 184-186 ( Google Books )
  • Anonymous: Genealogia Dominorum Falckensteinensium a Seculo XII usque ad excessum Gentis Dhunensis . o. O. 1745 ( digitized version of the Bavarian State Library in Munich), ( Google Books )
  • Ludwig Albrecht Gebhardi : History of the count's houses Falkenstein . In: Genealogical history of the hereditary imperial estates in Germany . Gebauer, Halle 1776, pp. 597–704 ( Google Books )
  • Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, pp. 664–677 ( Google Books )
  • Johann Georg Lehmann : Documented history of the lords and counts of Falkenstein at the Donnersberge in the Palatinate . o. O. 1871 ( Google Books )
  • Gerhard Köbler : Historical lexicon of the German countries. The German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 7th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-54986-1 , p. 181 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
  • Kurt Oberdorffer : The imperial county Falkenstein. In: Friedrich Metz (Hrsg.): Vorderösterreich - a historical regional studies. 3rd edition 1977, pp. 565-578, ISBN 3-7930-0208-X
  • Thorough and detailed report What about their, in the H: Röm: Reich located Immediat Graffschaff Falckenstein…. [S. l.], 1663 ( online Uni Augsburg )
  • Adolph Köllner: History of the lordship of Kirchheim-Boland and Stauf , Wiesbaden, 1854, contribution " An attempt at a history of the county of Falkenstein am Donnersberg and its former owners ", pp. 368-414 ( Google Books )

Individual evidence

  1. a b Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, pp. 664f.
  2. Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 665.
  3. a b Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 677.
  4. Cf. Leopold Nedopil: German nobility samples from the German Order Central Archive . Braumüller, Vienna 1868, p. 594 ( Google Books ).
  5. Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, pp. 665f.
  6. Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, pp. 666f.
  7. a b c d Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 670.
  8. Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 676.
  9. ^ Contract between the Hertzog zu Lorraine and Count Wolf Heinrich zu Manderscheid because of the Counts of Falckenstein , dd 1724. June 14th In: Johann Jacob Moser (Hrsg.): Diplomatic Archive of the XIIX. Century . Reinhard Eustacius Möller, Frankfurt am Main 1743, No. 48, pp. 447-459 ( Google Books ).
  10. a b Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 666.
  11. a b Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 667.
  12. a b Gabriel Anrep (Ed.): Svenska adelns ättar-taflor , Vol. II / 1. Norstedt, Stockholm 1861, p. 671.