Schneeberg (Ore Mountains)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Schneeberg
Schneeberg (Ore Mountains)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Schneeberg highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 36 '  N , 12 ° 39'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony
County : Erzgebirgskreis
Height : 470 m above sea level NHN
Area : 23.35 km 2
Residents: 13,873 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 594 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 08289
Area code : 03772
License plate : ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP
Community key : 14 5 21 530

City administration address :
Markt 1
08289 Schneeberg
Website :
Mayor : Ingo Seifert (FWV / BIKA)
Location of the town of Schneeberg in the Erzgebirge district
Sachsen Amtsberg Annaberg-Buchholz Aue-Bad Schlema Auerbach (Erzgebirge) Bärenstein (Erzgebirge) Lauter-Bernsbach Bockau Börnichen/Erzgeb. Breitenbrunn/Erzgeb. Burkhardtsdorf Crottendorf Deutschneudorf Drebach Ehrenfriedersdorf Eibenstock Elterlein Gelenau/Erzgeb. Geyer Gornau/Erzgeb. Gornsdorf Großolbersdorf Großrückerswalde Grünhain-Beierfeld Grünhainichen Heidersdorf Hohndorf Jahnsdorf/Erzgeb. Johanngeorgenstadt Jöhstadt Königswalde Lauter-Bernsbach Lößnitz (Erzgebirge) Lugau Marienberg Mildenau Neukirchen/Erzgeb. Niederdorf (Sachsen) Niederwürschnitz Oberwiesenthal Oelsnitz/Erzgeb. Olbernhau Pockau-Lengefeld Raschau-Markersbach Scheibenberg Schlettau Schneeberg (Erzgebirge) Schönheide Schwarzenberg/Erzgeb. Sehmatal Seiffen/Erzgeb. Stollberg/Erzgeb. Stützengrün Tannenberg Thalheim/Erzgeb. Thermalbad Wiesenbad Thum Wolkenstein (Erzgebirge) Zschopau Zschorlau Zwönitzmap
About this picture
View of Schneeberg

Schneeberg is a town in the Saxon Ore Mountains District . It has about 15,000 inhabitants.


Geographical location

Schneeberg is located on the Silberstrasse in the upper Western Ore Mountains . The striking St. Wolfgang Church is visible from afar . The city center is 470 m above sea level. NN high Schneeberg, which gave the city its name. The Wolfsberg and the Mühlberg (520 m), which can be found together with the Schneeberg in the city's coat of arms, are also located in the urban area. The surrounding elevations include the Gleesberg (593 m) in the east and the Keilberg (557 m) in the north .

Neighboring places

Hartmannsdorf near Kirchberg Neighboring communities Aue-Bad Schlema
Column green Zschorlau

Neighboring communities of Schneeberg in the Erzgebirgskreis are the districts Wildbach , Oberschlema and Neudörfel of the large district town Aue-Bad Schlema, the community Zschorlau and the district Hundshübel of the community Stützengrün. Neighboring communities in the district of Zwickau are the community of Hartmannsdorf and the districts of Weißbach and Langenbach of the community of Langenweißbach.

City structure

The mountain town of Schneeberg consists of the districts of Schneeberg , Neustädtel , Griesbach and the district of Lindenau . The district of Schneeberg is divided into the old town , the settlement of peace , the Keilbergsiedlung , the residential area Griesbacher Hang , the Mühlberg and the Wolfsberg . Less common areas are Claußberg and Rosenthal . Neustädtel is divided into the old town , the residential area Wolfgangmaßen and the residential area Am Sommerberg . The historic quarters of the city of Schneeberg from 1471 consisted of the treasure trove quarter , church quarter , Mühlviertel and hospital quarter . On May 9, 2011 there were 14,182 residents in Schneeberg and 771 in Lindenau.


Population development

Development of the population (from 1960: reference date December 31) :

  • 1834: 6.912
  • 1946: 13.602 (1)
  • 1950: 32,932 (2)
  • 1960: 21,561
  • 1971: 20.889
  • 1981: 21.174
  • 1984: 22.318
  • 2002: 17,622 (3)
  • 2003: 17,258 (3)
  • 2004: 16,541 (3)
  • 2005: 16,632 (3)
  • 2006: 16,295 (3)
  • 2007: 15,926 (3)
  • 2008: 15,636 (3)
  • 2009: 15,552 (3)
  • 2010: 15,352
  • 2011: 14,705
  • 2012: 14,432
  • 2013: 14,353
  • 2014: 15,250
  • 2015: 14,732
(1) October 29th
(2) August 31
(3) Information from the town chronicler of the mountain town of Schneeberg


There are numerous religious communities in Schneeberg:

in the mountain town of Schneeberg :

  • ev.-luth. Parish of St. Wolfgang
  • Regional Church Community Schneeberg
  • ev.-meth. Church (Resurrection Church)
  • Evangelical Free Church Congregation Schneeberg (Baptists)
  • Roman Catholic Church of St. Pius X.
  • Seventh-day Adventist Fellowship

in the Lindenau district :

  • Regional Church Community Lindenau

in the mountain town of Neustädtel :

  • ev.-luth. Parish to our dear women (with Lindenau and Wolfgangmaßen )
  • Regional Church Community Neustädtel
  • ev.-meth. Church (Erlöserkirche)
  • Evangelical Christian Congregation Elim

in the district of Griesbach :

  • ev.-luth. Parish of St. Martin and St. Georg
  • New Apostolic Church


Schneeberg around 1650
The Schneeberger Markt around 1835, the baroque town hall burned down in 1849 and was rebuilt in the neo-Gothic style in 1851/52.
Mountain parade on the mountain battle day in 1957

The more than 500-year history of Schneeberg is mainly characterized by mining, to which the town owes its foundation on February 6, 1471. The original silver mining gave way to the mining of cobalt and bismuth in the middle of the 16th century .

Berggeschrey and city foundation

A mine on the Sneberge near Zcwickau is mentioned as early as 1453 . The mining industry , which was originally aimed at tin , iron and copper , gained in importance when rich silver discoveries triggered a mountain roar in the last third of the 15th century . The first silver was mined for Luciae in 1470 in the Neue Fundgrube . The main trade here was Martin Römer , who was Zehntner from 1471 and between 1475 and 1477 miner on the Schneeberg. In the following years, numerous new pits were built, which together with neighboring residential buildings formed a wild-growing scattered settlement . In 1477 153 pits were named by name. In the same year the “Great Silver Find” took place in the field of the old treasure trove . About 14 tons of silver were mined here.

According to a legend penned by Georgius Agricola , Duke Albrecht of Saxony dined at a silver table in the St. Georg colliery in 1477.

"At Schneeberg, where there was once more of it in the mine, called Georg, than had ever been found in any other mine in Germany. You have also, as is well known, hewn such a large, solid silver specimen that Duke Albrecht of Saxony [...] drove into the pit out of curiosity, had food and drink brought downstairs, and in doing so served himself these tiers instead of tables, whereby he said: our Emperor Friedrich is indeed mighty and rich, but I know that he is not such a stately one now Table has. "

Agricola's story goes back to a report by the Nuremberg citizen Niklas Staude from around 1480.

I saw the best ore that no one has seen, the one that was found standing next to each other in St. Georgen Zech, that I saw was a laughing width and 2 laughing high, that one makes 400 hundredweight of silver out of the same ore as if it were.

The 400 quintals in a single piece handed down by the chroniclers is viewed critically and controversially today.

Up to 1483, over 70 tons of silver had been extracted from the Neue Fundgrube , the Alte Fundgrube and the St. Georg mine alone . In 1481 the mining settlement on the Schneeberg was elevated to a free mining town . Because of the large amounts of silver mined on the Schneeberg and because the silver mining continued, Duke Albrecht founded the Schneeberg Mint in 1483 . The groschen minted here remained the official main currency until the beginning of interest groschen minting in 1496, because they were also highly regarded outside the country's borders. For example, in 1496 Wolf Veytlein in Würzburg called them “Schneeberger silberrein Gröschlein” on the occasion of a coin test. The Tribute Money as well as the previously in Schneeberg and Zwickau embossed Bart dime served to prepare the in Annaberg and probably in Wittenberg dominated the first silver guilder ( dollars ).

In 1483, under miner Heinrich von Starschedel, the construction of the felt pond began on an old tin soap site. It was completed in 1485 and served as the impact water reservoir for the Schneeberg collieries. After the mining of the rich ore body on the Schneeberg, silver mining declined and from 1486 onwards it leveled off at 1 to 2 tons of silver per year. This output lasted until 1518. In 1496 the mine owners, which included locals like the Römer family , but also foreign investors like Imhoff from Nuremberg , wanted to cut the miners' weekly wages by 10 percent; in 1498 wages were to be cut again. In both cases, the miners were able to prevent the cut in wages with two major uprisings. On this occasion, the Schneeberger Bergstreittag has been celebrated every year in July with a mountain parade . In 1503 the excavation of the Marx-Semler-Stolln began , which developed into the most important drainage gallery of the Schneeberger mines. Over several centuries the tunnel system (with all its branches) reached a length of over 220 kilometers.

The rich yield found clear expression in the construction of the St. Wolfgang Church , which was built between 1516 and 1540 as one of the large late Gothic hall churches in Saxony. The 60 meter high church hall and the 72 meter high tower are the landmarks of Schneeberg. In 1533, the Reformation that began in 1523 prevailed and the church became Evangelical-Lutheran.

Development after the Reformation

Christian Meltzer : History of Schneeberg, published 1684

In the 16th century the Schneeberg district had to struggle with a lack of wood. The wood for mining had to be laboriously rafted over the Zwickauer Mulde to Aue and from there brought to Schneeberg by horse and cart. The completion of the 15.3 km long raft ditch from the Rechenhaus in Bockau an der Mulde via Neudörfel, Aue to the Zechenplatz in Oberschlema brought relief from 1559 .

The mining of silver in the pits continued to decline in the 16th century and was increasingly being replaced by the extraction of cobalt ores. In 1570, Elector August ordered the closure of the Schneeberg Mint and other state mints in favor of the Dresden Mint . By the 19th century, the Schneeberger Revier developed into the world's most important find and mining site for cobalt ores. The processing took place in blue paint works , in which the color cobalt blue was extracted from the ores. This color adorned the Meissen porcelain , among other things .

On August 13, 1719, a great fire destroyed almost the entire city. During the reconstruction, the urban layout of the old mountain town was largely retained. The buildings were rebuilt in contemporary baroque style, which is why Schneeberg is also called the "Baroque town of the Ore Mountains". The Schmeilhaus (1720/21), the Princely House (1721) and the Bortenreuther House (1724/25) are among the most beautiful houses of this time . The area of ​​the historic old town has been redeveloped since 1991/92 with funding from the town planning monument protection .

In 1770, Schneeberg was hit by an earthquake, which was even reported in a newspaper in Augsburg: It is reported from Leipzig that an earthquake was felt in Bockau, Schneeberg, Johann Georgenstadt, Eybenstock and in the whole of the Burgundian area, albeit particularly bad been.

Age of industrialization until World War II

In the 19th century, mining focused on the extraction of nickel and bismuth ores. With the beginning of the production of synthetic ultramarine, cobalt mining had lost its importance in the 1830s / 1840s. As early as 1823, Ernst August Geitner invented argentan, also known as nickel silver , in Schneeberg , from a mixture of nickel, copper and zinc. This was the first time that the nickel, which occurs in large quantities in the Schneeberg ores, was used. Because of its silver sheen, argentan was preferred for cutlery and fittings. In 1829 Geitner set up Europe's first Argentan factory with a rolling mill in the neighboring village of Auerhammer , which produced successfully for many years.

On September 19, 1859 the Schlematalbahn was opened, which connected Schneeberg with Schlema . After the rails of the railway line had sunk by a total of one meter, on April 7, 1952, passenger traffic and, from August 1, 1952, the entire railway between Oberschlema and Schneeberg was stopped by the Deutsche Reichsbahn and the route was canceled. An extension planned from Schneeberg in the direction of Vogtland was never implemented.

As a result of the depletion of the deposits, mining lost its importance after 1900 and was completely stopped in 1932. In the course of the National Socialist autarky policy, a revival took place shortly afterwards and between 1933 and 1945 a highly subsidized mining of bismuth, cobalt and nickel ores was carried out. During this time, the mountain town of Neustädtel was forcibly incorporated into Schneeberg in 1939 . The name Schneeberg II was in use for the new district until 1989 . On April 19, 1945, a bombing raid took place on Schneeberg, to which the St. Wolfgang Church fell victim. It burned out, the vaults collapsed later. The former Fürsten- or Bachsche house also burned out and was rebuilt from 1954 to 1957, as was the destroyed neighboring house.

Development from 1945

The bismuth operation (in Schneeberg 03 object ) 1946-1956 uranium -Mining. The uranium found in the Schneeberg mines had been dumped as useless by the miners for centuries. The illnesses and deaths caused by inhaling the radioactive noble gas radon and its also radioactive decay products became known as Schneeberger disease . It was not until the late 19th century that the disease was identified as lung cancer . This is a special form of lung cancer that occurs when you inhale radon. This type of tumor was first described in Schneeberg miners. After the bismuth activities in 1956, the Schneeberg mining ended in March 1957. Over the centuries, a total of around 250 tons of fine silver, 77,500 tons of bismuth and cobalt ores and around 210 tons of uranium were extracted in Schneeberg.

With the uranium mining, the population of the city rose rapidly, so that Schneeberg left the district of Aue on December 17, 1951 and formed its own urban district. On the same day, Griesbach , Lindenau , Niederschlema and Oberschlema were integrated into the urban district. On November 23, 1958, Schneeberg returned to the Aue district . The communities Lindenau and Schlema (merger of Nieder- and Oberschlema) were spun off. Since the 1960s at the latest, Schneeberg has been promoting the city ​​of Erzgebirge folk art .

In 1953 the city received a public observatory. In the 1960s, the construction of the settlement of peace , the Clara-Zetkin settlement (it belongs today to Bad Schlema) and the residential area Wolfgangmaßen in Neustädtel began. The Keilbergsiedlung and the apartment blocks on the Griesbacher slope were built later .

During the GDR era, the “ Yuri Gagarinpioneer holiday camp was operated in the village . Another “ Gustav Hübnerholiday camp was set up at Filzteich.

In 1999 the municipality of Lindenau became part of the mountain town of Schneeberg.

In 2008 the hunter barracks in the Wolfgangmaßen district were closed after being prevented several times .

In 2010 it was possible to prove that a half-timbered house not far from the Siebenschlehen stamp factory is the old St. Georgen silver smelter . This, also called Georgenhütte for short , was in operation from 1665 to 1717. It is probably the oldest smelter in the world that has been preserved with the original structure .


  • A memorial stone in the district of Neustädtel at Filzteich lido commemorates the three opponents of Hitler, Emil Max Haufe, Ernst Georg Enderlein and Richard Alfred Schubert, who were mistreated by SA men in the Zeisigwald in March 1933 and killed in the gymnastics center of the Workers' Gymnastics and Sports Association and then sunk in the Filztich were.
  • Graves and memorial stones in the cemetery in the Neustädtel district commemorate eleven children, women and men who fell victim to forced labor in armaments production in 1940 , as well as four victims of the Hitler dictatorship whose name was unknown.
  • The St. Anna memorial at the Daniel Fundgrube commemorates the proclamation of the Augsburg confession. At the time of the Reformation there was a small church here, in 1518, d. H. One year after the theses were posted, the area's first Lutheran sermon was held.

Public facilities

There is accommodation for 1000 asylum seekers on the grounds of the Jägerkaserne . In 2014, the politically right-wing Schneeberg citizens 'initiative mobilized up to 600 people to demonstrate against the asylum seekers' home, which at the time was designed for 840 people. In 2015, there were disputes among the residents of the almost fully occupied accommodation.

Now there is an industrial area and the police school with the swimming pool, which is also used by the Schneeberg swimming club.


City council election 2019
Turnout: 60.9% (2014: 48.9%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-17.2  % p
+ 21.8  % p
+ 12.2  % p
-3.5  % p
-7.7  % p
-0.1  % p
+ 0.3  % p
-3.3  % p
-2.3  % p

City council

Since the local elections on May 26, 2019, the city ​​council has been composed as follows (with the 2014 figures for comparison):

Political party CDU LEFT FWV / BIKA FWG L90 AfD active total
Seats 2019 8th 2 3 1 2 5 21st
Seats 2014 12 4th 1 1 3 1 22nd

Social Democrats and Free Democrats have each lost their seats.

town hall


Mayor of the city of Schneeberg:

  • 1958–1972: Lothar Wendler (SED)
  • 1972–1989: Ulrich Radtke
  • 1990–1994: Karl Henselin (CDU)
  • 1994–2015: Frieder Stimpel (CDU)
  • since 2015: Ingo Seifert (FWV / BIKA)

Refugee accommodation controversy

In October 2013, the NPD managed to mobilize up to 1,800 people at protest rallies against the accommodation of asylum seekers. Counter-demonstrations also took place. (See also: Citizens' initiative “Schneeberg defends itself” ).

coat of arms

Coat of arms Schneeberg.png
Market square with town hall

The original coat of arms from 1534 shows mallets and iron as well as the three mountains Wolfsberg (blue), Schneeberg (silver) and Mühlberg (green).

The current coat of arms of the mountain town of Schneeberg was awarded by Elector Johann Georg II in 1665. It shows two miners in prime miners' attire. In the middle there is a large shield with the image of John the Baptist with the lamb and the Bible on his arm. One miner carries a small shield with the coat of arms of Electoral Saxony (diamond wreath and swords), while the other carries the previous Schneeberg coat of arms. A slammed stech helmet and two wings in the city colors of black and yellow, over it, complete the coat of arms.

Town twinning

Schneeberg's twin cities are:

Daughter cities

Miners from Schneeberg emigrated to the Bohemian Ore Mountains and founded the mining towns of Platten (today Horní Blatná ) and St. Joachimsthal (today Jáchymov ).

Culture and sights

Museums and facilities

Zeiss Planetarium and Schneeberg Observatory


Numerous choirs and bands are based in Schneeberg, B. Schneeberg Chamber Choir, Schneeberger Heimatsänger, Schneeberger Heimatchor, Singkreis Neustädtel, Verein "Glück Auf" Bergchor, Musikkorps der Bergstadt Schneeberg (Landes Berg Musikkorps Sachsen), and Schneeberger Bergkapelle.


St. Wolfgang Church

The city has placed information boards on historically valuable buildings in the historic city center , especially around the market. These include the following buildings:

  • The St. Wolfgang Church is one of the largest and architecturally mature churches of the late Gothic and an early type of Reformation church building . It was destroyed in an air raid in April 1945. In 1945 the church was demolished , until 1952 the tower was reconstructed. 1955–1959 the roof was built with a steel construction, after securing the surrounding walls with a reinforced concrete ring anchor. In the next few years the gallery arches, the wall pillars and in 1976 the vaulting in the original form followed. Inside the church there are works by Lucas Cranach the Elder. Ä. and the Krodel family of painters , who were saved from the bombing. The Krodel fountain , which was demolished at the end of 2005, was a reminder of the Krodel family .
  • the neo-Gothic town hall, newly built in the middle of the 19th century, with a porcelain carillon made of Meissen porcelain that was newly installed in the 21st century ,
  • the former Gasthof Zum Ring , where Johann Wolfgang von Goethe stayed
  • the ancestral home of the Schnorr von Carolsfeld families
  • the Hospital Church of St. Trinity , a former prayer and burial church from the 16th century; Rebuilt in 1719 after fire. The two towers were not added until 1846.
  • Goldne Sonne cultural center , former lodging house of the mountain town from 1708, several times renovated and expanded
  • Princely house , built in the 16th century as Gasthaus Wenzel , later owned by the Wettins as a gift . It was used by them as a hostel for high guests. Rebuilt after the fire in 1719 and after the Second World War . After the fall of the Wall , the building came into the possession of the Sparkasse, which had it completely renovated and restored.
  • Alte Wache : a historic building of the city's volunteer fire department
  • The Schmeil House , built around 1720, is rich in stucco elements.
  • Gasthaus Zum Goldenen Hirsch , one of the oldest stone buildings in town, built in 1543.
  • The Bortenreuther House is one of the most valuable baroque residential buildings in the city. It was built in 1724/25 by order of the merchant Johann Friedrich Bortenreuther and today houses the museum for mining folk art .
  • Teachers' seminar, today Johann-Gottfried-Herder-Gymnasium
  • former district court, today part of the West Saxon University of Applied Sciences in Zwickau
  • Other church buildings worth seeing are: the Catholic Church of St. Pius X , the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Our Lady in the Neustädtel district.
  • Schneeberg-Neustädtler Mining Trail and a. with Siebenschlehener stamp mill and the hat house of the Fundgrube Gesellschaft
  • The Chinese pagoda on Mühlberg was built in 1771.


Miner's Well
  • The mining landscape around Schneeberg and Neustädtel forms a core of the UNESCO World Heritage cultural and mining landscape of the Erzgebirge , with the Weißer Hirsch treasure trove and the Schneeberg old town including the churches of St. Wolfgang and St. Trinitatis as well as the town hall, the prince, Schmeil and Bortenreuther houses and in Neustädtel the Wolfgangmaßen , Daniel , Sauschwart and Gesellschaft pits , the Filzteich and the Siebenschlehener Pochwerk including the Knappschaftsteich are defined as areas worthy of protection.
  • The miner's fountain Neuer Anbruch was inaugurated in 1935. It shows the larger-than-life sculpture of a Schneeberg miner from the late 19th century on a column. With his right hand he lifts his lamp, a Schneeberger screen , up to the roof to see the new dawn. He is holding a wedge pick in his left hand .
  • As in the entire Ore Mountains, there is also a rich tradition of carving and lace making in Schneeberg. In 1815 a lace school was founded in the city. The Schnitzverein Glückauf Neustädtel has existed since 1908. The oldest carving school in the Ore Mountains was founded in Neustädtel in 1920 and continues to this day. New lace techniques are u. a. used by the students of the applied arts department of the West Saxon University of Applied Sciences in Zwickau.
  • The Erzgebirgsverein has had its headquarters in Schneeberg again since 1991. It was founded in Aue in 1878 and had its seat in Schneeberg from 1879. In addition to the headquarters, the Erzgebirgszweigverein Schneeberg-Neustädtel is located in the village. Before the unification, the two mining towns each had their own branch association.
  • The Schneeberg mountain area has a rich pool of local mountain members. To protect it, the Glückauf association was founded in 1884 by the brothers Alfred and Bruno Dost . Tower singing on the morning of Christmas Day has been documented in Schneeberg since 1673. On this day, traditional Schneeberg Christmas melodies can be heard from the tower of St. Wolfgang's Church. Haldensingen has been taking place in Neustädtel since 1908 on the morning of Christmas Day. In the summer, summer halftime singing has been carried out in Neustädtel since 1988, during which songs from the Ore Mountains are sung and played.
  • The Bergstreittag goes back to the prevented wage deduction of the Schneeberg miners in 1496 and 1498. Every year on July 22nd, a mountain parade with church service is held to commemorate.
  • Since 1963, the city celebrated on the second Advent, the time of joy and light , today Lichtelfest called a mountain parade.

sport and freetime

Geitnerbad Schneeberg

There are several sports and swimming facilities in Schneeberg:

  • Children's and youth recreation center Am Filzteich
  • Dr.-Curt-Geitner-Bad, an indoor swimming pool built in the Art Nouveau style
  • Filzteich lido
  • Forest pond and Lindenau campsite
  • Fundora (indoor play world) at the felt pond

The Eisenach – Budapest hiking trail runs through Schneeberg .

The following sports clubs are also located:

  • Sports club Schneeberg e. V. ( handball , swimming , table tennis , fistball , volleyball , gymnastics , Nordic walking , dirty jump, soccer (Fortuna / Victoria), wrestling and popular sports)
  • Neustädtler Sportverein Schwarz-Gelb 90 e. V. (football and bowling ),
  • FC Concordia Schneeberg e. V. (football, exists since 1909)
  • Spielvereinigung Otto-Order-Center Schneeberg e. V. (recreational soccer, founded 1991)
  • Sports club surcharge e. V. ( tennis )
  • First karate center Schneeberg / Erzgebirge e. V.
  • Erzgebirgische Wassersportgemeinschaft e. V.
  • SV Lindenau e. V. (football)
  • Fishing club Aue e. V.
  • Leisure and trail riding Lindenau e. V.
  • Dog sports club (HSV) Schneeberg / Neustädtel e. V.
  • Life by moving e. V.
  • 1. MSC-Bergstadt Schneeberg e. V. in ADMV e. V. ( Motorsport )
  • Skatsportgemeinschaft Goldene Höhe Schneeberg e. V.
  • Dance project Keen on Rhythm Schneeberg e. V.
  • TanzZentrum Eleganz Schneeberg e. V.
  • Modellfliegerclub Schneeberg-Griesbach e. V.

Economy and Infrastructure


Former Schneeberg-Neustädtel station, reception building (2011)

The federal highway 93 coming from Leipzig ends in Schneeberg . In addition, the federal highway 169 runs from Plauen to Chemnitz through the city.

From 1859 to 1952 the city had a railway connection to the Schwarzenberg – Zwickau railway line with the 5 km long railway line Schneeberg – Schlema unt Bf . In addition to the terminus at Schneeberg-Neustädtel, there was another stopping point at the foot of the Gleesberg .

Established businesses

The Schneeberg industrial area is located on the Rechtsberg. After the hunter barracks in Wolfgangmaßen have been closed, this area will also be available for the settlement of businesses.

Garrison town

Association badge formerly GebJgBtl 571

Schneeberg was already a garrison town for the Saxon infantry in the 18th century. The NVA had set up the NCO IV Paul Fröhlich here , named after a GDR party official. It emerged in 1972 from Reservist Training Regiment 5 before 1984 at the Zwickau and Schneeberg locations , then merged in Schneeberg and from 1986 Training Center 10 (AZ-10).

The Bundeswehr took advantage to 31 March 2008, the Jägerkaserne in Wolfgang dimensions as the location of the mountain infantry battalion  571 (GebJgBtl 571) and the supply company 370 of the hunters Brigade 37 .


BSZ Schneeberg

Schneeberg has always been a school town. In earlier times there was a Latin school in town. The town later had a lyceum , which became a grammar school in 1888. In the past there was also an art school, the technical college for applied arts, a vocational high school and a teachers' college in the city. Today there is a diverse educational landscape:

Elementary schools
  • Hans-Marchwitza primary school in the settlement of peace
  • Pestalozzi primary school in Neustädtel
  • Evangelical primary school in Schneeberg (private provider, state-recognized substitute school) in the center directly below St. Wolfgang's Church. The Protestant schools are sponsored by the Schneeberg Protestant School Association and see themselves as part of the Protestant Schools Foundation. A special association has been set up to finance all-day offers and learning materials.
High school
  • Oberschule Bergstadt Schneeberg in Neustädtel
  • Evangelische Oberschule Schneeberg "EMIL" (private provider, state-approved substitute school) in the Keilberg settlement area. 2010 certified as "SCHOLE WITHOUT RACISM SCHOOL WITH COURAGE". For the tenth anniversary in 2016, the certification for the 25th "Healthy School" in Saxony followed. The school sees itself as a continuation of the ev. Primary school. The Protestant schools are sponsored by the Schneeberg Protestant School Association and see themselves as part of the Protestant Schools Foundation. A special association has been set up to finance all-day offers and learning materials.
General education high school
  • Johann-Gottfried-Herder-Gymnasium. In 2004/2005, the school was named the “best high school in Saxony” in a “Capital” study.
Vocational School Centre
  • BSZ for nutrition, social affairs and economy of the Erzgebirgskreis Schneeberg / Schwarzenberg (head office Schneeberg)


Wolgangmasen Police College


There was a hospital in Schneeberg since 1839. Today's miners' hospital was founded in 1947 as the Wismut hospital . The Chemnitz Clinic became the majority shareholder with 74.9%. In January 2020, the hospital ceased inpatient operations, and a polyclinic is housed in the premises of the former hospital.



City view from the south-east
City view from the south-west


  • The mining landscape of Schneeberg and Eibenstock (= values ​​of the German homeland . Volume 11). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1967.
  • Guide through Schneeberg and the surrounding area. Vienna / Würzburg 1891 ( digitized version in the Dresden State and University Library )
  • Petrus Albinus : Thorough and thorough description of the terrible flood of water, which in the August month of this ongoing 1573th year did great damage to the Schneeberg, the famous mountain town, located in the land of Meissen . Wittenberg 1573 ( digitized version in the Dresden State and University Library )
  • Hans Ebert, Siegfried Pausch, Gerold Schürer: The mountain town of Schneeberg in the Ore Mountains . Schneeberg 1982
  • Uwe Gering (Ed.): Schneeberg . Gering-Verlag, Königstein / Taunus 1994
  • Heinrich Jacobi: Schneeberg 1481–1881. A memorial sheet dedicated to the 400th anniversary celebration of the dear hometown . Schneeberg 1881 ( digitized version in the Dresden State and University Library )
  • Karl Lehmann: Chronicle of the free mountain town of Schneeberg , Schneeberg 1837
  • Christian Meltzer: Mountainous description of the Churfürstl. Saxon. freyen and Löbl in the Meißnischen Ober-Ertz-Geburge. Bergk town of Schneebergk . Schneeberg 1684 ( digitized version in the Dresden State and University Library )
  • Christian Meltzer: Historia Schneebergensis Renovata. That is: Renewed city u. Berg-Chronica The Wohl-löbl located in the Ober-Ertz-Gebürge of the praised Meißens. Freyen mountain town of Schneeberg. by Heinrich Fulde, Schneeberg 1716 ( digital copy of the original edition in the Dresden State and University Library ) (reprint in Elterlein-Verlag, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-9800565-2-X )
  • Project group UNESCO World Heritage Ore Mountains Mining Region: Pilot Study Schneeberg - Establishment and definition of the World Heritage areas and buffer zones as part of the Ore Mountains Mining Region project . Freiberg 2009 ( digitized text , attachments )
  • Richard Steche : Schneeberg. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 8th booklet: Amtshauptmannschaft Schwarzenberg . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1887, p. 28.
  • Mario Titze: The baroque Schneeberg. Art and urban culture of the 17th and 18th centuries in Saxony . Sandstein Verlag, Dresden 2002, ISBN 978-3-930382-77-4 .

Web links

Commons : Schneeberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019  ( help on this ).
  2. The Saxony Book . Municipal publishing house Saxony, Dresden 1943
  3. ↑ Parishes in 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  4. Changes in the municipalities of Germany's Federal Statistical Office, see 1999
  5. ^ Oswald Hoppe: The silver mining at Schneeberg up to 1500 . Ed .: Heidelberg University. Gerlachsche Buchdruckerei, Freiberg 1908, Chapter I. Historical overview, in particular the history of the mountain orders., P. 7 ( digitized version [accessed on November 19, 2014] Inaugural dissertation to obtain a doctorate from the Philosophical Faculty of Heidelberg University).
  6. ^ Oswald Hoppe: The silver mining at Schneeberg up to 1500 . Ed .: Heidelberg University. Gerlachsche Buchdruckerei, Freiberg 1908, XIII. Official estimate of the Schneeberger mines., P. 149–154 ( digitized version [accessed on November 19, 2014] inaugural dissertation to obtain a doctorate from the Philosophical Faculty of Heidelberg University).
  7. ^ Georgius Agricola: Bermannus sive de re metallica , in Johann Gottlieb Stör: Conversation from the mining industry, Hermstädt, Rotenburg an der Fulda 1778, p. 67.
  8. ^ Christian Meltzer: Renewed City and Mountain Chronica Schneeberg , Schneeberg 1716
  9. Jens Kugler: The silver find and the underground feast in Schneeberg in 1477 - legend or reality? (PDF; 1.5 MB) Chemnitz University of Technology
  10. Christian Schubert: The Schneeberg silver ore quarry of 1477 - not a reality? (PDF; 173 kB)
  11. Uwe Jaschik: The silver mining on the Schneeberg from the beginnings 1446 to 1481 , in: Bergbauverein Schneeberg e. V. (Ed.), 7th conference volume, Schneeberg September 2014
  12. ^ Gerhard Krug: The Meissnisch-Saxon Groschen 1338-1500 , Berlin 1974, p. 97.
  13. Schneeberger Bergstreittag - historical background on the city homepage ( Memento from April 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  14. ^ Siebenschlehner Pochwerk - From ore to cobalt color ( Memento from April 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) on the city's website
  15. Schneeberg - Baroque town of the Ore Mountains ( Memento from April 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  16. ^ Augsburgische Ordinari Postzeitung von Staatspolitische und other Nachrichten, No. 258 of October 27, 1770 digitized
  17. a b Heinrich Magirius: The fate of German monuments in World War II , Ed. Götz Eckardt. Henschel-Verlag, Berlin 1978, Volume 2, p. 464
  18. Schneeberg lung disease and uranium mining in the Saxon Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge) . PMID 8427263 .
  19. The Saxon Ore Mountains - Schneeberg on
  20. Facebook entry
  21. Facebook entry
  22. Georgenhütte holds several records . In: Freie Presse (Aue) , September 7, 2011
  23. Does this asylum home have a problem with violence? , Picture dated June 24, 2015.
  24. ↑ Excessive violence in the refugee home , picture from June 30, 2015.
  25. Gabi Thieme and Jens Eumann: Escalation in the initial reception camp , Freie Presse from July 2, 2015.
  26. Bastian Wierzioch: Xenophobia - We are the right people - How the NPD mobilizes citizens on the Internet , in Deutschlandfunk - " Background " from February 22, 2014.
  27. ^ Chemnitzer Verlag und Druck GmbH & Co. KG: Saxony: All districts should each name two initial admission locations - Free Press. In: Retrieved September 2, 2015 .
  28. Statistics Saxony - Results of the 2019 municipal council elections in Schneeberg , accessed on July 16, 2019
  29. ^ Report in BLICK Erzgebirge, 2017
  30. Schneeberg is a pioneer in matters of world heritage - the city is holding the first study on objects worth protecting within the Ore Mountains mining region . In: Freie Presse , local edition Aue, December 20, 2008:
  31. Rolf Schumann: Thoughts on a Schneeberger who unfortunately cannot give an interview . (PDF; 4.2 MB) In: Bergglöckchen 02/2009, magazine of the Saxon regional association of miners, huts and miners' associations. V., accessed February 25, 2010
  32. ^ Siegfried Pausch: Bergmannsbrunnen 50 years. In: Erzgebirgische Heimatblätter , issue 01/1986
  33. , accessed on 3.1.19
  34. Sports clubs in Schneeberg , overview on; accessed on January 3, 2019.
  35. Christian Th. Müller: A thousand days with the "ashes". NCOs in the NVA. Investigations into everyday life and internal structure of a "socialist" army . Ch. Links Verlag , Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-86153-297-2 , p. 112.
  36. Press release ( memento of March 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 31 kB) of the Chemnitz Clinic
  37. Chemnitz Clinic: Subsidiaries and majority holdings