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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Oberwiesenthal
Map of Germany, position of the city of Oberwiesenthal highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 25 '  N , 12 ° 58'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony
County : Erzgebirgskreis
Height : 914 m above sea level NHN
Area : 40.02 km 2
Residents: 2078 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 52 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 09484
Area code : 037348
License plate : ERZ, ANA, ASZ, AU, MAB, MEK, STL, SZB, ZP
Community key : 14 5 21 440
City structure: 5 districts

City administration address :
Markt 8
09484 Oberwiesenthal
Website : www.oberwiesenthal.de
Mayor : Mirko Ernst ( FDP )
Location of the city of Oberwiesenthal in the Erzgebirge district
Sachsen Amtsberg Annaberg-Buchholz Aue-Bad Schlema Auerbach (Erzgebirge) Bärenstein (Erzgebirge) Lauter-Bernsbach Bockau Börnichen/Erzgeb. Breitenbrunn/Erzgeb. Burkhardtsdorf Crottendorf Deutschneudorf Drebach Ehrenfriedersdorf Eibenstock Elterlein Gelenau/Erzgeb. Geyer Gornau/Erzgeb. Gornsdorf Großolbersdorf Großrückerswalde Grünhain-Beierfeld Grünhainichen Heidersdorf Hohndorf Jahnsdorf/Erzgeb. Johanngeorgenstadt Jöhstadt Königswalde Lauter-Bernsbach Lößnitz (Erzgebirge) Lugau Marienberg Mildenau Neukirchen/Erzgeb. Niederdorf (Sachsen) Niederwürschnitz Oberwiesenthal Oelsnitz/Erzgeb. Olbernhau Pockau-Lengefeld Raschau-Markersbach Scheibenberg Schlettau Schneeberg (Erzgebirge) Schönheide Schwarzenberg/Erzgeb. Sehmatal Seiffen/Erzgeb. Stollberg/Erzgeb. Stützengrün Tannenberg Thalheim/Erzgeb. Thermalbad Wiesenbad Thum Wolkenstein (Erzgebirge) Zschopau Zschorlau Zwönitzmap
About this picture

Oberwiesenthal (since May 29, 1935 Oberwiesenthal health resort ) at the foot of the Fichtelberg is 915  m above sea level. NHN the highest town in Germany and the winter sports resort in the Ore Mountains with the most overnight stays. The city bears the title of a state-recognized health resort .


Climate diagram from Fichtelberg near Oberwiesenthal

Location and mountains

Oberwiesenthal lies on the ridge of the Middle Ore Mountains in the Ore Mountains District , on the border with the Czech Republic , which follows the course of the Pöhlbach to Bärenstein (10 km northeast) .

  • The highest elevation of the place is the Fichtelberg at 1215  m above sea level. NN , the highest mountain in Saxony.

Significant mountains in the vicinity of Oberwiesenthal are:

Neighboring communities

On the Czech side are the municipalities Loučná pod Klínovcem (Bohemian Wiesenthal) and further west Jáchymov (Sankt Joachimsthal) and Boží Dar (Gottesgab) . Neighboring communities in Germany are Bärenstein , Crottendorf , Sehmatal , Breitenbrunn / Erzgeb. and Raschau-Markersbach .

City structure

Oberwiesenthal and Unterwiesenthal merged on September 1, 1921 to form the town of Oberwiesenthal, which has been called Oberwiesenthal health resort since May 29, 1935 . On January 1, 1997 Hammerunterwiesenthal became a district of the town of Kurort Oberwiesenthal.

Oberwiesenthal with Fichtelberg from the opposite Czech side (cemetery near Háj)


From left: Böhmisch, Ober- and Unterwiesenthal (1848)
Drawing by Oberwiesenthal with Fichtelberg (1879)
Martin Luther Church (2014)

16th to 19th century

Today's Oberwiesenthal district of the Oberwiesenthal health resort was given mountain freedom as Wyssenthal on March 19, 1527 by Duke Georg von Sachsen for a period of six years, after silver ore had been found in the upper mine ground in 1525. The condition was that the extracted silver be delivered to the Annaberger Mint. On March 22, 1527 the Lords of Schönburg granted the miners' settlement additional rights. The granted mountain freedoms were extended by the respective Duke / Elector of Saxony at regular intervals until 1570. On April 18, 1570, the community of Wiesenthal ( poor community of the Pergk Stedlin Neustadt Wiesenthal ) asked Elector August again for mountain freedom and the establishment of a free market. However, the community only received the right to a free market and its own court, and thus city rights, through Duke Christian von Sachsen on July 25, 1588. In addition to the new mining town of Oberwiesenthal , the community in Alten Undern Wiesenthal is also mentioned here. Altwiesenthal , now known as Unterwiesenthal, to the east of Neustadt Wiesenthal , was mentioned in a document as Wizinthal as early as 1406 . Both places were jointly referred to as Deutsch Wiesenthal , in contrast to the Bohemian Wiesenthal on the other side of the Pöhlbach . Around 1650, both places saw an influx of Protestant exiles who had to leave the Kingdom of Bohemia as a result of the Counter-Reformation and found a new home across the border. To the north of Unterwiesenthal, the Hammerunterwiesenthal settlement was established in 1657 by the settlement of exiles.

At that time, Oberwiesenthal and Unterwiesenthal belonged to the upper county of Hartenstein , which had been part of the Schoenburg rule since 1416 and belonged to the Albertine line of the Wettins since the Leipzig division in 1485 . The red and silver shield of the Lords of Schönburg in the coat of arms of Oberwiesenthal comes from this lordship. In 1539/40 the Reformation was introduced in the county of Hartenstein and thus also in the old and new town of Wiesenthal . With the sale of the upper part of the County of Hartenstein to the Wettins, the old and new towns of Wiesenthal were incorporated into the newly founded Electoral Saxon Office of Crottendorf on May 2, 1559 . From the beginning, this was administratively closely related to the neighboring Schwarzenberg district office , with which it was finally united in 1670. In 1832 the Schwarzenberg district office was reorganized. From the south-eastern part of the office around Oberwiesenthal and neighboring places, a judicial and rent office in Oberwiesenthal was formed under the name Office Wiesenthal and Court Wiesenthal.

The first joint church for Oberwiesenthal and Unterwiesenthal was built in the 16th century exactly on the boundary between the two places. The previously existing chapel in Altwiesenthal near the level crossing that was built in the 19th century became superfluous and demolished. Between 1665 and 1669, instead of this half-timbered church, a stone town church was built in the same place. After the destruction by the town fire in 1862, today's Martin Luther Church , which has been known as the Martin Luther Church since 1927 , to which Oberwiesenthal, Tellerhäuser and the branch church in Hammerunterwiesenthal belong.

Mining came to a standstill in the 19th century. After the transition into the 20th century, tourism increasingly took its place. The Cranzahl – Kurort Oberwiesenthal narrow-gauge railway , which opened on July 19, 1897, was also used to develop the Fichtelberg region. In Cranzahl it is connected to the Weipert – Annaberg standard-gauge railway line and is now operated under the name “Fichtelbergbahn”. The number of visitors also increased on the Fichtelberg with the opening of the first Fichtelberghaus in 1888 and the Fichtelberg suspension railway in 1924.

Since 1856, Oberwiesenthal was the seat of the Oberwiesenthal judicial office , whose administrative district was incorporated into the district administration of Annaberg in 1875 .

20th century to the present

As early as 1902, the first unsuccessful talks between the Annaberg administration and the mayors of Oberwiesenthal and Unterwiesenthal about the unification of the two cities took place. On September 1, 1921, after years of negotiations, the voluntary amalgamation of Oberwiesenthal and Unterwiesenthal to form the town of "Oberwiesenthal" was completed. The new municipality received a new coat of arms, which was combined from parts of the two city coats of arms of the current districts. In 1935 the city of Oberwiesenthal was given the name "Kurort Oberwiesenthal". The Große Fichtelbergschanze was opened in 1938.

After the Second World War , the occupying power of the Soviet Union attempted to find uranium ore for nuclear armament in the Zechengrund - a nature reserve since the 1990s . The tracks are still visible. In the period after 1950, Oberwiesenthal developed into a center of winter sports as the venue for various competitions and the construction of winter sports facilities. After the Fichtelberghaus was destroyed by a major fire in 1963, a modern building with a 42 meter high observation tower was built on the summit in 1967. In 1981 the residential area at Sparingberg, which had been built on with prefabricated buildings, was handed over.

As a result of the second district reform in the GDR , Kurort Oberwiesenthal became part of Annaberg district in the Chemnitz district (renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt district in 1953 ), which was continued as the Saxon district of Annaberg from 1990 and was added to the Ore Mountains district in 2008. On January 1, 1997 Hammerunterwiesenthal became a district of the town of Kurort Oberwiesenthal. Its district of precipitation was reclassified to Bärenstein at the same time .

In 1997 the Fichtelberghaus built in 1967 was converted and the observation tower was blown up. Two years later, today's Fichtelberghaus was opened on the site based on the original building and the new, 31-meter-high observation tower. The city was awarded the title "State-approved climatic health resort" on December 12, 2012.

With the rise in raw material prices, the extraction of raw materials in the deposit on river and barite located in Hammerunterwiesenthal on the local border with precipitation became economically interesting. On March 4, 2008, the Saxon Mining Authority granted the “Erzgebirgische Fluss- und Schwerspatwerke GmbH” a license in accordance with Section 8 of the Federal Mining Act (BBergG) for the extraction of fluorspar and heavy spar. On November 8, 2013, the mine was officially opened after a two-week trial run. The mine has been in regular operation since 2015.

coat of arms

The original coat of arms of Neustadt Wiesenthal, later Oberwiesenthal, shows the red and silver shield of the Lords of Schönburg, which is held by two miners in white miners' costume. Underneath you can see the miners “ tough work ”. Everything is spanned by a rainbow with God the Father on the globe.

After the voluntary unification of the cities of Oberwiesenthal and Unterwiesenthal on September 1, 1921, the city now called "Oberwiesenthal" received a new coat of arms, which is a combination of the two previous coats of arms of the districts. The two left parts, which u. a. contain a cross with flanking clover leaves, were taken from the Unterwiesenthal court seal. The right side with the red and silver shield of the Schönburgers and the tough miners comes from the earlier Oberwiesenthal city arms.

Population development

year population
1559 0095 possessed man
1748 0190 possessed man
1834 1,278
1871 1,980
1890 1,967
1910 1,729
year population
1925 2,425
1939 2,446
1946 2,946
1950 4,603
1964 2,553
1971 2,611
year population
1990 3,920
1998 3,381
1999 3,273
2000 3.163
2001 3,069
2002 3,015
year population
2003 2,925
2004 2,828
2005 2,735
2006 2,675
2007 2,592
2009 2,501
year population
2010 2,461
2011 2,322

Data source up to 1990: Oberwiesenthal in the digital historical local directory of Saxony
Data source from 1998: State Statistical Office Saxony


City council election 2019
Turnout: 71.5% (2014: 64.3%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 40.7  % p
-6.2  % p
-7.6  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
a Citizens' Alliance for Wiesenthal EINZ
A total of 14 seats

City council

Since the municipal council election on May 26, 2019 , the 14 seats of the city council have been distributed among the individual groups as follows:

  • SINGLE: 6 seats
  • CDU : 5 seats
  • FDP : 3 seats


  • 1990–1994: Udo Kaden (CDU mandate)
  • 1994–1995: Lutz Heinrich (alternative voter association)
  • 1995-2007: Heinz-Michael Kirsten (CDU)
  • since 2007: Mirko Ernst (FDP)
City Hall

In January 2002, Heinz-Michael Kirsten (CDU) was re-elected mayor. As early as February 2002, the Annaberg District Office declared this election invalid because of inadmissible election advertising. This resulted in a five-year legal dispute by all instances, which only ended in 2007 with a judgment by the Federal Administrative Court of Leipzig, which confirmed and declared the judgment of the Bautzen Higher Administrative Court in February 2007, according to which the 2002 mayoral election was invalid. Heinz-Michael Kirsten was then given leave of absence from the regional council. A new election took place on November 4, 2007, in which no applicant achieved an absolute majority. In the second ballot on November 18, the non-party Mirko Ernst (now FDP) was elected mayor.

In 2014 Mirko Ernst was re-elected as mayor.

Town twinning

Culture and sights

Saxon postal mileage column


Cross-country skiing stadium Sparkassen-Skiarena


  • Wiesenthaler K3 , Karlsbader Straße 3: The building was created as part of the European project to “intensify cross-border tourism cooperation between the city of Kurort Oberwiesenthal and the city of Ostrov”.

Buildings and paths

  • Martin Luther Church with Hertelt crib
  • Distance column on the market square and full-mile column on the hiking trail to the New House in Zechengrund
  • Royal Saxon station stone from the market at the Neues Haus border crossing (B 95) and Ganzmeilenstein from the S 266 from the Hammerunterwiesenthal district (currently in Annaberg-Buchholz).
  • Cross-border Anton-Günther-Weg
  • Ore Mountains-Vogtland ridge trail

Historic vehicles


Road traffic

Oberwiesenthal is connected to the federal highways Bundesautobahn 4 and Bundesautobahn 72 via the federal highway 95 to Annaberg-Buchholz and further to Chemnitz .

There is a road border crossing to the neighboring Czech Republic, where the Silnice 25 begins via Jáchymov to Ostrov . From there you can reach the traditional spa town of Karlovy Vary via Silnice 13 / Europastraße 442, which has been extended in sections to several lanes .

Rail transport

Since 1897 Germany's highest town can be reached with the steam-powered Fichtelbergbahn .

Since 1897 there has been a rail connection to the steam-powered narrow - gauge railway Cranzahl-Kurort Oberwiesenthal (known under the marketing name Fichtelbergbahn ).

The route is scheduled and has been operated by the Saxon Steam Railway Company since 2007 . In the urban area, the trains serve the stations precipitation, Hammerunterwiesenthal, Unter- and Oberwiesenthal. At the northern end of the route there is a possibility of transition to the DB regional network of the Erzgebirge Railway ( Vejprty – Annaberg-Buchholz route ).



  • Augustin Flader: Wiesenthälisches honorary memory. Waldenburg 1719. ( digitized version )
  • Oberwiesenthal . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 7th volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1820, pp. 693-712.
  • Richard Steche : Oberwiesenthal. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 4th booklet: Official Authority Annaberg . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1885, p. 83.
  • From Annaberg to Oberwiesenthal (= values ​​of the German homeland . Volume 13). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1968.
  • Joachim Kunze: Stories from the history of Wiesenthal - A popular scientific chronicle of the Kurort Oberwiesenthal . City administration Kurort Oberwiesenthal, 2002, DNB  1035571897 .
  • Jens Hahn: Elterlein-Scheibenberg-Oberwiesenthal: Three mining towns in the Ore Mountains - ore mining and miners' union until the middle of the 20th century . Upper Ore Mountains Silver Mirror, 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-029673-4 .

Web links

Commons : Oberwiesenthal  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Oberwiesenthal  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019  ( help on this ).
  2. ^ The Sachsenbuch, Kommunal-Verlag Sachsen KG, Dresden, 1943, page 239
  3. Free Press, December 18, 2012
  4. ^ Hermann Löscher: Freiberg research books: The Erzgebirge mining law of the 15th and 16th centuries, 3rd part . TU Bergakademie Freiberg, 2008, ISBN 978-3-86012-369-0 .
  5. Deutsch Wiesenthal in a historical document, p. 560ff.
  6. Large complete universal lexicon, pp. 566f.
  7. ^ Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 66 f.
  8. Archive link ( Memento of the original from October 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.neu.oberscheibe.de
  9. Distribution of offices in the 19th century in the "Handbuch der Geographie"
  10. ^ The Wiesenthal court in the book "Geography for all Stands", p. 333ff.
  11. ^ Explanation boards in the foyer of the Oberwiesenthal town hall, which are based on the commemorative publication 125 years of existence of the Martin Luther Church , written by Pastor Gerhard Stein.
  12. ^ The official authority Annaberg in the municipal register 1900
  13. The Saxony Book. Kommunal-Verlag Sachsen KG, Dresden 1943, page 241.
  14. Hammerunterwiesenthal on gov.genealogy.net
  15. ^ Precipitation in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  16. Extraction in ore and spar deposits within the scope of permits in accordance with Section 8 of the Federal Mining Act (BBergG), status: July 9, 2014 ( memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bergbau.sachsen.de
  17. ^ The treasure of Oberwiesenthal (n-tv). Retrieved July 20, 2014 .
  18. Toothpaste from the mountain (Der Tagesspiegel). Retrieved July 20, 2014 .
  19. New mine opened in Oberwiesenthal health resort . In: Official and information sheet of the city of Kurort Oberwiesenthal . Volume 2013, December 2, 2013, p. 5–6 ( oberwiesenthal.de [PDF; 818 kB ; accessed on May 15, 2018]).
  20. ^ Website of the Erzgebirgische Fluss- und Schwerspatwerke GmbH
  21. The coat of arms in the Oberwiesenthal history
  22. Results of the 2019 municipal council elections
  23. The Stoneman Miriquidi on www.erzgebirge-tourismus.de ( Memento of the original from April 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.erzgebirge-tourismus.de
  24. ^ Website of the Stoneman Miriquidi