Sacred building

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sacred buildings (from the Latin sacer , 'holy') are buildings that are used for sacred , ritual or cultic acts such as church services or sacrifices by religious communities. Sacred buildings are interpreted as the presence of a higher power and are therefore colloquially referred to as places of worship.

The term sacred building comes from the cultural and art sciences and serves as a demarcation to the secular building , a building for secular tasks. The term cult place (cult place) also exists, in particular for structures and places from prehistory or prehistory . A common name for sacred buildings of many religions, partly also Christian churches, is " temple ". There are also numerous more or less free-standing structures ( shrines , altars ) and monuments that were erected for religious reasons. Tombs and grave structures form a special type of sacred buildings.

There is a multitude of different sacred buildings, some examples from the literal religious cultures are:

In general, in the history of architecture and religion of various religions (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism ), monasteries are also considered sacred buildings.

See also


  • Wilfried Koch : Architectural Style - European Architecture from Antiquity to the Present . 27th edition 2006, ISBN 978-3-577-10089-2
  • Phyllis Richardson: New Sacred Architecture: Churches and Synagogues, Temples and Mosques . Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 978-3-421-03494-6
  • Rudolf Stegers: Draft Atlas of Sacred Buildings . Basel 2008, ISBN 978-3-7643-6684-1
  • Rudolf Stegers: Bibliography Sacred Buildings: Churches, Synagogues, Mosques, Houses of Silence, Cemetery Buildings. 1970-2009 . Volume 53 of Aesthetics - Theology - Liturgy, Münster 2011, ISBN 978-3-643-10517-2

Web links

Wiktionary: Sacred architecture  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Religious Buildings  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files