Winged altar

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Krakow high altar by Veit Stoss: wing with reliefs and altar shrine with carving
Winged altar of St. Wolfgang's Church in Schneeberg : painted panels
Gotha table altar from 1540 with 157 individual images, exhibited in the Ducal Museum

The winged altar (also folding altar ) is a special form of altarpiece ( retable ) that is widespread in Central Europe , in which the fixed shrine can be closed by two ( triptych ), four (pentaptych) or more (polyptych) movable wings. The foreign words come from ancient Greek : τρίς trís 'three times', πέντε pénte 'five', πολύς polýs 'a lot' and πτυχή ptychē 'fold, layer'. Since the winged altar can offer changing views on working days, Sundays or public holidays, depending on the motifs and the type of design (painted panel or relief ), it is also called a convertible altar . A painted altar sheet is sometimes mounted on the altar shrine, but mostly it contains carved representations (carved altar). Above the reredos there is the burst with pinnacles and finials in some art landscapes . Below, in the on the Mensa lying predella , can in a Sepulcrum relics are kept.









See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Gemoll : Greek-German school and hand dictionary . G. Freytag Verlag / Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, Munich / Vienna 1965.


  • Herbert Schindler : The carved altar. Masterpieces and masters in southern Germany, Austria and South Tyrol. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 1978, ISBN 3-7917-0550-4 .
  • Caterina Limentani Virdis, Mari Pietrogiovanna: winged altars. Painted polyptychs of the Gothic and Renaissance periods. Hirmer, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9520-4 .
  • Karl-Werner Bachmann, Géza Jászai, Friedrich Kobler, Catheline Périer-D'Ieteren, Barbara Rommé, Norbert Wolf : wing retable . In: Real Lexicon on German Art History . Volume 9: ridge crowning - wing retable. CH Beck (In commission), Munich 2003, ISBN 3-406-14009-2 , Sp. 1450-1536.
  • Rainer Kahsnitz : The large carved altars. Late Gothic in southern Germany, Austria and South Tyrol. Recordings by Achim Bunz. Hirmer, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-7774-2625-3 .
  • Burkhard Kunkel: image architecture. North German convertible retables as constructive developments of typological image systems in the late Middle Ages. In: Tobias Kunz, Dirk Schumann (Ed.): Work and reception. Architecture and its equipment. Festschrift Ernst Badstübner on the occasion of his 80th birthday (= studies on brick architecture. 10). Lukas-Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-86732-114-3 , pp. 149-164.

Web links

Commons : winged altars  - collection of images, videos and audio files