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The Kyrburg, Stein-Kallenfels and Wartenstein Castle in the background

The Kyrburg, Stein-Kallenfels and Wartenstein Castle in the background

Alternative name (s): Kirburg
Creation time : 1128 (castle) ;
1764 (garrison house)
Castle type : Hilltop castle
Conservation status: Ruin (castle) ;
Preserved or essential parts preserved (garrison house)
Standing position : Count (castle) ;
Princes (garrison house)
Place: Kirn
Geographical location 49 ° 47 '11 "  N , 7 ° 27' 9"  E Coordinates: 49 ° 47 '11 "  N , 7 ° 27' 9"  E
Height: 300  m above sea level NHN
Kyrburg (Rhineland-Palatinate)
View from the castle to Kirn

The Kyrburg , also called Kirburg , is the ruin of one at about 300  m above sea level. NHN built hilltop castle between the valleys of the Nahe and the Hahnenbach high above the town of Kirn in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate and is the town's landmark .

The Kyrburg in the 17th century, painting in Anholt Castle


The castle was first mentioned in 1128 in a document from Count "Emich de Kirberc".

The castle was one of the ancestral castles of the Wildgraves (successors of the Emichons ). By the end of the 13th century, the Wildgraves had divided into several lines, one of which was named after the Kyrburg. In 1409 the Rheingrafen took over the property by marriage.

In the Thirty Years' War by the Spaniards , Sweden occupied and the imperial troops, she came in 1681 in the hands of the French. Eight years later, the fortifications were renewed. In 1734, again under French occupation, the fortress was blown up during the War of the Polish Succession . The castle ruins then served the people of Kirner as a quarry. In 1764, Prince Johann Dominik zu Salm-Kyrburg had the garrison house built, which today houses the Kyrburg restaurant and the well-known whiskey museum in the cellar .

In 1908 the castle complex came into the possession of the princes of Salm-Salm , and since 1988 it has been owned by the city of Kirn .

Todays use

As an open-air stage, the castle ruins offer a dramatic backdrop for cultural events. In the past few years several operas (especially by Giuseppe Verdi ) have been performed there, as well as various theater performances, concerts and festivities.


  • Alexander Thon, Stefan Ulrich, Achim Wendt: "... where a mighty tower still looks down defiantly". Castles in the Hunsrück and on the Nahe . Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-7954-2493-0 , pp. 106-109.
  • Becker, Kurt (ed.): Home chronicle of the Kreuznach district , Cologne 1966.

Individual evidence

  1. Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate nature conservation administration (LANIS map) ( notes )

Web links

Commons : Kyrburg  - Collection of Images