|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||to water|
|Height :||274 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||133.56 km 2|
|Residents:||10,073 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||75 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||63679|
|Primaries :||06044, 06045 (Burkhards, Kaulschlag, Sichenhausen)|
|License plate :||VB|
|Community key :||06 5 35 016|
|LOCODE :||DE SOT|
|City structure:||15 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Susanne Schaab ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Schotten in the Vogelsbergkreis|
The state-approved climatic health resort is 168 to 773 meters above sea level on the western slope of the Vogelsberg . Nearby are the Hoherodskopf (764 m) and Taufstein (773 m), the two highest peaks of the Hoher Vogelsberg Nature Park . Schotten is a tourist resort, distinguished by snow reliability in winter and hiking opportunities in summer in extensive forests. Also, water is at the nearby Niddastausee possible.
Schotten borders the town of Ulrichstein in the north, the town of Herbstein in the northeast, the town of Grebenhain in the east, the town of Gedern and the town of Hirzenhain in the south , both Wetteraukreis , and in the west on the town of Nidda (Wetteraukreis) and the town Laubach ( district of Giessen ).
In addition to the core town of Schotten, the districts of Betzenrod , Breungeshain , Burkhards , Busenborn , Eichelsachsen , Einartshausen , Eschenrod , Götzen , Kaulschlag , Michelbach , Rainrod , Rudingshain , Sichenhausen and Wingershausen belong to the greater community of Schotten .
Archaeological finds from the Schotten area go back to the Neolithic . Several barrows and the ramparts "Alteburg" and "Wildhauskopf" with an unknown date tell from prehistoric times. A large spherical vessel from the Hallstatt period was excavated in the 1960s in the area of today's outdoor pool and is now in the Vogelsberg local history museum in Schotten.
By the 21st century
An "ecclesia in Buchonia " is mentioned in a document on June 21, 778. The abbot Beatus of the Honau monastery near Strasbourg donated eight churches to the Irish Scottish monks of his monastery. The location of this church “in Buchonia” in today's Scots is considered to be secure. There were a total of eight own churches in Upper Hesse and one in Mainz .
The establishment of the settlement is related to the beginning of the high medieval clearing period of the 8th century. Schotten is located on an old trunk road that runs along the Nidda over the Vogelsberg. The Alteburg served to protect this street and probably also the first settlement in Schotten , a tower castle probably built around 1000 in today's Alteburg Park (today overformed by a half-timbered building). The builders of this complex are not known; it could be built by the Counts of Nidda. The first Scottish church is considered the foundation of Irish Scottish monks.
On September 27, 1293 a "plebanus in Scotis" is mentioned. The large Gothic Church of Our Lady was built in the 14th century and was a popular pilgrimage church for several decades, presumably on one of the routes of the Camino de Santiago .
In the late Middle Ages , Schotten belonged to the Eppstein and Trimberger families . In a feud with members of these knight families who were active as robber barons, the Rheinische Städtebund took the city in 1385 and destroyed both the walls and the so-called Eppsteiner Schloss and probably also the Alteburg . From 1403, Schotten belonged to the Hessian landgraves. During this time, the previously destroyed Eppstein Castle was also renewed.
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Scots in 1830:
“Schotten (L. Bez. Gl. N.) city; is on the Nidda, in a valley and at the foot of the Vogelsberg, 1044 Hess. (803 par.) Feet above sea level, such as 8 hours southeast of Giessen. There are 351 houses and 2055 inhabitants, who are Protestant apart from 127 Jews, as well as a beautiful church with a high tower, 1 castle, 1 forester's house, called the Kiliansherberg, and 9 mills, including 2 fulling mills. The castle in which the judge lives is a beautiful building surrounded by a wall that is used as a garden. Schotten is the seat of the district councilor, the district court, the rent office and the tax commissioner. The city has 97 cloth makers, 20 linen weavers, 15 stocking weavers, 4 cloth makers, 4 dyers, 54 butchers, 15 shoemakers, 8 red tanners, 2 saddlers, 3 hat makers, 28 bakers, 10 tailors, 11 masons, 3 stone deckers, 6 carpenters, 3 cooper , 2 turners, 1 button maker, 4 glasses, 3 locksmiths, 1 pharmacy, etc. The butchers prepare very good cervelat sausages and thus conduct a considerable trade, which is mostly conducted in the Prussian states. A cattle market is held every Monday. - A Udo from the Conradinian house was bishop in Strasbourg, and died in 965. Through him the diocese of Strasbourg came to wetterauischen possessions, and Schotten appears as a fiefdom of this diocese. It can therefore be assumed that Schotten came to Strasbourg through this Udo and was later given to the Büdingisches Haus. With the Lords of Breuberg, Schotten can be found as a fiefdom of the diocese of Strasbourg, and in 1310 Bishop Johann of Strasbourg gave his feudal consent that Eberhard von Breuberg, his wife Mechtilde von Waldeck, should weather Scots. In 1335 the Schotten court was transferred from Conrad von Trimberg to Hermann von Lißberg, and in 1345 Schotten, which was pledged to Waldeck for 800 pounds of Heller, was redeemed by Luckarde von Eppenstein, an heir to Eberhard von Breuberg. After the Breuberger exit, Schotten came to Conrad von Trimberg and von Eppenstein, who jointly owned it. In 1354 Carl IV granted Conraden von Trimberg, called Schotten for his village, all the freedoms, rights and customs of the city of Friedberg, and in 1356 he allowed him and God Peace of Eppenstein to make a market and a town out of their common village and to encourage them to hold a weekly market there every week, and to give them the gallows and all the dishes, and all the people and citizens who live and settle there, all the freedom, law and goodwill of the city and citizens of Frankfurt. In 1364 the Lords of Trimberg transferred their share in Schotten to the von Schweinsberg tavern, around 1550 Florentine guilders . The Lords of Eppenstein still owned their shares in 1377. The church, which was consecrated to the Archangel Michael, first appears in a document in 1330. At that time there was also a chapel in Schotten, the Heil. The Virgin was consecrated, and it was said that many miracles would take place there. In the 14th century the churches in Rüdingshain and Rainrod were daughter churches of the von Schotten. "
In the course of administrative reform in Hesse on 1 December 1970, the previously independent municipalities Breungeshain, Busenborn, Acorn Saxony, Eschenrod, idols, Michelbach, Rainrod and Rudingshain were voluntarily incorporated . On December 31, 1971, Betzenrod and Wingershausen were added. Einartshausen followed on April 1, 1972. Finally, the former municipalities and now districts Burkhard , Kaulstoss and Sichenhausen of the city of Gedern were reclassified to Schotten on August 1, 1972 by state law.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Schotten was located or the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1567: Holy Roman Empire , Landgraviate of Hesse , Office of Scots
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Office of Schotten (sons of Margarethe von der Saale )
- from 1584: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt , Office of Scots
- 1787: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hesse-Darmstadt, Upper Duchy of Hesse , Office of Scots
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Upper Duchy of Hesse , Office (and Court from 1803) Schotten and Stornfels
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , Office and Court of Schotten and Stornfels
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District District of Schotten (separation between justice ( District Court of Schotten ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Nidda district
- from 1838: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Grünberg district
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, administrative district of Nidda
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1874: German Empire, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Province of Upper Hesse, District of Schotten
- from 1938: German Empire, People's State of Hesse, Büdingen district (provinces dissolved in 1937)
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt administrative district, Büdingen district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt district, Büdingen district
- On December 1, 1970, Schotten was incorporated into the newly formed township of Schotten as a district. The municipal administration is based in Schotten.
- from 1972: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district, Vogelsberg district
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district , Vogelsberg district
Courts since 1803
In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or landlords and thus the Office of Scots was responsible for Scots. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The second instance for the patrimonial courts were the civil law firms. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .
With the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance 1821–1822 were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. Schotten a lot in the judicial district of the " Landgericht Schotten ".
On the occasion of the introduction of the Courts Constitution Act with effect from October 1, 1879, as a result of which the previous grand-ducal Hessian regional courts were replaced by local courts at the same location, while the newly created regional courts now functioned as higher courts, the name was changed to "Amtsgericht Schotten" and the district was allocated of the regional court of Giessen .
With effect from July 1, 1968, the local court of Schotten was dissolved and Schotten came to the judicial district of the local court of Nidda . On January 1, 2012, the district court of Nidda was also dissolved in accordance with a resolution of the Hessian state parliament . and Schotten assigned to the Büdingen District Court . The superordinate instances are now, the regional court Gießen , the higher regional court Frankfurt am Main and the federal court as last instance.
According to the 2011 census , there were 10,366 residents in Schotten on May 9, 2011. These included 314 (3.0%) foreigners, of whom 102 came from outside the EU , 112 from other European countries and 100 from other countries. 14.3% of the German residents had a migration background . The inhabitants lived in 4,489 households. Of these, 1,356 were single households , 1,413 couples without children and 1,215 couples with children, as well as 389 single parents and 116 shared apartments .
The following figures refer to the core city of Schotten:
|• 1791:||1500 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||1518 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||1632 inhabitants, 310 houses|
|• 1829:||2005 inhabitants, 351 houses|
|• 1867:||2048 inhabitants, 345 inhabited buildings|
|• 1875:||1951 inhabitants, 334 inhabited buildings|
|Schotten (city center): Population from 1791 to 2010|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1791 :; after 2000:
The following picture emerges for the municipality with the locations incorporated from 1970:
|Schotten: Population from 1791 to 2015|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1972 :; from 1975 :; 2011 census
From 1970 including the towns incorporated into Hesse as part of the regional reform .
|• 1829:||1828 Protestant (= 93.82%), 127 Jewish (= 6.18%) residents|
|• 1961:||2718 Protestant (= 74.28%) and 817 Catholic (= 22.33%) residents|
|• 2011:||7,160 Protestant (= 70.0%), 1 530 Catholic (= 15.0%), 140 non-believers (= 1.4%), 1250 other (= 12.2%) residents|
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||%
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||42.9||16||47.1||17th||47.5||18th||50.0||18th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||33.9||13||35.7||13||36.3||13||32.0||12|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||9.6||3||9.3||4th||9.4||3||10.9||4th|
Susanne Schaab was confirmed in office in September 2011 with 55.1 percent of the votes against Stefan Endisch (32.7 percent) and Bernd Buchner (12.3 percent).
coat of arms
In blue a silver and red armored falcon sitting on a golden mountain with outstretched wings.
Schotten maintains the following city partnerships:
- Arco in Italy since 1960
- Beloeil-Quevaucamps in Belgium , since 1963
- Crosne ( Essonne department ) in France , since 1963
- Rýmařov in the Czech Republic , since 1996
- Maybole ( South Ayrshire ) in Scotland , since 2000
In Schotten, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Our Lady from 1350 is clearly visible in Marktstrasse. See also
Around 429 years after the Reformation , Catholic life only returned to Schotten.
As a result of the expulsion from the eastern regions in the post-war period after the Second World War , more than 2000 Catholics came to Scots. The parish Herz Jesu was re-established in 1946. In 1952 the Herz Jesu Church was inaugurated by the Mainz Bishop Albert Stohr .
Today the parish includes the districts of Betzenrod , Breungeshain , Busenborn , Einartshausen , Eschenrod , Eichelsachsen , Götzen , Michelbach , Rainrod , Rudingshain , Schotten and Wingershausen . Together with Gedern , Schotten forms a parish association in the Wetterau-Ost deanery .
Culture and sights
In the old town you can visit the Gothic Church of Our Lady with the Marien Altar. The winged altar was created around 1385 by an unknown painter. The nearby old town hall is an imposing half-timbered building from 1512; the last renovation of this historic building took place in 1984–1987 as part of the renovation of the old town.
Leisure and sport opportunities
- Niddastausee and Hoherodskopf are popular excursion destinations.
- The two largest sports clubs in the core town of Schotten are the Turn- und Gesangverein 1859 e. V. as well as the SV Blau Weiß Schotten e. V.
- Scots Bird Park
- Schotten glider airfield in the immediate vicinity. Sightseeing flights and training as a pilot are possible here. Gliding and microlight flights are offered
Due to the developed roads, the area around Schotten (especially the B 276 from Gedern via Schotten to Laubach) is ideal for motorcycling.
Economy and Infrastructure
The municipal area covers a total area of 13,356 hectares, of which in hectares are:
|Type of use||2011||2015|
|Building and open space||469||472|
|from that||Mining land||5||5|
|from that||Green area||18th||17th|
Schotten was the terminus of the Beienheim – Schotten railway line . The Nidda – Schotten section has been closed.
There are 3 schools in Schotten.
- Primary school Schotten. (Vogelsbergstraße 137) Here it goes up to the 4th grade. The school can be seen next to the city library.
- Digmudi's school at the primary school; a special school to achieve the secondary school leaving certificate.
- Vogelsberg School Schotten (Lindenweg 19); a comprehensive school with gymnasium , real , - and secondary school .
sons and daughters of the town
- Samuel Schotten (1644–1719), rabbi
- Eduard Kreyßig (1830–1897), city architect of Mainz
- Julius Lehr (1845–1894), forest scientist and economist
- Theodor Melior (1853–1940), officer , most recently general of the infantry
- Hugo Kaufmann (1868–1919), sculptor and medalist
- Georg Heinrich Arcularius (1893–1968), veterinarian and professor of animal breeding
- Wilhelm Gontrum (1910–1969), politician ( CDU ), Member of the Bundestag
- Harald Schäfer (1931–2001), director of the Augsburger Puppenkiste
- Dieter Magnus (* 1937), filmmaker and director
- Elsemarie Maletzke (* 1947), writer and journalist
- Website of the city of Schotten
- Schotten (municipality), Vogelsbergkreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Schotten, Vogelsbergkreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Information on the community of Schotten. In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agentur GmbH , 2016.
- Literature on Scots in the Hessian Bibliography
- any public religious community.
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Albert Bruckner , Regesta Alsatiae nevi aevi merovingici et karolini. 496-918. Vol. 1. Strasbourg and Zurich 1949, No. 275, p. 174 f.
- Michael Gockel, Matthias Werner , The document of the Beatus von Honau from 778. in: Waldemar Küther , Die Wüstung Hausen. Giessen 1971, pp. 137-167, p. 154.
- Michael Gockel, Matthias Werner, Die Beatus-Urkunde, p. 155, note 88.
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 261 f . ( Online at google books ).
- Incorporation of the communities Breungeshain, Busenborn, Eichelsachsen, Eschenrod, Götzen, Michelbach, Rainrod and Rudingshain into the city of Schotten, district of Büdingen on November 24, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (Ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 49 , p. 2290 , point 2282 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.3 MB ]).
- Law on the reorganization of the Alsfeld and Lauterbach districts (GVBl. II 330-12) of August 1, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 215 , § 11 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 352-353 and 369 .
- Schotten, Vogelsbergkreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of October 16, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- The affiliation of the office of Schotten based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hessen : Hessen-Marburg 1567-1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604-1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567-1866 .
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 f ., § 25 point A. ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 208 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 9 ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1806 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 277 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape 22 . Weimar 1821, p. 345, 422 ( online at Google Books ).
- Georg W. Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt 1830, p. 262 ff . ( online at Google Books ).
- Law on the repeal of the provinces of Starkenburg, Upper Hesse and Rheinhessen from April 1, 1937 . In: The Reichsstatthalter in Hessen Sprengler (Hrsg.): Hessisches Regierungsblatt. 1937 no. 8 , p. 121 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 11.2 MB ]).
- Ordinance on the implementation of the German Courts Act and the Introductory Act to the Courts Constitution Act of May 14, 1879 . In: Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (ed.): Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette. 1879 no. 15 , p. 197–211 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 17.8 MB ]).
- Second law amending the Court Organization Act (Amends GVBl. II 210–16) of February 12, 1968 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1968 No. 4 , p. 41–44 , Article 1, Paragraph 2 f) and Article 2, Paragraph 4 e) ( online at the information system of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 298 kB ]).
- Law amending the Law on the Organization of Courts of 16 September 2011 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 2011 No. 4 , p. 409 ff . ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 474 kB ]).
- Population by nationality group: Scots, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in April 2020 .
- Migration background in%: Scots, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in April 2020 .
- Households by family: Scots, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in April 2020 .
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 229 ff . ( Online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Housing spaces 1867 . In: Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1877, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730484 , p. 122 ( online at google books ).
- Residential places 1875 . In: Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (Ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 15 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1877, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730484 , p. 18 ( online at google books ).
- Figures - data - facts - worth knowing. In: Website of the city of Schotten. Accessed January 2018.
- Community: Schotten. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH
- Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
- Hessian Statistical Information System In: Statistics.Hessen.
- Religion: Schotten, Stadt. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in April 2020 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Digmudis School Schotten - home page. Retrieved May 25, 2020 .
- Vogelsberg School Schotten