Parish compulsion

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Under parish forced (Bannus parochialis) is the the church parishioner obligation imposed specific pastoral care - and official acts only within their own parish or congregation to have to make.

Catholic canon law

The parish compulsion developed from the need for a regulated exercise of pastoral care and the protection of the pastor's income . Certain official acts (such as baptism , marriage , funeral ) were reserved for the pastor, who drew his income from the pride fees to be paid for them .

At the Fourth Lateran Council , compulsory parish law was laid down in canon law . According to this, every believer had to make confession and receive communion at least once a year with his own pastor . He was also required to attend Sunday services in his own parish. The Council of Trent decreed the sole responsibility of the pastor for assistance in marriage.

In the CIC of 1917 the compulsory parish for the solemn dispensation of baptism, the Viaticum , the Last Unction as well as the proclamation of the ordination and marriage mandate , the bridal blessing, the burial, the blessing of the houses and the baptismal water were laid down (can. 462 CIC / 1917).

The 1983 CIC no longer provides for a parish requirement, but emphasizes the rule that baptism, marriage and exequies should take place in one's own parish church .

Protestant canon law

The compulsory parish also exists in Protestant church law. After the Peace of Augsburg , a comprehensive network of parishes was set up in which the parish was compulsory. The inhabitants of the parish were dependent exclusively on the pastor responsible for the respective parish, who, depending on the territory, could be a Lutheran, Reformation or Catholic denomination. This system lasted until the 19th century. In Prussia, the compulsory parish was restricted to members of the same denomination according to the general land law, which resulted in unified parishes .

Today the compulsory parish in the Protestant churches is of no practical importance as it can be circumvented by a discharge certificate ( dimissoriale ).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rainer Rausch, Pfarrzwang, in: Lexicon for Church and State Church Law, Schöningh, 2004