County of Solms-Rödelheim

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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim

Arose from Solms-Laubach
Form of rule county
Ruler / government Count

Reichskreis Upper Rhine Empire Circle
Capitals / residences Rödelheim / Assenheim
Dynasties Solms-Rödelheim
Denomination / Religions Lutheran

Residents 3000

Boundary stone of the county of Solms-Rödelheim ("SR") to the then Hanau-Münzenberg town of Bockenheim from 1723 in the Frankfurter Biegwald

The county of Solms-Rödelheim was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from the early 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century .



The county belonged to the Upper Rhine Empire . The administrative centers were the city of Rödelheim west of the city of Frankfurt am Main and Assenheim Castle . The county was spread over several non-contiguous areas.

The county of Solms-Rödelheim was ruled by the line of the same name of the noble family Solms , Solms-Rödelheim . Today the territory of the former county belongs to the Rhine-Main area in the south of the German state of Hesse .

The county territory

The county of Solms-Rödelheim had around 5300 inhabitants at the end of the 18th century. It was composed of:

There were also a large number of individual slopes in other localities.

The county was divided into offices :

  • Office Rödelheim (Rödelheim, Praunheim, Niederursel)
  • Office Nieder-Wöllstadt (Assenheim, Bauernheim, Fauerbach, Niederwöllstadt, Ossenheim)
  • The office Petterweil (Peterweil and the Beinhardshof) was assigned to the office Rödelheim in the 18th century.
  • The office Burggräfenrode (Burggräfenrode) was assigned to the office Rödelheim in the 18th century.
  • Administration Einartshausen (Einartshausen only)
  • Government of Gaildorf
    • Office Oberroth,
    • Office Gaildorf,
    • Office Viechberg and
    • Office of Gschwendt.
  • Reign scratch


Model of the Rödelheim Castle

The family of the Counts of Solms-Rödelheim split off in 1607 as a younger line from that of the Counts of Solms-Laubach , which in turn was a younger line of the Counts of Solms-Lich . In 1607 Count Johann Georg divided the county between his two eldest sons. Count Albert Otto (1576–1610) received Laubach, Utphe and Münzenberg, Count Friedrich (1574–1636) received Rödelheim, Assenheim and Petterweil. He became the founder of the Solms-Rödelheim line. The residence was initially located in Rödelheim Castle , later the family lived (until today) in Assenheim Castle .

In the area of ​​the County of Solms-Rödelheim, the Solms land law was in effect since 1571 . The common law was only valid if the Solms land law contained no provisions for a matter. When the county of Solms-Rödelheim belonged to the Grand Duchy of Hesse , the Solms land law continued to apply there, and it was not until January 1, 1900 that it replaced the civil code that was uniformly applicable throughout the German Empire .

Until the late 17th century Solms-Rödelheim had no central administration. In the offices, a bailiff managed the business and a cellar was responsible for the finances. Since the Rödelheim winery was by far the largest in the county and was located at the court, it also took on the tasks of central and court administration.

In 1682 the chancellery was created as the highest administrative authority and in 1695 the office of the land cashier, to which the rent chamber was subordinate, as the county's highest financial authority. With that the cellars disappeared and the officials were subordinated to a money and fruit clerk who administered the income of the rent chamber. Both offices were partially merged in the course of the 18th century.

With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , Solms-Rödelheim received the Arnsburg monastery and the Altenberg monastery as compensation for the lost power on the left bank of the Rhine .

With the Rhine Confederation Act of 1806, state sovereignty over the county of Solms-Rödelheim fell to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. This incorporated the area into the Principality of Upper Hesse (from 1816: "Province of Upper Hesse"). This happened with the restriction that the count retained the rank of landlord and he continued to exercise sovereign rights in administration and jurisdiction in the ancestral county . He was left with the title and the title of noble highness . The senior of the family was a hereditary member of the first chamber of the estates as a registrar by the constitution of the Grand Duchy of Hesse of 1820 .


Known members of the family were:

See also


  • Tobias Busch: Rule by delegation. Reichsgräfliche rule at the end of the 17th and 18th centuries using the example of the Reichsgrafschaft Solms-Rödelheim = sources and research on Hessian history 156. Darmstadt 2008. ISBN 978-3-88443-310-2 .
  • Gerhard Köbler : Historical lexicon of the German countries. The German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 4th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-406-35865-9 , p. 590 ff.
  • Volker Press: The landscape of all the Counts of Solms. A class experiment at the beginning of the 17th century. In: Hessisches Jahrbuch zur Landesgeschichte. 27, 1977, pp. 37-106.
  • Arthur Benno Schmidt : The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893.

Web links


  1. Assenheim is now part of the town of Niddatal in the Wetterau .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Schmidt, p. 25, note 77.
  2. ^ Schmidt, p. 105, as well as the enclosed map.
  3. Art. 24 Rhine Confederation Act .