Friedberg (Hesse)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Friedberg (Hessen)
Friedberg (Hesse)
Map of Germany, position of the city Friedberg (Hesse) highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 20 '  N , 8 ° 45'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Wetteraukreis
Height : 140 m above sea level NHN
Area : 50.17 km 2
Residents: 29,401 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density : 586 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 61169
Area code : 06031
License plate : FB, BÜD
Community key : 06 4 40 008
City structure: 6 (7) districts

City administration address :
Mainzer-Tor-Anlage 6
61169 Friedberg (Hesse)
Website :
Mayor : Dirk Antkowiak ( CDU )
Location of the city Friedberg (Hessen) in the Wetterau district
Butzbach Münzenberg Rockenberg Ober-Mörlen Bad Nauheim Friedberg (Hessen) Rosbach vor der Höhe Wöllstadt Karben Bad Vilbel Wölfersheim Reichelsheim (Wetterau) Niddatal Florstadt Echzell Reichelsheim (Wetterau) Nidda Hirzenhain Gedern Ranstadt Glauburg Altenstadt (Hessen) Limeshain Ortenberg (Hessen) Kefenrod Büdingen Lahn-Dill-Kreis Landkreis Gießen Vogelsbergkreis Hochtaunuskreis Frankfurt am Main Main-Kinzig-Kreismap
About this picture

Friedberg (Hessen) is a town on the northern edge of the Rhine-Main area and the administrative seat of the Wetterau district . The former Free Imperial City and Trade Fair City was one of the most important cities in today's Hesse in the Middle Ages . The rich past can be read to this day in the well-preserved cityscape. Well-known sights include the former imperial castle , the Gothic town church and the medieval mikveh (Jewish bath) .

Aerial photograph 2007


Geographical location

Friedberg is located about 30 km north of Frankfurt am Main in the Wetterau . The city is located slightly above the confluence of the USA in the Wetter . The city ​​church in the center of the city is 159 meters above sea level . Parts of the Friedberger district extend into the Taunus on the Steinkopf with its height of 518 meters.

Neighboring communities

Friedberg borders in the north on the municipality of Ober-Mörlen , the town of Bad Nauheim and the town of Wölfersheim , in the east on the town of Reichelsheim , the town of Florstadt and the town of Niddatal , in the south on the town of Wöllstadt and the town of Rosbach vor der Höhe , as well in the west to the community of Wehrheim ( Hochtaunuskreis ).

City structure

Friedberg consists of the city center and the districts Bruchenbrücken , Dorheim , Ockstadt , Ossenheim and Bauernheim . Fauerbach ( called Woverebach in 1131 ) was incorporated in 1901 and is now part of the city center.

Population development

The following table shows the number of residents with their main residence in Friedberg including the districts as of December 31st.

Population development in the city of Friedberg from 1998 to 2016
year Residents
1998 26,446
1999 26,667
2000 26,751
2001 27.173
2002 27,508
2003 27,488
2004 27,592
year Residents
2005 27,142
2006 28,398
2007 29,861
2010 27,527
2011 27,400
2012 27,537
2015 28,156
2016 28,596


Friedberg - Excerpt from the Topographia Hassiae by Matthäus Merian 1655
The Adolfsturm in Friedberg is a butter barrel tower


At the beginning of the 1st century AD there was a Roman military camp on Friedberger Burgberg , which may have been built as part of the Germanicus campaigns (14-16 AD). After the end of the campaigns, Friedberg was without Roman occupation for decades. It was not until the reign of Emperor Vespasian 69–79 that a Roman fort was built again on the castle hill. This complex, which was expanded and rebuilt several times, was given up when the Romans withdrew to the Rhine border around AD 260.

To the west of the fort, a small military brick factory was operated towards the end of the 1st century AD, in which vessels were also burned. Stamped bricks come from the cohors IV Aquitanorum and the cohors I Flavia Damascenorum . The excavated remnants of a small bathing facility, probably part of the commandant's office of the fort, are still visible today. It is assumed that the castellum in monte tauno mentioned by Tacitus , which gave the Taunus its name in the times of humanism , referred to the fort in today's Friedberg.

middle Ages

Burg ( see main article ) and town Friedberg are located on a basalt rock in the middle of the Wetterau . They were probably founded on behalf of Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa between 1171 and 1180 by Kuno I von Hagen-Münzenberg . The oldest surviving document attesting to the castle dates from 1216, the oldest attesting to the city from 1219. It was built as a planned town based on a Hohenstaufen town plan.

Both - castle and town - were independent legal entities with their own territory within the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation . This close juxtaposition of castle and town led to friction that determined Friedberg's history for centuries. This topographical situation was not unique at that time. A similar situation existed in Nuremberg , for example .

The basis of the economic development of the city of Friedberg was cloth production . In 1252 it became an imperial city . Two masses were held annually in Friedberg , which were extended from 8 to 14 days in 1332. The coveted Friedberger cloth reached trading places from Lübeck to Vienna , from Silesia to the Netherlands . In the 14th century Friedberg had about 3,000 inhabitants - a medium-sized town for the time. A Jewish community had existed since 1241; it also comprised a few hundred members.

Severe city fires (1383 and 1447) and an economic depression let the city decline in importance. At the end of the 14th century, the Friedberg trade fairs were only of local importance, and cloth production declined. As a competitor, the Frankfurt trade fair spoiled the market. During this phase of decline, the city became increasingly indebted.

The old empire pledged the imperial city Friedberg several times from 1347 to different lords, from 1455 it was mostly in the pledge of the burgraviate Friedberg . After conflicts with the castle, the castle finally came to dominate the city in 1483. In 1497 there were only about 1,300 inhabitants in Friedberg, and wealthier citizens often moved to Frankfurt. Finally in 1615 it was said: The bourgeoisie feeds itself on farms and cattle breeding; otherwise has no business or trade that she sent to Frankfurt to attend the trade fairs ...

Early modern age

In 1541 the imperial city became Protestant .

Twelve witch trials from 1574 to 1665 are attested from Friedberg . On behalf of all the victims, Susanna Edelhäuser was honored with a street name in 1995.

Wetterau Museum Friedberg

Due to its location on various highways, the city suffered heavily from armed conflicts, the Thirty Years 'War , the Seven Years' War , the French Revolutionary Wars and the looting associated with them. In the Old Reich it belonged to the Upper Rhine Empire . An involuntary visit by the young Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was enough for the city to make a short side note on literary history ; In a letter dated November 10, 1772, he complained that he was "sitting in the unfortunate Friedberg".

Modern times

In 1802 the city with then about 2,000 inhabitants and in 1806 Friedberg Castle fell to the Grand Duchy of Hesse . However, both were not united until 1834. The construction of the Main-Weser Railway (1850–52) slowly led to economic growth.

Friedberg belonged to the area of common law , which was valid here without the superimposition of particular law. This retained its validity even while the membership of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in the 19th century, until 1 January 1900 by the same across the whole German Reich current Civil Code was replaced.

On March 29, 1945 Friedberg was occupied by troops of the 3rd US Army . The American commander, Major Smith, showed prudence and responsibility by himself ensuring that the city was not simply shot down, but that it was handed over in an orderly manner after negotiations with responsible Wehrmacht officers and further bloodshed and destruction could be avoided.


The former community of Fauerbach has belonged to Friedberg since 1901. It was already mentioned on February 16, 1035 in the deed of foundation of the Palatinate monastery Limburg and was given to it by Emperor Konrad II . It says that the monastery will keep the site as its property, with all the rights and usufructs that the Rhine Franconian dukes have had there since then .

In the course of administrative reform in Hesse on 31 December 1971, the previously independent municipalities Bauer Home, broken bridges were Ockstadt and Ossenheim in the town of Friedberg incorporated . Dorheim was added on August 1, 1972 by virtue of state law.


Elvis Presley Memorial in front of the former Ray Barracks

Today Friedberg is the cultural center of the Wetterau with many secondary schools, such as the Adolf-Reichwein-Schule , the Augustinerschule (founded in 1543 by the city council, employment of the first teacher on the recommendation of Philipp Melanchthon ), the Henry-Benrath-Schule , the Burggymnasium (only upper level), the Johann-Philipp-Reis School (vocational school of the State of Hesse, with upper level) and the Technical University of Central Hesse , a technical college. The Adolfsturm, a 58 m high keep , is the city's landmark today. In Judengasse there is a monumental underground ritual bath / mikveh approx. 25 m deep, the deepest in Germany; it was built in 1260 by the same stonemasons as the early Gothic hall church (1260-1410). The largest stone city coat of arms in Germany (1927) is located on the memorial, at today's water tower.

From 1958 to 1960 Elvis Presley was stationed in Friedberg. His work was recognized in the Wetterau Museum . In addition, a memorial at Elvis-Presley-Platz is dedicated to him and a statue in front of the former Ray Barracks on the roundabout at the entrance to the village from the direction of Oberwöllstadt commemorates him. There are three Elvis pedestrian traffic lights around Elvis-Presley-Platz. The red light shows the singer standing at the microphone, the green signal showing the famous hip swing.


The Evangelical Parish of Friedberg includes four parishes and three churches: the Gothic town church , the early classicist castle church and the modern West Community Center from 1980. There is also a separate Protestant parish with a church in the former district of Fauerbach, which is part of the core town. The Catholic parish of the Assumption of Mary belongs to the diocese of Mainz . It has the modern Heilig-Geist-Kirche , the Marienkirche from 1882 and the small Georgskapelle on the edge of the Seewiese. The St. Jakobus Church in the Ockstadt district is used by both denominations in the sense of ecumenism . There is also a free Protestant congregation, a regional church community that belongs to the Chrischona community work , and in the Ossenheim district a congregation of the New Apostolic Church .

With the Ayasofya mosque , Friedberg has been one of the largest Islamic places of worship in Hesse since 2000. The Dar-ul-Amaan Mosque of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has been located on Strassheimer Straße since 2014 .

There is also a Jewish community based in neighboring Bad Nauheim .


City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 45 seats
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 32.2 14th 33.4 15th 39.1 18th 45.5 20th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 25.6 12 33.1 15th 37.0 17th 36.2 16
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 15.0 7th 19.4 9 9.7 4th 9.9 4th
UWG Independent voter community Friedberg eV - Free voters 12.1 5 5.8 3 5.5 2 3.4 2
FDP Free Democratic Party 9.5 4th 4.7 2 5.1 2 3.6 2
LEFT The left 5.7 3 3.5 1 3.6 2 - -
WHALE Wetterauer Alternative List - Friedberg - - - - - - 1.5 1
total 100 45 100 45 100 45 100 45
Turnout in percent 48.0 45.7 40.7 51.0

Mayor and full-time magistrate

In the direct election of the mayor on September 3, 2017, incumbent Michael Keller (SPD) did not run again, none of the five candidates achieved an absolute majority:

  • Antkowiak, Dirk (CDU) 44.82%
  • Rack, Klaus-Dieter (SPD) 24.69%
  • Fenske, Markus Alexander (Alliance 90 / The Greens) 14.55%
  • Weitzel, Horst 12.94%
  • Baier, Bernd (Die Linke) 3.00%

Therefore, the runoff election took place on September 24, 2017, which Dirk Antkowiak (57.28%) won against Klaus-Dieter Rack (42.72%). Dirk Antkowiak was elected mayor for the first time.

Full-time magistrate:

  • Dirk Antkowiak (Mayor, CDU)
  • Marion Götz (First Councilor, SPD) (Start of service: July 1, 2018)

Previous mayors:

  • Georg Groß, term of office 1821–1824
  • Daniel Fritz (1777–1845), term of office 1825–1845
  • Adam Bender, term of office 1845–1859
  • Philipp Preusser (1792–1864), term of office 1859–1865
  • Hartmann Walz, term of office 1865–1868
  • Albert Foucar, term of office 1868–1879
  • Carl Scriba (1823–1883), term of office 1879–1883
  • Johann Adam Steinhäuser, term of office 1883–1901
  • Carl Stahl, term of office 1902–1917
  • Ludwig Seyd, term of office 1919–1935
  • Karl Hermann Vieth, term of office 1935–1943
  • Anton Heinstadt (1886–1970) was employed by the Americans on April 24, 1945
  • Fritz Bebber (1899–1976), term of office 1946–1965
  • Karl Raute (1910–1989), term of office 1965–1975
  • Ludwig Fuhr, term of office 1976–1994
  • Winfried Bayer, term of office 1994–2006
  • Michael Keller, term of office 2006–2018

Town twinning

Culture and sights


City Church Friedberg
Evangelical Theological Seminary
Old Town Hall
The red tower
  • City Church of Our Lady
  • St. Jacobus Church
  • Judenbad
    • Judengasse 20, the ritual women's bath ( mikveh ), whose square shaft reaching the groundwater level is a good 25 meters deep, was built in 1260 according to the inscription.
  • Old Town Hall
    • Two-storey plastered building with a mansard roof and turret , built from 1737 to 1740 by Johann Philipp Wörrishöfer from Bad Nauheim. The portal crowned by the Friedberg coat of arms is the work of the Büdinger stonemason Johann Philipp Mörß. The conference room on the upper floor, where the city council used to meet, has served as a practice room for the Friedberg Music School since 2001.
  • Theological seminar
    • The two-storey late classicist building with a hipped roof in Kaiserstrasse was built in 1848. It presents itself in the so-called round arch style .
  • Castle Church
  • City fortifications
    • Larger sections of the medieval city ​​wall , especially in the west, have been preserved, some of which are built into houses. Here is also the little arm-sinners gate with pointed arch leading to the lake meadow , which was probably built before 1293. In the southeast the so-called Red Tower rises with a pointed arch frieze and crenellated crown. It was first mentioned in 1396 as part of the city fortifications and served as a prison.
  • Wetterau Museum
    • with the departments of Wetterau Prehistory and Early History (including Celts, Romans), agriculture of the 19th and early 20th centuries, grocery stores around 1900 and Elvis Presley souvenirs
  • Water tower on the Wartberg
  • Residential buildings
    • A large number of half-timbered buildings from the 15th to 18th centuries have been preserved on Kaiserstraße, which forms the main axis of the city center and which was previously used as a market due to its large width. However, some of them are clad with slate or plastered. The basement floors were almost entirely changed with shop fittings. The front of the Zur Zeit building (Kaiserstraße 33), which was probably built at the beginning of the 17th century, is adorned with a polygonal bay window on the first floor . The sold-out semi-detached house No. 44 is considerably older: it is said to have been built in the early 15th century. The Haus zum Roseneck (No. 59/61), attested to in 1333, is particularly impressive and in its current form probably dates from the second half of the 15th century. However, it is not a pure half-timbered building; its two basement floors are massive. Haus Zum Bornziegel (No. 77), allegedly built in 1473, was once the guild house of wool weavers. Nos. 73 and 75 are likely to date from the 16th century. One of the most impressive buildings is the three-storey eaves-facing house no. 114. It is marked 1598 and still has a wooden spiral staircase inside . No. 118 and No. 120 are among the few older solid buildings on Kaiserstraße. The former is probably the oldest secular building in the city. It is likely to have originated in the late 12th century and was owned by the Teutonic Order Commander Sachsenhausen . The neighboring house Fertsch (no. 120) probably dates back to the early 14th century, but was redesigned in baroque forms around 1720. It also belonged to the Teutonic Order and came into the possession of the Friedberg merchant Wilhelm Fertsch at the beginning of the 20th century, who had it provided with a new mansard roof and a wooden bay window on the west side.
    • Some older buildings have also been preserved in the narrow side streets branching off from Kaiserstraße, including Usagasse 15 from the second half of the 17th century, No. 32 from the middle of the 16th century and Engelsgasse 7. The three-storey post structure is dendrochronologically dated to 1471 .

Theater old indoor swimming pool

Interior view of the old indoor swimming pool

The bath was built in 1908 and 1909 according to the plans of the Giessen architect Hans Meyer . The funds for the construction were raised by a citizens' association founded for this purpose, including a donation of  50,000 (adjusted for inflation, around € 301,000 today) from the Friedberger Kommerzienrat Carl Trapp .

The Society of Friends “Theater Altes Hallenbad” Friedberg / Wetterau e. V., which was founded on August 30, 2007, has set itself the goal of converting the old indoor swimming pool in the city center, which has not been used for years, into a theater room with around 150–200 seats. In the first step the association would like the support of the citizens to the ambitious membership of 2500 people. On May 10, 2008, a gGmbH was founded by the membership fees, which is supposed to guarantee the conversion to a theater space and also its operation. While the renovation work was still being carried out, a series of events entitled “Culture Week Theater Altes Hallenbad” took place from June 15 to 23, 2013, which will use the proceeds to support the further expansion of the building into a cultural site. Since then, around 50 events have been held annually in the Altes Hallenbad theater, organized by the association's voluntary culture group.

The transformation of the old indoor pool into a "culture pool" should be completed in 2023. The citizens' association is supported by the German Foundation for Monument Protection , among other things, with the restoration of the roof and the plastering of the facade .


In Friedberg, the "Friedberger Burgfest" took place every year from 1976 to 1999 with well-known musicians and bands in the Burggarten. From 2000 to 2009 the Soundgarden Festival took place annually, a music festival at which well-known musicians and bands appear again and again. In 2010 the Soundgarden Festival was canceled, since 2011 it has been taking place in Goldsteinpark in the neighboring town of Bad Nauheim. The pop-rock girl band Fräulein Wunder , who made music from 2006 to 2010, came from Friedberg.



The oldest sports club is the Friedberg Turngemeinde from 1845 with almost 2000 members, a multi-discipline club. The handball players in the gymnastics community have been playing in the Hessen State League since the 2018/19 season. The VfB Friedberg plays with his water polo division in the second league and from 1933 to 1939, the football team was VfB member of the class time Gauliga Hesse .

The TSV Friedberg-Fauerbach was known by its athletics department in Germany. Well-known athletes are the Olympic participant Till Helmke and the U20 European champion Nils Müller.

The Ironman Germany bike course leads through Friedberg. The SV Diana Ockstadt has with Stephan Korth an internationally successful sport shooters in the class of wheelchair users in its ranks.

A Bundesliga team was also at home in Friedberg: The women's team of Chessfreunde 1891 Friedberg - who called themselves the "Friedberger Burgfräuleins" - played in the Bundesliga from 2012/13 to 2014/15 .

Economy and Infrastructure


Friedberg has been the headquarters of Subaru Deutschland GmbH since 1980 . The company currently has around 120 employees. The game publisher Pegasus Spiele is also located here .



Friedberg is the center of the old cultural region Wetterau and the most important traffic junction between Frankfurt and Giessen . Of the traffic lines that converge here, the most important is the all-German north-south main route, which runs from Hamburg via Frankfurt to the Alps. It already existed in prehistoric times, was an important trade route in the Middle Ages and today exists in the form of the A5 autobahn , federal highway 3 and the Main-Weser railway .


The A5 motorway is one of the most important highways in Germany. In the Wetterau it mainly serves commuters on their way to the Frankfurt area. The university town of Giessen can be reached quickly via the A5 to the north. The A 45 also comes from the Gießen area and leads to the eastern Rhine-Main area around Hanau.

Bundesstraße 3 used to run right through the center of Friedberg and its high volume of traffic put a considerable strain on residents. A relief bypass road has therefore been discussed for decades. However, construction of the B3a did not begin until 2005. In June 2009 the bypass road was opened to traffic. With the opening of the bypass road, the B 3 no longer runs through downtown Friedberg, but west of Friedberg and east of the Ockstadt district. It now also takes on the traffic of the B 455 , which when coming from Rosbach also ran through the city center and left the city in the north. The only long-distance road left in the city is the B 275 , which comes from the Hintertaunus and leads into the Vogelsberg and crosses Friedberg.


Friedberg was connected to the German railway network in 1850 with the opening of the Main-Weser Railway. In addition to the Friedberg (Hess) train station, Friedberg still has the Friedberg (Hessen) Süd, Bruchenbrücken and Dorheim (Wetterau) stops in the city , which are used exclusively for local passenger transport.

Starting from Friedberg (Hessen) train station, further railway lines were opened, in 1881 the line to Hanau , in 1897 the Horlofftalbahn to Hungen and in 1901 the railway line Friedberg – Friedrichsdorf .

Friedberg has been connected to the Rhein-Main S-Bahn since 1978 ; the line S6 runs every half-hour, late afternoon in the quarter of an hour, on the Main-Weser Railway to Frankfurt.

With a few exceptions, the ICE trains on the (Stralsund–) Hamburg – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Gießen – Frankfurt (Main) –Heidelberg – Karlsruhe (–Konstanz / Basel) line stop in Friedberg.

Bus transport

Friedberg is served by various VGO bus routes. Since the timetable change on December 14, 2014, Friedberg has its own city bus system, which consists of the two circular routes FB-30 and FB-31.


There are several educational institutions in Friedberg:


Born in Friedberg

Act or worked in Friedberg

  • Wilhelm Beuttel (1900–1944) was a resistance fighter and grew up in Friedberg. From 1920 to 1929 a city councilor
  • Wilhelm Curtmann (1802–1871), educator, was rector of the school teachers' college in the city from 1841 to 1864
  • Johann Philipp Dieffenbach (1786–1860) was the school principal in Friedberg for 42 years and a pioneer of archeology in the Wetterau.
  • Donald Lutz (* 1989), the first German baseball player in Major League Baseball , spent childhood and youth in Friedberg
  • Hans Meyer (1867–1949), architect of the (old) indoor swimming pool built between 1908 and 1909 (today Theater old indoor swimming pool Friedberg / Wetterau ), Haagstraße 29 in Friedberg
  • Elvis Presley (1935-1977) was a singer and did his military service in Friedberg from 1958-1960 in the US Army , but lived in Bad Nauheim
  • Georg Jakob Roller (* 1774 in Wildberg (Black Forest) , † 1857 in Friedberg) founded a private school for the deaf and dumb in Worms as a teacher in 1820 , was founder in 1837 and until 1855 director of the institution for the deaf and dumb (initially deaf and dumb school) Friedberg in close association with the preachers' seminar (also 1837 opened) and the teachers' seminar; received an honorary doctorate from the University of Giessen for his outstanding educational achievements
  • Johann Peter Schäfer (born May 8, 1813 in Altenstadt in Hesse, † December 26, 1902 in Friedberg) founded - after he had previously been a teacher for the deaf and dumb at the Friedberg Deaf and Dumb School - in 1850/51 Hesse's first institution for the blind in Friedberg and was its director for many years (until 1894), since November 3, 1856 honorary citizen of the city of Friedberg
  • James Peace (* 1963): The composer made his German debut piano recital in Friedberg, November 1992.


  • Document book of the city of Friedberg. Part 1: 1260–1410 (= publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse and Waldeck. Volume 3.1). Edited by Max Foltz. Marburg 1904 ( ).
  • Ernst Götz: The town church of Our Lady in Friedberg in Hesse. Langewiesche, Königstein im Taunus 2006, ISBN 3-7845-4490-8 .
  • Michael Keller (Ed.): Friedberg in Hessen. The history of the city. Volume I: From the beginnings to the Reformation. Friedberg (Hessen) 1997.
  • Klaus-Dieter Rack: Friedberg Castle in the Old Kingdom. Studies on their constitutional and social history between the 15th and 19th centuries. Hessian Historical Commission Darmstadt and Historical Commission for Hesse, Marburg 1988, ISBN 3-88443-161-7 (also dissertation at the University of Tübingen 1987).
  • Klaus-Dieter Rack: Friedberg in Hessen - The history of the city (= Friedberger Geschichtsverein, Magistrat der Stadt Friedberg (Hrsg.): Wetterauer Geschichtsblätter. Volume 45). Volume II: From the Thirty Years War to the End of the Old Empire. Bindernagel, Friedberg 1999, ISBN 3-87076-081-8 .
  • Hermann Roth: Friedberg, Burg und Stadt Friedberg - A guide through their sights and their history. Bindernagel, Hessen 1949.
  • Peter Schubert, Uwe Lischewski (pictures): The viaduct. The Rosental Viaduct in Friedberg. Bindernagel, Friedberg 1995, ISBN 3-87076-075-3 .
  • Reimer Stobbe: The city of Friedberg in the late Middle Ages: social structure, economic life and political environment of a small imperial city. Hessian Historical Commission Darmstadt and Historical Commission for Hesse, Marburg 1992, ISBN 3-88443-181-1 (also dissertation at the University of Gießen , 1991/92).

Web links

Commons : Friedberg (Hessen)  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Research on German history. Volume 23. Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Historical commission. Dieterich, 1883, p. 432.
  3. ^ Ulrich Brandl and Emmi Federhofer: Ton + Technik. Roman bricks (= documents from the Limes Museum Aalen . No. 61). Theiss, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-8062-2403-0 .
  4. Reinhold Neeb: Witches, torture, pyre: witch persecution and witch belief in old Upper Hesse. Brühl 1991, p. 75.
  5. Wetterauer Zeitung. No. 111, May 13, 1995, p. 25.
  6. ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: WA . Volume IV, 2, p. 34.
  7. Arthur B. Schmidt: The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893, p. 100, note 6, and p. 9, 11.
  8. Evelyn Brockhoff , Bernd Heidenreich , Sönke Neitzel (ed.): 1945: End of the war and a new beginning (= Hessian state center for political education [ed.]: Polis. Volume 45). Wiesbaden 2006, ISBN 3-927127-65-5 , p. 42 ( ( Memento from January 3, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; 2.0 MB]).
  9. ^ City archive Friedberg / Hessen and public information boards in the castle complex.
  10. ^ Wilhelm Manchot : Limburg Monastery. Mannheimer Altertumsverein, 1892, p. 7.
  11. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Büdingen and Friedberg (GVBl. II 330-19) of July 11, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 230 , § 3 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  12. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 360 and 361 .
  13. Three Elvis traffic lights in Friedberg - hip swing when green. In: Westfälische Nachrichten . Westfälische Nachrichten, May 12, 2018, accessed on July 20, 2019 .
  14. ^ NAK in Friedberg. In:, accessed on February 27, 2019.
  15. Jens Joachim: Hardly any resistance to the minaret. In: FAZ . December 4, 2007, accessed March 16, 2020 .
  16. Dar-ul-Amaan Mosque in Friedberg , accessed on January 31, 2016.
  17. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  18. ^ Jürgen Wagner: Marion Götz new first city councilor in Friedberg. In:, May 4, 2018, accessed on March 16, 2020.
  19. British municipalities are breaking bridges to Europe.
  20. ^ Marco Evers: End of a town twinning. The Europa monsters from Bishop's Stortford. In: Der Spiegel . December 17, 2011, accessed March 16, 2020.
  21. Other information also say 1988, see Seestadtl †. 1238–1988 (Ervenice) ( Memento from April 27, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on March 16, 2020.
  22. Hans Günter Thorwarth: Friedberg (Wartturm), Wetteraukreis, Hessen on the website online project fallen memorials .
  23. ^ Friends of the Theater Altes Hallenbad Friedberg / Wetterau e. V. ( Memento of March 14, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Current.
  24. Svenja Brüggemann: Diving into culture. In: Monuments . 1/2020, pp. 36-37.
  25. The castle fortress. In:, accessed on March 16, 2020 (private website).
  26. ↑ German Chess League Women 2012/13.
  27. ↑ German Chess League Women 2013/14.
  28. ↑ German Chess League Women 2014/15.
  29. Friedberg (hes) FM transmitter info. In:, accessed March 16, 2020.
  30. Friedberg. In: Hessischer Bildungsserver, accessed on March 16, 2020.
  31. ^ State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (ed.): Haagstrasse 29: Indoor swimming pool In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
  32. Martin Rudolf: Theater old indoor swimming pool Friedberg / Wetterau ( Memento from January 9, 2016 in the web archive ). This house tells a story on every corner. In:, accessed on September 9, 2013 (history and photos).