Parish church

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A church or Parochialkirche ( Latin ecclesia par (r) ochialis also pa (r) rocialis or pa (r) roecialis ) referred to Christian the main church a church (=  Parochie of lat. Parochia ).

Catholic Church

According to can. 216 CIC / 17 , the parish church in the Catholic Church was part of the parish along with parishioners and pastors . The church foundation was the asset holder as a legal person. Every parish had to have a parish church.

According to the CIC of 1983, parishes without a parish church are (theoretically) also possible. According to the new law, the parish church is solely responsible for the parish, which is now itself a legal person, whereby existing church foundations according to can. 4 CIC CIC / 83 remain in place.

The parish church is the place where the faithful prefer to gather for worship and celebrate the Eucharist . Although at present there is no longer any compulsory parish , the recommendation in can. 857 §2 CIC still baptisms of adults in their parish church, baptisms of children in the parish church of their parents take place. A baptismal font must therefore be available in every parish church ( can. 858 §1 CIC ). Marriage ( can. 1118 CIC ) and exsequences ( can. 1177 CIC ) should also be celebrated in the parish church of the person concerned.

According to can. 934 §1 CIC the Eucharist is to be kept permanently in parish churches.

Parish churches, like all other churches, may only be established with the permission of the diocesan bishop ( can. 1215 §1 CIC ). After the construction work has been completed, they are to be consecrated in a solemn rite ( can. 1217 §2 CIC ).

Protestant church

In the Protestant churches , the parish church is dedicated to worship purposes church building of a church . Parish church as a term appears less frequently in more recent legal texts than in older legal systems. The legal relationship between the parish church and the parish office , which exists in almost every parish , is important. However, there are also parishes that do not have their own parish office. In this case, this parish is also looked after by the parish of a neighboring parish. The parish office, together with the parish council, has the foundation purpose of the parish church, which represents the public space for the proclamation and the administration of the sacraments .

Public law

Parish churches of religious communities under public law are to be regarded as public things according to the state church law of the Federal Republic of Germany and are particularly protected by the legal system. In Austria , these buildings, like the other religious institutions, can be used for monument protection according to the ordinance of the Federal Monuments Office in accordance with § 2a generally be protected.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans Ulrich Anke: Parish Church, in: Lexicon for Church and State Church Law. Schöningh, 2004