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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Laubach
Map of Germany, position of the city of Laubach highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 33 '  N , 8 ° 59'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : to water
County : to water
Height : 207 m above sea level NHN
Area : 97.02 km 2
Residents: 9598 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 99 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 35321
Primaries : 06405, 06401 (louder partly)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : GI
Community key : 06 5 31 010
City structure: 9 districts

City administration address :
Friedrichstrasse 11
35321 Laubach
Website :
Mayor : Peter Klug ( independent )
Location of the city of Laubach in the district of Giessen
Niederdorfelden Biebertal Wettenberg Lollar Staufenberg (Hessen) Allendorf (Lumda) Rabenau (Hessen) Heuchelheim an der Lahn Gießen Buseck Grünberg (Hessen) Fernwald Linden (Hessen) Langgöns Pohlheim Reiskirchen Lich Hungen Laubach Wetteraukreis Vogelsbergkreis Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Lahn-Dill-Kreismap
About this picture
City center with Laubach Castle in the background

Laubach is a small town in the central Hessian district of Gießen with 9598 inhabitants, of which around 6000 in the core city .


The city of Wetter has an irregular floor plan. The main complex of the settlement is on the right of the river. A side valley joins from the north. The cityscape is dominated by the castle with a park in the north. The formerly walled old town with an almost square floor plan connects to the southwest. There is a small market square in front of the town church. A newer housing estate lies in the east, a modern housing estate in the northwest. An industrial area extends along the railway line to the west.

Geographical location

The municipality of Laubach extends on the edge of the Hoher Vogelsberg Nature Park . The center of Laubach is 700 m west of the 9th longitude east. The northern neighbor on this meridian is Büßfeld in the Vogelsbergkreis . The distance to the equator is 5602.25 km.

With 9,700 hectares, Laubach is the largest municipality in the district of Gießen.

Neighboring communities

Laubach borders in the north on the town of Grünberg and the community Mücke ( Vogelsbergkreis ), in the east on the towns of Ulrichstein and Schotten (both Vogelsbergkreis), in the south on the community Nidda ( Wetteraukreis ), in the southwest on the town of Hungen and in the west the city of Lich and the municipality of Reiskirchen .

Community structure


Laubach - Excerpt from the Topographia Hassiae by Matthäus Merian 1655

Laubach was first mentioned in a document under the name Lobach in 750 and 802.

On December 5, 1340, Ulrich zu Hanau and his wife Agnese allowed their son Ulrich to sell the castle and village of Laupach along with the associated courts and villages, etc. a. "Guntherskirchen" and "Aeinhartshusen."


As part of the regional reform in Hesse , on December 31, 1970, the municipalities of Gonterskirchen , Lauter , Münster , Röthges , Ruppertsburg and Wetterfeld , Altenhain on December 31, 1971 and Freienseen on April 1, 1972, were incorporated into Laubach on a voluntary basis . From January 1, 1977 to August 1, 1979, Laubach was assigned to the Lahn-Dill district , then again to the district of Gießen . For all formerly independent communities as well as for the core city, local districts with local advisory council and local councilor were formed according to the Hessian municipal code.

Territorial history and administration

The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Laubach was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:

Courts since 1803

In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or landlords and thus from 1806 the "Patrimonial Court of the Counts Solms-Laubach" in Laubach was responsible for Muschenheim. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The second instance for the patrimonial courts were the civil law firms. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .

With the founding of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance 1821–1822 were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. From 1822 the Counts of Solms-Laubach let the Grand Duchy of Hesse exercise their court rights on their behalf. “ Landgericht Laubach ” was therefore the name of the court of first instance that was responsible for Laubach. The count also waived his right to the second instance, which was exercised by the judicial office in Hungen, in 1823. It was only as a result of the March Revolution in 1848 that the special rights of the civil servants were granted with the “Law on the Relationships of the Classes and Noble Court Lords” of April 15, 1848 permanently repealed.

On the occasion of the introduction of the Courts Constitution Act with effect from October 1, 1879, as a result of which the previous grand-ducal Hessian regional courts were replaced by local courts at the same location, while the newly created regional courts now functioned as higher courts, the name was changed to "Laubach Local Court" and assigned to the district of the regional court of Giessen . On July 1, 1968, the district court was dissolved and Laubach was added to the district of Giessen district court . The superordinate instances are now the Regional Court of Giessen , the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main and the Federal Court of Justice as the last instance.


Population development

 Source: Historical local dictionary

• 1631: 181 subjects, 53 widows
Laubach: Population from 1830 to 2015
year     Residents
Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968.
Further sources:; 1972 :; 1976 :; 1984 :; 1992 :; 2000, 2015 :; 2004 :; 2010:
From 1972 including the towns incorporated into Hesse as part of the regional reform .

Religious affiliation

 Source: Historical local dictionary

• 1830: 1745 Protestant, 14 Roman Catholic, 112 Jewish residents
• 1961: 2307 Protestant, 622 Roman Catholic residents

Gainful employment

 Source: Historical local dictionary

• 1961: Labor force: 179 agriculture and forestry, 491 prod. Trade, 181 trade, traffic and communication, 326 services and other.


City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 31 seats
Parties and constituencies %
FWG Free community of voters 31.9 10 31.3 12 25.6 10 17.4 6th
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 21.8 7th 22.4 8th 27.4 10 30.3 11
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 20.3 6th 23.0 9 29.7 11 34.4 13
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 9.2 3 13.3 5 7.9 3 9.8 4th
FBLL Free list of citizens Laubach 7.6 2 - - - - - -
BfL Citizens for Laubach 4.8 2 6.2 2 2.7 1 - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 4.4 1 3.7 1 6.6 2 8.1 3
total 100.0 31 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37
Voter turnout in% 52.1 47.0 46.6 54.2

The chairman of the city council is Joachim M. Kühn, Free Voters Laubach.


Since June 1, 2009, Peter Klug has been mayor of Laubach (independent). The turnout was 64.03%. On December 7, 2014, he was directly re-elected again with 57.07% of the votes against 4 competitors. The turnout was 60.65%.

The mayor of the core town of Laubach is Günter Haas from the Free Voters . (As of May 2016) .

coat of arms

Laubach coat of arms
Blazon : "Divided by gold and blue, a lion in confused colors."

On May 8, 1952, the municipality of Laubach was approved by the Hessian Minister of the Interior to keep a coat of arms.


The following partnerships exist:

Culture and sights

Theaters and museums

The Museum Fridericianum documents the Laubach regional history in a three-part exhibition ("Time travel through the Laubacher Land", "Ora et labora", "Laubacher Leut '"). The building was opened as a local museum in 1981; In 2007 an extensive new conception and renovation of museum didactics began . In March 2011 it reopened as a regional museum. The two-storey building with a half- hipped roof , a two-flight flight of stairs and an eaves cornice with a serrated frieze was built in 1750 below the Tannenberg (Fürstengarten) near Gonterskirchen as a hunting lodge and moved to its current location in Laubach's city center (Friedrichstrasse 9) in 1832. Between 1875 and 1922 it served as a humanistic grammar school.

In Puppenstubenmuseum Laubach historical than 80 are more dollhouses , doll kitchens, shops and toys on display.

Cultural monuments

Laubach Castle

The showpiece of the small town is the Laubach Castle of the Counts of Solms-Laubach . The castle, built in the 13th century, was expanded like a castle in the 16th and 18th centuries. The complex has been surrounded by a castle park in the style of an English garden since the 18th century . There is a historic ice cellar in the palace garden. The palace library, founded in 1555 as a school library, is one of the oldest and largest European private libraries with over 120,000 titles. A family law prohibits this library from being sold. It is entered in the register of nationally valuable cultural assets and is a listed building .

Evangelical town church Laubach

The oldest part of the Evangelical City Church , formerly St. Maria, dates from the 12th century. An extension took place in the 18th century. The church has a modernized and expanded baroque organ.

Other structures

  • Untermühle - Simple Renaissance building, a double coat of arms marked 1588–1589 on the west gable.
  • Residential buildings - The once picturesque old town with a number of half-timbered houses (see below) was significantly affected by the old town renovation between 1965 and 1980.
    • Green Sea 14 - Zweigesch. In the course of the 15th century developed from the post and the Rähmbau with carved corner posts, erected 1667th
    • Grünes Meer 28 - Rähmbau, built around 1600.
    • Green Sea 30 - Built around 1550.
    • Green Sea 1 - (stocking weaver house). Two-storey wall stud construction with curved footbands and headbands, erected around 1450; oldest house in Laubach.
    • Marktplatz 5 - three-storey gabled house, marked 1738.
    • Marktplatz 8 - three-storey building on the eaves, in the core 1635. The corner bay was probably added in the 18th century.
    • Obergasse 14 - Inscribed 1617.
    • Obere Langgasse 12 - Around 1500, changed in the 17th and 18th centuries.
    • Untere Langgasse 6/8 - (Gasthaus zur Eule). Erected around 1560, extension from 1651.
    • Untere Langgasse 26 - eaves house, marked 1625.
    • Wildemannsgasse 9 - canceled in 1969. The corner posts with "Wilder Mann" and "Wilder Frau" are now attached to the new building of house no.
  • City fortifications:
    • Klipstein Tower. Square four-story tower, the last remaining watchtower of the former city fortifications. The truss parts were probably built around 1500.
    • The round town tower collapsed in 1963 because it was dilapidated.
    • Former Vorwerk at the Wetter . Square tower from the 16th century with loopholes and a younger half-timbered tower. It was once part of the grove in front of the city wall. In 1965 it was dismantled and rebuilt about 130 m from its original location in the garden area of ​​the house "Im Hain 8". The half-timbered upper storey from the 18th century was largely reconstructed.

Natural monuments

Regular events

In the historic old town and in the castle area, there are regular cultural events that generate national interest: for example the Hessian Blues Festival ( blues, smooch & apple sauce ) and the mixtur organ concert series . Other regular events are open-air cinema, festival of lights, La Villa Cotta (garden and country house days), autumn and winter magic and castle park concerts. The traditional folk festival is the Laubacher Committee Festival, whose roots go back to 1540.

Closer surroundings

Forest Park Green Sea

View of the " Green Sea "

About seven kilometers from Laubach - in the direction of Schotten on the B 276 - is the Grünes Meer forest park, which opened in 2009 . Around the Kirchberg there is an approximately 80 hectare nature adventure park, which offers visitors the opportunity to discover the special features of the local forest or to take a look into the past of settlement on the Vogelsberg slopes. Components of the park established by Karl Georg Graf zu Solms-Laubach include an adventure playground , a 35-meter-high observation tower, a game reserve, a forest classroom and reconstructed excavation sites.

Church ruins "St. Valentin “of the Ruthardshausen desert

Ruthardshausen desert

During the Middle Ages, the Horlofftal was densely populated. About halfway on today's B 276 between Laubach and Schotten was the village of Ruthardshausen, which was first mentioned in 1340. Its inhabitants probably left it as a result of the plague , so that around 1550 it became a desert .

The church “St. Valentin "was built around 1260. The ruin was renewed in 1970. On a board in the arch of the door there is the following rhyme:" Where are they, whose song from your lap, O little church, once flew up to God, Forgetting all you gloomy earthlessness, Where are they? Followed your song! ”(From the poem Die Waldkapelle by Nikolaus Lenau , 1828).

Economy and Infrastructure


Laubach is in the tariff area of ​​the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV). The Friedberg – Mücke railway line , like the Butzbach-Licher railway that runs through the Münster district, has been closed in this area; however, a number of bus routes connect Laubach with train stations in the area:


  • Theodor Heuss School (primary school)
  • Evangelical elementary school Laubach-Freienseen of the EKHN
  • Friedrich Magnus comprehensive school in Laubach
  • Laubach-Kolleg of the EKHN , upper level high school of the 1st and 2nd educational path with dormitory



  • Karlheinz Lang, Reinhold Schneider, Martina Weißenmayer: District of Giessen I. Hungen, Laubach, Lich, Reiskirchen. (= Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen (Hrsg.): Monument topography of the Federal Republic of Germany. Cultural monuments in Hessen. ) Theiss, Wiesbaden 2008, ISBN 978-3-80622177-0 .
  • Helmut Nachtigall: The half-timbered houses of Alt-Laubach. Laubach 1975.
  • Trautel Wellenkötter: Laubach. History and present. 3rd updated and expanded edition, Brühlscher Verlag, Gießen 1994.
  • Trautel Wellenkötter: Laubach. Castle and City. 5th updated, revised and expanded edition, self-published, Laubach 2014.
  • Burkhard Wellenkötter: Departure into the Present - The Age of Enlightenment in the Laubach Castle Library. Self-published, Laubach 2014.
  • Burkhard Wellenkötter: Bibliomania - News about old books: From the Laubach castle library. Laubach 2012, ISBN 978-3-00-038921-4 .
  • Literature on Laubach in the Hessian Bibliography
  • Publications on the city of Laubach in the catalog of the German National Library

Web links

Commons : Laubach  - Collection of Images
Wikivoyage: Laubach  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b c d e f g Laubach, District of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of March 15, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  3. ^ Heinrich Eduard Scriba : Regesten of the documents printed up to now on the state and local history of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Volume 2: Containing the regests of the province of Upper Hesse. Darmstadt 1849, No. 1326.
  4. ^ Incorporation of communities into the city of Laubach, district of Gießen from January 6, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 4 , p. 141 , point 173 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.3 MB ]).
  5. ^ Karl-Heinz Gerstenmeier: Hessen. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation. Melsungen 1977, p. 301.
  6. main statute. (PDF; 155 kB) § 6. In: Website. City of Laubach, accessed August 2020 .
  7. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. ^ Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB  013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
  9. Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 22, 438 ff . ( Online at google books ).
  10. Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape  22 . Weimar 1821, p. 424 f . ( online at Google Books ).
  11. ^ Georg W. Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt 1830, p. 135 ( online at Google Books ).
  12. Law on the repeal of the provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen from April 1, 1937 . In: The Reichsstatthalter in Hessen Sprengler (Hrsg.): Hessisches Regierungsblatt. 1937 no.  8 , p. 121 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 11.2 MB ]).
  13. Theodor Hartleben (Ed.): General German Justice, Camera and Police Fama, Volume 2, Part 1 . Johann Andreas Kranzbühler, 1832, p. 271 ( online at Google Books ).
  14. Law on the Conditions of the Class Lords and Noble Court Lords of August 7, 1848 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1848 no. 40 , p. 237–241 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 42,9 MB ]).
  15. ^ Ordinance on the implementation of the German Courts Constitution Act and the Introductory Act to the Courts Constitution Act of May 14, 1879 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1879 no. 15 , p. 197–211 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 17.8 MB ]).
  16. Second law amending the Court Organization Act (Amends GVBl. II 210–16) of February 12, 1968 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1968 No. 4 , p. 41–44 , Article 1, Paragraph 2 c) and Article 2, Paragraph 4 d) ( online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 298 kB ]).
  17. ^ Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No.  33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
  18. Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No.  52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
  19. ^ Local elections 1985; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 30, 1984 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1984 No.  46 , p. 2175 , point 1104 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
  20. local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No.  44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
  21. Community data sheet: 531010. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH ;
  22. Hessian municipal statistics, Edition 2 2005. Hessian State Statistical Office
  23. The population of the Hessian communities on June 30, 2010. (PDF; 552 kB) Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, p. 11 , archived from the original on February 7, 2018 ; accessed on March 5, 2018 .
  24. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  25. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  26. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  27. Laubach's new mayor is smart (independent). (No longer available online.) In: Gießener Allgemeine Zeitung. December 22, 2008, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; Retrieved September 21, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  28. Hessian State Statistical Office: Direct elections in Laubach ( Memento from March 24, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  29. ^ Karl Ernst Demandt , Otto Renkhoff : Hessisches Ortswappenbuch. C. A. Starke Verlag, Glücksburg / Ostsee 1956, p. 115.
  30. Approval to carry a coat of arms to the municipality of Laubach in the district of Gießen, administrative district of Darmstadt from May 8, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1952 No. 21 , p. 376 , item 517 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.2 MB ]).
  31. ^ Twin towns of the city of Laubach. In: website. City of Laubach, accessed March 2019 .
  32. The departments . Website of the Fridericianum Museum. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  33. The “new” Museum Laubach is celebrated with a ceremony. ( Memento of the original from July 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Gießener Allgemeine Zeitung , March 23, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  34. On the history of the house. Website of the Fridericianum Museum. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  35. Dollhouse Museum , accessed on October 13, 2016
  36. Burkhard Wellekötter: The castle library to Laubach . In: From the Antiquarian Bookshop, NF 8 (2010) No. 3/4, pp. 157–160.
  37. Graf zu Solms Laubach'sche Rentkammer: Library of the Count of Solms-Laubach ( Memento of 2 May 2015, Internet Archive )
  38. Laubacher Committee Festival. Retrieved July 12, 2012 .
  39. Freizeitpark im Wald , Frankfurter Rundschau from April 6, 2009
  40. ^ Friedrich Magnus Comprehensive School Laubach. Retrieved July 12, 2012 .
  41. 1731 - company founded by Johann Wilhelm Buderus. Buderus , accessed July 12, 2012 .