Grumbach Castle in 1627
|Alternative name (s):||Grumbach Castle|
|Creation time :||around 1242|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, spur location|
|Conservation status:||Office building, foundation walls|
|Standing position :||Count|
The castle was first mentioned in 1242 in the possession of its presumed builder, wild count Konrad von Kyrburg , when he gave his castle to the Duke of Brabant as a fief . A small settlement arose at their feet.
In the years 1350 and 1409 respectively, the Rheingrafen vom Stein (from Rheingrafenstein Castle ) inherited the two lines of the Wildgrafen and henceforth called themselves Wild- and Rheingrafen . They split into the lines to Dhaun-Grumbach, Dhaun- Kyrburg and Dhaun . Since the acquisition of Salm Castle in La Broque ( Vosges ) by inheritance in 1475, they have called themselves " Wild and Rhine Counts of Salm ". In the same year, the Wild and Rhine Counts of Salm and Dhaun-Grumbach were elevated to the status of imperial counts by an imperial edict . Around 1500 the borders of the Dhaun-Grumbach rule extended through a clever family policy from the Nahe over the Vosges to the Rhine. Through marriage, new rulers soon emerged and these were separated from each other again through partition agreements. In 1556 the Reformation was introduced in Dhaun-Grumbach. The Wild and Rhine Counts were among the evangelical princes who, at the Diet of Augsburg in 1548, represented "pure doctrine" to the emperor as guardians of the universal church.
Grumbach Castle, meanwhile expanded into a palace , was the residence of the "Wild and Rhine Counts" who ruled Grumbach from 1575 to 1792 . During these centuries the castle received visits from many princes, for example from the House of Nassau , the House of Wittelsbach (Count Palatine near Rhine, Dukes of Palatinate-Zweibrücken ) and also Princess Luise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1776–1810), who later became Queen of Prussia . In 1792/93 the counts living on Grumbach had to flee from the advancing French. During several acts of war in the course of the coalition wars , the castle was looted , damaged and used as a hospital. It fell into disrepair and was demolished in 1798.
The left bank of the Rhine was annexed by France. End 1802 received the game and Rhinegrave Salm-Grumbach by the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss as compensation for the loss of rich immediate game and Rhein county to Grumbach a part of the secular Hochstift Münster awarded in Westfalen, consisting of several secular monasteries, from which the county Salm-Horstmar was formed. However, it only remained an independent territory until it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1806. After the Congress of Vienna (1815), Salm-Horstmar became a part of Prussia as a rulership . The last ruling Count Friedrich (1799–1865) was elevated to Prince of Salm-Horstmar by the Prussian King in 1816 ; Since then, the princely family has lived at Varlar Castle to this day .
The office building and the foundation walls of the former castle complex are still preserved. A Protestant parish church was built at the castle site in 1838–1842. The basement of the former residential building is the only completely preserved part of the former core castle.
- Eduard Finke: The renovation of the former Rhine Count's archive in Grumbach . District of Kusel, Worms 1982.