from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Lich
Map of Germany, position of the city of Lich highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 31 '  N , 8 ° 49'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : to water
County : to water
Height : 169 m above sea level NHN
Area : 77.63 km 2
Residents: 13,795 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 178 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 35423
Primaries : 06404, 06004
License plate : GI
Community key : 06 5 31 011
City structure: 9 districts

City administration address :
Lower town 1
35423 Lich
Website :
Mayor : Dr. Julien Neubert ( SPD )
Location of the city of Lich in the district of Gießen
Niederdorfelden Biebertal Wettenberg Lollar Staufenberg (Hessen) Allendorf (Lumda) Rabenau (Hessen) Heuchelheim an der Lahn Gießen Buseck Grünberg (Hessen) Fernwald Linden (Hessen) Langgöns Pohlheim Reiskirchen Lich Hungen Laubach Wetteraukreis Vogelsbergkreis Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Lahn-Dill-Kreismap
About this picture

Lich is a town in the central Hessian district of Gießen , 15 kilometers southeast of the university town of Gießen .


The upper town with its half-timbered facades

Geographical location

The city of Lich is located at a ford of the river Wetter , which gives the Wetterau its name between Taunus and Vogelsberg . The core city and the northern and eastern districts belong to the natural area of Vorderer Vogelsberg , the southern and western districts belong to the Wetterau.

City structure

In addition to the core city, Lich also includes the districts, each with the population as of January 2017.

Neighboring communities

Lich borders in the north on the communities Fernwald and Reiskirchen , in the east on the town of Laubach , in the east and south on the town of Hungen and in the south-west on the town of Münzenberg ( Wetteraukreis ) and in the west on the town of Pohlheim .


Lich - Excerpt from the Topographia Hassiae by Matthäus Merian 1655

Tools from Neanderthals (around 100,000 BC) were found in the fox holes near the forest swimming pool. In the area of ​​the Kolnhausen court, people of the Aurignac type left their tools 50,000 years later. Linear ceramics , one of the oldest rural cultures of the Neolithic , settled around 4000 BC. BC on the loess-rich bank of the weather around Lich. Other sparse finds come from the Bronze Age and the Hallstatt and Latène Ages . Whether the Celts were also settled in the area around Lich is still controversial today. What is certain is the presence of the Romans on the Rhine  - who formed the border of the Roman Empire here - since 49 BC. Chr .; the chats are recorded in Hessen at the same time.

During the construction of the Limes in 83-85 AD by the Romans, the Arnsburg cohort fort was built in the area of ​​today's Arnsburg district. It was the northernmost cohort fort of the Wetterau Limes.

Lich was first mentioned in the Lorsch Codex in 790 as "Lioche". In the 9th century, the Lorsch monastery withdrew from the Wetterau and the diocese of Mainz took its place, but the Fulda monastery also received goods in Lich. In the 12th century Kuno I von Munzenberg founded the Arnsburg monastery, administered by the Cistercians. In 1300 Lich received as a special favor for Philip III. von Falkenstein granted city rights by King Albrecht . It remained with the Falkensteiner family until the second half of the 14th century, when it fell to the Counts of Solms . Lich survived the Thirty Years' War as well as the Second World War without major damage.

The pharmacy was founded in 1703 .

From 1966 to 1993 the Limes barracks was located on the western edge of the city and housed soldiers from the German Armed Forces and the US Army . They formed the crew of the Nike firing position in Albach in the northwestern municipality of Fernwald . Today a division of the Hesse riot police is at home on the site ( 50 ° 31 ′ 22.3 ″  N , 8 ° 47 ′ 52.3 ″  E ).

In 1993 Lich was the venue for the Hessentag .


In the course of administrative reform in Hesse , the communities were on 31 December 1970 to voluntarily Birklar , Muschenheim , low-Bessingen , upper Bessingen on 1 February 1971, Eberstadt 1971 and December 31, Bettenhausen in the city Lich incorporated . On January 1, 1977, was carried inclusion of communities Arnsburg and Langsdorf by the law on the restructuring of Dill circle counties Giessen and Wetzlar and Giessen . For all formerly independent municipalities, local districts with local advisory councils and local councilors were set up in accordance with the Hessian municipal code.

Territorial history and administration

The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Lich was located or the administrative units to which it was subordinate:

Courts since 1803

In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or landlords and thus from 1806 the "Patrimonial Court of the Princes Solms-Hohensolms-Lich" in Lich was responsible. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The second instance for the patrimonial courts were the civil law firms. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .

With the founding of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance 1821–1822 were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. From 1822 the princes of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich let the Grand Duchy of Hesse exercise their court rights on their behalf. “ Landgericht Lich ” was therefore the name of the court of first instance that was responsible for Lich. The prince also waived his right to the second instance, which was exercised by the law firm in Hungen. It was only as a result of the March Revolution in 1848 that the special rights of the civil servants became final with the “Law on the Relationships of Classes and Noble Court Lords” of April 15, 1848 canceled.

On the occasion of the introduction of the Courts Constitution Act with effect from October 1, 1879, as a result of which the previous grand ducal Hessian regional courts were replaced by local courts in the same place, while the newly created regional courts now functioned as higher courts, the name was changed to "Lich Local Court" and allocation to the district of the regional court of Giessen . On June 1, 1934, the Lich District Court was dissolved and Lich was assigned to the Gießen District Court. Now the superordinate instances are the regional court of Giessen , the higher regional court of Frankfurt am Main and the Federal Court of Justice as the last instance.


Population development

Lich: Population from 1830 to 2016
year     Residents
Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968.
Further sources:; 1972 :; 1976 :; 1988 :; 1992 :; 2000 :; 2004 :; 2010:
From 1970 including the towns incorporated into Hesse as part of the regional reform .

Religious affiliation

 Source: Historical local dictionary

• 1830: 2055 Protestant, 9 Roman Catholic, 8  Mennonites , 71 Jews
• 1961: 3651 Protestant, 1194 Roman Catholic inhabitants

Gainful employment

 Source: Historical local dictionary

• 1961: Labor force: 233 agriculture and forestry, 1158 manufacturing, 410 trade, transport and communication, 487 services and other.


City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 37 seats
Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 29.3 11 27.2 10 24.4 9 27.5 10
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 23.0 9 26.3 10 36.7 14th 34.4 13
FW Free voters 22.6 8th 17.9 7th 19.6 7th 18.3 7th
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 10.8 4th 14.5 5 9.6 3 8.6 3
FDP Free Democratic Party 10.6 4th 8.1 3 9.7 4th 11.2 4th
DBL Democratic Citizens List Lich 3.7 1 6.1 2 - - - -
total 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37
Voter turnout in% 54.0 49.1 49.7 55.6
Town hall with market fountain


Mayor of Lich has been the social democrat Dr. Julien Neubert.

Neubert was elected in the runoff election on September 29, 2019 with almost 59 percent of the vote and thus clearly prevailed against his competitor from the CDU. He succeeded the Social Democrat Bernd Klein, who had been in office since 2008. He was elected in a runoff election on September 30, 2007 with 60.2% of the votes and re-elected on September 22, 2013 in the first ballot for a further six years with 64.0% of the votes.

coat of arms

On May 1, 1928, the city of Lich received permission to use the coat of arms described below.

Description of the coat of arms :
"In silver a red castle with four towers, above a Munzenberg-Falkensteiner shield that is unequally divided in red / gold."

The coat of arms can already be found in a similar form on the city seal from 1309.

Town twinning

Lich maintains partnerships with the following cities and municipalities:

  • Dieulefit , France (town twinning since 1974)
  • Tangermünde , Saxony-Anhalt (town twinning since 1990)
  • Tata , Morocco (cooperation agreement since 2003)
  • Budakeszi , Hungary (town twinning since 2005)
  • Vänersborg , Sweden (town twinning since 2010)

Culture and sights

Cultural life

With the Traumstern cinema , Lich owns a nationally known arthouse cinema that has already received several awards and whose catchment area extends into the Rhine-Main area .

Cultural monuments

The Textorhaus on Kirchplatz

Natural monuments


The Licher BasketBären ( TV 1860 Lich , now playing as LTi Lich in Pro A ) has been playing in Pro B , the third highest basketball division in Germany , since the 2009/2010 season . In the 1999/2000 season the Licher even played in the BBL ( basketball league ). The home games are played in the Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Halle, which can hold around 1500 spectators. It was expanded in 1999 because of the first division promotion.

The first team of the VfR 1920 Lich, the soccer club from Lich, plays in the district Oberliga Süd. The VfR has a membership of around 500, including 250 children and young people. He also owns fifteen youth teams, an old men's team and a second team that plays in the regional league B Giessen.

The handball department of TV 1860 Lich is particularly good in the female youth sector. She won numerous titles such as North Hesse Master, Hesse Master and South West German Master. The TV also has ten youth teams, a women's team that plays in the district league, the second women's team in the district league C and the first men's team (men's game community Hungen / Lich) in the district league B.

The karate dojo Lich e. V. was founded in 1985 by Detlef Herbst and has around 420 members, more than half of whom are children and young people. The club has won a large number of championship titles at state, federal and international level. In addition to its regular training activities ( Shotokan karate , gymnastics for adults, physical activity promotion for children), the association also organizes larger mass sports events such as the karate summer school and the kata marathon. In 2008, the association was awarded the “Green Ribbon for Exemplary Talent Promotion in the Association” for the second time by the DOSB .


In 2016, on the initiative of a private association, the Lich Bürgerpark was built on an open space near the city center on a voluntary basis . This park is designed as a recreational area for all generations with numerous opportunities for play, sport and exercise. It is maintained and expanded by the association.

Economy and Infrastructure


Lich can be reached by the regional bus routes 372 and 375 of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund in the direction of Gießen , Schotten and Hungen , by the bus route FB-52 of the Verkehrsgesellschaft Oberhessen in the direction of Butzbach , by the call-line taxi GI-63 (until the end of 2014 as 230) of Verkehrsgesellschaft Oberhessen in the direction of Bettenhausen and the bus lines GI-62 and GI-64 (until the end of 2014 as 230 and 700) of Verkehrsgesellschaft Oberhessen in the direction of Hungen and Grünberg .

There are stops on the Gießen – Gelnhausen railway line ( Lahn-Kinzig-Bahn ) in Lich and the Langsdorf district .

Lich can be reached via the A 5 Frankfurt – Kassel, Fernwald junction and the A 45 Hanau – Dortmund ( Sauerland line ), Munzenberg junction. It is also on the B 457 and B 488 .

Long-distance cycle routes

Established businesses

Licher brewery

The city is known nationwide for its private brewery in Lich. Organ building has a 400-year tradition in Lich . The Förster & Nicolaus organ building firm and Otto Heuss GmbH as a manufacturer of organ parts still stand for this today . Lich is also the location of the Asklepios Klinik Lich and BAG Health Care GmbH.


Comprehensive schools :

Dietrich Bonhoeffer School

Primary schools :

Erich Kästner School
Selma Lagerlöf School
Langsdorf primary school

Special schools :

Anna Freud School

Vocational schools :

Hospital school

In addition, the headquarters of the community college of the district of Gießen is located in Lich.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who lived or worked on site


  • Licher homeland book. On behalf of the city of Lich, edited by the committee for the Licher Heimatbuch, Lich 1950.
  • Randolf Fügen: Highlights in Central Hesse. Wartenberg, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2003, ISBN 3-8313-1044-0 .
  • Paul Görlich: Licher Heimatbuch. Published by the Lich City Administration, 1989.
  • Literature on Lich in the Hessian Bibliography

Web links

Commons : Lich (Hessen)  - Collection of images
Wikivoyage: Lich  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Lich profile. City of Lich, accessed October 5, 2017 .
  3. Minst, Karl Josef [trans.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 5), Certificate 2978, May 24th 790 - Reg. 2189. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 44 , accessed on May 7, 2019 .
  4. On the history of 1./FlaRakBtl 23 in Lich
  5. ^ Incorporation of communities into the city of Lich, district of Gießen from January 6, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 4 , p. 141 , point 174 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.3 MB ]).
  6. ^ Municipal reform: mergers and integration of municipalities from January 20, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 6 , p. 248 , para. 15 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.2 MB ]).
  7. Karl-Heinz Meier barley, Karl Reinhard Hinkel: Hesse. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation . Ed .: Hessian Minister of the Interior. Bernecker, Melsungen 1977, DNB  770396321 , OCLC 180532844 , p. 303 .
  8. Law on the restructuring of the Dill district, the districts of Gießen and Wetzlar and the city of Gießen (GVBl. II 330–28) of May 13, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 17 , p. 237 ff ., § 9 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  9. main statute. (PDF; 95 kB) § 4. In: Website. City of Lich, accessed August 2020 .
  10. a b c d Lich, District of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of March 23, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  11. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  12. ^ Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB  013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
  13. Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 22, 438 ff . ( Online at google books ).
  14. Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape  22 . Weimar 1821, p. 424 ( online at Google Books ).
  15. ^ Georg W. Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt 1830, p. 135 ( online at Google Books ).
  16. Theodor Hartleben (Ed.): General German Justice, Camera and Police Fama, Part 1 . tape 2 . Johann Andreas Kranzbühler, 1832, p. 271 ( online at Google Books ).
  17. Law on the Conditions of the Class Lords and Noble Court Lords of August 7, 1848 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1848 no. 40 , p. 237–241 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 42,9 MB ]).
  18. ^ Ordinance on the implementation of the German Courts Constitution Act and the Introductory Act to the Courts Constitution Act of May 14, 1879 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1879 no. 15 , p. 197–211 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 17.8 MB ]).
  19. ^ Ordinance on the reorganization of district courts of April 11, 1934 . In: The Hessian Minister of State (Hrsg.): Hessisches Regierungsblatt. 1934 No. 10 , p. 63 ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 13.6 MB ]).
  20. ^ Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No.  33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
  21. Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No.  52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
  22. ^ Local elections in 1989; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of October 25, 1988 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1988 No.  45 , p. 2426 , point 1049 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.6 MB ]).
  23. local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No.  44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
  24. ^ Community data sheet : Lich. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH ;
  25. Hessian municipal statistics, Edition 2 2005. Hessian State Statistical Office
  26. The population of the Hessian communities on June 30, 2010. (PDF; 552 kB) Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, p. 11 , archived from the original on February 7, 2018 ; accessed on March 20, 2018 .
  27. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  28. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  29. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  30. ↑ Mayoral election in Lich, city. Hessian State Statistical Office , accessed in August 2020 .
  31. ↑ Mayoral election in Lich, city. Hessian State Statistical Office , accessed in April 2019 .
  32. F. Hauptmann: Das Wappenrecht , Bonn 1896, page 125 (full text with image of the city seal)
  33. ^ City of Lich: City partnerships , accessed in May 2017.
  34. Lich profile. Retrieved October 5, 2017 .