County of Solms-Rödelheim
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
|coat of arms|
|Form of rule||county|
|Ruler / government||Count
|Reichskreis||Upper Rhine Empire Circle|
|Capitals / residences||Rödelheim / Assenheim|
|Denomination / Religions||Lutheran
The county of Solms-Rödelheim was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from the early 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century .
The county belonged to the Upper Rhine Empire . The administrative centers were the city of Rödelheim west of the city of Frankfurt am Main and Assenheim Castle . The county was spread over several non-contiguous areas.
The county of Solms-Rödelheim was ruled by the line of the same name of the noble family Solms , Solms-Rödelheim . Today the territory of the former county belongs to the Rhine-Main area in the south of the German state of Hesse .
The county territory
The county of Solms-Rödelheim had around 5300 inhabitants at the end of the 18th century. It was composed of:
- Territories with exclusive sovereignty:
Condominium shares :
- Assenheim together with the County of Hanau-Münzenberg , from 1642 with the County of Hanau , from 1736 with the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel and the County of Isenburg
- Burg-Gräfenrode together with the County of Hanau-Münzenberg, from 1642 with the County of Hanau, from 1736 with the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel
- Praunheim initially together with the County of Hanau-Münzenberg , from 1642 with the County of Hanau , from 1736 with the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel
- Niederursel together with the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt
- Petterweil initially together with the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt , from 1768 with the Landgraviate of Hessen-Homburg
There were also a large number of individual slopes in other localities.
The county was divided into offices :
- Office Rödelheim (Rödelheim, Praunheim, Niederursel)
- Office Nieder-Wöllstadt (Assenheim, Bauernheim, Fauerbach, Niederwöllstadt, Ossenheim)
- The office Petterweil (Peterweil and the Beinhardshof) was assigned to the office Rödelheim in the 18th century.
- The office Burggräfenrode (Burggräfenrode) was assigned to the office Rödelheim in the 18th century.
- Administration Einartshausen (Einartshausen only)
- Government of Gaildorf
- Office Oberroth,
- Office Gaildorf,
- Office Viechberg and
- Office of Gschwendt.
- Reign scratch
The family of the Counts of Solms-Rödelheim split off in 1607 as a younger line from that of the Counts of Solms-Laubach , which in turn was a younger line of the Counts of Solms-Lich . In 1607 Count Johann Georg divided the county between his two eldest sons. Count Albert Otto (1576–1610) received Laubach, Utphe and Münzenberg, Count Friedrich (1574–1636) received Rödelheim, Assenheim and Petterweil. He became the founder of the Solms-Rödelheim line. The residence was initially located in Rödelheim Castle , later the family lived (until today) in Assenheim Castle .
In the area of the County of Solms-Rödelheim, the Solms land law was in effect since 1571 . The common law was only valid if the Solms land law contained no provisions for a matter. When the county of Solms-Rödelheim belonged to the Grand Duchy of Hesse , the Solms land law continued to apply there, and it was not until January 1, 1900 that it replaced the civil code that was uniformly applicable throughout the German Empire .
Until the late 17th century Solms-Rödelheim had no central administration. In the offices, a bailiff managed the business and a cellar was responsible for the finances. Since the Rödelheim winery was by far the largest in the county and was located at the court, it also took on the tasks of central and court administration.
In 1682 the chancellery was created as the highest administrative authority and in 1695 the office of the land cashier, to which the rent chamber was subordinate, as the county's highest financial authority. With that the cellars disappeared and the officials were subordinated to a money and fruit clerk who administered the income of the rent chamber. Both offices were partially merged in the course of the 18th century.
With the Rhine Confederation Act of 1806, state sovereignty over the county of Solms-Rödelheim fell to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. This incorporated the area into the Principality of Upper Hesse (from 1816: "Province of Upper Hesse"). This happened with the restriction that the count retained the rank of landlord and he continued to exercise sovereign rights in administration and jurisdiction in the ancestral county . He was left with the title and the title of noble highness . The senior of the family was a hereditary member of the first chamber of the estates as a registrar by the constitution of the Grand Duchy of Hesse of 1820 .
Known members of the family were:
- Friedrich zu Solms-Rödelheim (1574–1649), Imperial Chamberlain, War Councilor and Colonel during the Thirty Years' War
- Maximilian zu Solms-Rödelheim (1826–1892), registrar and member of the state parliament
- Otto Graf zu Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim (1829–1904), Prussian politician and landowner in Pomerania
- Wilhelm zu Solms-Rödelheim (1914–1996), Austrian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst
- Tobias Busch: Rule by delegation. Reichsgräfliche rule at the end of the 17th and 18th centuries using the example of the Reichsgrafschaft Solms-Rödelheim = sources and research on Hessian history 156. Darmstadt 2008. ISBN 978-3-88443-310-2 .
- Gerhard Köbler : Historical lexicon of the German countries. The German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 4th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-406-35865-9 , p. 590 ff.
- Volker Press: The landscape of all the Counts of Solms. A class experiment at the beginning of the 17th century. In: Hessisches Jahrbuch zur Landesgeschichte. 27, 1977, pp. 37-106.
- Arthur Benno Schmidt : The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893.
- Eckhart G. Franz , Manja Sauerbrei, Hans Dieter Ebert: OFFICIAL BOOKS SOLMS-RÖDELHEIM (= Repertories Hessisches Staatsarchiv Darmstadt ) inventory F 24 B (PDF; 520 kB). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of August 2006, accessed on September 15, 2016.
- Schmidt, p. 25, note 77.
- Schmidt, p. 105, as well as the enclosed map.
- Art. 24 Rhine Confederation Act .